Charles Henry Tompkins
Charles Henry Tompkins
Charles Henry Tompkins
Born September 12, 1830
Fort Monroe, Virginia
Died January 18, 1915(aged 84)
Place of burial Oak Hill Cemetery, Washington, D.C. Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1856-1894 Rank Colonel
Brevet Brigadier General
Commands held 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery
Chief of Artillery, VI Corps, Army of the Potomac
Battles/wars American Civil War Awards Congressional Medal of Honor
Charles Henry Tompkins (September 12, 1830 – January 18, 1915) was a Union Army colonel, who received an appointment to the brevet grade of Brigadier General of volunteers during the American Civil War. He was a recipient of the Congressional Medal of Honor for valor in action on June 1, 1861 in the Battle of Fairfax Court House (June 1861). This was the first action in the Civil War for which a Union Army officer would receive the Medal of Honor, although it was not awarded until 1893.
Early life and career
Tompkins was born in Fort Monroe, Virginia. He received an appointment to West Point from Brooklyn, New York as a member of the class of 1851, though he did not graduate with his class. He resigned in 1849 for unspecified reasons. Tompkins pursued private business interests until enlisting as a Private in the First Dragoons in 1856, rising to the rank of sergeant before his enlistment ended in January 1861. He served on the western frontier and was recognized for his performance in action near Pyramid Lake, Nevada in June 1860.
Tompkins received his commission as a 2nd Lieutenant in the 2nd U.S. Cavalry in March 1861. It was in this unit that he gained fame for his heroism in action at the Battle of Fairfax Court House (June 1861) while a 1st Lieutenant. He would later rise to the grade of colonel and be awarded the honorary grade of Brevet Brigadier General by the war's end. He was the commander of the 4th Maine Artillery during the Peninsula Campaign. Tompkins served in several commands under Major General John Sedgwick, including command of the artillery of Sedgwick's division of II Corps during the Battle of Seven Pines, and the artillery brigade of Sedgwick's VI Cops at Gettysburg. Tompkins was personally present at Sedgwick's death at the battle of Battle of Spotsylvania Court House. On December 12, 1864, President Abraham Lincoln nominated Tompkins for the award of the grade of brevet brigadier general of volunteers to rank from August 1, 1864. The United States Senate confirmed the award on February 12, 1865.
Medal of Honor citation
"Twice charged through the enemy's lines and, taking a carbine from an enlisted man, shot the enemy's captain." Captain John Quincy Marr was the first Confederate soldier killed in combat during the Civil War.
Tompkins was appointed as one of the nine officers assigned to the military commission investigating the conspirators involved in President Lincoln's assassination. Because of a dispute with General Grant, between 1866 and 1881 he was posted to numerous remote and austere western posts. He served the remainder of his career in the Quartermaster Corps, rising to the rank of Quarter-master General which carried a rank of Colonel in the Regular Army. He finished his career serving on the east coast, voluntarily retiring in 1894. Tompkins suffered a broken leg in September 1914 and the wound never healed properly. He died of sepsis in Washington, D.C. on January 18, 1915. He is buried at Oak Hill Cemetery in Washington, DC.
Tompkins married Ms. Augusta Root Hobbie of New York on December 17, 1862 . They had a total of seven children, with four of them reaching adulthood. His eldest son, Selah Reeve Hobbie (“Tommy”) Tompkins, was an Army officer who became Colonel of the 7th Cavalry Regiment. His second son, Frank Tompkins, also served as a career army officer.
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History.
- ^ A second Union Army officer named Charles Henry Tompkins (May 15, 1834 – August 9, 1895), Colonel and Chief of Artillery of the 6th Corps, Army of the Potomac, also was awarded the grade of Brevet Brigadier General for meritorious services in the American Civil War. Hunt, Roger D. and Jack R. Brown, Brevet Brigadier Generals in Blue. Gaithersburg, MD: Olde Soldier Books, Inc., 1990. ISBN 1-56013-002-4. p. 620.
- ^ a b "Charles Henry Tompkins". HomeofHeros.com. http://www.homeofheroes.com/gravesites/states/pages_pz/thompkins_charles.html. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
- ^ "Medal of Honor recipients Civil War (M-Z)". United States Army Center of Military History. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/civwarmz.html. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
- ^ a b c d e f "Fiddler's Green: Charles H. Tompkins". Crossed Sabres. http://crossedsabers.blogspot.com/2007/05/fiddlers-green-charles-h-tompkins.html. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
- ^ C. Douglas Sterner. "West Point Medal of Honor recipients". HomeofHeros.com. http://18.104.22.168/search?q=cache:qOf6pcgMHd4J:www.homeofheroes.com/e-books/publisher/S_WestPoint.doc+charles+henry+tompkins,+west+point&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us&client=safari. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
- ^ "Armies at the Battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines". HistoryOfWar.org. http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/armies_seven_pines.html. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
- ^ "Union Command at the Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania". MichiganInTheWar.org. http://www.michiganinthewar.org/uniongb.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
- ^ "Death of General John Sedgwick". CivilWarHome.com. http://www.civilwarhome.com/sedgwickdeath.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
- ^ Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. p. 759
- ^ "Charles Henry Tompkins". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7519792. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Henry Agard Wallace — (* 7. Oktober 1888 auf einer Farm in der Nähe von Orient, Adair County, Iowa, USA; † 18. November 1965 in Danbury, Connecticut, USA) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zunächst Mitglied der … Deutsch Wikipedia
Charles E. Hughes — Charles Evans Hughes Charles Evans Hughes (* 11. April 1862 in Glens Falls, New York; † 27. August 1948 in Osterville, Massachusetts) war Gouverneur des US Bundesstaates New York, Außenminister und Oberster Richter der Vereinigten Staaten von… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Charles Dawes — Charles Gates Dawes Charles Gates Dawes (* 27. August 1865 in Marietta, Ohio; † 23. April 1951 in Evanston, Illinois) war der Begründer des nach ihm benannten Dawes Plan, für den er 1925 den Friedensnobelpreis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Charles G. Dawes — 30th Vice President of the United States In office March 4, 1925 – March 4, 1929 President Calvin Coolidge … Wikipedia
Henry Bentinck Boyle, 5th Earl of Shannon — (22 November, 1833, London 8 February, 1890, Castlemartyr) was an Honorary Colonel of the 2nd Brigade, South Irish Division, Royal Artillery. [ [http://www.thepeerage.com/p1325.htm#i13248 His profile in Peerage.com] ] [ [http://www.rootsandleaves … Wikipedia
Charles W. Fairbanks — Charles Fairbanks redirects here. For the archaeologist, see Charles H. Fairbanks. Charles Warren Fairbanks 26th Vice President of the United States In office March 4, 1905 – Ma … Wikipedia
Charles G. Dawes — Charles Dawes Pour les articles homonymes, voir Charles et Dawes. Charles Gates Dawes (1865–1951) fut le Prix Nobel de la paix 1925 et le 30e vice président des États Unis d Amérique … Wikipédia en Français
Henry A. Wallace — Henry Wallace Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wallace. Henry A. Wallace Henry Agard Wallace (7 octobre 1888 – … Wikipédia en Français
Henry Agard Wallace — Henry Wallace Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wallace. Henry A. Wallace Henry Agard Wallace (7 octobre 1888 – … Wikipédia en Français
Charles E. Hooker — Charles Edward Hooker (* 9. April 1825 in Union, Union County, South Carolina; † 8. Januar 1914 in Jackson, Mississippi) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1875 und 1903 vertrat er mehrfach den B … Deutsch Wikipedia