- Chania (regional unit)
— Peripheral unit — Coordinates: Coordinates: Country Greece Periphery Crete Capital Chania Area - Total 2,376 km2 (917.4 sq mi) Population (2005) - Total 156,371 - Density 65.8/km2 (170.5/sq mi) Postal codes 73x xx, 740 55 Area codes 282x0, 28310 ISO 3166 code GR-94 Car plates ΧΝ Website chania.eu
Chania (Greek: Περιφερειακή ενότητα Χανίων) is one of the four peripheral units of Crete; it covers the westernmost quarter of the island. Its capital is the city of Chania. Chania borders only one other peripheral unit: that of Rethymno to the east. The western part of Crete is bounded to the north by the Cretan Sea, and to the west and south by the Mediterranean Sea. The peripheral unit also includes the southernmost island in Europe, Gavdos.
Chania peripheral unit, often informally termed 'Western Crete', is a beautiful and in many parts unspoilt part of the island. Districts include verdant Apokoronas, mountainous Sfakia, and Selino in the far South West corner. Some other notable towns in the Chania prefecture are: Hora Sfakion, Kastelli-Kissamos, Palaiochora, Maleme, Vryses, Vamos, Georgioupolis and Kalives.
The natural park of Samaria Gorge, a major tourist attraction and a refuge for the rare Cretan wild goat or kri kri, is in the South of the peripheral unit. The White Mountains or Lefka Ori, through which the Samaria, Aradena, Imbros and other gorges run, are the limestone peaks topped by snow until May that occupy much of Chania peripheral unit. They contain more than 40 peaks over 2,000 meters high. The highest peak in this area is Pachnes, at 2,453 meters above sea level.
Western Crete is popular with tourists for its spring flowers that linger on into early May in the mountains. Birdwatching is also popular, with the lammergeier and golden eagle especially sought for. As an island, Crete has many endemic species of plant and animal.
Crete's only freshwater lake, Lake Kournas, is in the peripheral unit close to the border with Rethymno peripheral unit, 47 km from Chania. It is relatively large, with a perimeter of 3.5 km. The lake used to be called 'Korisia' after ancient 'Korion', a city thought to be in the area with a temple to Athena. The lake used to be reportedly full of eels but now is better known for its terrapins and tourists. Tavernas and pedalo rental shops line part of the shore. Overall, however, the lake retains its beauty, the White Mountains reflected in the mirror-like waters.
The peripheral unit Chania is subdivided into 7 municipalities. These are (number as in the map in the infobox):
The Chania prefecture (Greek: Νομός Χανίων) was created while Crete was still an autonomous state, and was preserved after the island joined Greece in 1913. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the Chania peripheral unit was created out of the former prefecture. The prefecture had the same territory as the present peripheral unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below.
New municipality Old municipalities Seat Apokoronas Armenoi Vryses Asi Gonia Vamos Georgioupoli Kryonerida Fres Chania Chania Chania Akrotiri Eleftherios Venizelos Keramia Nea Kydonia Souda Theriso Gavdos Gavdos Gavdos Kantanos-Selino Kantanos Palaiochora East Selino Pelekanos Kissamos Kissamos Kissamos Innachori Mythimna Platanias Platanias Gerani Voukolies Kolymvari Mousouroi Sfakia Sfakia Sfakia
The provinces were:
- Apokoronas Province - Vamos
- Kissamos Province - Kissamos
- Kydonia Province - Chania
- Selino Province - Kandanos
- Sfakia Province - Chora Sfakion
- Kydon TV
- Eleftherios Venizelos (1864-1936), prime minister of Greece
- Michael Bletsas , Director of Computing at the MIT Media Lab
- Angelos Bletsas , MIT alumni
- Constantinos Daskalakis, Assistant Professor at MIT
- aera.gr από τα Χανιά με αγάπη – Καθημερινή ενημέρωση για τα Χανιά, την Κρήτη, την Ελλάδα και όλο τον κόσμο από το aera.gr
Administrative division of the Crete Region Area: 8,336km² • Population : 601,131 (2001) • Capital: HeraklionRegional unit of ChaniaRegional unit of HeraklionRegional unit of LasithiRegional unit of Rethymno Regional governor: Stavros Arnaoutakis • Website www.pkr.gov.gr Prefectures of Greece
Achaea and Elis (1833) · Achaea (1899) · Adrianople (1920)‡ · Aetolia-Acarnania (1833) · Arcadia (1833) · Argolis and Corinthia (1833) · Argolis (1899) · Argyrokastron (1915)§ · Arta (1882) · Attica and Boeotia (1833) · Attica (1899) · Boeotia (1899) · Chalkidiki (1915) · Chania (1912) · Chios (1915) · Corfu (1864) · Corinthia (1899) · Cyclades (1833) · Dodecanese (1947) · Drama (1915) · Elis (1899) · Euboea (1833) · Evros (1920) · Evrytania (1899) · Florina (1915) · Grevena (1964) · Heraklion (1912) · Imathia (1947) · Ioannina (1915) · Kallipolis (1920)‡ · Karditsa (1899) · Kastoria (1941) · Kavala (1915) · Kefallinia (1864) · Kilkis (1934) · Korytsa (1915)§ · Kozani (1915) · Lacedaemon (1899) · Laconia (1833) · Lakoniki (1899) · Larissa (1882) · Lasithi (1912) · Lefkada (1864) · Lesbos (1915) · Magnesia (1899) · Messenia (1833) · Pella (1930) · Phocis and Locris (1833) · Phocis (1899) · Phthiotis and Phocis (1845) · Phthiotis (1899) · Pieria (1947) · Piraeus (1964) · Preveza (1915) · Rethymno (1912) · Rhaedestos (1920)‡ · Rhodope (1920) · Samos (1915) · Saranta Ekklisies (1920)‡ · Serres (1915) · Sfakia (1912) · Thesprotia (1937) · Thessaloniki (1914) · Trikala (1882) · Trifylia (1899) · Xanthi (1944) · Zakynthos (1864)
dates of first establishment in parentheses
today outside Greece: § in Northern Epirus ‡ in Eastern Thrace
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