List of chiropractic credentials

Doctors holding the DC (Doctor of Chiropractic) degree may claim numerous credentials, denoted by letters placed after the doctor's name in official correspondences and business publications. Some of these credentials are recognized by the Chiropractic academic community at large, and some only by the specific organization that issued the credential. This list clarifies the meanings of the various credentials.

Contents

Etiquette for listing of degrees

There are several schools of thought as to in what order to list credentials:

  • List them in the order of importance to the field;
  • List them in the order obtained;
  • List them in the order of their academic level, highest last;
  • List the "highest degree in the working profession first";
  • List only the highest degree in each field, in other words not to list a BA or BS degree, if you have a PhD in the same area.

Academic pre/post doctoral degrees

DC (Doctor of Chiropractic) Degree: The vast majority of chiropractors today are graduates of fully accredited "first professional degree" granting institutions. This means that the DC degree is accredited by one of the regional accrediting agencies, (e.g. Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools), or National accrediting agencies (e.g. the New York State Board of Regents). The DC degree is also listed as a "First Professional Degree" (in the same category as the MD (Medicine), DO (Osteopathy), DPM (Podiatry), OD (Optometry), DDS or DMD (Dentistry) degrees, and in some states ND or NMD (Naturopathic Medicine), and DHM (Homeopathic Medicine), and OMD (Oriental Medicine) as listed by the US Department of Education. There are also the Professional degrees which are for "other" licensed health professionals, like RN (Nursing), LAc (Acupuncturist), ATC (Athletic Trainer), PT (Physical Therapist), etc., generally recognized as subordinate to the "first professional degrees". There are chiropractors who have also earned, and thus list after their names, any of these other degrees, in nearly any combination.

Chiropractic degrees other than US

Degree Full Name Nation(s) in which it is awarded
B.App.Sc. (clin). & B.C.Sc. Bachelor of Applied Science (Clinical Science) & Bachelor of Chiropractic Science  Japan
B.Sc. (chiro) & B.C. Bachelor of Science (Chiropractic) & Bachelor of Chiropractic  Australia,  Japan
B.App.Sc. (Compl) & M.Clin.Chiro. Bachelor of Applied Science (Complementary Medicine) & Master of Clinical Chiropractic  Australia
B.Chiro. Bachelor of Chiropractic  New Zealand
B.Chiro. & M.Chiro Bachelor of Chiropractic & Master of Chiropractic  Australia
B.Sc. (Hons) Chiro Bachelor of Science (Hons) Chiropractic  Malaysia
B.Tech. (chiro) and M.Tech. (chiro) Bacelor in Technology (Chiropractic) & Master in Technology (Chiropractic)  South Africa
D.C. Doctor of Chiropractic  Brazil,  Canada,  France,  Japan,  Mexico,  South Korea,  Spain,  Sweden
M.C. or M.Chiro. Master of Chiropractic or Master in Chiropractic  Australia,  Switzerland,  United Kingdom
M.C.B. Master in Clinical Biomechanics  Denmark
M.Tech. (chiro) Master in Technology, Chiropractic  South Africa

Academic pre or post-doctoral graduate degrees

Some chiropractors have received Masters or Doctoral Degrees from another accredited college or university before they commenced chiropractic college, and some achieved those degrees after they received their DC degrees. Some chiropractic colleges are accredited to offer Masters and PhD degrees in related fields, such as nutrition, Oriental medicine, or acupuncture.[1]

Diplomate or Fellow?

As a general rule, as defined by the dictionary, one who receives a diploma is a diplomate. Thus, the "Diplomate" programs are post-doctoral programs leading to a Board examination. The successful candidate receives the degree. Whereas a medical fellowship implies completion of a post-residency subspecialty training program, in other fields, the term fellow is, generally speaking, an honorary title, usually awarded to someone who is already a diplomate, for extraordinary contributions to that specific field of study. Some agencies confer only the title of "Fellow" when they have no diplomate programs.

Certifications recognized[Notes 1] by the chiropractic academic community

Degree Full Name Description
CAC[2] Certified in Animal (Veterinary) Chiropractic Continuing education course, in this specialty, sponsored by the American Veterinary Chiropractic Association. The program consists of 100 post-doctoral hours, run through the continuing education programs of accredited Chiropractic colleges, and culminating in an examination.
CCEP[3][4] Certified Chiropractic Extremity Practitioner American program, 7 week-ends post-Doctoral course; provided by an accredited American Chiropractic college; followed by a Certifying Examination.
CCRD[5][6] Certified Chiropractic Rehabilitation Doctor Continuing education course, in this specialty, sponsored by the American Chiropractic Association Council of Chiropractic Physiological Therapeutics and Rehabilitation. The program consists of 100 post-doctoral hours, run through the continuing education programs of accredited Chiropractic colleges, and culminating in an examination.
CCSP[7] Certified Chiropractic Sports Physician American program, (but exported)1 yr post-Doctoral; consisting of 12 week-end seminars provided by an accredited American Chiropractic college; followed by a Nationally administered Certifying Examination administered by the American Board of Chiropractic Sports Physicians.
CCST[8] Chiropractic Certification in Spinal Trauma International Chiropractor's Association Council on Applied Chiropractic Sciences affiliated program. The program consists of ten (10) week-end sessions taught through the continuing education department of an accredited Chiropractic College and culminating in a qualifying examination.
ICSSD[9] International Chiropractic Sport Science Diplomate A program offered by the International Federation of Sports Chiropractic (FICS), of week-end seminars, run through an accredited Chiropractic college, and followed by a FICS certification examination.

Board certifications recognized[Notes 2] by the chiropractic academic community

Degree Full Name Description
DABCA[10] Diplomate of the American Chiropractic Board of Acupuncture American program, 3 yr post-Doctoral; consisting of 36 week-end seminars provided through an accredited American Chiropractic college; followed by a Nationally administered Board Certifying Examination. This Board is affiliated with the American Chiropractic Association.
DABCN[11] Diplomate of the American Chiropractic Board of Clinical Nutrition American program, 3 yr post-Doctoral; consisting of 36 week-end seminars provided through an accredited American Chiropractic college; followed by a Nationally administered Board Certifying Examination. This Board is affiliated with the American Chiropractic Association.
DACBR[12] Diplomate of the American Chiropractic Board of Radiology American program, 3 yr post-Doctoral; consisting of a 3 year in-house post-doctoral residency program at an accredited American Chiropractic college; followed by a Nationally administered 2-part (written & oral) Board Certifying Examination. This Board is affiliated with the American Chiropractic Association.
DACAN or DACNB[13][14] Diplomate of the American Chiropractic Board of Neurology American program, 3 yr post-Doctoral; consisting of 36 week-end seminars provided through an accredited American Chiropractic college; followed by a Nationally administered Board Certifying Examination. This Board is affiliated with the American Chiropractic Association.
DABCI[15] Diplomate of the American Chiropractic Board of Diagnosis and Internal Disorders American program, 3 yr post-Doctoral; consisting of 36 week-end seminars provided through an accredited American Chiropractic college; followed by a Nationally administered Board Certifying Examination. This Board is affiliated with the American Chiropractic Association.
DACO and FACO[16] Diplomate (or Fellow) of the American Academy of Chiropractic Orthopedics American program, 3 yr post-Doctoral; consisting of 36 week-end seminars provided through an accredited American Chiropractic college; followed by a Nationally administered Board Certifying Examination. This Board is affiliated with the American Chiropractic Association.
DACRB[17] Diplomate of the American Chiropractic Board of Rehabilitation American program, 3 yr post-Doctoral; consisting of 3 years full-term residency program provided through an accredited American Chiropractic college; followed by a Nationally administered Board Certifying Examination. This Board is affiliated with the American Chiropractic Association.
DACBSP[18] Diplomate of the American Chiropractic Board of Sports Physicians American program, 3 yr post-Doctoral; consisting of 36 week-end seminars provided through an accredited American Chiropractic college; a practical experience component and followed by a Nationally administered Board Certifying Examination.
FACCR Fellow of the Australian College of Chiropractic Radiologists This program is recognized in Australia, but there is no web site and attempts to locate specifics are difficult. It is believed to be a three year, post-doctoral program leading to a Board examination, and run through one of the accredited Chiropractic colleges.
FCCR (C)[19] Fellow, College of Chiropractic Radiology (Canada) This is a three year post-doctoral program operated by the Canadian College of Chiropractic Radiology, in association with an accredited Chiropractic College, culminating in a Board Examination administered by the College.
FCCSS(C)[20] Fellow, College of Chiropractic Sports Sciences(Canada) Canadian Program, of three years of week-end seminars provided through a Canadian accredited Chiropractic College; a practical experience component; a research component / publication requirement, and followed by a Board certifying examination.[not in citation given]
CICPA, DICPA, and FICPA[21] Certified, Diplomate and Fellow, International College of Chiropractic Pediatrics American program, run through the International Chiropractor's Association, Council on Chiropractic Pediatrics. It consists of three years of week-end seminars provided through an accredited Chiropractic College (currently New York Chiropractic College, Palmer College of Chiropractic and the New Zealand College of Chiropractic all sponsor this program); and followed by a Board certifying examination. Fellowship is awarded by the Council's Board of Directors, to those Diplomates having made significant contributions to the field, and is an honorary title.

Honorary titles conferred by recognized chiropractic bodies

Degree Full Name Description
FICC[22] Fellow, International College of Chiropractors This honorary degree is bestowed upon Doctors of Chiropractic by a body generally allied with the American Chiropractic Association.
FACC[23][24] Fellow, American College of Chiropractors This honorary degree is bestowed upon Doctors of Chiropractic by a body generally allied with the American Chiropractic Association.
PhC Doctor of Chiropractic Philosophy This honorary degree has at various times been awarded by Chiropractic Colleges, especially by Palmer College of Chiropractic to individuals who have written extensively about the Philosophical basis of Chiropractic.

Honorary titles conferred upon chiropractors (and others) by outside agencies

Degree Full Name Description
CSCS[25] Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist This degree is conferred by the National Strength and Conditioning Association upon those who complete their proprietary certification. One must have a BA/BS degree, and complete a certifying examination, including a skills evaluation component, and have practical experience.
FACSM[26] Fellow, American College of Sports Medicine This honorary degree is bestowed upon those with either Professional or Academic Doctoral degrees by the American College of Sports Medicine. Recipients must have been members in good standing for a certain number of years; they must attend a specific number of ACSM National Conventions; have the recommendations of two Fellows,  ; have published in peer reviewed journal(s); and have either made a "significant contribution to the field of sports medicine", or have a distinguished history of teaching in the field.

Certifications and Boards from proprietary (non-profit) organizations[Notes 3]

Degree Full Name Description
BCAO[27] Board Certified, Atlas Orthogonist This "degree" is bestowed upon Doctors of Chiropractic by the corporation which appears to run seminars to teach their technique. This is a body which is proprietary, in fact apparently family run, and whose programs are generally not run by accredited Chiropractic Colleges. The site does not explain under what circumstances one may be allowed to call oneself "Board" certified.
DIBAK[28] Diplomate of the International Board of Applied Kinesiology This "degree" is bestowed upon Doctors of Chiropractic by the corporate agency which runs seminars to teach their technique. This is a body which is proprietary, and whose programs are generally not run by accredited Chiropractic Colleges. They do have an examination in this specialty, practice and publication requirements.
FASBE[29] Fellow Academy of Spinal Bio-Engineering This "degree" is bestowed upon Doctors of Chiropractic by the corporation[30] which runs seminars to teach their technique. This is a body which is proprietary, and whose programs are generally not run by accredited Chiropractic Colleges, but solely by the "Society" operated by Dr. Ron Aragona .
DAAPM[31] Diplomate of the American Academy of Pain Management This "degree" is bestowed upon Doctors of all kinds, by the organization which runs seminars to provide their "credentialing". This is a body which appears to be proprietary, and whose programs are apparently not generally run by accredited Colleges, but solely by the "Academy" itself.
DABCC and FABCC[32] Diplomate (or "Fellow") of the American Board of Chiropractic Consultants This "degree" is bestowed upon Doctors of Chiropractic, by the organization which runs seminars to provide their required course work. They also accept hours gained in other, generally recognized certification and diplomate programs. This is a body which appears to be proprietary, and whose programs are apparently not generally run by accredited Colleges, but solely by the "Academy" itself.
ABDA and FABDA[33] American Board of Disability Examiners, and "Fellow" of the ABDA. This "degree" is bestowed upon Doctors of Chiropractic, by the organization which runs seminars to provide their required course work. They also accept hours gained in other, generally recognized certification and diplomate programs. This is a body which appears to be proprietary, and whose programs are apparently not generally run by accredited Colleges, but solely by the Board itself.
FAFICC[34] Fellow, Academy of Forensic and Industrial Chiropractic Consultants This "degree" is bestowed upon Doctors of Chiropractic, by the organization which evaluates credentials to determine the basis for recognition. This is a body which appears to be proprietary, and whose programs are apparently not generally run by accredited Colleges, but solely by the Board itself.
FNAMUAP[35] Fellow, National Academy of Manipulation Under Anesthesia Physicians This "degree" is bestowed upon Doctors of Chiropractic, by the organization which evaluates credentials to determine the basis for recognition. This is a body which appears to be proprietary, and run by an individual Doctor, and whose programs are apparently not generally run by accredited Colleges, but solely by the Board itself.

Legitimate titles which are not generally considered a "professional qualification"[Notes 4]

Degree Full Name Description
CCSS(C) College of Chiropractic Sports Science (Canada) The rationale for this is that anyone can join the college and thus this is not a credential, only "Fellowship" is a credential.
Diplomate-NBCE or DNBCE[36] Diplomate of the National Board of Chiropractic Examiners The rationale for this is: that all American DC's must take and pass these exams in order to qualify for a license to practice, and thus the fact that one has done so, is not a qualification which should be used to differentiate one DC from another by education. To Put this a DC must have completed Parts I-IV of the NCBE. Completing Parts I-III does not allow a DC to put this as credentials.
MACSM[37] Member, American College of Sports Medicine The rationale for this is: that anyone who applies and pays dues will be accepted as a member of the American College of Sports Medicine and thus being a member is not a differentiating professional qualification for professionals.

Notes

  1. ^ "Recognized" means that the Chiropractic academic community generally recognizes these certifications as representing a program of advanced study at, or through an accredited institution, and that the holder has passed a certifying examination.
  2. ^ "Recognized" means by the Chiropractic Profession generally. Some of these are also accredited by other professional specialty credentialing agencies. It must be understood that medical specialty boards are themselves likewise "credentialed" by agencies, also composed entirely of medical and osteopathic physicians, and they generally refuse to consider chiropractic specialties.
  3. ^ These credentials are generally recognized only by the bodies which grant them, and may be meaningful only to another DC. They may indicate that the Doctor has taken some proprietary course in someone's technique, but the program may, or may not yet be taught at accredited academic institutions. Or it is taught only by the company or organization offering the "certification".
  4. ^ Meaning that it is not accepted practice to list these after one's name, or use them in advertising. This is not to say that the information is not genuine, or that the facts are incorrectly reported.

References


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