Cerralvo Municipality

Cerralvo
—  Municipality  —
Cerralvo is located in Mexico
Cerralvo
Location of Cerralvo in Mexico
Coordinates: 26°5′N 99°36′W / 26.083°N 99.6°W / 26.083; -99.6
Country Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
State Nuevo León
Area
 - Total 925.1 km2 (357.2 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 - Total 8,009
 - Density 8.7/km2 (22.4/sq mi)
  Data source: INEGI
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Website (Spanish) [1]
Source: Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México

Cerralvo is a municipality situated in the Mexican state of Nuevo León. Cerralvo is located in the northeastern region of Nuevo León, in the Gulf Coastal Plain and in the northeastern agricultural and ranching economic zone that also includes the municipalities of Agualeguas, General Treviño, Melchor Ocampo, and Parás. It borders the municipality of Agualeguas to the north, the municipality of Higueras to the west, the municipality of Doctor González to the southwest, the municipality of Los Ramones to the south, and the municipalities of Los Herreras, Melchor Ocampo, and General Treviño to the east.[1]

The municipal seat of Cerralvo, Ciudad Cerralvo, is located at 26° 5' N, 99° 36' W, and is 345 meters above sea level.[1]

Contents

History

In 1577, José Luis Carvajal y de la Cueva founded the village of Saltillo; in the same year, he also founded Santa Lucía, now called Monterrey, and discovered the mines of San Gregorio, located in what is now called Cerralvo. On May 31, 1579, Luis Carvajal signed an agreement with King Philip II of Spain to pacify the region and to establish the state of Nuevo León; the contract authorized him to do this in an area that did not exceed 200 leagues on a side.[1]

The first Spanish settlement in Nuevo León took place in 1582 in Cerralvo, which thus included the first capital of the state. In 1630, this settlement was renamed Villa de San Gregorio de Cerralvo, after the fifteenth Viceroy of New Spain, Rodrigo Pacheco y Osorio, marqués de Cerralvo.[1]

The municipality was settled in order to exploit mineral resources, including lead, and to sell Indians to the Spanish.[1]

Cerralvo is home to the national park El Sabinal, which, with an area of 8 hectares, is the smallest national park in Mexico.[2]

Timeline

  • 1577—José Luis Carvajal y de la Cueva discovers the mines of San Gregorio (Cerralvo).
  • 1582—First Spanish settlement in Nuevo León is founded in Cerralvo.
  • 1630—Settlement receives the name of Villa de San Gregorio de Cerralvo.[1]
  • 1949—Gruma is founded as Molinos Azteca, SA, in Cerralvo.[3]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f (Spanish) Cerralvo, Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Accessed on line March 20, 2008.
  2. ^ Aree Naturali Protette, visitmexico.com. Accessed on line March 20, 2008.
  3. ^ (Spanish) Historia, Acerca de GRUMA, Gruma web site, accessed on line March 20, 2008.

External links

  • Cerralvo, official government web site.

Coordinates: 26°05′N 99°36′W / 26.083°N 99.6°W / 26.083; -99.6


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cerralvo — Municipality Ciudad Cerralvo Rodrigo Pacheco, 3rd Marquis of Cerralvo Cerralvo Island This disambiguation page lists articles about distinct geographical locations with the same name. If an internal link le …   Wikipedia

  • Cerralvo Island — is an uninhabited island off the coast of the Cerralvo Channel near the city of La Paz in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It is eighteen miles long with a land area of 136.498 km² (52.702 sq mi), and is the ninth largest island in… …   Wikipedia

  • Monterrey (municipality) — Municipality of Monterrey   Municipality   Location of the state of Nuevo León within Mexico Country …   Wikipedia

  • Camargo Municipality, Tamaulipas — Location of Camargo in Tamaulipas, Mexico. Camargo is a municipality in the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. It is located on the US border, across from Rio Grande City, Texas. It has an official population of 14,933 inhabitants (2010 census) and an… …   Wikipedia

  • Municipalities of Nuevo León — The Mexican state of Nuevo León is divided into 51 municipalities, which take their names from their municipal seats. Nuevo León State within Mexico The most populous one is Monterrey, which also serves as the capital of the state. Outside the… …   Wikipedia

  • Los Ramones — is the name of a municipality and its corresponding seat of government and main population center in Mexican state of Nuevo Leon.LocationLos Ramones is located in the west central portion of the Mexican state of Nuevo León. Its coordinates are… …   Wikipedia

  • Jacques Cousteau Island — Native name: Isla Cerralvo Jacques Cousteau Island, southernmost of the Midriff Islands. Located at the entrance to the Gulf of California …   Wikipedia

  • Melchor Ocampo, Nuevo León — Melchor Ocampo is a municipality located in the Mexican state of Nuevo León. It is named after Don Melchor Ocampo, who was Foreign Minister during the government of Benito Juárez. Contents 1 Location 2 Climate 3 Population …   Wikipedia

  • Camargo, Tamaulipas — Camargo is a municipality in the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. It is located on the US border, across from Rio Grande City, Texas. It has a population of over 16,000 and an international bridge. The municipal seat is Ciudad Camargo. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Anáhuac, Nuevo León —   Municipality   Coat of arms …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.