Carnatic Music

SrutiSwaraRagaTalaMelakartaAsampurna Melakarta


VarnamKritiGeethamSwarajatiRagam Thanam Pallavi • Thillana


melody: Vocals • Saraswati veenaVenu • Violin • Chitra veena • NadaswaramMandolin

rhythm: MridangamGhatamMorsingKanjiraThavil

drone: TamburaShruti box


List of Carnatic composers

Dhenuka (Sanskrit: धेनुका, Telugu: ధేనుక, Tamil: தேனுக, English: A demon, slain by Balarama) is a rāgam (musical scale) in Carnatic music (South Indian classical music). It is the 9th Melakarta rāgam in the 72 melakarta rāgam system of Carnatic music.

It is called Dhunibinnashadjam[1][2] in Muthuswami Dikshitar school of Carnatic music.


Structure and Lakshana

Dhenuka scale with Shadjam at C

It is the 3rd rāgam in the 2nd chakra Netra. The mnemonic name is Netra-Go. The mnemonic phrase is sa ra gi ma pa dha nu[1]. Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music for details on below notation and terms):

(Suddha Rishabham, Sadharana Gandharam, Suddha Madhyamam, Suddha Dhaivatham, Kakali Nishadham)

As it is a melakarta rāgam, by definition it is a sampoorna rāgam (has all seven notes in ascending and descending scale). It is the Suddha madhyamam equivalent of Shubhapantuvarali, which is the 45th melakarta.

Asampurna Melakarta

Dhunibinnashadjam is the 9th Melakarta in the original list compiled by Venkatamakhin. The notes used in the scale are the same as Dhenuka.[3]

Janya Rāgams

Dhenuka has a few janya rāgams (derived scales) associated with it. See List of Janya Rāgams for full list of rāgams associated with Latangi.


There are a few common compositions set to Dhenuka, of which Teliyaledu rama composed by Tyagaraja is one of the most often rendered in concerts.

Related rāgams

This section covers the theoretical and scientific aspect of this rāgam.

Dhenuka's notes when shifted using Graha bedham, yields 3 other Melakarta rāgams, namely, Shanmukhapriya, Chitrambhari and Shoolini. Graha bedham is the step taken in keeping the relative note frequencies same, while shifting the Shadjam to the next note in the rāgam.


  1. ^ a b Ragas in Carnatic music by Dr. S. Bhagyalekshmy, Pub. 1990, CBH Publications
  2. ^ Raganidhi by P. Subba Rao, Pub. 1964, The Music Academy of Madras
  3. ^ Shree Muthuswami Dikshitar Keerthanaigal, by A Sundaram Iyer, Music Book Publishers, Mylapore, Chennai

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • dhenuka — धेनुक …   Indonesian dictionary

  • dhenūka — धेनूक …   Indonesian dictionary

  • dhenukâ̱ri — धेनुकारि …   Indonesian dictionary

  • dhenuka-dhvaṉsin — धेनुकध्वंसिन् …   Indonesian dictionary

  • dhenukā-dugdha — धेनुकादुग्ध …   Indonesian dictionary

  • dhenuka-sūdana — धेनुकसूदन …   Indonesian dictionary

  • dhenuka-vadha — धेनुकवध …   Indonesian dictionary

  • dhenukâ̱ṡrama — धेनुकाश्रम …   Indonesian dictionary

  • así-dhenukā — असिधेनुका …   Indonesian dictionary

  • bahú-dhenūka — बहुधेनूक …   Indonesian dictionary

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