Byssinosis


Byssinosis

Infobox_Disease
Name = PAGENAME


Caption =
DiseasesDB =
ICD10 = ICD10|J|66|0|j|60
ICD9 = ICD9|504
ICDO =
OMIM =
MedlinePlus =
eMedicineSubj =
eMedicineTopic =
MeshID = D002095

Byssinosis, also called "brown lung disease" or "Monday fever", is an occupational lung disease caused by exposure to cotton dust in inadequately ventilated working environmentscite journal | last=Hollander | first=AG | title=Byssinosis | journal=Chest | volume=24 | issue=6 | pages=674–678 | publisher=American College of Chest Physicians | date=December 1953 | url=http://www.chestjournal.org/cgi/reprint/24/6/674 | pmid=13107566 | accessdate=2008-01-31 | doi=10.1378/chest.24.6.674 | doi_brokendate=2008-06-23 ] . It is not the cotton dust directly that causes the disease, it is endotoxins that come from the cell walls of gram negative bacteria that grow on the cotton that cause the disease. It commonly occurs in workers who are employed in yarn and fabric manufacture industries. Brown lung can ultimately result in narrowing of the trachea in the lungs, destruction of lung tissue and death from infection or respiratory failure.

This disease often occurred in the times of the industrial revolution. Most commonly young girls working in mills or other textile factories would be afflicted with this disease.

The term "brown lung" is a misnomer, as the lungs of affected individuals are not brown.

References

*Snyder, Rachel Louise (2007). "Fugitive Denim: A Moving Story of People and Pants in the Borderless World of Global Trade". W. W. Norton.

External links

* [http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001089.htm NIH]
* [http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec04/ch049/ch049h.html Merck]
* [http://www.healthatoz.com/healthatoz/Atoz/ency/byssinosis.jsp Health A-Z]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • byssinosis — [bis΄ə nō′sis] n. [ModL < L byssinus, made of byssus (see BYSSUS) + OSIS] BROWN LUNG (DISEASE) …   English World dictionary

  • byssinosis — /bis euh noh sis/, n. Pathol. See brown lung. [1885 90; < Gk býssin(os) fine flax, linen (equiv. to býss(os) BYSSUS + inos INE1) + OSIS] * * * or brown lung disease Respiratory disorder caused by dust from cotton and other fibres, common among… …   Universalium

  • byssinosis — noun (plural byssinoses) Etymology: New Latin, from Latin byssinus of fine linen, from Greek byssinos, from byssos Date: 1881 an occupational respiratory disease associated with inhalation of cotton, flax, or hemp dust and characterized initially …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • byssinosis — noun a lung disease, caused by exposure to cotton dust in inadequately ventilated working environments …   Wiktionary

  • byssinosis — Obstructive airway disease in people who work with unprocessed cotton, flax, or hemp; caused by reaction to material in the dust and thought to include endotoxin from bacterial contamination. Sometimes called Monday morning asthma since patients… …   Medical dictionary

  • byssinosis — [ˌbɪsɪ nəʊsɪs] noun a lung disease caused by prolonged inhalation of textile fibre dust. Origin C19: from L. byssinus made of byssus + osis …   English new terms dictionary

  • byssinosis — bys·si·no·sis …   English syllables

  • byssinosis — n. an industrial disease of the lungs caused by inhalation of dusts of cotton, flax, hemp, or sisal. The patient characteristically has chest tightness and wheeze after the weekend break, which wears off during the working week …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • byssinosis — bys•si•no•sis [[t]ˌbɪs əˈnoʊ sɪs[/t]] n. pat brown lung • Etymology: 1885–90; < Gk býssin(os) fine flax, linen (=býss(os) byssus+ inos ine I) + osis …   From formal English to slang

  • byssinosis — n. Med. a lung disease caused by prolonged inhalation of textile fibre dust. Etymology: mod.L f. Gk bussinos made of byssus + OSIS …   Useful english dictionary


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