Name = PAGENAME
Latin = rami bronchiales partis thoracicae aortae, arteriae bronchiales
GraySubject = 153
GrayPage = 600
Caption = Bronchial artery labeled at center left.
DorlandsPre = r_02
DorlandsSuf = 12689141
human anatomy, the bronchial arteries help supply the lungs with oxygenated blood. Although there is much variation, there are usually two bronchial arteries that run to the left lung, and one to the right lung.
The "left bronchial arteries" (superior & inferior) usually arise directly from the
The single "right bronchial artery" usually arises from one of the following:
* 1) the
thoracic aortaat a common trunk with the right 3rd posterior intercostal artery
* 2) the superior bronchial artery on the left side
Distribution to lung
The bronchial arteries supply blood to the bronchi and connective tissue of the lungs. They travel with and branch with the
bronchi, ending about at the level of the respiratory bronchioles. They anastomose with the branches of the pulmonary arteries, and together, they supply the visceral pleuraof the lung in the process.
Note that much of the blood supplied by the bronchial arteries is returned via the
pulmonary veinsrather than the bronchial veins.
Each bronchial artery also has a branch that supplies the esophagus.
Comparison with pulmonary arteries
It is easy to confuse the bronchial arteries with the pulmonary arteries, because they both supply the lungs with blood, but there are important differences:
The bronchial arteries are typically enlarged and
tortuousin chronicpulmonary thromboembolic hypertension. [cite journal |author=Kauczor H, Schwickert H, Mayer E, Schweden F, Schild H, Thelen M |title=Spiral CT of bronchial arteries in chronic thromboembolism |journal=J Comput Assist Tomogr |volume=18 |issue=6 |pages=855–61 |year= |pmid=7962789]
* - "Branches of the
ascending aorta, arch of the aorta, and the descending aorta."
* [http://anatquest.nlm.nih.gov/aq/ImageXml?xml=DSR100006257-xsl.xml Bronchial arteries] - anatquest.nlm.nih.gov.
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