- Independence Avenue (Washington D.C.)
Washington, D.C., Independence Avenue is a major east-west street running just south of the United States Capitolin the city's Southwest and Southeast quadrants. The avenue carries heavy commuter traffic on weekdays and heavy tourist traffic on the weekends.
In Washington's Cartesian-coordinate-based street-naming system, Independence Avenue was originally known as South B Street. If it had stayed in the city's lettered street system, it would today be known as B Street, S.W. and S.E. However,
Constitution Avenuewas originally known as North B Street, and having two major streets running so close together in parallel, both called B Street, would presumably be too confusing for many people. However, the street on the other side of the Anacostia Rivercorresponding to Independence Avenue is called B Street, S.E.
The western terminus of Independence Avenue is at 23rd Street, S.W., south of the
Lincoln Memorial. At that terminus, Independence Avenue joins Ohio Drive, which connects the avenue with the Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway, Interstate 66, the E Street Expressway, and the Whitehurst Freeway. At the eastern terminus, Independence Avenue curves around the Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadiumto join the Whitney Young Memorial Bridge.
Locations of interest along avenue
Because Independence Avenue forms the southern boundary of the
National Mall, it is lined on the north side by several Smithsonianmuseums and on the south side by federal agencies, including the United States Department of Agriculture(USDA), Department of Health and Human Services, Voice of America(VOA), Federal Aviation Administration(FAA), Coast Guard, and the United States Department of Energy. The USDA occupies buildings on both sides of the avenue, connected by a pedestrian bridge over the avenue. Independence Avenue also passes by the United States Botanic Garden, the House office buildings and the Library of Congressand through the city's Capitol Hill and Lincoln Park neighborhoods.
Memorials along Independence Avenue include the
John Ericsson National Memorial, the Korean War Veterans Memorial, the District of Columbia War Memorial, the John Paul JonesMemorial, and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
ignificance in city's road network
From 23rd Street, S.W., to
Pennsylvania Avenue, S.E., Independence Avenue is part of the National Highway System. Other major traffic routes intersecting the avenue are Maine Avenueand Washington Avenue, the latter of which is a short segment of the National Highway System connecting to South Capitol Street.
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