1940 Summer Olympics
The anticipated 1940 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XII Olympiad and originally scheduled to be held from
September 21to October 6 1940, in Tokyo, Japan, were cancelled due to the outbreak of World War II. Tokyo was stripped of its host status for the Games by the IOC in 1937 due to the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War. The IOC then awarded the Games to Helsinki, Finland, the runner-up in the original bidding process. The Games were then scheduled to be staged from July 20to August 4 1940. The Olympic Games were suspended indefinitely following the outbreak of World War II and did not resume until the LondonGames of 1948.
With the Olympics cancelled, the major international athletics event of the year turned out to be the annual
Finland-Sweden athletics international, held at the new Helsinki Olympic Stadium, exceptionally held as a triple international among Finland, Swedenand Germany. Glidingwas due to be an Olympic sport in the 1940 Games after a successful demonstration at the Berlin Games in 1936 [cite book |last= Welch |first= Ann |title= The Story of Gliding 2nd edition |publisher= John Murray |year= 1980 |id = ISBN 0-7195-3659-6 ] [cite web| url = http://www.deutsches-museum.de/en/flugwerft/collections/sailplanes/olympia-meise/ |title = Glider design to be used at the 1940 Olympic Games | accessdate = 2008-03-25 ] . The sport has not been featured in any Games since.
Helsinki eventually held the
1952 Summer Olympicsand Tokyo the 1964 Summer Olympics.
Despite the cancellation of the 1940 Olympics, the Tokyo organizing committee released its budget for the Games. In a departure from standard practice, the budget included all capital outlays as well as direct organizing costs. The total budget was ¥20.1 million, one-third of which was paid for by the Tokyo metropolitan government.cite journal | last = Zarnowski | first = C. Frank | year = 1992 | month = Summer | title = A Look at Olympic Costs | journal = Citius, Altius, Fortius | volume = 1 | issue = 1 | pages = 16–32 | url = http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JOH/JOHv1n1/JOHv1n1f.pdf | accessdate = 2007-03-24]
During August of 1940, prisoners of war celebrated a "special Olympics" called "International Prisoner-of-War Olympic Games". These were inaugurated and celebrated in stalag number XIII-A in Langwasser close to Nuremberg, Germany. An Olympic flag 29 by 46 cm in size was made of a Polish prisoner’s shirt and, drawn in crayon, it featured the Olympic rings and banners for Belgium, France, Great Britain, Norway, Poland, Russia and Yugoslavia. A feature film was produced by the director A. Kotkowski in 1979 called "Olimpiada 40" telling the story of these games and one of the prisoners of war, Teodor Niewiadomski. [cite journal|last= Grys |first= Iwona |title= The Olympic Idea Transcending War |journal= Olympic Review |volume= 25 |issue= 8 |year= 1996 |date= April-May 1996 |pages= 68-69 |url= http://www.la84foundation.org/OlympicInformationCenter/OlympicReview/1996/oreXXV8/oreXXV8zza.pdf |format= PDF |accessdate= 2008-07-31 ]
1916 Summer Olympics
1940 Winter Olympics
1944 Winter Olympics
1944 Summer Olympics
*International Journal of the History of Sport, vol. 24, 2007, No. 8, "Special Issue: The Missing Olympics: The 1940 Tokyo Games, Japan, Asia and the Olympic Movement"
* [http://www.aafla.org/6oic/OfficialReports/1940/OR1940.pdf Official preliminary report. In English]
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