Bloody Mary (cocktail)
iba = yes
sourcelink = bloodymary
name = Bloody Mary
caption = a Bloody Chanel with lots of Saquan
type = mixed
vodka = yes
served = rocks
drinkware = highball
ingredients = *4.5 cl (3 parts)
*9.0 cl (6 parts)
*1.5 cl (1 part)
prep = Add dashes of Worcestershire Sauce, Tabasco , salt and pepper into highball glass, then pour all ingredients into highball with ice cubes. Stir gently. Garnish with Celery Salt and lemon wedge (optional).
A Bloody Mary is a popular
cocktailcontaining vodka, tomato juice, and usually other spices or flavorings such as Worcestershire sauce, Tabasco sauce, beef consommeor bouillon, horseradish, celery, salt, black pepper, cayenne pepper, lemon juice, and celery salt.
The origin of the Bloody Mary is disputed.
Fernand Petiotis said to have invented the drink in 1920 while working at Harry's Bar in Paris, France, a frequent hangout for Ernest Hemingway and other American expatriots. This is still the story at Harry's in Paris today. Another story is that it was originally created by George Jessel around 1939. Lucius Beebe, in his gossip column "This New York" (" New York Herald Tribune", December 2, 1939, page 9), printed one of the earliest US references to this drink, along with the original recipe: "George Jessel’s newest pick-me-up which is receiving attention from the town’s paragraphers is called a Bloody Mary: half tomato juice, half vodka."Fact|date=February 2007
Fernand Petiotcorroborates that George Jessel first created the drink and name, and that he (Petiot) merely added the spices to the plain vodka and tomato juice drink, based on a quote from the New Yorker Magazine, July 1964:
“I initiated the Bloody Mary of today,” he told us. “Jessel said he created it, but it was really nothing but vodka and tomato juice when I took it over. I cover the bottom of the shaker with four large dashes of salt, two dashes of black pepper, two dashes of cayenne pepper, and a layer of Worcestershire sauce; I then add a dash of lemon juice and some cracked ice, put in two ounces of vodka and two ounces of thick tomato juice, shake, strain, and pour. We serve a hundred to a hundred and fifty Bloody Marys a day here in the King Cole Room and in the other restaurants and the banquet rooms.”
Origin of the term
epithet"Bloody Mary" is associated with a number of historical (particularly Queen Mary I of England) and fictional women, especially from folklore. It is believed that inspiration for the cocktail was the Hollywood star Mary Pickfordwho earlier had a similar cocktail consisting of rum, Grenadine and Maraschino named after her.
In 1934, the cocktail was called "Red Snapper" at the
St. Regis Hotel, where Petriot was hired at the time. It was here that tabasco saucewas added to the drink, and the name "Bloody Mary" eventually won popularity. In the 1960s it became popular to serve the cocktail with celery due to a guest at The Pump Room at the Ambassador East Hotel in Chicago.
The name likely refers to the
blood-like color of the cocktail.
Preparation and serving
While there is not much complexity in mixing vodka and tomato juice, more elaborate versions of the drink have become trademarks of the bartenders who make them. A common garnish is a celery stalk when served in a tall glass, often over ice. A beer chaser may also be served with the Bloody Mary, although this varies from region to region.
Bloody Mary recipe courtesy of the New York School of Bartending:
* 1 oz. to 1 1/2 oz.
vodkain a Highball glassfilled with ice.
* Fill glass with
* 1 dash
* 1 dash ground black pepper
* 1 dash Tabasco
* 2-4 dashes of Lea & Perrin's
* 1/8 tsp.
horseradish(pure, never creamed)
* Dash of
lemonor lime juiceGarnish with celery stalk.
May be shaken vigorously or stirred lazily, as desired. Garnish with a
celerystalk; a skewer of olives, pickles, carrots, mushrooms, or other vegetables; or even meat or fish ( salami, shrimp, etc.) and cheese (see photos). Occasionally, pickled asparagus spears or pickled beans are also used.
Prepackaged Bloody Mary mixes that combine the spicy, non-alcoholic components of a Bloody Mary are commercially available.
Variations in alcohol
; Bloody Philip : Thailand Lao Khao (literally white liquor) 80 proof, rice distilled, replacing vodka in equal measure ; Bloody Bishop :
Sherryin equal measure to vodka; Bloody Fairy, Red Fairy : Absinthereplacing the vodka.; Bloody Geisha : Sakereplacing vodka.; Bloody Maria : Tequilareplacing vodka.; Brown Mary or Whiskey Mary : Whiskeyreplacing the vodka.; Bloody Pirate : Dark rumreplacing vodka. ; Bloody Scotsman : Scotch replacing vodka.; Bloody Stick: Slim Jim replaces traditional celery stick. Extra hot sauce.; Bloody Molly : Irish whiskeyreplacing vodka.; Bloody Maureen : Guinnessreplacing vodka.; Michelada Clementina (or simply "Chelada") : Mexican beerreplacing vodka, usually flavored with a couple of dashes of Worcestershire sauceand Maggi Sauceand Tabasco sauce. Usually the proportion of beer equals the tomato juice.; Ruddy Mary : Ginreplacing vodka.; Red Eye, Calgary Red Eye, or Saskatchewan Red Eye : Beer replacing vodka, usually in a 50/50 mixture with Clamatoin place of the tomato juice.; Red Hammer : Through the 1950s in the Northeastern U.S., while vodka was scarce, gininstead of vodka was known as a "Bloody Mary"; once vodka became readily available in those regions, the traditional vodka-based Bloody Mary was known as a Red Hammer for a time; Snowball, Bloodball, Bloody Snowball : Bourbonreplacing the vodka, not to be confused with the AdvocaatSnowball. Named for the novel, Snowball's Chance.; Virgin Mary, Bloody Shame, or Bloody Virgin : Without alcohol; the second term is commonly used in Australia.
Variations in mixers
; Bloody Bull : Beef bouillon and tomato juice. The drink originated at
Brennan'srestaurant in New Orleansand is served at Commander's Palaceas well as other Brennan Family Restaurants.; Bull Shot : Beef bouillon or beef consommein place of tomato juice. It may also contain salt, pepper, lemon juice, Tabasco sauceand Worcestershire sauce.; Caesar, Bloody Caesar, Bloody Clam, Red Wings or Clammy Mary : Clamatoreplacing tomato juice, much more popular in Canadathan the traditional Bloody Mary.; Bloody Eight or Eight Ball : V8 replacing tomato juice, or a mixture, usually equal parts; Bloody LeRoy : Barbecue saucereplacing tomato juice. Invented by the Reverend Horton Heatand Gibby Haynesduring the recording of The Full Custom Gospel Sounds of the Reverend Horton Heat, which Haynes was producing.
Variation in drink format
; Frozen Bloody Mary : Placed in a blender with ice.; Bloody Margaret : Similar to a Frozen Bloody Mary, but including milk or cream and served like a margarita, with a celery stick and/or a shrimp. A Virgin Margaret is a summertime drink inspired by the
Orange Julius.; Flaming Bloody Mary : A small amount of 151 rum is floated on top and a string hangs outside the glass and is ignited for a cold weather drink.; Flaming, Frozen Bloody Mary : A frozen Bloody Mary is topped with 151 rum and ignited. Also called "Bloody Fire and Ice". (Be sure to use a ceramic mug to avoid shattered glass)
Variations in garnishes
Wisconsin, and especially Green Bay, Bloody Mary drinks are often garnished with pickles, mushrooms, olives, and brussel sprouts. [ [http://www.cuisinecapers.com/football-fare/ CuisineCapers] ]
; Bloodless Mary : Without tomato juice; Bleeding Mary : Without tomato juice, 1:1 tabasco to vodka.; Screaming Emo : Traditional Bloody Mary, but with a
habanero pepperadded to it for more heat.; Screw Mary : Equal parts vodka, orange juice, and tomato juice or V8, spiced to taste.
In Popular Culture
* News anchor
Tom Tuckerof the series Family Guymakes a slip up on TV and claims "I guess I've had one too many Bloody Marys this morning."
* In the movie "Clifford" Uncle Martin drinks a Bloody Mary, not knowing that his nephew has added a large amount of
Tabasco Sauceto it.
* In the first episode of
Cowboy Bebop, Asteroid Blues, a woman orders a Bloody Mary at the bar.
* Bloody Mary is the name of the
Tonkinesegrass-skirt seller from the Broadway musical " South Pacific".
* In the series Frasier the main characters of the show are seen drinking Bloody Marys during a lunch.
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