List of years in film
This list of years in film indexes the individual "year in
film" pages. Each year is annotated with the significant events as a reference point.__NOTOC__
*19th century in film
*20th century in film:
**1900s - 1910s - 1920s - 1930s - 1940s - 1950s - 1960s - 1970s - 1980s - 1990s
*21st century in film:
19th century in film
19th century in film
* 1886 -
Louis Aimé Augustin Le Princeis granted an American dual-patent on a 16-lens device that combined a motion picture camera with a projector.
* 1888 - The "
Roundhay Garden Scene", shot in Leeds, West Yorkshire, Englandby Le Prince, is credited as the first film. It is recorded at a groundbreaking 20 frames per second and is the earliest surviving film. Thomas Edisondescribes the concept of the Kinetoscope, an early motion picture exhibition device.
* 1889 -
Eastman Kodakis the first company to begin commercial production of film on a flexible transparent base, celluloid. The first moving pictures developed on celluloid film are made in Hyde Park, Londonby William Friese Greene.
* 1890 - William Dickson completes his work for
Thomas Edisonon the Kinetograph cylinder either in this year or 1889. " Monkeyshines No. 1" becomes the first film shot on the system.
* 1891 -
Thomas Edisonfiles for a patent of the motion picture camera. Thomas Edisonholds the first public presentation of his Kinetoscopefor the National Federation of Women's Clubs.
* 1892 - The
Kinetoscopeis completed by W.K. Dickson, at the employ of Thomas Edison. In France, Charles-Émile Reynaudbegins to have public screenings in Parisat the Theatre Optique, with hundreds of drawings on a reel that he wound through his Projecting Praxinoscope, similar to the Zoetrope, to construct moving images that continued for 15 minutes. The Eastman Companybecomes the Eastman Kodak Company. Max Skladanowskydevelops a camera and shoots his first footage this year, but its unusual interleaved image format leaves him ultimately unable to exhibit it until work is completed on the Bioskop projector in late 1895.
* 1893 -
Thomas Edisonis granted Patent #493,426 for "An Apparatus for Exhibiting Photographs of Moving Objects" (The Kinetoscope). Edison builds "America's First Movie Studio", the Black Maria, in West Orange, New Jersey. The premiere of the completed Kinetoscope is held on May 9at the Brooklyn Instituteof Arts and Sciences: The first film publicly shown on the system was " Blacksmith Scene" (aka Blacksmiths).
* 1894 -
W.K. Dicksonreceives a patent for motion picture film. Thomas Edisonrecords Fred Ott's sneeze. Auguste and Louis Lumièrepatent the Cinématographe, a combination movie camera and projector.
* 1895 - The
cinématographeis patented. First footage ever to be shot using it is recorded on March 19. The Lumière brothers hold their first private screening of projected motion pictures on March 22. The Lumières give the first public screening at L'Eden, the world's first and oldest cinéma (theater), located in La Ciotat, France, on September 28. Gaumont Pictures is founded by the engineer-turned-inventor, Léon Gaumont. In the US, the Dickson Experimental Sound Filmpresents two men dancing to the sound of a violin player, in what the The Celluloid Closetcalls the first gay cinema reference. The first screening of movies at which admission was charged takes place on December 28, in Paris, at the Salon Indien du Grand Café. This historical screening is based on ten short films, in the following order (and respective length): "Sortie de l'usine Lumière à Lyon" (Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory), 46 seconds; "La Voltige" ("Horse Trick Riders"), 46 seconds: "La Pêche aux Poissons Rouges" ("Fishing for Goldfish"), 42 seconds; "Le Débarquement du Congrès de Photographie à Lyon" ("The Disembarkment of the Congress of Photographers in Lyon"), 48 seconds; "Les Forgerons" ("Blacksmiths"), 49 seconds; "Le Jardinier ( l'Arroseur Arrosé)" ("The Gardener, [The Sprinkler Sprinkled] "), 49 seconds; "Le Repas (de Bébé)" ("Baby's Meal"), 41 seconds; "Le Saut à la Couverture" ("Jumping Onto the Blanket"), 41 seconds; "La Place des Cordeliers à Lyon" ("Cordeliers Square in Lyon - a Street Scene"), 44 seconds; "La Mer (Baignade en Mer)" ("The Sea [Bathing in the Sea] "), 38 seconds. In Germany, Emil and Max Skladanowskydevelop their own film projector - they project from November 1in Berlin. The American Mutoscope and Biograph Companymotion pictures was founded in New Jersey by the KMCD Syndicate of William Kennedy Dickson, Henry Marvin, Herman Caslerand Elias Koopman. Woodville Lathamand his sons develop the Latham Loop - the concept of loose loops of film on either side of the intermittent movementto prevent stress from the jerky movement. This is debuted in the Eidoloscope, which is also the first widescreen format (1.85:1). Herman Caslerof American Mutoscope Company, aka American Mutoscope and Biograph Companymanufactures the Biograph68 mm camera, which will become the first successful large format 68 mm (70 mm) film.
* 1896 -
Pathé Frèresis founded. In Britain, Birt Acresand Robert W. Pauldeveloped their own film projector, the Theatrograph(later known as the Animatograph). Georges Mélièsbuys an English projector from Robert William Pauland shoots his first films. A projector called the Vitascopeis designed by Charles Francis Jenkins. The first theater in the US dedicated exclusively to showing motion pictures is Vitascope Hall, established on Canal Street, New Orleans, Louisiana. The first screen kiss takes place between May Irwinand John Rice in "The Kiss". The first female film director, Alice Guy-Blaché, presents "The Cabbage Fairy". Cinema reaches Indiaby way of The Lumière brothers ' Cinematography, unveiling six silent short films at the Watson Hotel in Bombay, namely "Entry of Cinematographe", " La Mer (Baignade en Mer)", " L'Arrivée d'un Train en Gare de la Ciotat", "A Demolition", "Ladies & Soldiers on Wheels" and "Sortie de l'usine Lumière à Lyon". The tour of the Lumière brothers covers also London and New York.
* 1897 -
Vitagraphis founded in New York. In England, the Prestwich Camerais patented. Harischandra Sakharam Bhatvadekar, alias Save Dada, imports a cine-camera from London at a price of 21 guineas and films the first Indian documentary film, a wrestling match in Hanging Gardens, Bombay. Daily screenings of films commence in Bombayby Clifton and Co.'s Meadows Street Photography Studio. 125 people die during a film screening at the Charity Bazaar in Parisafter a curtain catches on fire from the ether used to fuel the projector lamp.
* 1898 - Méliès starts producing under the brand Star Film and directs brief commercials.
Hiralal Senstarts filming scenes of theatre productions at the Classic Theatrein Calcutta.
* 1899 - The first film long footage (over 100 meters) films with montage are made: "The Dreyfus Affair" and the first film version of "Cinderella" are both released by Méliès; the latter it is the first film to use a photographic dissolve (or fades).
Georges Mélièsalso writes and directs "Jeanne d'Arc", a film about Joan of Arc, which removes the viewer from spatial relations and institutionalized the use of the close-up.
1900s in film
* 1900 - The first French Union Cinematography Chamber is founded by
* 1901 -
Edison's Black Mariashuts down.
* 1902 - "A Trip to the Moon" by
George Mélièsis released. Pathé acquires the Lumière brothers patents. The first permanent structure designed for screening of movies in the US is Tally's Electric Theater, in Los Angeles, California.
* 1903 - "The Great Train Robbery" by
Edwin S. Porter, has a cowboy firing a gun at the camera. The movie is a breakthrough in techniques: cross cutting, double exposure composite editing, camera movement and on location shooting. The three elder Warner Bros.begin in the exhibition business. Gaston Méliès, Georges' brother, opens a branch of Star Film in New York to defend its production's copyrights.
* 1904 - The Great Train Robbery, a remake by
Siegmund Lubin. Loews Theatersis founded by Marcus Loew; it will be the oldest theater chain operating in North America by the time it merges with AMC in 2006. Touring cinemabegins in India, as Manek Sethnastarts the Touring Cinema Co.in Bombay. All Méliès films begin being made with two negatives, the second of which is sent to New York to serve the American market.
* 1905 - The first "Nickelodeon" is born when Harry Davis and John P. Harris open their small, storefront theatre under that name on Smithfield Street in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Swamikannu Vincent, a draughtsman for the railways in India, sets up a touring cinema going around small towns and villages in the South of India. Maurice Costello, who will become the first of the matinee idols, stars in his first film, "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes".
* 1906 - The world's first feature film, "
The Story of the Kelly Gang", released in Australia.
* 1907 - "Ben Hur", directed by
Sidney Olcott. Louis B. Mayeropens his first movie theater in Haverhill, Massachusetts. Pathé opens an office in India. Florence Turner, the " VitagraphGirl", makes her debut in " Cast Up by the Sea".
* 1908 -
Thomas Edisonforms the Motion Picture Patents Company, also known as the Edison Trust, also known as the First Oligopoly, a trust of all the major film companies (Edison, Biograph, Vitagraph, Essanay, Selig, Lubin, Kalem, American Star -Méliès-, American Pathé), the leading distributor (George Kleine) and the biggest supplier of raw film, Eastman Kodak. Pathé invents the newsreelthat was shown in theaters prior to the feature film. In Paris, Méliès presides over the first International Cinema Congress, attended by all major producers in the world. Jean, the Vitagraph Dogand the first Dog Hero of the silver screen, makes his screen debut with Director / Trainer Laurence Trimble.
* 1909 -
Matsunosuke Onoe, who would become the first superstar of Japanese cinema, appears in his first film, " Goban Tadanobu". Carl Laemmlestarts the Yankee Film Company with partners Abe and Julius Stern, the seed to what will be Universal Studios. Again in Paris, Méliès presides over the second International Cinema Congress, obtaining the landmark decision of standard perfuration for film, enabling international projection.
* 1910 - The first film shot in
Hollywoodis D. W. Griffith's "In Old California", starring Mack Sennettin a supporting role. The first film version of "Frankenstein" is released. Florence Lawrence, then known as the "Biograph girl", is promoted by Carl Laemmlein what may be the first instance of a studio using a film star in its marketing.
* 1911 -
Nestor Studiosopens the first motion picture studio in Hollywood, at the corner of Sunset Boulevardand Gower Street. The distribution of the Méliès productions is given to Pathé.
* 1912 -
Lillian Gish, who would be hailed as "The First Lady of the Silent Screen", stars in her first movie. " From the Manger to the Cross", directed by Sidney Olcott, is shot on location in Palestine. It earned a reported $ 1 million vs. its $ 35,000 production cost. The first American feature film, " Oliver Twist", is made. Laemmle merges IMP with eight smaller companies to form the Universal Film Manufacturing Company (the name will be soon shortened to Universal Pictures Company). The Famous Players Film Companyis launched by Adolph Zukor. Jesse L. Laskyopens his Lasky Feature Play Companywith money borrowed from his brother-in-law, Samuel Goldfish (later to be known as Samuel Goldwyn). Lasky hires a stage director with no film experience, Cecil B. DeMille, who shoots his first film, "The Squaw Man" in Hollywood. Mack Sennettfounds Keystone Studiosin Edendale, California; his first commedienne is Mabel Normand. The United States Supreme Courtcancels the patent on raw film, dealing a blow to the MPPC. Enrico Guazzoni's "Quo Vadis?", often regarded as the first successful feature-length motion picture, is released in Italy, with over 60 minutes.
* 1913D. G. Phalke's "
Raja Harishchandra" is the earliest Indian fiction film made by an Indian director. " Traffic in Souls" is the first feature released on Broadway not based on a famous novel or play and also the first film of more than three reels produced by IMP (it was a six-reel movie). This year is called the highpoint in European cinema: Victor Sjöström's masterpiece " Ingeborg Holm" is released in Sweden; Mario Caserini's " Ma l'amor mio non muore", Léonce Perret's " L'Enfant de Paris" and Stellan Ryeand Paul Wegener's "Der Student von Prag", are released across Europe.
* 1914 -
W. W. Hodkinsonstarts Paramount Pictures, the first successful nation-wide distributor. Pathé launches the very popular silent "The Perils of Pauline" cliffhanger serial, shown in weekly installments and featuring Pearl White. Its success prompts " The Exploits of Elaine", another film serial in the genre of "The Perils of Pauline", also featuring Pearl White, that will outgross that serial in ticket sales. " Tillie's Punctured Romance" produced by Mack Sennett, stars Marie Dressler, Charlie Chaplin, and Mabel Normand. Gloria Swansonbegins her career as an extra in " The Song of Soul". A masterpiece of European cinema, Giovanni Pastrone's " Cabiria", is released. The Photo-Drama of Creation, or Creation-Drama was a religious film (4 parts, altogether 8 hours) produced under the direction of Charles Taze Russell, the founder of the Bible Student movement. It has the distinction of being the first major screenplay which incorporated synchronized sound, moving film, and color slides.
* 1915 - "
The Clansman," based on the novel and play by Thomas W. Dixon and directed by D.W. Griffith, premieres in Los Angeles. Later, Dixon suggests that the film be retitled " The Birth of a Nation." Charles Chaplinsigns with Essanay Studios, releasing thirteen films featuring Charlie and becoming a star. "The Country Girl", starring Florence LaBadie. Louis B. Mayerand Richard A. Rowlandcreate Metro Pictures Corporationbased in New York City. The world's largest motion picture production facility, Universal City Studiosis opened in Hollywood. Sennett, Griffith and Thomas Incejoin efforts to form the Triangle Pictures Corporation. Again, the United States Supreme Courtdeals a blow to the MPPC, cancelling all MPPC patents.
* 1916 -
D. W. Griffith's second monumental production, "Intolerance" is released. Zukor maneuvers a three-way merger of his Famous Players, the Lasky company, and Paramount, in what will be the company of the stars, Paramount Pictures. Universal Picturessets up Hollywood's first Indian agency. The first South Indian feature is Rangaswamy Nataraja Mudaliar's " Keechaka Vadham".
* 1917 -
Technicoloris introduced. Final blow to the MPPC, as the United States Supreme Courtunder the Sherman Antitrust Actends the oligopoly. Ufa, Germany's largest film studio in the 1920s, is founded. Charles Pathé, distressed with the relatively artisanal stage of French movies, writes an article called "La crise du cinéma". Mack Sennettorganizes his own company, Mack Sennett Comedies Corporation, producing longer comedy short films and a few feature-length films. Rangaswamy Nataraja Mudaliarmakes " Draupadi Vastrapaharanam", featuring Anglo-Indian actress Marian Hill.
* 1918 - The
Warner Bros.studio opens on Sunset Boulevardin Hollywood. "My Four Years in Germany" is the first Warner Brothers production. First National releases the first Tarzanfilm, starring Elmo Lincoln. Sid Graumanbegins the trend of theatre-as-destination with his ornate Million Dollar Theater, which opens on Broadway in downtown Los Angeles.
* 1919 - United Artists is founded by
Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford, Charlie Chaplinand D. W. Griffith. Emelka, a German film studio who would become the second largest in the 1920s, is founded.
1920s in film
* 1920 -
Buster Keatonbegins starring in shorts and in " The Saphead", his first feature and his last smile ever on screen, at Metro. Erich Von Stroheim's "The Devil's Passkey" stars Mae Buschat Goldwyn. " The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari", one of the earliest, most influential and most artistically acclaimed German Expressionistfilms, is released in Germany. Irving Thalbergbecomes in charge of production at Universal City.
* 1921 -
Laurel and Hardy's first film together, " A Lucky Dog". Charles Chaplindirects, produces and stars in "The Kid". Rudolph Valentinostars in "The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse" and "The Sheik", appealing almost exclusively to women audiences, and into stardom.
* 1922 -
F. W. Murnau's " Nosferatu", the first vampire film, is released in Germany. Also, " Our Gang" series begins at Hal Roachstudios. " Nanook of the North", considered the first feature-length documentary, is released. Rin Tin Tinhas its first big break in "The Man From Hell's River".
* 1923 -
Harold Lloyd's " Safety Last" produced by Hal Roach, released by Pathe. Charles Chaplinreleases " A Woman of Paris". In Germany, Erich Pommerbecomes head of production at Ufa.
* 1924 -
Irving Thalbergleaves Universal to join the Mayer venture. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayerbegins with Louis B. Mayerat the helm, as a result of Marcus Loew's acquisitions of Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Picturesand Mayer Pictures. Erich von Stroheim's magnum opus, "Greed", is released. In Sweden, a star is born when Mauritz Stillerdirects Greta Garboin "The Story of Gösta Berling". In Germany, Ufa releases "Michael/Chained" and "Der letzte Mann/The Last Laugh". Fritz Lang's two-part epic "The Nibelungs" premieres in February and April, in Berlin. Léonce Perret's " Madame Sans-Gêne", an adaptation of the eponymous stage play starring Gloria Swanson, is the first joint Franco-American film production.
* 1925 - Lon Chaney's "The Phantom of the Opera" is released by Universal with color sequences.
Sergei Eisensteindirects "Strike!" and " The Battleship Potemkin" in the Soviet Union. Warner Bros.buys Vitagraph. " The Big Parade", directed by King Vidor, is Thalberg's first major triumph at MGM. Ufa premieres "Tartuffe" and "Variety". In financial stress, Ufa borrows 4 million dollars from Metro-Goldwyn-Mayerand Paramount, in exchange of 50% of the screen time of its cinemas. The first film version of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's The Lost World (also the first film to portray prehistoriccreatures, like dinosaurs, and based on the book of the same) is released.
* 1926 - First Vitaphone feature, "
Don Juan" starring John Barrymore, released by Warner Brothers. Greta Garbobegins her American career with " The Torrent", " The Temptress" and " Flesh and the Devil". Valentino's last film, " The Son of the Sheik", is released posthumously. Ufa releases F. W. Murnau's "Faust". Grauman's Chinese Theateropens its doors. Pudovkin's "Mother" is released in the Soviet Union.
* 1927 -
Al Jolsonmovie "The Jazz Singer" popularizes sound motion pictures. Buster Keatonstars in "The General". In Germany, Fritz Lang's groundbreaking "Metropolis" is released by Ufa; at the time, it was the most expensive movie ever made. The Hugenberg group takes over Ufa and reorganizes it to meet customer demand, effectively ending "the centre of creative filmmaking". In the UK, the Cinematograph Films Act 1927introduces protective measures, leading to a faltering production recovery.
* 1928 - First talkie
cartoon, " Dinner Time" is produced. The second talkie cartoon, " Steamboat Willie", by Walt Disney, is released a month later. The first all-talking feature, " Lights of New York", is released by Warner. MGMreleases the first all-color sound feature (in Technicolorand including a synchronized score and sound effects but no spoken dialogue), entitled The Viking. Sergei Eisensteinreleases "October". The First Party Conference on Cinema is held in the Soviet Union, as a first step to a Five Year Plan for Cinema.
* 1929 - The first
Academy Awards, or Oscars, are distributed: "Wings" wins the Best Production or Best Picture and "Sunrise" the Academy Award for Unique and Artistic Production. In France, Luis Buñueland Salvador Dalímake "Un chien andalou (An Andalusian Dog)", the most famous of surrealist movies. In Germany, Louise Brooksstars in G. W. Pabst's "Pandora's Box". " On with the Show", the first all-color, all-sound movie is released by Warner Bros.; it's soon followed by " Gold Diggers of Broadway", that became the most successful film of the year and went on to play in theatres until 1939. In the Soviet Union, Eisenstein releases " Old and New". Alfred Hitchcock's " Blackmail" is regarded as the first British sound feature. It was a part-talkie with a synchronized score and sound effects. Later, the first all-talking British feature, " The Clue of the New Pin", is released.
1930s in film
* 1930 - The first
Busby Berkeleymusical film, "Whoopee!" starring Eddie Cantor, is released by Goldwyn in color. The Motion Pictures Producers and Distributors Association (MPPDA), which later became the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA), adopts the Production Code. Marlene Dietrichstars in Josef von Sternberg's The Blue Angel, the first German-language talkie. At Warner Bros., the " Looney Tunes" cartoons begin, starring Bosko. MGMreleases The Rogue Song, which becomes their first all color all-talking feature (in Technicolor). They purchase the rights to distribute a series of cartoons that star a character named Flip the Frog - the first cartoon in this series (entitled Fiddlesticks) was also the first sound cartoon to be produced in Technicolor. The first all-colour all-talking British feature, " Harmony Heaven", is released.
* 1931 -
Laurel and Hardy's first feature, " Pardon Us", is released by MGM. Fritz Lang's "M" starring Peter Lorreis released in Germany. Darryl F. Zanuckbecomes head of production at Warner Bros.. The " Merrie Melodies" cartoons begin, distributed by Warner. Manoel de Oliveira, still active in 2007, directs his first film, " Douro, Faina Fluvial", a silent documentary. The first Portuguese sound film, is Leitão de Barros's "A Severa".
* 1932 -
Shirley Temple's film career begins. Katharine Hepburn, to date (2007) the holder of the Academy Award for Best Actressrecord with four golden statuettes, stars in her first movie, George Cukor's " A Bill of Divorcement". An officially christened " Betty Boop" begins a cartoon serial in short " Minnie the Moocher". The Venice Film Festival("Italian Mostra Internazionale d'Arte Cinematografica di Venezia"), the oldest film festival in the world, begins.
* 1933 - The box office is ruled by
Mae West, taking the #1 position with " I'm No Angel" and the #3 with " She Done Him Wrong"; the musical " 42nd Street" takes the #2, starring Dick Powell, Ruby Keelerand Ginger Rogers. Walt Disney's " Flowers and Trees" premieres, the first film produced in the three-strip Technicolorprocess. The Czech film starring Hedy Lamarr, "Ecstasy", which shows simulated sex, shocks audiences. Fred Astaire's first acting role pairs him with Ginger Rogersas supporting characters in " Flying Down to Rio". "King Kong", directed by Merian C. Cooper, and the first debut for film title character, King Kongis released. Other releases include a pre-Code edited " Baby Face", starring Barbara Stanwyck, " Duck Soup", starring the Marx Brothers, " Dinner at Eight", featuring an all-star cast, " Dancing Lady", starring Joan Crawfordand Clark Gableand " Queen Christina", starring Greta Garbo. Mary Pickfordstars in her last film, " Secrets". Twentieth Century Picturesis founded by Darryl F. Zanuck. " The Private Life of Henry VIII" becomes the first British film to win an American Academy Award. The British Film Instituteis founded. The first Portuguese sound comedy film, Cottinelli Telmo's " A Canção de Lisboa", is released and its success sparks the "Golden Age of Portuguese cinema". " Popeyethe Sailor" theatrical cartoon shorts for Paramount Picturesbegin. To battle the Great Depression's effect on box office attendance (shrunk by one third from 1930), the studios begin the double-bill: the B-movie is born. Unable to counter the effects of the Depression, Mack Sennettgoes bankrupt. The first drive-in theateropens, in Camden, New Jersey.
*1934 - "
It Happened One Night" sweeps the five major Oscars - Best Picture, Best Director ( Frank Capra), Best Screenplay, Best Actor ( Clark Gable) and Best Actress ( Claudette Colbert), a first ever achievement that would not be matched until 1975. Samuel Goldwynpurchases the film rights to " The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" from Frank J. Baum. Shirley Templebecomes a star. The Production Codeis amended to require all films to obtain a certificate of approval. The code is effectively enforced for the first time with the removal of nude scenes from the movie " Tarzan and His Mate". Top of the box office is occupied by " Viva Villa", a biopic of Pancho Villa, followed by " The Black Cat", starring Boris Karloffand Bela Lugosi. Other releases include "Cleopatra", directed by Cecil B. DeMilleand starring Claudette Colbert, " The Gay Divorcee", starring Fred Astaireand Ginger Rogers, " L'Atalante", directed by Jean Vigo, " Of Human Bondage", starring Leslie Howard and Bette Davis(who becomes a star), " The Scarlet Empress" by Josef von Sternberg" starring Marlene Dietrich" and the first of " The Thin Man" series, starring William Powelland Myrna Loy. The Venice Film Festivalstarts awarding "The Mussolini Cup" for Best Picture and Best Foreign Picture. From 1938 to 1942, the winning Best Foreign films are all from Germany.
* 1935 - "
Top Hat" with Fred Astaireand Ginger Rogersleads the box office. Clark Gable's " Mutiny on the Bounty" earns Best Picture. Greta Garbois Anna Karenina. " Triumph of the Will", a Nazi propaganda film directed by Leni Riefenstahl, is released. The first feature-length motion picture in three-strip Technicolor, RKO's " Becky Sharp", is released. Twentieth Century Picturesbuys Fox Studios to become Twentieth Century-Fox.
* 1936 - "San Francisco" starring
Clark Gable, Spencer Tracyand Jeanette MacDonaldis the top gross movie of the year, followed by another Jeanette MacDonald film "Rose Marie", co-starring Nelson Eddy. " The Great Ziegfeld", starring William Powell, Myrna Loyand Luise Rainer(who wins the first thespian Award for playing a real-life person), earns Best Picture. Fred Astaireand Ginger Rogersstar in both " Follow the Fleet" and " Swing Time". Greta Garbois "Camille". The first " Porky Pig" animated cartoon is released. Thelma Todd's "An All-American Toothache", co-starring Patsy Kellyand Mickey Daniels, is released. The "Flash Gordon" serial, starring Buster Crabbe, is released. The UK witnesses an all-time production high of 192 films.
* 1937 -
Luise Raineris the first thespian to win two Academy Awards, back-to-back. "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs", the first American feature-length animated movie, is released to occupy the year's top at the box office. The second highest-grossing movie is "Conquest" and two French movies make the top seven (" La Grande Illusion" by Jean Renoir- the first foreign movie to be nominated for a Best Picture award - and " Pépé le Moko"). Other releases include "A Star Is Born", starring Janet Gaynorand Fredric March, "Stella Dallas", starring Barbara Stanwyckand " The Awful Truth", starring Irene Dunneand Cary Grant. The Rank Organisation, a British entertainment company, is formed. " Wings of the Morning", Britain's first colour feature film in the new three colour Technicolor process, is released. In the UK, the replacement Cinematograph Films Act 1938provided incentives for UK companies to make fewer films of higher quality and, influenced by world politics, encourages American investment and imports.
* 1938 -
Spencer Tracystars in "Boys Town" and Bette Davisis "Jezebel". They both earn Academy Awards for their performances. "The Adventures of Robin Hood", a Technicolorextravaganza starring Errol Flynnand Olivia de Havilland, and Soviet director Sergei Eisenstein's " Alexander Nevsky" are released. Cary Grantand Katharine Hepburnstar together in both Howard Hawks's " Bringing Up Baby", released to a cold box-office reception, and George Cukor's "Holiday". A poll taken by motion picture exhibitors elects performers as "box office poison": Katharine Hepburn, Greta Garbo, Joan Crawford, Fred Astaire, Marlene Dietrichand Mae Westmake the list. Leni Riefenstahl's "Olympia" wins the Mussolini Cup.
* 1939 -
Hollywood's " Annus Mirabilis": Clark Gableand Vivien Leighstar in what is arguably the most popular film of all time, "Gone with the Wind"; Judy Garland sings " Over The Rainbow" in "The Wizard of Oz"; John Waynerides the "Stagecoach"; Jimmy Stewart stars in " Mr. Smith Goes to Washington"; Garbo laughs in " Ninotchka"; Laurence Olivierand Merle Oberonstar in "Wuthering Heights"; Fred Astaireand Ginger Rogerstell " The Story of Vernon and Irene Castle"; Jean Renoirdirects "The Rules of the Game (La Règle du Jeu)"; Norma Shearer, Joan Crawford, Rosalind Russell, Paulette Goddardand Joan Fontaineare "The Women" for director of women George Cukor; and Bette Davisachieves a " Dark Victory". The Cannes Film Festivalis founded, with the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film going to Cecil B. deMille's "Union Pacific". Due to the break-out of World War II, the Festival would only resume in 1946.
1940s in film
* 1940 - The world at war is reflected upon the movie industry.
Charlie Chaplin's " The Great Dictator", a satire social commentary film on Nazi Germany's Hitler, is released. Alfred Hitchcock's " Rebecca" earns the Best Picture Oscar. Walt Disney's " Pinocchio" is released and takes the top of the American box office. Tom and Jerryand Bugs Bunnymake their official debut. Walt Disneyalso releases "Fantasia", the first film to be released in a multichannel sound format. "Fantasia" also marks the first use of the click track while recording the soundtrack, overdubbing of orchestral parts, simultaneous multitrack recording and leads to the development of a multichannel surround system. Columbia releases Charley Chase's last film, "South of the Boudoir". " Broadway Melody of 1940", starring Fred Astaireand Eleanor Powell, is the final film of the series. "Boom Town", " His Girl Friday", " The Philadelphia Story" and " The Shop Around the Corner" are released.
* 1941 - War propaganda movies rule the box office, which is topped by
Howard Hawks' " Sergeant York", a biographical film about the life of Sergeant Alvin York, the most decorated American soldier of World War I, followed by Abbot and Costello's " Buck Privates". Top Academy Awards are won by John Ford's "How Green Was My Valley", " Sergeant York" ( Gary Cooper, Best Actor) and "Suspicion" ( Joan Fontaine, Best Actress). Other war-driven movies include Michael Powell's " 49th Parallel", "In the Navy", Bob Hope's " Caught in the Draft" and " Keep 'Em Flying". Orson Welles' " Citizen Kane" and John Huston's "The Maltese Falcon", starring Humphrey Bogart, premiere. Barbara Stanwyckand Henry Fondastar in " The Lady Eve". Disneyreleases " Dumbo" and the animated short film series for Woody Woodpeckerbegins.
* 1942 - Inspirational war film "Mrs. Miniver", by
William Wyler, rules the box office and takes six Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actress ( Greer Garson) and Best Screenplay (garnering another six nominations). " Yankee Doodle Dandy" earns Best Actor for James Cagney. A special Academy Award is given to " In Which We Serve", a David Leanfilm war film that tells the story of the British destroyer HMS Torrin, as told in flashbacks by the survivors as they cling to a life raft. " Bambi" is released. "Casablanca", starring Humphrey Bogartand Ingrid Bergman, is released. Orson Wellesreleases "The Magnificent Ambersons". The Venice Film Festivalawards its last Mussolini Cup. It will resume in 1947.
* 1943 - The 1st
Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best achievements in 1943 filmmaking, are held late in January 1944: "The Song of Bernadette" wins the top honor. The box office is led by "For Whom the Bell Tolls", starring Gary Cooperand Ingrid Bergman, followed by "The Song of Bernadette", " This Is the Army" and " Stage Door Canteen". "Casablanca" wins the Academy Awards for Best Picture and Best Director ( Michael Curtiz). " Lassie Come Home" introduces Lassie. The Laurel and Hardyshort film series comes to an end. Animated short film series for Chip and Daleand Droopy Dogbegin. In Italy, " Ossessione" ("Obsession") based on the novel, "The Postman Always Rings Twice", by James M. Cain, is Luchino Visconti's first feature film and is considered by many to be the first Italian neorealist film.
* 1944 - "
Going My Way", a light-hearted drama about a new young priest ( Bing Crosby) taking over a parish from an established old veteran, takes the box office and wins seven Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director ( Leo McCarey), Best Actor (Crosby) and Best Screenplay. The last of the " Our Gang" shorts, produced by MGM, is released. Other releases include "Gaslight", that earns Ingrid Bergmanthe Best Actress Academy Award, " Meet Me In St. Louis", starring Judy Garland, war movie " Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo", " Double Indemnity", starring Fred MacMurray, Barbara Stanwyckand Edward G. Robinson, "Laura" starring Gene Tierney, Laurence Olivier's "Henry V" and the first part of " Ivan the Terrible", directed by Eisenstein in the Soviet Union.
* 1945 - "
The Bells of St. Mary's", a Leo McCareysequel to previous year's successful " Going My Way" and starring Bing Crosbyand Ingrid Bergman, takes the top of the box office, followed by " Mom and Dad", produced by the exploitation filmmaker and presenter Kroger Babb. Billy Wilder's "The Lost Weekend" wins Best Picture, Best Director and Best Actor Oscars ( Ray Milland), with Joan Crawfordwinning Best Actress for "Mildred Pierce". A strike between the set decorators' union and the studios boils over and became what is now considered Hollywood Black Friday, on October 5. Also released are Alfred Hitchcock's "Spellbound", with a Salvador Dalídesigned-scene and starring Gregory Peckand Ingrid Bergman, " Leave Her to Heaven", starring Gene Tierney, David Lean's "Blithe Spirit" and " Brief Encounter", and Roberto Rosselini's " Rome, Open City" ("Roma Città aperta"). 1944-released "National Velvet" brings Elizabeth Taylorto prominence. Casperdebuts in " The Friendly Ghost".
* 1946 -
Frank Capra's " It's a Wonderful Life" premieres to a lukewarm reception. The year's box office belongs to 1945-released " The Bells of St. Mary's" and " Leave Her to Heaven". " The Best Years of Our Lives" wins the Oscars for Best Picture, Best Director ( William Wyler) and Best Actor ( Fredric March). The Cannes Film Festivalresumes, with 11 movies from different countries receiving the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film. Also released are Jean Cocteau's "Beauty and the Beast (La Belle et la Bête)" with Jean Marais, " The Blue Dahlia", "The Big Sleep", starring Humphrey Bogartand Lauren Bacall, the western "Duel in the Sun", directed by King Vidorand starring Gregory Peck, Jennifer Jones and Joseph Cotten, "Notorious", directed by Alfred Hitchcock, starring Cary Grantand Ingrid Bergman, "The Razor's Edge", starring Tyrone Powerand Gene Tierney, "The Postman Always Rings Twice" and " The Spiral Staircase".
* 1947 - The
United States House of Representativesof the 80th Congress votes 346 to 17 to approve citations for contempt of Congress against the " Hollywood Ten." The Waldorf Statementis released by the executives of the United States motion picture industry, marking the beginning of the Hollywood blacklist. " The Best Years of Our Lives" and "Duel in the Sun", released in the previous year, rule the US box office. Elia Kazan's " Gentleman's Agreement" wins Best Picture and Best Director. Also released are " Black Narcissus", " Miracle on 34th Street", " Quai des Orfèvres" and Cecil B. DeMille's " Unconquered". The Actor's Studiois founded by Elia Kazan, Robert Lewis, and Cheryl Crawford, and Oskar Fischingerfilms " Motion Painting No. 1". The Venice Film Festivalresumes, with the attribution of the "Gran Premio Internazionale di Venezia" (Grand International Prize of Venice) to the Best Picture. The year's award is won by Siréna, a Czechoslovakian film about striking miners.
* 1948 -
Laurence Olivier's "Hamlet" becomes the first British film to win the American Academy Awardfor Best Picture, winning also the Venice Film Festival's award. Olivier won the Academy Award for Best Actor. Other releases include "The Treasure of the Sierra Madre" and "Key Largo", both starring Humphrey Bogart, "Johnny Belinda", starring Jane Wyman and earning her the Best Actress Oscar, "Easter Parade" and " The Pirate", both starring Judy Garland, "Red River" with John Wayneand Montgomery Clift, "The Red Shoes" by Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger, "Rope" by Alfred Hitchcockwith James Stewart, "Joan of Arc", starring Ingrid Bergmanand Vittorio de Sica's " Bicycle Thieves(Ladri di biciclette)". Edgar Kennedy's final short for RKO is released.
* 1949 -
Robert Rossen's "All the King's Men" wins the Academy Awards for Best Picture and Best Actor ( Broderick Crawford). Joseph L. Mankiewiczwins Best Director for " A Letter to Three Wives". George Cukor's " Adam's Rib", starring Katharine Hepburnand Spencer Tracy, rules the American box office. Also released are " Sands of Iwo Jima", directed by Allan Dwan, " The Heiress", starring Olivia de Havilland(Academy Award winner for her role) and Montgomery Clift, " Twelve O'Clock High" starring Gregory Peckand UK's black comedy " Kind Hearts and Coronets". " The Barkleys of Broadway" reunites Fred Astaireand Ginger Rogersafter ten years apart, for their last film together and the only one shot in color. Jacques Tatireleases " Jour de Fête". The Cannes Film Festival"Grand Prix du Festival International du Film" is awarded to Carol Reed's " The Third Man". The award of the Venice Film Festivalchanges its name into the Golden Lionof St. Mark - the first recipient is France's "Manon", directed by Henri-Georges Clouzot.
1950s in film
* 1950 - The growth of television prompts the studios and companies to seek new motivations to put audiences back in theaters, using grandiose technology, epics and new genres, most notably B movies and science fiction. "Samson and Delilah", produced and directed by
Cecil B. DeMilleand starring Victor Matureand Hedy Lamarr, rules the US box office. Joseph L. Mankiewicz's " All About Eve" breaks Academy Award records by earning 14 nominations. It wins 6 Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director. Judy Hollidaywins Best Actress for " Born Yesterday". "Sunset Boulevard" wins the Golden Globe for Best Picture, with star Gloria Swansonwinning Best Actress and Billy Wilderwinning Best Director. Disney's "Cinderella" is released. Laurel & Hardy's final film, " Atoll K", is made in Europe. "Destination Moon" inaugurates a decade of science-fiction B movies. In France, "Orpheus (Orphée)", directed by Jean Cocteauand starring Jean Marais. In Italy, Roberto Rosselinidirects Ingrid Bergmanin " Stromboli". In Japan, Akira Kurosawadirects "Rashomon". In Italy, Federico Fellinihas his directorial debut with "Luci del Varietà" (co-credited with Alberto Lattuada).
* 1951 - Historical
epic film" David and Bathsheba" and musical " Show Boat" take the top spots at the US box office. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's "An American in Paris" wins Best Picture at the Academy Awards, with Best Director going to George Stevensfor " A Place in the Sun", starring Elizabeth Taylorand Montgomery Clift, Humphrey Bogart winning Best Actor for John Huston's " The African Queen", also starring Katharine Hepburn, and Vivien Leighwinning Best Actress for Elia Kazan's "A Streetcar Named Desire", also starring Marlon Brando. " On the Riviera", earns Danny Kayea Best Actor Golden Globe, also starring Gene Tierney. Other releases include Alfred Hitchcock's " Strangers on a Train" and "Quo Vadis", starring Robert Taylor and Deborah Kerr. The Cannes Film Festivalresumes. "Rashomon", directed by Akira Kurosawa, wins the Golden Lion. The Berlin Film Festivalbegins.
* 1952 -
Cineramais introduced. Cecil B. DeMille's circus epic, " The Greatest Show on Earth" wins the Best Picture Oscar and is #1 at the box office, followed by "Quo Vadis" and "Ivanhoe", starring Robert Taylor, Elizabeth Taylorand Joan Fontaine. Also released are "The Snows of Kilimanjaro", starring Gregory Peck, Ava Gardnerand Susan Hayward, " 5 Fingers", directed by Joseph L. Mankiewicz, " High Noon", Charles Chaplin's "Limelight", Orson Welles' "Othello" and musical "Singin' in the Rain".
* 1953 - "The Robe" debuts as the first anamorphic, widescreen
CinemaScopefilm and takes the top of the box office. It stars Richard Burtonand Jean Simmons. It is followed by Best Picture Academy Awardwinner " From Here to Eternity", starring Burt Lancaster, Montgomery Clift, Deborah Kerr, Donna Reed, and Frank Sinatra; "Shane", starring Alan Ladd, Jean Arthur, Van Heflin, Brandon de Wilde, and Jack Palance; " How to Marry a Millionaire", starring Lauren Bacall, Marilyn Monroe, Betty Grable, and William Powell; "Peter Pan" (Disney); "Hans Christian Andersen", starring Danny Kayeand Farley Granger; "House of Wax", the first 3-D movieto ever make the box office top ten, starring Vincent Price; " Mogambo", starring Clark Gable, Grace Kelly, and Ava Gardner; and "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes", starring Jane Russelland Marilyn Monroe. Audrey Hepburnwins Best Actress Oscar for " Roman Holiday", also starring Gregory Peckand William Holdenwins for " Stalag 17". Cartoon serial " Speedy Gonzales" debuts. The Academy Awardsare televised for the first time.
* 1954 - "
On the Waterfront" wins the Academy Awards for Best Picture, Best Director Elia Kazanand Best Actor Marlon Brando. Judy Garlandand James Masonstar in "A Star Is Born". The box office is led by "White Christmas", starring Bing Crosby, Danny Kaye, Rosemary Clooneyand Vera-Ellen, followed by the "The Caine Mutiny", starring Humphrey Bogart, Jose Ferrer, Van Johnson, Fred MacMurrayand Lee Marvin, " The Glenn Miller Story", starring James Stewart and June Allyson, "The Egyptian", in CinemaScope, and Alfred Hitchcock's " Rear Window", starring James Stewart, Grace Kelly, Thelma Ritter, Wendell Coreyand Raymond Burr. Godzillamakes his debut by appearing in " Godzilla (1954 film)". Other releases include "20,000 Leagues Under the Sea", " 3 Ring Circus", starring Dean Martinand Jerry Lewis, "Désirée", Alfred Hitchcock's " Dial M for Murder", starring Grace Kelly(who won the Best Actress Academy Award in " The Country Girl"), musical "Seven Brides for Seven Brothers", Marilyn Monroe's vehicle " River of No Return", "Sabrina" starring Humphrey Bogart, Audrey Hepburnand William Holdenand Federico Fellini's "La strada".
* 1955 - The top grossing films are Disney's "
Lady and the Tramp" and " Cinerama Holiday". The Best Picture is won by " Marty", winning also Best Director ( Delbert Mann), Best Actor ( Ernest Borgnine) and the Palme d'Or(Cannes Film Festival). Italian star Anna Magnaniwins the Best Actress Oscar "The Rose Tattoo". " Rebel Without a Cause" and "East of Eden", starring James Dean(who would die later this year), are released, as are " Bad Day at Black Rock" with Spencer Tracy, "Guys and Dolls", starring Marlon Brandoand Frank Sinatra, "The Night of the Hunter", "Picnic" with William Holdenand Kim Novak, " Rififi" ("Du rififi chez les hommes"), " The Seven Year Itch" with Marilyn Monroe, "Sissi" with Romy Schneider, "Summertime", directed by David Lean, with Katharine Hepburnand Rossano Brazziand Alfred Hitchcock's "To Catch a Thief" and " The Trouble with Harry". The last ever Republic serial, " King of the Carnival", is released. The Golden Lion(Venice Film Festival) is won by " Ordet" ("The Word"), directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer, Denmark.
* 1956 - "The Ten Commandments", starring
Charlton Heston, is the top grossing film, followed by "Guys and Dolls" and "The King and I", starring Yul Brynnerand Deborah Kerr. The Best Picture Academy Award is won by "Around the World in Eighty Days". Best Director is George Stevens, for " Giant", starring Rock Hudson, Elizabeth Taylorand James Dean. Other releases include " High Society", Ingrid Bergman's "Anastasia", "Invasion of the Body Snatchers", "The Man Who Knew Too Much", "Moby Dick", "The Searchers" with John Wayne, Douglas Sirk's " Written on the Wind" and "War and Peace", starring Audrey Hepburn. Elvis Presley's first film, "Love Me Tender", opens. The Palme d'Or(Cannes Film Festival) is won by " The Silent World" ("Le monde du silence"), directed by Jacques-Yves Cousteauand Louis Malle, from France. The Golden Bear (Berlin Film Festival) goes to "Invitation to the Dance", directed by Gene Kelly.
* 1957 - "The Ten Commandments", starring
Charlton Heston, is again the top grossing film of the year, followed by previous year's Best Picture winner "Around the World in Eighty Days" and " Giant". " The Bridge on the River Kwai" earns Best Picture, Best Director ( David Lean) and Best Actor ( Alec Guinness). Joanne Woodwardwins Best Actress with " The Three Faces of Eve". " Nights of Cabiria(Le Notti di Cabiria)", directed by Federico Fellini, Italy, wins Best Foreign Film. "Friendly Persuasion", directed by William Wyler, wins the Cannes Film Festival and " 12 Angry Men", directed by Sidney Lumet, wins Berlin's Golden Bear. "Jailhouse Rock", starring Elvis Presley, is released. Also released this year are " An Affair to Remember" starring Cary Grantand Deborah Kerr, "A Farewell to Arms" with Rock Hudsonand Jennifer Jones, " Funny Face" with Fred Astaireand Audrey Hepburn, and Ingmar Bergman's " The Seventh Seal" and "Wild Strawberries".
* 1958 - "
The Bridge on the River Kwai" rules the box office; " Gigi" earns Best Picture honours at the Oscars. " Mon Oncle(My Uncle)", directed by Jacques Tati, France, earns Best Foreign Film. Soviet Union's " The Cranes Are Flying(Летят журавли, Letyat zhuravli)", directed by Mikheil Kalatozishvili, wins the Palme d'Or. Bergman's "Wild Strawberries" wins the Berlin Festival. " The Rickshaw Man(Muhomatsu no issho)", directed by Hiroshi Inagaki, Japan, wins the Venice Golden Lion. Alfred Hitchcock's "Vertigo" is released. Rosalind Russellstars in " Auntie Mame" and wins Best Actress honours at the Golden Globes. Other releases include Otto Preminger's "Bonjour Tristesse", "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" based on the Tennessee Williamsplay and starring Paul Newmanand Elizabeth Taylor, " The Defiant Ones" with Tony Curtisand Sidney Poitier, Oscar and Hammerstein's "South Pacific" and Orson Welles' " Touch of Evil". The year marks the end of short film series "Tom and Jerry" and " Droopy", both from the early 40s, as well as the last installment of " The Bowery Boys" series which began in 1946.
* 1959 - "Ben-Hur" premieres to win an unprecedented 11 Academy Awards, including Best Picture. It will also lead the box office, followed by "
Auntie Mame". Other releases include the first of three vehicles for Doris Day, Rock Hudsonand Tony Randall, "Pillow Talk", Alfred Hitchcock's " North by Northwest", " Some Like it Hot" with Marilyn Monroe, Tony Curtisand Jack Lemmon, " Hiroshima Mon Amour", Disney's " Sleeping Beauty", Joseph L. Mankiewicz's adaptation of Tennessee Williams' "Suddenly, Last Summer", starring Katharine Hepburn, Montgomery Cliftand Elizabeth Taylorand " Black Orpheus", from Brazil, which earns Best Foreign Film and the Palme d'Or. The Three Stoogesmake their 180th and last short film, "Sappy Bullfighters".
1960s in film
* 1960 -
Alfred Hitchcock's "Psycho"
* 1961 - "West Side Story" premieres
* 1962 - "Lawrence of Arabia" and "To Kill a Mockingbird" premiere
* 1963 -
Alfred Hitchcock's "The Birds"
* 1964 -
The Beatlesstar in "A Hard Day's Night"
* 1965 - "The Sound of Music" premieres
* 1966 - "Who's Afraid of Virginia Wolf?"
* 1967 - "
* 1968 -
Stanley Kubrick's ""
* 1969 - "
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid"
1970s in film
* 1970 - "Patton" and "M*A*S*H" are released
* 1971 - "The French Connection" premieres
* 1972 - "
The Godfather" premieres
* 1973 - "
The Sting" and "The Exorcist" are released
* 1974 - "
* 1975 -
Steven Spielberg's "Jaws", the first summer blockbuster movie is released
* 1976 - "
* 1977 -
Woody Allen's breakthrough film Annie Hallis released, as is George Lucas' science fiction film "" and The Bee Geessing in " Saturday Night Fever"
* 1978 - "
National Lampoon's Animal House", "Halloween", "Dawn of the Dead", "The Lord of the Rings", "Superman"
* 1979 -
Francis Ford Coppola's " Apocalypse Now"
1980s in film
* 1980 - "", "Friday the 13th", "
Caddyshack" are released
* 1981 - The
George Lucas/ Steven Spielbergcollaboration, " Raiders of the Lost Ark", premieres
* 1982 - "
* 1983 - "", "The Big Chill", and "The Right Stuff" are released
* 1984 - "
Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom", " Ghost Busters", "Amadeus", and " The NeverEnding Story" are released
* 1985 -
Steven Spielberg's film version of Alice Walker's Pulitzer Prize-winning novel " The Color Purple" premieres Back to the Futurereleased
* 1986 - "
Hoosiers" and David Lynch's " Blue Velvet" premieres
* 1987 - "
Fatal Attraction" premiers and " The Princess Bride" is released
* 1988 - "
Rain Man" starring Dustin Hoffmanand Tom Cruise
* 1989 - "Batman", directed by
Tim Burton, " Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade" starring Sean Connery, " The Abyss" directed by James Cameron
1990s in film
* 1990 - "
Goodfellas" and "TMNT is released. " Dances with Wolves" takes Best Picture
* 1991 - "The Silence of the Lambs" & "" is released
* 1992 - "
* 1993 - "
Schindler's List", "", and " Jurassic Park" are released
* 1994 - "Forrest Gump", "Pulp Fiction", and "Street Fighter"
* 1995 -
Mel Gibsondirects and stars in " Braveheart"; "Mortal Kombat" and " Batman Forever" are released; Pixarreleases " Toy Story", the first fully 3-D computer animated movie to be released
* 1996 - "Fargo", "The English Patient", "iD4", and " The Stupids" are released
* 1997 - "", "Titanic" and "Men in Black"
* 1998 -
Matt Damon& Paul Giamattistars in " Saving Private Ryan"; Dreamworksreleases " The Prince of Egypt" and " Antz" altering animated film market
* 1999 - ', "
The Matrix", ' and "Fight Club" are released
2000s in film
* 2000 - "Gladiator", "X-Men"
* 2001 - "", "
Shrek", " Osmosis Jones", "A Beautiful Mind"
* 2002 - ', "Spider-Man", '.
* 2003 - ""
* 2004 - "The Punisher", "
The Day After Tomorrow", " Alien vs. Predator".
* 2005 - "
Batman Begins", "King Kong"," The Devil's Rejects", "Domino", "Doom", "",
* 2006 - "Miami Vice", "
The Departed", "See No Evil", "Casino Royale", " Superman Returns"
* 2007 - "Transformers", "300", "", "
Hannibal Rising", " The Simpsons Movie".
* 2008 - films scheduled to be released in 2008
* 2009 - films scheduled to be released in 2009
* 2010 - films scheduled to be released in 2010
* 2011 - films scheduled to be released in 2011
* 2012 - films scheduled to be released in 2012
* 2013 - films scheduled to be released in 2013
* 2014 - films scheduled to be released in 2014
* 2015 - films scheduled to be released in 2015
* 2016 - films scheduled to be released in 2016
* 2017 - films scheduled to be released in 2017
* 2018 - films scheduled to be released in 2018
* 2019 - films scheduled to be released in 2019
The Silent Cinema Reader" edited by Lee Grieveson and Peter Kramer
Movies of the 30s", edited by Jürgen Müller, Taschen
*"The Magic of Méliès", documentary by Jacques Mény, special collector's edition DVD, Spain
* [http://www.teako170.com/statsamania.html Box office grosses 1900-2006]
* [http://german.imdb.com/Sections/Years/ IMDb: In This Year ...]
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