Gleason Archer

Gleason Leonard Archer, Jr. (May 22, 1916April 27, 2004) was a Biblical scholar, theologian, educator, and author.

Early life

Archer's father was Gleason Archer, Sr., the founder of Suffolk University in Boston. Archer graduated in 1938 with a B.A. from Harvard University (summa cum laude in Classics) and received an LL.B. from Suffolk Law School in 1939, the same year he was admitted to the Massachusetts bar. In 1940 he received a masters degree and in 1944 he was awarded a Ph.D. at Harvard University in Classics. Finally he received his Bachelor of Divinity from Princeton Theological Seminary in 1945.


Archer served as a Pastor of Park Street Church in Boston from 1945 to 1948. He then became a Professor of Biblical Languages at Fuller Theological Seminary in Pasadena, California from 1948 to 1965. From 1965 to 1986 he served as a Professor of Old Testament and Semitics at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, Deerfield, Illinois. He became an emeritus faculty member in 1989. The remainder of his life was spent researching, writing, and lecturing.

Archer served as one of the 50 original translators of the NASB published in 1971. He also worked on the team which translated the NIV Bible published in 1978.

His defense of the doctrine of Biblical inerrancy by proposing harmonizations and exegesis regarding inconsistencies in the Bible made Archer a well known biblical inerrantist. He stated: "One cannot allow for error in history-science without also ending up with error in doctrine." [ [ Quoted without reference in Frontline Ministries website (a biblical inerrantist site)] ] He was critical of the documentary hypothesis which denies the Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch.



* Archer, Gleason Leonard, Jr. "The Book of Job: God's Answer to the Problem of Undeserved Suffering". Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, c1982.
* Archer, Gleason Leonard, Jr. "A descriptive catalog of the Trinity Evangelical Divinity School Biblical coin collection". Deerfield, Ill. : Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, 1986.
* Archer, Gleason Leonard, Jr. "Encyclopedia of Bible Difficulties". Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, c1982. ISBN 0-310-43570-6
* Archer, Gleason Leonard, Jr. "The Epistle to the Hebrews: A Study Manual". Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, c1957.
* Archer, Gleason Leonard, Jr. "The Epistle to the Romans: A Study Manual". Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, c1959.
* Archer, Gleason Leonard, Jr. "In the Shadow of the Cross". Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, c1957.
* Archer, Gleason Leonard, Jr. "The reception of Pindar in Germany during the eighteenth century". Thesis (Ph. D.)--Harvard University, 1944.
* Archer, Gleason Leonard, Jr. "A Survey of Old Testament Introduction". Chicago: Moody, C1974. Updated and revised ed., c1994, ISBN 0-8024-8200-7, c2007, ISBN 0-8024-8434-4.
* Archer, Gleason Leonard, Jr. and Gregory Chirichigno. "Old Testament quotations in the New Testament". Chicago : Moody Press, 1983. ISBN 0-8024-0236-4
* Archer, Gleason, Paul Feinberg, and Douglas Moo. "Three Views on the Rapture". Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, c1996. ISBN 0-310-21298-7
*Archer, Gleason Leonard, Jr.; Walter C Kaiser and Ronald F Youngblood. "A Tribute to Gleason Archer". Chicago : Moody Press, 1986. ISBN 0-8024-8780-7
*Harris, R. Laird, Gleason Leonard Archer, Jr., and Bruce K Waltke. "Theological wordbook of the Old Testament". Chicago : Moody Press, 1980. ISBN 0-8024-8631-2
*Hill, Gary Hill and Gleason Leonard Archer, Jr. "The Discovery Bible. New American Standard, New Testament (Reference Ed.)". Chicago : Moody Press, 1987. ISBN 0-8024-4159-9
*Jerome, Saint. "Jerome's commentary on Daniel". Translated by Gleason Leonard Archer, Jr. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1958.
*Robbins, David L. "Gleason L. Archer". Boston : Suffolk University, 1980

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gleason Archer, Sr. — For his son, the theologian, see Gleason Archer, Jr. Gleason Archer, Sr. (1880–1966) was the founder and first president of Suffolk University and Suffolk Law School.Gleason Leonard Archer was born in 1880 in Great Pond, Maine. Archer was the… …   Wikipedia

  • Archer — An archer is someone who practices archery. Examples of archers can be found at the List of archers article.They were used in ancient and medieval times as part of armies. An archer was equipped with a bow and arrows which they used for long… …   Wikipedia

  • Suffolk University — Infobox University name = Suffolk University image size = 150px motto = Honestas et Diligentia established = 1906 type = Private, Coeducational president= David J. Sargent city = Boston state = Massachusetts country = U.S. undergrad = 5,196 grad …   Wikipedia

  • Suffolk University Law School — Infobox University name = Suffolk University Law School established = 1906 type = Private endowment = parent endowment = head = Alfred C. Aman, Jr. city = Boston state = Massachusetts country = USA students = 1,644… …   Wikipedia

  • Internal consistency of the Bible — An American family Bible dating to 1859. The question of the internal consistency of the Bible concerns the coherence and textual integrity of the Biblical scriptures. This has long been an issue for Christians and Jews, who consider the Bible… …   Wikipedia

  • Park Street Church — The Park Street Church in Boston, Massachusetts is an active Conservative Congregational Church at the corner of Tremont Street and Park Street. The church is currently pastored by Gordon P. Hugenberger.Park Street Church is a historic stop on… …   Wikipedia

  • Lord's Day — See also: Sabbath in Christianity Contents 1 Textual tradition 1.1 Ambiguous references 1.2 U …   Wikipedia

  • Christian apologetics — Part of a series on Christianity   …   Wikipedia

  • Science and the Bible — The various books of the Hebrew and Christian Bible contain descriptions of the physical world in the Iron Age Levant which may or may not be considered scientific.AgricultureIn the Parable of the Mustard Seed (nasb|Matthew|13:31 32|Matthew 13:31 …   Wikipedia

  • Park Street Church — Die Park Street Church in Boston Daten Ort Boston, Massachusetts Baumeister …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.