- Airline meal
An airline meal or In-flight meal is a
mealserved to passengers onboard a commercial airliner. These meals are prepared by airline catering services. The first kitchens for serving meals in flight were established by United Airlinesin 1936. These meals vary widely in quality and quantity across different airline companies and classes of travel. They range from a simple beverage in short-haul economy class to a seven-course gourmet meal in long-haul first class.
The type of food varies depending upon the airline company and class of travel. Meals may be served as "one tray" or in multiple courses with no tray and with a tablecloth, metal cutlery, and glassware (as in first and business classes). The airline dinner typically includes
meat(most commonly chickenor beef), a salador vegetable, a small roll, and a dessert. Caterers usually produce alternative meals, e.g. kosher, halaland vegetarian. These must usually be ordered in advance, sometimes when buying the ticket. Some airlines do not offer a specific meal for vegetarians; instead, they are given a veganmeal. Some of other special meals include
* Cultural diet, such as Chinese, French, Japanese, Indian or Italian style
* Infant and baby meals
* Medical diet which varies from low/high fibre, low fat/cholesterol, diabetic, peanut free, non-lactose, low salt/sodium, low-purine, low-calorie, low-protein, bland to gluten-free
* Religious diet, such as
Hindu, Muslimor Buddhist(i.e Asian vegetarian) diet
* Children's meals, which often contain foods that picky children will enjoy such as
baked beans, mini- hamburgers and hot dogs.
September 11th attacksin 2001, first-class passengers were often provided with full sets of metal cutlery. Afterwards, common household items were evaluated more closely for their potential use as weapons on board aircraft, and both first class and coach class passengers were restricted to plastic utensils. This restriction has now been relaxed in many countries.
Other non-food items
Condiments(typically salt, pepper and sugar) are supplied in small sachets. For sanitation, most meals include a napkinand a wet wipe(also called a moist towellete), often moistened with scented water. First and business class passengers are often provided with hot towels, proper salt and pepper shakers, and other items typically seen on the table in a restaurant.
During morning flights, a smaller, continental-style or 'hot' breakfast may be served instead. For the continental-style breakfast, this may include a miniature box of
breakfast cereal, cut fruits, a muffinor pastry, or a bagel. Some airlines offer the choice of 'hot' breakfastmeals to the passengers (usually on long haul flights, or short/medium haul flights within Asia), which normally include an entréeof pancakes or eggs, traditional fried breakfast foods such as sausages and grilled tomatoes, and there are often muffinsor pastry, fruits and breakfast cerealon the side. Coffeeand teaare offered as well, and sometimes hot chocolate.
Prices charged to the passengers for food on board the flight ranges in price from free (many airlines, especially those in Asia and all airlines on long haul flights offer free meals) to as much as ten dollars (
Midwest Airlines). Quality may also fluctuate due to shifts in the economics of the airline industry, with private jet passengers receiving the equivalent of five-star food service. [ [http://www.thearticlewriter.com/catering-guidelines-for-flight-attendants.htm, "Catering Guidelines For Flight Attendants Released" in "The Article Writer" (press release), June 25, 2006] ] . Retrieved May 9, 2008.]
On the longest flights in first class and
business class, most Asian and European airlines serve multicourse gourmet meals, while airlines based in the US tend to serve large, hearty, meals including a salad, steak or chicken, potatoes, and ice cream. Some long-haul flights in first class (from mostly Asian carriers) offer such delicacies as caviar, fine Champagne, and even sorbet (in-between courses). The cost and availability of meals on US airlines has changed considerably in recent years, as financial pressures have inspired some airlines to either begin charging for meals or abandon them altogether in favor of small snacks. Eliminating free pretzels saved Northwest $2 million annually. The carrier lost nearly $3.3 billion since 2001.
Meals must generally be frozen and heated on the ground before takeoff, rather than prepared fresh. Guillaume de Syon, a history professor at
Albright Collegewho wrote about the history of airline meals, said that the higher altitudes alter the taste of the food and the function of the taste buds; according to de Syon the food may taste "dry and flavorless" as a result of the pressurization and passengers, feeling thirsty due to pressurization, may drink alcohol when they ought to drink water. [" [http://www.cnn.com/2008/TRAVEL/04/29/airlines.gourmet.food.ap/index.html Airlines enlist gourmet chefs to draw first-class fliers] ." " CNN".]
Food safety is paramount in the airline catering industry. A case of mass
food poisoningamongst the passengers on an airliner could have disastrous consequences. For example, on February 20, 1992, shrimptainted with cholerawas served on Aerolíneas ArgentinasFlight 386. An elderly passenger died and other passengers fell ill.
Technical crew meals
Food safety with technical crew meals (pilots and flight engineers) is sometimes even stricter than for passengers. Many foodstuffs are banned completely from crew meals, including all egg products and often any dairy that has not been ultra heat treated. The meals supplied on some (but not all) airlines are labeled in advance with the position of the crew member for whom they are intended and no technical crew member will eat any of the same products as his or her colleagueFact|date=March 2008 - this is to ensure that each pilot eats a completely different meal to the other so as to minimize the risk of all pilots on board being ill.
LSG Sky Chefs
* [http://www.flickr.com/groups/inflightmeal/ Travelers' photos of their airline meals, many with comments]
* [http://www.airlinemeals.net/indexMeals.html Airline meal photos by carrier]
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