Veterans Day


Veterans Day

Infobox Holiday
holiday_name=Veterans Day


caption=Joseph Ambrose, an 86-year-old World War I veteran, attends the dedication day parade for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in 1982, holding the flag that covered the casket of his son, who had been killed in the Korean War.

official_name=Veterans Day
observedby=United States
date=November 11 (or nearest weekday)
observances=Parades, school history projects
longtype=Federal (and most U.S. states)
type=national
significance=Honors the 24.9 million military veterans in the United States
First observed as armistice day=Armistice Day

Veterans Day is an American holiday honoring military veterans. Both a federal holiday and a state holiday in all states, it's always celebrated on November 11th each year. However, if it occurs on a Sunday then the following Monday is designated for holiday leave, and if it occurs Saturday then either Saturday or Friday may be so designated. [http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/codification/executive-order/11582.html] It is also celebrated as Armistice Day or Remembrance Day in other parts of the world, falling on November 11, the anniversary of the signing of the Armistice that ended World War I. (Major hostilities of World War I were formally ended at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918 with the German signing of the Armistice.)

The holiday is commonly printed as "Veteran's Day" or "Veterans' Day" in calendars and advertisements. While these spellings are grammatically acceptable, the United States government has declared that the attributive (no apostrophe) rather than the possessive case is the official spelling. [cite news|url=http://www.columbiamissourian.com/stories/2007/11/09/apostrophe-sparks-veterans-day-conundrum/|publisher="Columbia Missourian"|author=Kristina Sherry|date=2007-Nov-9|title=Apostrophe sparks Veterans Day conundrum]

History

U.S. President Woodrow Wilson first proclaimed an Armistice Day for November 11, 1919. The United States Congress passed a concurrent resolution seven years later on June 4, 1926, requesting the President issue another proclamation to observe November 11 with appropriate ceremonies. An Act (52 Stat. 351; 5 U. S. Code, Sec. 87a) approved May 13, 1938, made the 11th of November in each year a legal holiday — "a day to be dedicated to the cause of world peace and to be thereafter celebrated and known as 'Armistice Day'."

In 1953, Al King had the idea to celebrate all veterans, not just those who served in World War I. So he began his campaign to turn Armistice Day into "All" Veterans Day. King was an Emporia (KS) shoe store owner actively involved with the American War Dads during World War II. King had promoted his notion so much that the Emporia Chamber of Commerce decided to get involved. With the help of then-U.S. Rep. Ed Rees, also from Emporia, a bill for the holiday was pushed through Congress. President Dwight Eisenhower signed it into law on May 26, 1954. [ [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0LIY/is_3_91/ai_110734282] ,Founding City of Veterans Day]

Congress amended this act on November 8, 1954, by replacing "Armistice" with Veterans and it has been known as Veterans Day since."History of Veterans Day", VA, 2007"]

Notes

References

*cite web|accessdate=2007-11-03
url=http://www1.va.gov/opa/vetsday/vetdayhistory.asp
title=History of Veterans Day
publisher=United States Department of Veterans Affairs
date=March 7, 2007

*cite web|accessdate=2007-11-01
url=http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/faq/vetsday/vetshist.htm
title=The History of Veterans Day
publisher=U.S. Army Center of Military History (CMH)
date=3 October 2003

*cite web|accessdate=2007-11-07
url=http://www1.va.gov/opa/vetsday/vetdayhistory.asp
title=History of Veterans Day
publisher=Department of Veterans Affairs

ee also

*Anzac Day
*Armistice Day
*Remembrance Day
*Volkstrauertag

External links

* [http://www1.va.gov/opa/vetsday/ Official Website] United States Department of Veterans Affairs
* [http://www.kansascitymarines.net/ Marine Corps Veteran Resources]
* [http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode05/usc_sec_05_00006103----000-.html 5 USC 6103 (Federal Holidays)] at Cornell University's on-line United States Code
* [http://www.veteransday.org.uk/ Veterans Day UK website] - Official website for Veterans Day UK 2008.
* [http://www.attractionsblackpool.co.uk/Blackpool_Veterans_Week.htm Veterans Week UK] - Veterans Week Blackpool
* [http://www.netglimse.com/holidays/veterans_day/veterans_of_us_wars.shtml/ Veterans of U.S. War]


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Veterans Day — noun a legal holiday in the United States; formerly Armistice Day but called Veterans Day since 1954 • Syn: ↑Veterans Day, ↑Armistice Day, ↑November 11 • Hypernyms: ↑legal holiday, ↑national holiday, ↑public holiday …   Useful english dictionary

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