Vienna Literary Agreement

Vienna Literary Agreement is a designation of a meeting held in March 1850, when writers from Croatia, Serbia and one from Slovenia met to discuss the extent to which their literatures can be conjoined and united. They agreed in five points:

# They decided not to mix existing dialects creating new one, and that they should, following German and Italian role-model, pick one of the peoples' dialects and and select is as literary in which all books shall be written.
# They unanimously accepted that the "southern dialect" [The term "southern dialect" refers to Montenegrin dialect from the region where Vuk Karadžić originates, and to the language of Serbs of Eastern Herzegovina.] be common for literary dialect, and they all decided to write "ije" [The text of the agreement itself lists many examples of disyllabic "ije", such as "ovijeh dana", "narodnijeh narječja", "nijesu gradili novijeh", "na onijem mjestima", "ovijem", kojijem", "po ostalijem današnjijem jezicima slavenskijem" etc.] where that dialect had disyllabic reflex of yat, and write "je", "e" or "i" where the reflex is monosyllabic. In order to know precisely where the aforementioned dialect has two syllables and where only one, they asked Vuk Karadžić too write general rules on that topic which he did.
# They agreed that Serbian and Montenegrin writers should write "h" everywhere it belongs etymologically, as the Croatian writers do and some in southern regions speak.
# They all agreed that the genitive plurals of nouns and adjectives should not have "h" at the end because it doesn't belong there by etymology, because it is not necessary as a distinction towards other cases in the paradigm and because lots of writers don't write it at all.
# It was agreed that before syllabic /r/ one should not write neither "a" or "e" as some Croatian writers do, but only "r", such as in the word "prst" ('finger'), because that's the way people speak and most other writers write.

The Agreement was signed by Ivan Kukuljević Sakcinski, Dimitrije Demeter, Ivan Mažuranić, Vuk Stefanović Karadžić, Vinko Pacel, Franc Miklošič, Stefan Pejaković and Đuro Daničić.


External links

* [ Hrvati AMAC] The "second" Vienna Literary Agreement, November 20th 2007

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Croatian language — Hrvatski redirects here. For other uses, see Hrvatski (disambiguation). Croatian hrvatski Pronunciation …   Wikipedia

  • Serbo-Croatian — srpskohrvatski, hrvatskosrpski српскохрватски, хрватскосрпски Spoken in …   Wikipedia

  • Serbo-Croatian language — Infobox Language name=Serbo Croatian nativename=Српскохрватски језик Srpskohrvatski jezik states=Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro (under different names) region= Southeastern Europe or the Balkans speakers= approx. 21 million… …   Wikipedia

  • Spelling reform — For spelling reform in English, see English language spelling reform. Contents 1 Arguments for reform 2 By language 2.1 English …   Wikipedia

  • Greater Serbia — The term Greater Serbia or Great Serbia (Serbian: Велика Србија, Velika Srbija ) applies to the key current within Serbian nationalism.The postulated borders for the proposed state incorporate one vast and continuous stretch of land across south… …   Wikipedia

  • Ante Starčević — (May 23, 1823 February 28, 1896) was a Croatian politician and writer. His diverse activities and works laid the foundations for the modern Croatian state. LifeStarčević was born in Žitnik near Gospić, a small town not far from the Adriatic Sea,… …   Wikipedia

  • South Asian arts — Literary, performing, and visual arts of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. Myths of the popular gods, Vishnu and Shiva, in the Puranas (ancient tales) and the Mahabharata and Ramayana epics, supply material for representational and… …   Universalium

  • Europe, history of — Introduction       history of European peoples and cultures from prehistoric times to the present. Europe is a more ambiguous term than most geographic expressions. Its etymology is doubtful, as is the physical extent of the area it designates.… …   Universalium

  • Germany — /jerr meuh nee/, n. a republic in central Europe: after World War II divided into four zones, British, French, U.S., and Soviet, and in 1949 into East Germany and West Germany; East and West Germany were reunited in 1990. 84,068,216; 137,852 sq.… …   Universalium

  • Hungary — /hung geuh ree/, n. a republic in central Europe. 9,935,774; 35,926 sq. mi. (93,050 sq. km). Cap.: Budapest. Hungarian, Magyarország. * * * Hungary Introduction Hungary Background: Hungary was part of the polyglot Austro Hungarian Empire, which… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.