Quebec wine

Infobox Wine Region
name = Quebec


caption =
official name = Québec
other name =
type = Canadian province
year = 1867
wine years = 1970s (grapes grown since 1608)
country = Canada
part of =
similar =
sub regions = Basses Laurentides, Lanaudière, Québec, Montérégie, Eastern Townships, Centre-du-Québec
season =
climate region =
heat units =
precipitation =
soil =
total size = 1,542,056 km²
planted = 249,3 ha [AVQ. " [http://www.vignerons-du-quebec.com/statistiques_viticulture_quebec.php Statistiques vini-viticoles] ", in the site "Association des Vignerons du Québec", retrieved September 25, 2008]
vineyards =
grapes =
varietals = white: Adalmiina, Cayuga, Chardonnay, Delisle, Eona, Geisenheim, Hibernal, Kay Gray, Muscat, N.Y. Muscat, Prairie Star, Riesling, Saint-Pépin, Seyval Blanc, Vandal-Cliche, Vidal
Red: Baco Noir, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Severnyi, Chambaudière, Chambourcin, Chancellor, De Chaunac, Frontenac, Gamay, Landal Noir, Landot Noir, Léon-Millot, Lucie Kuhlmann, Maréchal Foch, Merlot, Mitchurinetz, Pinot Noir, Pionnier, Radisson, Sabrevois, Sainte-Croix, Seyval Noir [QWA. " [http://www.winesofquebec.com/grape-varietals-in-quebec.php Grape varietals in Québec] ", in the site "Quebec Winegrowers Association", retrieved September 25, 2008]
wineries = 49 [QWA. " [http://www.winesofquebec.com/quebec-vineyards-and-wineries.php Wineries and vineyards] ", in the site "Quebec Winegrowers Association", retrieved September 25, 2008]
wine produced = 234 [AVQ. " [http://www.vignerons-du-quebec.com/statistiques_viticulture_quebec.php Statistiques vini-viticoles] ", in the site "Association des Vignerons du Québec", retrieved September 25, 2008]
designation =
comments =

Quebec wine is wine made in the Canadian province of Quebec.

History

When French explorer Jacques Cartier sailed through the St. Lawrence, he noted the presence of wild grapes ("vitis riparia") on Île d'Orléans and for this reason named it "Île de Bacchus", in honour of the Roman God of wine and drunkenness [QWA. " [http://www.winesofquebec.com/quebecs-wine-history.php Quebec's wine history] ", in the site "Quebec Winegrowers Association", retrieved September 25, 2008] . In 1608, when Samuel de Champlain settled the site where Quebec City would later flourish, he planted French vines ("vitis vinifera") and discovered that they did not resist the winter very well. Small productions were nonetheless tried here and there over the years and in the 18th century, the inhabitants of the French colony were in the habit of making wine out of the wild grapes and other fruits. While the production remained small, the import of wine bottles from France was quite important (775,166 bottles in 1739 for an above-15 population of only 24 260 persons). [QWA. " [http://www.winesofquebec.com/quebecs-wine-history.php Quebec's wine history] ", in the site "Quebec Winegrowers Association", retrieved September 25, 2008]

Following the conquest of French Canada by the British army in 1760, imports of French wine depleted quickly, as Great Britain's colonial policy favoured trade within the British Empire. Spirits (whisky, gin, rum, etc.) thus became the dominant type of alcohol being consumed by Quebecers and remained so until the late 19th century when trade relations between Canada and France were revived. [QWA. " [http://www.winesofquebec.com/quebecs-wine-history.php Quebec's wine history] ", in the site "Quebec Winegrowers Association", retrieved September 25, 2008]

In 1864, the Quebec government tried to encourage wine production in the province through subsides. Wild grapes were again tried as well as hybrid varieties from the United States. The emerging industry went trough important difficulties, not the least of which was the temperance movement trying to reduce the consumption of alcohol altogether and by the 1920s succeeding at prohibiting alcohol in the United States and all provinces of Canada. Despite the will of Quebecers, who voted at 81.1% against prohibition in the September 29, 1898 Canadian-wide referendum on the subject, the Parliament of Quebec enacted a law of total prohibition, which became effective on May 1st, 1919. Shortly after, a Quebec-wide referendum was held in which Quebecers voted the exclusion of beer, wine, and cider from the prohibition list. Quebec remained the sole region of North America to escape total prohibition. [SAQ. " [http://www.saq.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/GeneralContentView?page=/ng/saq-at-a-glance-z/history&langId=-1&storeId=10001&catalogId=10001 80 Years... With Pleasure!] ", on the site "SAQ.com", retrieved September 25, 2008]

In 1921, an "Alcoholic Beverages Act" was passed and the "Commission des liqueurs du Québec" was established to conduct the trade of beer, wine and cider, and eventually spirits too. This state-owned corporation would then on exercise a legal monopoly on all distribution of alcohol in Quebec, which it still enjoys today (though the corporation now bears the name of Société des alcools du Québec). [SAQ. " [http://www.saq.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/GeneralContentView?page=/ng/saq-at-a-glance-z/history&langId=-1&storeId=10001&catalogId=10001 80 Years... With Pleasure!] ", on the site "SAQ.com", retrieved September 25, 2008]

With the diversification of Quebecers' alcohol consumption habits ultimately came a demand for local products. In the 1970s, some farmers began experimenting with hybrid varietals, both white and red. Early successes at developing quality products, prompted many others to follow and the 1980s and 1990s saw the burgeoning of numerous vineyards all over southern Quebec.

Climate and geography

The St. Lawrence river valley, south of the province, is a fertile region where wild grapes and other fruits grow naturally and abundantly. However, the four-month long winter of this humid continental climate zone freezes the land deep enough that most varietals of European vines do not survive. In the 1980s, Quebec wine growers started planting varietals known for their resistance to below-zero temperatures and in certain cases made use of modern techniques to heat up the soil during the coldest days of winter. [L'Orpailleur. " [http://www.orpailleur.ca/english/english_site/growing_soil_climat.html Growing, Soil & Climat] ", in the site "L'Orpailleur", retrieved September 25, 2008]

Grape varietals

The grape varietals cultivated in Quebec, both white and red, all have common qualities needed by the harshness of the winter season:

* resistance to below-zero winter temperature
* resistance to spring freezes
* short life cycle (fruit maturation before October)

The vine varietals that best meet these requirements are those of the Northern France, Germany, and hybrids from France, Quebec, and North-Eastern United States. Some 40 varietals are gowned in Quebec, with the most commonly planted being, for red wine, Sainte-Croix, Maréchal Foch, Frontenac, Sabrevois and De Chaunac, and for white wine, Vandal-Cliche, Vidal, Seyval Blanc and Geisenheim. In 2008, vines used in red wine made up 60% of the total planted area. [AVQ. " [http://www.vignerons-du-quebec.com/statistiques_viticulture_quebec.php Statistiques vini-viticoles] ", in the site "Association des Vignerons du Québec", retrieved September 25, 2008]

Wine regions

Quebec counts six regions where vines are cultivated. They are the Eastern Townships, Montérégie, Québec, Basses Laurentides, Lanaudière, and Centre-du-Québec.

Wine styles

Quebec wine makers have developed a large array of products which are usually classified as dry wines, semi-dry wines, fortified wines, ice wines, late harvest wines, mistelles, prestige wines, vins doux, sparkling wines and fruit wines.

Notes

References

In English
* Web site of the [http://www.winesofquebec.com Quebec Winegrowers Association] (QWA)
* " [http://www.saq.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/GeneralContentView?page=/ng/saq-at-a-glance-z/history&langId=-1&storeId=10001&catalogId=10001 SAQ at a glance 80 Years... With Pleasure!] ", in the site of the "Société des alcools du Québec"

In French
* Aloir-Roy, Andrée-Nathalie (2004). "Rendement du Seyval blanc dans un vignoble du Québec suite à l'essai de protections hivernales de neige artificielle, de neige naturelle et de feuilles", Sherbrooke: Département de géographie et télédétection (U de S), 143 p.
* SAQ (2002). "Terroirs d'ici", Montréal: Société des alcools du Québec, 203 p.
* Aloir-Roy, Andrée-Nathalie et al (2001). "Variabilité des sols et stratégie d'échantillonnage dans les vignobles : cas du vignoble Sous les charmilles à Rock Forest, Québec", Sherbrooke: Département de géographie et télédétection (U de S), 85 p.
* Le Cours, Rudy (1998). "À la découverte des vins et des boissons artisanales du Québec : vins, cidres, hydromels, boissons de petits fruits et de sève d'érable", Montréal: Éditions de l'Homme, 187 p. (ISBN 2-7619-1424-4)
* Dubois, Jean-Marie and Laurent Deshaies (1997). "Guide des vignobles du Québec : sur la route des vins ", Sainte-Foy: PUL IG, 297 p. (ISBN 2-7637-7512-8)
* Béraud, Huguette and Thierry Debeur (1995). "La route des vignobles du Québec", Brossard: T. Debeur, 96 p. (ISBN 2921377152)

See also

* List of Quebec wineries
* Quebec beer


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Quebec English — is the common term for the set of various linguistic and social phenomena affecting the use of English in the predominantly French speaking Canadian Province of Quebec. [Ingrid Peritz, Quebec English elevated to dialect, Montreal Gazette, 20… …   Wikipedia

  • Quebec beer — is the beer brewed in Quebec, Canada, often with ingredients from Quebec itself and generally following the recipes of the French, Belgian and British brewing traditions. Generally, the beers brewed in Quebec differ from the those in the rest of… …   Wikipedia

  • QUÉBEC —  Cet article concerne la province canadienne. Pour l article sur la capitale, voir Québec (ville). Pour les autres significations, voir Québec (homonymie). Québec …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Québec (Province) — Québec  Cet article concerne la province canadienne. Pour l article sur la capitale, voir Québec (ville). Pour les autres significations, voir Québec (homonymie). Québec …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Québec Clérical — Québec  Cet article concerne la province canadienne. Pour l article sur la capitale, voir Québec (ville). Pour les autres significations, voir Québec (homonymie). Québec …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Québec Conservateur — Québec  Cet article concerne la province canadienne. Pour l article sur la capitale, voir Québec (ville). Pour les autres significations, voir Québec (homonymie). Québec …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Québec D’aujourd’hui — Québec  Cet article concerne la province canadienne. Pour l article sur la capitale, voir Québec (ville). Pour les autres significations, voir Québec (homonymie). Québec …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Québec Francophone — Québec  Cet article concerne la province canadienne. Pour l article sur la capitale, voir Québec (ville). Pour les autres significations, voir Québec (homonymie). Québec …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Québec Français — Québec  Cet article concerne la province canadienne. Pour l article sur la capitale, voir Québec (ville). Pour les autres significations, voir Québec (homonymie). Québec …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Québec Laïc — Québec  Cet article concerne la province canadienne. Pour l article sur la capitale, voir Québec (ville). Pour les autres significations, voir Québec (homonymie). Québec …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.