House of Representatives

House of Representatives is the name of legislative bodies in many countries and sub-national states. In some countries, the House of Representatives is the lower house of a bicameral legislature, with the corresponding upper house often called a "senate". In other countries, the House of Representatives is the sole chamber of a unicameral legislature. The functioning of a house of representatives can vary greatly from country to country, and depends on whether a country has a parliamentary or a presidential system. Members of a house of representatives are typically apportioned according to population rather than geography.

"The House of Representatives" is the name of the lower house of the legislature in the following countries:

Antigua and Barbuda House of Representatives of Antigua and Barbuda
Australia Australian House of Representatives
Belarus House of Representatives of Belarus
Belize House of Representatives of Belize
Bosnia and Herzegovina House of Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Colombia House of Representatives of Colombia
Fiji House of Representatives of Fiji
Indonesia Indonesian House of Representatives
Republic of Ireland Dáil Éireann
(sometimes translated as the "House of Representatives of Ireland")
Jamaica House of Representatives of Jamaica
Japan House of Representatives of Japan
Liberia House of Representatives of Liberia
Malaysia House of Representatives of Malaysia
Malta House of Representatives of Malta
Nepal House of Representatives of Nepal
Netherlands House of Representatives of the Netherlands
Nigeria House of Representatives of Nigeria
Philippines House of Representatives of the Philippines
Puerto Rico House of Representatives of Puerto Rico
Somaliland House of Representatives of Somaliland
Thailand House of Representatives of Thailand
Trinidad and Tobago House of Representatives of Trinidad and Tobago
United States United States House of Representatives
Yemen House of Representatives of Yemen

In the following countries it is the sole chamber in a unicameral system:

Cyprus House of Representatives of Cyprus
Malta House of Representatives of Malta
New Zealand New Zealand House of Representatives

In Indonesia, the Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (DPR) is generally known in English as the "House of Representatives", as is the Dewan Rakyat of the Parliament of Malaysia. House of Representatives is the title of most, but not all, of the lower houses of United States state legislatures, with the exceptions usually called "State Assembly" or more rarely, "House of Delegates." Under apartheid, the House of Representatives was the house for South Africa's mixed race 'Coloured' community, in the Tricameral Parliament of 1984 to 1994.

In the Austrian part Cisleithania of Austria-Hungary, the lower house the Abgeordnetenhaus is generally known in English as "House of Representatives".

Defunct Houses of Representatives

1. Legislature disbanded
2. New constitution, unicameral system adopted

See also


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • House of Representatives — house of representatives: the lower house of a legislative body; esp cap H&R: the lower house of the U.S. Congress or a state legislature Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. house of representatives …   Law dictionary

  • House of Representatives — ˌHouse of Repreˈsentatives noun the larger of the two parts of the US Congress or of the parliament of Australia or New Zealand: • The measure requires approval by the Senate before it can go to the House of Representatives. compare Senate …   Financial and business terms

  • House of Representatives — House of Repre sentatives n the House of Representatives the larger of the two parts of the US Congress or of the parliament of Australia or New Zealand →↑Senate …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • House of Representatives — House of Re|pre|sen|ta|tives* [ rɛpri zɛntətivz] das; <aus engl. House auf Representatives, eigtl. »Haus der Abgeordneten«> das amerikan. ↑Repräsentantenhaus …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • House of Representatives — ► NOUN ▪ the lower house of the US Congress …   English terms dictionary

  • House of Representatives — ☆ House of Representatives n. the lower house of the legislature of the U.S., certain other countries, and most of the states of the U.S …   English World dictionary

  • House of Representatives — noun the lower legislative house of the United States Congress (Freq. 5) • Syn: ↑United States House of Representatives, ↑U.S. House of Representatives, ↑US House of Representatives, ↑U.S. House, ↑US House • Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • House of Representatives — N PROPER: the N The House of Representatives is the less powerful of the two parts of Congress in the United States, or the equivalent part of the system of government in some other countries. The House of Representatives approved a new budget… …   English dictionary

  • House of Representatives — The House of Representatives of Congress comprises 435 representatives. The number representing each State is determined by population but every State is entitled to at least one representative. Members are elected by the people by district for 2 …   Black's law dictionary

  • House of Representatives — noun 1. the lower legislative branch of the federal parliament of Australia, elected on a population basis and having approximately twice as many members as the Senate. 2. the legislature of New Zealand, formerly the lower, but now the sole,… …   Australian English dictionary

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