map_size = 200px
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Department
subdivision_name1 = Presidente Hayes
country = Paraguay
leader_title = Intendente Municipal
leader_name = Basilio Gustavo Nuñez Gimenez
elevation_m = 55
established_title = Founded
founder = Father
Juan Francisco Amancio González y Escobar
population_as_of = 2008
population_total = 57217
area_total_km2 = 20002
population_density_km2 = 2.9
postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = 9900
area_code = (595) (26)
latd = 25 | latm = 06 | lats = 00 | latNS = S
longd = 57 | longm = 34 | longs = 00 | longEW = W
Villa Hayes is a city of
Paraguay, capital of the department of Presidente Hayesuntil 1988, when it was moved to Pozo Colorado.
Derivation of name
Known as “the City of the Five Names”, the present name is in honour of
Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th President of the United States.
The temperature in summer reaches 44 degrees and drops to 0 degrees in the winter. The average is 26 degrees Celsius.
Villa Hayes is situated on the right bank of the Paraguay River, 31 km. north of
According to the 2002 census, Villa Hayes had a population of 19,001, being 10,071 men and 9,930 women. Of these 2,049 lived in the city and 16,592 in the rural area.
Among its habitants, there can be found people of different ethnicities: Native Americans, descendents of European, “menonitas” and Paraguayans.
The Native American tribes living in the city are the Nivaclé, Toba Mascoy, Angaiteçé, Guaná, Maká, Chamacoco and Toba Qom.
ACEPAR "La Asociación Civil Enfermedad de Parkinson", Paraguay's principal steel manufacturer is based in Villa Hayes, however most of the habitants work in the cattle trade, and to a lesser extent in agriculture.
Villa Hayes has a museum where uniforms, weapons, photographs and other artefacts from the time of the
Chaco Warare on show. There is also a display of antique coins as well as animals of the region.
In times of war the "Hospital de Sangre" (Blood Hospital) stood in what is now the city’s Main Square. The city’s church and historic buildings are important tourist attractions.
The Festival del Acero (Steel’s Festival) is celebrated annually with many artistic presentations.
There is a monument in honor of American President Rutherford Hayes and another one for
Benjamín Acevalon the bank of the Paraguay River.
The Home Office and the Economics Faculty of the National University can be found only separated by one of the main streets of the city.
In the nearby countryside are hills, Galván and Confuso, as well as Patiño and the Natural Reserve Trinfunqué Park, which shelters many of the plants and animals typical of this Paraguayan region.
The Melodia Cultural Centre is based in a house built around
1870for General Bartolomé. It is considered historically significant and is frequently visited by architecture students from all over the country. The Center includes a library, holds information classes and is an important promoter of local culture and education.
In its earliest origins known as “Amancio Cué”, in
1786the city became the site of a Jesuit Mission founded by Father Juan Francisco Amancio González y Escobar with the name “Reducción Melodía” (Melody Mission) in honor of the Governor Pedro Melo.
It was re-established during the government of
Carlos Antonio Lópezand renamed “Nueva Burdeos” (New Burdeos) by 120 families of French colonists. However, it did not prosper and was founded again the next year as “Villa Occidental”. When Argentine soldiers occupied the city during the "Guerra de la Triple Alianza" ( War of the Triple Alliance), they called it “Villa Argentina”.
Finally, the city was named “Villa Hayes”, in accordance with the decree signed by President
Cándido Bareiro, on May 13, 1879. This was in honor of the United States President, Rutherford Hayes, who on November 13, 1878, had been asked to arbitrate between Paraguay and Argentinaafter the War of the Triple Alliance. His award of the disputed Gran Chacoregion to Paraguay made him a national hero.
The main access to the city is via the Road IX “Carlos Antonio López” or “Transchaco Road”. The principal public transport is the bus, numbers 46 and 5.
*Geografía Ilustrada del
Paraguay, Distribuidora Arami SRL; 2007. ISBN 99925-68-04-6
*Geografía del Paraguay, Primera Edición 1999, Editorial Hispana Paraguay SRL
* EVP - Wikipedia
* [http://www.evp.edu.py/index.php?title=Portada Enciclopedia Virtual Paraguaya - Portal]
* [http://www.senatur.gov.py/ Secretaria Nacional de Turismo]
* [http://www.dgeec.gov.py// Dirección General de Encuestas, Estadísticas y Censos]
* [http://www.correoparaguayo.gov.py/codigos_regionales.htm Correo Nacional Paraguayo]
* [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/PA/16/Villa_Hayes.html Coordenadas Geográficas e Imágenes Satelitales: Villa Hayes]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Villa Hayes — Villa Hayes … Wikipedia Español
Villa Hayes — (spr. wilja hajēs), s. Villa Occidental … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Villa Hayes — Original name in latin Villa Hayes Name in other language New Bordeaux, Nueva Burdeos, Remanzo, Villa Hayes, Villa Occidental State code PY Continent/City America/Asuncion longitude 25.09306 latitude 57.52361 altitude 75 Population 57217 Date… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Villa Hayes — Sp Vilja Hãjesas Ap Villa Hayes L Paragvajaus Presidente Hajeso dep. centras … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Villa Occidentāl — Villa Occidentāl, jetzt Villa Hayes, deutsche Kolonie in Paraguay (s. d., S. 419) … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Villa — El término villa se puede utilizar con los siguientes significados: una villa es una población a la que históricamente se le han concedido ciertos privilegios; Una villa romana es una edificación rural característica de la Antigua Roma; una villa … Wikipedia Español
Hayes Center (Nebraska) — Hayes Center Villa de los Estados Unidos … Wikipedia Español
Villa Park — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Villa Park (homonymie). Villa Park UEFA … Wikipédia en Français
Villa Park — For other uses, see Villa Park (disambiguation). Villa Park View of the North and Doug Ellis stands Former names Aston Lower Grounds Location Trinity Road, B … Wikipedia
Hayes Mansion — Infobox nrhp | name =Hayes Mansion nrhp type = caption = location= San Jose, California lat degrees = 37 | lat minutes = 15 | lat seconds = 44.33 | lat direction = N long degrees = 121 | long minutes = 49 | long seconds = 14.76 | long direction … Wikipedia