- Black Hawk Purchase
The Black Hawk Purchase, sometimes called the Forty-Mile Strip or Scott's Purchase, was a land acquisition made in what is now
Iowaby the United States federal government. The land, originally owned by the Sac, Fox and Ho-Chunk(Winnebago) Native American people, was acquired by treaty following their defeat by the US in the Black Hawk War. The purchase was made for $640,000 on September 21, 1832and was named for the chief Black Hawk. He was held prisoner at the time the purchase was completed. The Black Hawk Purchase contained an area of some 6 million acres (24,000 km²) and the price was equivalent to 11 cents/acre (26 $/km²).
The treaty was made by General
Winfield Scottand the Governor of Illinois, John Reynolds, at what is now Davenport, Iowa, on the west bank of the Mississippi River. The agreement was ratified February 13, 1833, and officially went into effect on June 1, 1833, when the territory became the first section of what is now Iowa to be opened for settlement by non-Native Americans: US citizens or Europeans.
The land granted was described as follows::"Beginning on the
Mississippi Riverat a point where the Sac and Fox northern boundary line, as established by the second article of the treaty of Prairie du Chien, July, 1830, strikes said river; thence up said boundary line to a point 50 miles [80 km] from the Mississippi measured on said line; thence in a right line to the nearest point on the Cedar River, of Iowa, 40 miles [60 km] from the Mississippi; thence in a right line to a point in the northern boundary of the State of Missouri, 50 miles [80 km] measured on said boundary from the Mississippi River; thence by the last mentioned boundary to the Mississippi River, and by the western shore of said river to the place of beginning."
According to "The Making of Iowa" (1900), "The Black Hawk Purchase extended along the west side of the
Mississippi Riverfrom the north boundary of Missourinorth to the Upper Iowa River. The Upper Iowa River is in the northeast corner of Iowa, and must not be confounded with the Iowa Riverin the southern half of the state. Therefore this tract extended from Missourinearly to Minnesota. It was 50 miles [80 km] wide at the ends, and 40 in the middle."
According to "The History of Jefferson County, Iowa" (1879), "This was a strip of land on the west bank of the
Mississippi River, the western boundary of which commenced at the southeast corner of the present county of Davis; thence to a point on Cedar River, near the northeast corner of Johnson County; thence northwest to the neutral grounds of the Winnebagoes; thence to the Mississippi to a point above Prairie du Chien..." Still another history describes it as extending from the Yellow Riverin the north to the Des Moines Riverin the south.
Two areas were held back as special awards; one was assigned to the chief
Keokukand his Sauk people in thanks for their neutrality (later known as Keokuk's Reserve); the other was given to " half-breed" translator Antoine LeClaire. (Note: LeClaire's reserve was different from the Half-Breed Tract, which was designated and set aside west of the Missouri River before the Black Hawk Purchase.)
The land of the purchase was successively governed by the legislatures of the
Michigan Territory, the Wisconsin Territory, Iowa Territoryand finally Iowa.
The Black Hawk Purchase was followed by the so-called
Second Black Hawk Purchase(1837) and New Purchase(1842).
* [ftp://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/ia/state/history/andreas/history/399-402.txt A.T. Andreas, "Illustrated Historical Atlas of the State of Iowa", 1875: "Indians of Iowa, Black Hawk, The Black Hawk War, The Black Hawk Purchase, Keokuk's Reserve, The Sac and Fox Agency, Indian Treaties"] , scanned at Rootsweb
* [ftp://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/ia/state/history/andreas/history/402-404.txt A.T. Andreas, "Illustrated Historical Atlas of the State of Iowa", 1875: "Territorial Relations, Pike's Expedition, Spanish Grants, The Half-Breed Tract"] , scanned at Rootsweb
* [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sau0349.htm "Treaty with the Sauk and Foxes, 1832"] , Treaty authorizing the Black Hawk Purchase, Digital Library, Oklahoma State University
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Black Hawk Purchase — Der Black Hawk Purchase war ein Vertrag zwischen den Sauk und Fox Indianern und den USA. Er wurde am 21. September 1832 geschlossen und trat am 1. Juni 1833 in Kraft. Die Sauk und Fox traten dabei ihr Land östlich des Mississippi River im… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Black-Hawk-Purchase — Der Black Hawk Purchase war ein Vertrag zwischen den Sauk und Fox Indianern und den USA. Er wurde am 21. September 1832 geschlossen und trat am 1. Juni 1833 in Kraft. Die Sauk und Fox traten dabei ihr Land östlich des Mississippi River im… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Black-Hawk-Krieg — Black Hawk (Häuptling) Der Black Hawk Krieg 1832 war der letzte Indianerkrieg in den Vereinigten Staaten östlich des Mississippi River. 1804 schloss der Gouverneur des Indiana Territoriums, General Harrison, in St. Louis einen Vertrag mit den… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Black Hawk — (or Blackhawk , Blackhawks ) may refer to:Animals* The Common Black Hawk, a bird of preyPeople* Black Hawk (chief), a Sauk and Fox leader of the 19th century ** The Black Hawk War, named after him. * Black Hawk (artist), a Sans Arc Lakota artist… … Wikipedia
Black Hawk — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Black Hawk (o Blackhawk o Blackhawks) puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Personajes 2 Lugares 3 Lagos 4 … Wikipedia Español
Black Hawk (desambiguación) — Black Hawk (o Blackhawk o Blackhawks) puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Personajes 2 Lugares 3 Lagos 4 Vehiculos 5 … Wikipedia Español
Black Hawk (Häuptling) — Black Hawk Black Hawk (* 1767 in Sac Village, Rock River, Illinois; † 3. Oktober 1838; Sauk Makataimeshekiakiak, Schwarzer Falke) war ein Häuptling der Sauk und Fox Indianer. Leben U … Deutsch Wikipedia
Black Hawk (Sauk leader) — For other uses, see Black Hawk (disambiguation). Black Hawk Born Ma ka tai me she kia kiak 1767 Saukenuk, Illinois Died Octobe … Wikipedia
Black Hawk War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Black Hawk War date=1832 place=Illinois and Michigan Territory result=United States victory caption=Black Hawk combatant1= combatant2=Black Hawk s British Band : Sauk Fox Kickapoo commander1=Henry Atkinson Henry … Wikipedia
Black Hawk (chief) — Infobox Military Person name=Black Hawk ( Mahkate:wi meši ke:hke:hkwa ) lived=1767 ndash;October 3 1838 caption= nickname= placeofbirth=Saukenuk placeofdeath=Davis County, Iowa allegiance=Sauk; (British Band, Band of 1812) branch=… … Wikipedia