lake_name = Kainji Lake
location = Western
area = max. 1,243 km²
volume = 15 km³
max-depth = 12.1 m
coords = coord|10|22|N|4|33|E|type:waterbody_region:NG|display=inline,title
Kainji Lake, in western
Nigeria, is a reservoiron the Niger River, formed by the Kainji Dam. It was formed in 1968and is a part of Niger Stateand Kebbi State. Kainji Lake National Park (KNLP), situated around the lake, is Nigeria's oldest National Park, established in 1976.
Kainji Damis situated in the south of Niger State and generates power for most towns in Nigeria. It was built from 1964to 1968and cost about 209 million dollars, a quarter of which was used to delocate the original population. Together with a smaller dam for a minor stream, it is 10 km long and 65 m high in the middle. It has a capacity of 12 turbines producing a total of 960 MW, but only 10 were installed, producing 800 MW. Part of the production is sold to the neighbouring country of Niger.
Kainji Lake National Park (KNLP) (headquarters Wawa) is situated 560 km north of
Lagos, close to the border with the Republic of Benin. It comprises two sectors (Borgu and Zugurma) which are separated by Kainji Lake. Only the Borgu (western) sector is currently used for tourism; the Zugurma (eastern) sector lacks infrastructure, including access roads. The topography of the park is gently undulating with a general decrease in elevation from west to east. The Borgu sector is drained mainly by the Oli, Timoand Doro rivers and their tributaries, while the Zugurma sector is drained by the Maingyara and Nuwa Tizururu rivers. The vegetation of the park is typical of the Sudan-Guinea Savanna, although in some areas it appears more Sahelian. Riparian forests occur on the banks of the larger watercourses.
Although the area around the park has a relatively low population density, numerous human activities adversely affect the park. These include deforestation, uncontrolled burning and illegal grazing and are particularly prevalent in the Zugurma sector. Wild mammals occur at relatively low densities due to illegal hunting. Lake Kainji has suffered a dramatic decline as a
fisherydue to the high numbers of artisanal and subsistence fisherfolk using the lake. It has been suggested that a period of closure, together with controlled fishing rights may help improve fish stocks.
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Kainji Lake — ▪ lake, Nigeria reservoir on the Niger River, on the border between Niger and Kebbi states, in western Nigeria. It was created in 1968 by the construction of the Kainji Dam and covers an area of 500 square miles (1,300 square km); it is… … Universalium
Kainji Dam — is a dam across the Niger River in western Nigeria. Construction of the dam began in 1964 and was completed in 1968. The total cost was estimated at $209 million, with one quarter of this amount used to resettle people displaced by the… … Wikipedia
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