Alfonso Giacomo Gaspare Corti

Infobox Scientist
name = PAGENAME
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image_size =150px
caption = PAGENAME
birth_date = 1822
birth_place = Gambarana
death_date = October 2, 1876
death_place = Corvino San Quirico
residence = |citizenship =
nationality = Italy
ethnicity =
field = medicine
work_institutions =
alma_mater = University of Pavia
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for = Organ of Corti
author_abbrev_bot =|author_abbrev_zoo =
influences =
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Alfonso Corti(1822–October 2, 1876) was born at Gambarana, near Pavia in 1822. A famous friend of Corti's father, Antonio Scarpa, may have kindled his boyhood interest in anatomy and medicine. As a medical student he enrolled first at the University of Pavia. Corti's favorite study there was microanatomy with Bartolomeo Panizza and Mario Rusconi. In 1845, against paternal wishes, Corti moved to Vienna to complete his medical studies and to work in the anatomical institute of Joseph Hirtl. There he received the degree in medicine in 1847 under the supervision of professor Hyrtl, with a thesis on the bloodstream system of a reptile. He was then appointed by Hyrtl to be his Second Prosector. With the outbreak of the 1848 Revolution he left Vienna, and after brief military service in Italy made visits to eminent scientist in Bern, London and Paris. By the beginning of 1850 Corti had received the invitation of the anatomist Albert Kölliker and had moved to Würzburg, where he made friends with Virchow. At the Kölliker Laboratory he began to work on the mammalian auditory system. A short time Corti spent in Utrecht, where he visited Professors Schroeder van der Kolk and Pieter Harting. In Utrecht Corti learned to use methods to preserve several preparations of the cochlea. From Utrecht he returned to Würzburg to complete his study of at least 200 cochlea's' of man and different animals. His famous paper: "Recherches sur l'organe de l'ouïe des mammiferes" appeared in 1851 in Kölliker's journal "Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie". In the same year, after death of his father, he inherited father's title Marchese de San Stefano Belbo and estate and moved back to Italy. In 1855 Corti married the daughter from a neighboring estate, Maria Bettinzoli. His young wife presented him with a daughter Bianca, and a son Gaspare, but in 1861 she died, leaving him with the responsibility of rearing the children. Unfortunately he was gradually developing arthritis deformans. Corti's last 15 years were further darkened by the inexorable progress of his crippling illness. In 1876, on the second of October, he died at Corvino San Quirico [cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Betlejewski
first=Stanisław
authorlink=
year=2008|month=
title= [Science and life--the history of Marquis Alfonso Corti]
journal=Otolaryngologia polska. The Polish otolaryngology
volume=62
issue=3
pages=344-7
publisher= |location = Poland| issn = 0030-6657| pmid = 18652163
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =
] .

References

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Wyklicky
first=H
authorlink=
coauthors=Schmidt G
year=1991|month=Mar.
title= [Alfonso Corti (1822-1876), some of his biographers and his relationship to Vienna]
journal=Laryngorhinootologie
volume=70
issue=3
pages=161-3
publisher= |location = GERMANY| issn = 0935-8943| pmid = 2036153
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Kley
first=W
authorlink=
year=1986|month=
title=Alfonso Corti (1822-1876)--discoverer of the sensory end organ of hearing in Würzburg
journal=ORL J. Otorhinolaryngol. Relat. Spec.
volume=48
issue=2
pages=61-7
publisher= |location = SWITZERLAND| issn = 0301-1569| pmid = 3517746
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Voldrich
first=L
authorlink=
year=1977|month=Feb.
title= [Alfonso Corti (1822-1876)]
journal=Cas. Lek. Cesk.
volume=116
issue=4
pages=120-2
publisher= |location = CZECHOSLOVAKIA| issn = 0008-7335| pmid = 321122
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes

year=1952|month=Mar.
title=CORTI and his research
journal=N. Engl. J. Med.
volume=246
issue=11
pages=428-9
publisher= |location = Not Available| issn = 0028-4793| pmid = 14910832
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=ULLMAN
first=E V
authorlink=
year=1951|month=Jul.
title=Life of Alfonso Corti
journal=A.M.A. archives of otolaryngology
volume=54
issue=1
pages=1-28
publisher= |location = Not Available| issn = 0096-6894| pmid = 14846461
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =


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  • Alfonso Giacomo Gaspare Corti — (* 22. Juni 1822 in Gambarana (Lombardei); † 2. Oktober 1876 in Corvino San Quirico) war ein italienischer Anatom. Corti studierte ab 1841 Medizin an der Universität Pavia und wurde stark vom Anatomen Antonio Scarpa beeinflusst. 1847 ging er an… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alfonso Corti — Alfonso Giacomo Gaspare Corti (* 22. Juni 1822 in Gambarana (Lombardei); † 2. Oktober 1876 in Corvino San Quirico) war ein italienischer Anatom. Corti studierte ab 1841 Medizin an der Universität Pavia und wurde stark vom Anatomen Antonio Scarpa… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Corti — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alfonso Giacomo Gaspare Corti (1822–1876), italienischer Anatom Arnold Corti (1873–1932), Schweizer Chemiker und Insektenkundler Axel Corti (1933–1993), österreichischer Regisseur Bonaventure Corti… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Corti — may refer to: People Alfonso Giacomo Gaspare Corti (1822–1876), Italian anatomist (see also Organ of Corti) Antonio Corti (born 1963), Argentine boxer Axel Corti (1933 1993), Austrian writer and film director Claudio Corti (climber), Italian… …   Wikipedia

  • Corti-Organ — Schnitt durch die Hörschnecke: Aufbau des Corti Organs Das Corti Organ (Cortisches Organ, lat. Organon spirale) ist die Bezeichnung für die Schnittstelle zwischen den akustischen mechanischen Schwingungen und den Nervensignalen in der Schnecke… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alfonso Corti — n. Alfonso Giacomo Gaspare Corti (1822 1876), Italian anatomist who was the first to discover the sensory end organ of hearing …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Organ of Corti — A cross section of the cochlea illustrating the organ of Corti …   Wikipedia

  • organ of Corti — organ of Cor·ti kȯrt ē n a complex epithelial structure in the cochlea that in mammals is the chief part of the ear by which sound is directly perceived and that rests on the internal surface of the basilar membrane and contains two spiral rows… …   Medical dictionary

  • Liste der Biografien/Cor — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cortisches Organ — Schnitt durch die Hörschnecke: Aufbau des Corti Organs Das Corti Organ (Cortisches Organ, lat. Organon spirale) ist die Bezeichnung für die Schnittstelle zwischen den akustischen mechanischen Schwingungen und den Nervensignalen in der Schnecke… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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