Second Saudi State


Second Saudi State

Infobox Former Country
native_name = Al-Dawla Al-Su'odiyah Al-Thaniyah
الدولة السعودية الثانية
conventional_long_name = Second Saudi State
common_name = Saudi Arabia
continent = moved from Category:Asia to the Middle East
region = the Middle East
country = Saudi Arabia
year_start = 1824
year_end = 1891
event_start = Reconquest of Riyadh
event_end = Battle of Mulayda with the Al Rashid
p1=Ottoman Empire/Vilayet of Egypt
s1=Al Rashid
flag_s1=Flag of the Emirate of Ha'il.svg
flag_p1=Flag of the Ottoman Empire (1453-1844).svg





flag_type = Flag of Saudi State
capital = Riyadh
latd=24|latm=64|latNS=N|longd=46|longm=74|longEW=E
common_languages = Arabic
government_type = Monarchy
title_leader = Imam
religion = Islam
today = KSA QAT [Alexei Vassiliev, "The History of Saudi Arabia", London, UK: Al Saqi Books, 1998, p. 185] UAE [Vassliev, p. 165, 186] OMN [Vassiliev, p. 165, 186] BHR [Vassiliev, p. 177]

The Second Saudi State refers to the period in the 19th century when the rule of the House of Saud was restored to central and eastern Arabia after having previously been brought down by an Ottoman-Egyptian invasion in 1818. Compared to the First Saudi State, the second Saudi period was marked by less territorial expansion and less religious zeal, although the Saudi leaders continued to go by the title of "Imam" and still employed Wahhabist religious scholars. It was also marked by severe internal conflicts within the Saudi family, eventually leading to the dynasty's downfall. Turki ibn Abdallah's reconquest of Riyadh from Egyptian forces in 1824 is generally regarded as the beginning of the Second Saudi State, while the end was marked by the Battle of Mulayda in 1891, between the forces loyal to the last Saudi imam, Abdul Rahman ibn Faisal ibn Turki, and the Al Rashid dynasty of Ha'il.

The rulers of the second state:
* Amir Turki ibn Abdallah ibn Muhammad (first time) 1819 - 1820
* Amir Turki ibn Abdallah ibn Muhammad (second time) 1824 - 1834
* Amir Mushari ibn Abd al-Rahman ibn Mushari 1834 - 1834
* Amir Faisal ibn Turki ibn Abdallah (first time) 1834 - 1838
* Amir Khalid ibn Saud ibn Abd al-Aziz 1838 - 1841
* Amir Abdallah ibn Thunayyan ibn Ibrahim 1841 - 1843
* Amir Faisal ibn Turki (second time) 1843 - 1865
* Amir Abdallah ibn Faisal ibn Turki (first time) 1865 - 1871
* Amir Saud ibn Faisal ibn Turki 1871 - 1871 (first time)
* Amir Abdallah ibn Faisal ibn Turki (second time) 1871 - 1873
* Amir Saud ibn Faisal ibn Turki (second time) 1873 - 1875
* Amir Abd al-Rahman ibn Faisal ibn Turki (first time) 1875 - 1876
* Amir Abdallah ibn Faisal ibn Turki (third time) 1876 - 1889
* Amir Abd al-Rahman ibn Faisal ibn Turki (second time) 1889 - 1891

ee also

*First Saudi State
*Saudi Arabia

References

* [http://www.the-saudi.net/al-saud/second_state.htm Second State of Saudi Arabia]
* [http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/199901/a.man.for.our.century.htm#the.first.and.second.saudi.states The first and second Saudi states] in [http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com Saudi Aramco World] , January/February 1999, p4-11 Saudi Arabia topics


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