Maxillary sinus Outline of bones of face, showing position of air sinuses. Latin sinus maxilliaris Gray's subject #223 999 Artery infraorbital artery, posterior superior alveolar artery Nerve posterior superior alveolar nerve, medial superior alveolar nerve, anterior superior alveolar nerve, and infraorbital nerve MeSH Maxillary+Sinus
The pyramid shaped maxillary sinus (or antrum of Highmore) is the largest of the paranasal sinuses, and drains into the nose. It is present at birth as rudimentary air cells, and develops throughout childhood.
Found in the body of the maxilla, this sinus has three recesses: an alveolar recess pointed inferiorly, bounded by the alveolar process of the maxilla; a zygomatic recess pointed laterally, bounded by the zygomatic bone; and an infraorbital recess pointed superiorly, bounded by the inferior orbital surface of the maxilla. The medial wall is composed primarily of cartilage. The ostia for drainage are located high on the medial wall and open into the semilunar hiatus of the lateral nasal cavity; because of the position of the ostia, gravity cannot drain the maxillary sinus contents when the head is erect. The sinus is lined with mucoperiosteum, with cilia that beat toward the ostia. This membrane is also referred to as the "Schneiderian Membrane", which is histologically a bilaminar membrane with ciliated columnar epithelial cells on the internal (or cavernous) side and periosteum on the osseous side. The size of the sinuses varies in different skulls, and even on the two sides of the same skull.
The infraorbital canal usually projects into the cavity as a well-marked ridge extending from the roof to the anterior wall; additional ridges are sometimes seen in the posterior wall of the cavity and are caused by the alveolar canals.
The mucous membranes receive their postganglionic parasympathetic nerve innervation for mucous secretion originating from the greater petrosal nerve (a branch of the facial nerve). The superior alveolar (anterior, middle, and posterior) nerves, branches of the maxillary nerve provide sensory innervation.
Its nasal wall, or base, presents, in the disarticulated bone, a large, irregular aperture, communicating with the nasal cavity.
In the articulated skull this aperture is much reduced in size by the following bones:
- the uncinate process of the ethmoid above,
- the ethmoidal process of the inferior nasal concha below,
- the vertical part of the palatine behind,
- and a small part of the lacrimal above and in front.
The sinus communicates through an opening into the semilunar hiatus on the lateral nasal wall.
The floor is formed by the alveolar process of the maxilla, and, if the sinus is of an average size, is on a level with the floor of the nose; if the sinus is large it reaches below this level.
Projecting into the floor of the antrum are several conical processes, corresponding to the roots of the first and second molar teeth; in some cases the floor is perforated by the apices of the teeth.
Maxillary sinusitis is common due to the close anatomical relation of the frontal sinus, anterior ethmoidal air sinus and the maxillary teeth, allowing for easy spread of infection. Furthermore, the drainage orifice lies near the roof of the sinus, and so the maxillary sinus does not drain well, and infection develops more easily.
The treatment of acute maxillary sinusitis is usually prescription of a broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic resistant to beta-lactamase, administered for 10 days.
- SUNY Radiology Headneck:17Maxill
- Cross section at UV skull/x-front
- lesson9 at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University) (latnasalwall3, nasalcavitfrontsec)
Bones of head and neck: the facial skeleton of the skull (TA A02.1.08–15, GA 2.156–177) MaxillaSurfacesProcessesOtherBody of maxilla · Maxillary sinus Zygomatic PalatineFossaePlatesProcesses Mandible Minor/
Head and neck, upper RT: Nose (TA A06.1, TH H3.05.01, GA 10.992) External nose Nasal cavityOpeningsLateral wallMedial wall Paranasal sinuses Naso-pharynx
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Look at other dictionaries:
maxillary sinus — n an air cavity in the body of the maxilla that communicates with the middle meatus of the nose called also antrum of Highmore * * * (maxillary antrum) see paranasal sinuses … Medical dictionary
maxillary sinus — maxillary antrum; see paranasal sinuses … The new mediacal dictionary
maxillary sinus — noun one of a pair of sinuses forming a cavity in the maxilla • Hypernyms: ↑sinus * * * noun or maxillary antrum : an air cavity in the body of the maxilla that communicates with the middle meatus of the nose called also antrum of Highmore … Useful english dictionary
maxillary sinus — noun A paranasal sinus found in the body of the maxilla … Wiktionary
Maxillary sinus floor augmentation procedure — 1) Edentulous area of two missing teeth is being prepared for future placement of dental implants with a lateral window sinus lift; incisions into the soft tissue are shown here. 2) The soft tissue is flapped back to expose the underlying lateral … Wikipedia
maxillary sinus radiograph — Waters view r … Medical dictionary
stage 0 maxillary sinus carcinoma in situ — Abnormal cells are found in the innermost lining of the maxillary sinus. These abnormal cells may become cancer and spread into nearby normal tissue … English dictionary of cancer terms
Пазуха Верхнечелюстная, Пазуха Гайморова (Maxillary Sinus), Полость Гайморова (Maxillary Antrum) — см. Пазухи носа придаточные. Источник: Медицинский словарь … Медицинские термины
maxillary antrum — maxillary sinus … The new mediacal dictionary
Maxillary hiatus — Medial wall of left orbit. Left maxilla. Nasal surface … Wikipedia