Kingdom of the Canary Islands

Infobox Former Country
native_name =
conventional_long_name = Kingdom of the Canary Islands
common_name = Kingdom of the Canary Islands
national_motto =
continent = Europe
region = Mediterranean
country = Spain
era = Middle Ages
government_type = Monarchy
status = Vassal of Castile
year_start = 1402
year_end = 1448 / 1496
event_start = Juan de Béthencourt conquers Lanzarote
event_end = Lanzarote lordship sold to Portugal / Last conquests and full sovereignty to Castile
p1 = Guanche
flag_p1 =
s1 = Kingdom of Portugal
flag_s1 =
s2 = Crown of Castile
flag_s2 =




image_map_caption =
capital = Betancuria (1404-1425)
Teguise (1425-)
common_languages = Castilian, Norman, Guanche
religion = Roman Catholicism, Islam
currency =
leader1 = Jean de Béthencourt
year_leader1 = 1402-1425
title_leader = King

The Kingdom of the Canary Islands was founded in 1402/1404, though it always recognized another country as their overlord. Its purpose was probably entirely to conquer the Canaries, and to eventually be fully incorporated into the Crown of Castile when complete.

First contact by Europeans

Besides earlier contact, one of the first known Europeans to have encountered the canaries was the Genoan navigator Lancelotto Malocello. He arrived on the island of Lanzarote, which probably was named after him, in 1312 and stayed for almost two decades until getting expelled by a revolt from the native Guanche under leadership of their king Zonzamas.

Conquest

The conquest of the Canaries started in 1402 by French-Norman explorer Jean de Béthencourt. He had set sail from France one year earlier with a small army, and started the conquest rather friendly by taking over the island Lanzarote with support of the locals. They would soon also take Fuerteventura and El Hierro. Their present king Guadarfia was actually the grandson of Zonzamas, who was king when earlier Lancelotto Malocello had visited the island.

When Béthencourt had left the island for reinforcements from Castile, there had erupted an unstability because of fighting between Norman officers Gadifer de la Salle and Berthin which the natives had been involved with. However Béthencourt managed to calm the situation when he came back, and the Guanche leader was baptized on 27 February 1404 thus surrendering to the Europeans. After this Jean de Béthencourt was proclaimed king of the Canaries by Pope Innocent VII, though he recognized the Castilians as overlords. After this the remaining islands, La Gomera, Gran Canaria, Tenerife and La Palma, was gradually conquered over the course of a century or so.Jean de Béthencourt was after his death succeeded by his nephew Maciot de Béthencourt, who turned out as a tyrant. He established Teguise as the new capital. The Portugese had been competing with the Castilians over the islands, and thus the Castilians suspected that Maciot would sell the islands to them, which he did in 1448. Neither the natives nor the Castilians approved of this, and this led to a revolt which lasted until 1459 when the Portuguese was forced to leave. Portugal formally recognised Castile as the ruler of the Canaries in 1479 as part of the Treaty of Alcáçovas.

Military governor Alonso Fernández de Lugo finally conquered the last islands of La Palma (1492-1493) and Tenerife (1494-1496) for the Crown of Castile, thus completing the Castilian conquest of the Canary Islands.

ources

http://www.canaryislandsholidays.info/Canary_Islands_History.html
http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Canary_Islands.html
http://www.discoverlanzarote.com/history.asp


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Conquest of the Canary Islands — The conquest of the Canary Islands by the Kingdom of Castille took place between 1402 and 1496. It can be divided into two periods, the Conquista señorial, carried out by Castilian nobility in exchange for a covenant of allegiance with the crown …   Wikipedia

  • Music of the Canary Islands — The music of the Canary Islands reflects its cultural heritage. The islands used to be inhabited by the Guanches which are related to Berbers; they mixed with Spaniards, who live on the islands now. A variant of Jota is popular, as is Latin music …   Wikipedia

  • Demographics of the Canary Islands — Population 219 people/km² with Gran Canaria and Tenerife accounting for more than 80% of the total population of all islands. There is a history of emigration from the islands to other cities and countries, such as Cuba and Venezuela. In recent… …   Wikipedia

  • Canary Islands — Islas Canarias (Spanish)   Autonomous community   …   Wikipedia

  • Canary Islands Quail — Conservation status Fossil Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum …   Wikipedia

  • Canary Islands — noun a group of mountainous islands in the Atlantic off the northwest coast of Africa forming Spanish provinces • Syn: ↑Canaries • Instance Hypernyms: ↑island • Part Holonyms: ↑Spain, ↑Kingdom of Spain, ↑Espana …   Useful english dictionary

  • Telecommunications in the Falkland Islands — Telephones main lines in use: NA Telephones mobile cellular: Cable Wireless launched Touch a GSM 900 mobile service during December 2005. Roaming became partially available in April 2007 depending on providers. Telephone system: domestic:… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in the Solomon Islands — Communications in the Solomon Islands. Telephones main lines in use: 13,000 (2009) Telephones mobile cellular: 55,000 (2009). A new mobile telecommunications operator, bemobile, commenced operations in 2010. Telephone system: domestic: GSM mobile …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in the Cayman Islands — Communications in the Cayman Islands Contents 1 Telephone 2 Radio 3 Television 4 Internet Telephone Tele …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in the Cook Islands — This article lists communications in the Cook Islands. Telephones main lines in use 6,200 (2003 est.) Telephones mobile cellular 0 (1994) In phase of installation of GSM infrastructure (2003) GSM 900MHz cellular network in place (2004). Estimated …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.