Lakshadweep


Lakshadweep

Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
state_name = Lakshadweep
native_name = Lakshadweep
type = union territory
base_

capital = Kavaratti
largest_city = Andrott
latd = 10.57
longd = 72.62
abbreviation = IN-LD
official_languages = Malayalam
leader_title_1 = Administrator
leader_name_1 = B.V. Selvaraj
established_date = 1956-11-01
area_total= 28
area_rank =
area_magnitude = 7
population_year = 2001
population_total = 60595
population_rank =
districts = 1
website = lakshadweep.nic.in



base_map_label = no

Lakshadweep (IPAudio|Lakshadweep.ogg|pronunciation; ( _ml. ലക്ഷദ്വീപ്) , [Unicode|Lakṣadvīp] ), the smallest union territory of India, is a group of islands 200 to 300 km off of the coast of Kerala in the Arabian Sea. Their total land area is 11 sq mi or 28 km². Eleven of the islands are inhabited. Lakshadweep is the northern part of the erstwhile Lakshadweepa.

Demographics

The people of all the northern islands speak a dialect of Malayalam. According to local folk beliefs, they descended from traders who were washed up on the islands during a particularly heavy storm.However, the people of Minicoy, the southernmost atoll, speak Mahl, a variant of Divehi, the language of the Maldives.

The islanders are ethnically similar to coastal Kerala's Malayali people, and were influenced by Arab traders. Inhabitants of Minicoy, the southernmost and largest island, closely resemble Maldivians. Most — 99% — of the indigenous population is Muslim; they were converted by Arab traders. The locals call themselves the "Div-i" or the "Aminidivi" ("from the mother island").

History

The first westerner in the recent historical past on the islands was Vasco da Gama, but the British were the first to explore the islands. They are also mentioned in great detail in the stories of the Arab traveller Ibn Batuta. The Portuguese established a fort on the islands in May 1498, but the inhabitants soon rose up and expelled them. The Amindivi group of islands (Amini, Kadmat, Kiltan, Chetlat and Bitra) came under the rule of Tipu Sultan in 1787. They passed on to British control after the Third Anglo-Mysore War and were attached to South Canara. The rest of the islands came under the suzerainty of the Arakkal family of Cannanore in return for a payment of annual tribute. After a while, the British took over the administration of those islands for non-payment of arrears. These islands were attached to the Malabar district of the Madras Presidency. In 1956, the States Reorganisation Act separated these islands from the mainland administrative units, forming a new union territory by combining all the islands.

Politics

The union territory is administered by an Administrator appointed by India's central government. Lakshadweep is under the jurisdiction of the High Court of Kerala at Ernakulam. It also elects one member to the Lok Sabha. The main languages spoken in Lakshadheep are Malayalam and Mahl.

Economy

Lakshadweep's gross state domestic product for 2004 is estimated at $60 million at current prices. Due to its isolation and scenic appeal, Lakshadweep is emerging as a major tourist attraction for Indians. This brings in significant revenue, which is likely to increase. Since such a small region cannot support industries, the government is actively promoting tourism as a means of income.

Islands, Reefs, Banks

Lakshadweep officially consists of 12 atolls, 3 reefs and 5 submerged banks, with a total of about 36 islands and islets. The reefs are in fact also atolls, although mostly submerged, with only small unvegetated sand cays above the high water mark. The submerged banks are sunken atolls.

Almost all the atolls have a northeast-southwest orientation with the islands lying on the eastern rim, and a mostly submerged reef on the western rim, enclosing a lagoon.

Two banks further north are not considered part of the group:
*Angria Bank
*Adas Bank

The atolls, reefs and banks are listed from north to south in the table:

The main islands are Kavaratti (where the capital city, Kavaratti, is located), Agatti, Minicoy, and Amini. The total population of the territory was 60,595 according to the 2001 census. Agatti has an airport where there are direct flights from Kochi, Kerala or Ernakulam (Cochin). Tourists need a [http://lakshadweep.nic.in/ permit] to visit the islands; foreign nationals are not permitted to visit certain islands. Consumption of liquor or alcoholic drink is not permitted in the islands except at Bangaram Island.

The name of the archipelago literally translates as "hundred thousand islands" ("laksha" = "one hundred thousand", "dweep" = "island"). Until 1973, the island group was known by the anglicised name Laccadives (compare to Maldives and Suvadives) although the term Laccadives strictly only applies to central Lakshdweep with the northern Amindivi Islands and Minicoy to the south considered separate. This is reflected in the pre-1973 name of the union territory, Laccadive, Minicoy, and Amindivi Islands (Malayalam: ലക്ഷദ്വീപ്, മിനിക്കോയ്, അമന്തീവ [Unicode|Lakṣhadvīp, Minikkoy, Amantīv] ). The Laccadive Islands plus Minicoy Island are known as the Cannanore Islands.

Transportation

Agatti Aerodrome on Agatti Island is currently the only airport in Lakshadweep. Indian Airlines, the state owned carrier, serves Agatti and flies to Kochi on the mainland. Also, from April 2007, a private carrier, Kingfisher Airlines, has commenced flights to and from Agatti. Kingfisher connects Kochi and Bangalore to Agatti. The other islands are linked by a helicopter or boat service.

External links

* [http://www.reefindia.org/lakshadweep.htm Indian Reef Region – Lakshadweep Islands]
* [http://lakshadweep.nic.in/ Official Site for Lakshadweep Islands]
* [http://www.yourguidetoindia.com/content/view/28/1/ Lakshadweep Islands Tourism information]
* [http://amitkulkarni.info/pics/lakshadweep/ Beautiful Photographs of the Lakshadweep Islands]
* [http://lakshadweeptourism.nic.in/ Lakshadweep Islands Tourism information]
* [http://www.lakshadweeptourism.com/ SPORTS->Lakshadweep Tourism Official Agency]
* [http://sandtech.nic.in/interest.htm geographical information, lagoon sizes]
* [http://www.ias.ac.in/currsci/aug102005/557.pdf submerged northern reef banks]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lakshadweep — ലക്ഷദ്വീപ്‌ Status: Unionsterritorium Hauptstadt: Kavaratti Fläche: 32 km² Einwohner: 64.429 (2011) Bevölkerungsdichte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lakshadweep — Vue de l État sur la carte de l Inde Administration Pays  I …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lakshadweep — es un archipiélago en el Océano Índico, que constituye el territorio más pequeño de la India. Hasta 1973, el nombre oficial era Laccadives, grafía tradicional inglesa equivalente al nombre tradicional español Islas Laquedivas. Está formado por 12 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lakshadweep —   [læk ʃædwiːp], indisches Unionsterritorium, umfasst die Lakkadiven …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lakshadweep — [luk shäd′wēp΄] territory of India comprising the Laccadive, Minicoy, and Amindivi islands: 12.4 sq mi (32 sq km); pop. 52,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Lakshadweep — /luk sheuh dweep /, n. a union territory of India comprising a group of islands and coral reefs in the Arabian Sea, off the SW coast of India. 40,237; ab. 12 sq. mi. (31 sq. km). Formerly, Laccadive, Minicoy, and Amindivi Islands. * * * Union… …   Universalium

  • Lakshadweep — or formerly Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands geographical name union territory India comprising the Laccadive group capital Kavaratti area 11 square miles (29 square kilometers), population 51,707 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Lakshadweep — noun Indian union territory comprising twelve atolls in the Arabian Sea, having Kavaratti as its capital …   Wiktionary

  • Lakshadweep — Lak•sha•dweep [[t]ˌlʌk ʃəˈdwip[/t]] n. geg a union territory of India comprising a group of islands and coral reefs in the Arabian Sea, off the SW coast of India. 51,707; ab. 12 sq. mi. (31 sq. km) Formerly, Laccadive, Minicoy, and Amindivi… …   From formal English to slang

  • Lakshadweep — /luk sheuh dweep /, n. a union territory of India comprising a group of islands and coral reefs in the Arabian Sea, off the SW coast of India. 40,237; ab. 12 sq. mi. (31 sq. km). Formerly, Laccadive, Minicoy, and Amindivi Islands …   Useful english dictionary


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