Healthcare in Switzerland
Healthcare in Switzerland is regulated by the Federal Health Insurance Act.
Health insuranceis compulsory for all persons resident in Switzerland(within three months of taking up residence or being born in the country). International civil servants, members of permanent missions and their family members are exempted from compulsory health insurance. They can, however, apply to join the Swiss health insurance system, within six months of taking up residence in the country.
Cover and costs
health insurancecovers a range of treatments which are set out in detail in the Federal Act. It is therefore the same throughout the country and avoids double standards in healthcare. It provides for treatment in case of illness or accident (unless another accident insurance provides the cover) and pregnancy.
Health insurance covers the costs of medical treatment and hospitalisation of the insured. However, the insured person pays part of the cost of treatment. This is done:
*by means of an annual
excess(or deductible, called the "franchise"), which ranges from CHF 300 to a maximum of CHF 2,500 as chosen by the insured person (premiums are adjusted accordingly);
*and by a charge of 10% of the costs over and above the excess.
In case of pregnancy there is no charge. For hospitalisation, one pays a contribution to room and service costs.
Insurance premiums vary according to insurance company (Ger. "Krankenkassen", Fr. "caisses-maladie", It. "casse malati"), the excess level chosen ("franchise"), the place of residence of the insured person and the degree of supplementary benefit coverage chosen (dental care, private ward hospitalisation, etc.).
The compulsory insurance can be supplemented by private "complementary" insurance policies which allow for coverage of some of the treatment categories not covered by the basic insurance or to improve the standard of room and service in case of hospitalisation. This can include
dental treatmentand private wardhospitalisation which are not covered by the compulsory insurance.
As far as the compulsory health insurance is concerned, the insurance companies cannot set any conditions relating to age, sex or state of health for coverage. Although the level of premium can vary from one company to another, they must be identical within the same company for all insured persons of the same age group, regardless of sex or state of health. This does not apply to complementary insurance, where premiums are risk-based.
The Swiss healthcare system is a combination of public, subsidised private and totally private systems:
* public: e. g. the
University of GenevaHospital (HUG) with 2,350 beds, 8,300 staff and 50,000 patients per year;
* subsidised private: the
home careservices to which one may have recourse in case of a difficult pregnancy, after childbirth, illness, accident, handicap or old age;
* totally private: doctors in private practice and in private clinics.
The insured person has full freedom of choice among the recognised healthcare providers competent to treat their condition (in his region) on the understanding that the costs are covered by the insurance up to the level of the official tariff. There is freedom of choice when selecting an insurance company (provided it is an officially registered "caisse-maladie" or a private insurance company authorised by the Federal Act) to which one pays a premium, usually on a monthly basis.
The list of officially-approved insurance companies can be obtained from the cantonal authority.
* [http://www.bag.admin.ch/index.html?lang=en Federal Office of Public Health]
* [http://www.justlanded.com/english/switzerland/tools/just_landed_guide/health/health_insurance Expat advice on Swiss healthcare]
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