Tudor style architecture


Tudor style architecture

The Tudor style in architecture is the final development of medieval architecture during the Tudor period (1485–1603) and even beyond, for conservative college patrons. It followed the Perpendicular style and, although superseded by Elizabethan architecture in domestic building of any pretensions to fashion, the Tudor style still retained its hold on English taste, portions of the additions to the various colleges of Oxford and Cambridge being still carried out in the Tudor style which overlaps with the first stirrings of the Gothic Revival.

The four-centred arch, now known as the Tudor arch, was a defining feature; some of the most remarkable oriel windows belong to this period; the mouldings are more spread out and the foliage becomes more naturalistic. Nevertheless, "Tudor style" is an awkward style-designation, with its implied suggestions of continuity through the period of the Tudor dynasty and the misleading impression that there was a style break at the accession of Stuart James I in 1603. In the domestic architecture one would find the walls made of wattle and daub.

In church architecture the principal examples are:
*Henry VIIs Chapel at Westminster (1503)
*King's College Chapel, Cambridge
*St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle
*the old schools at Oxford.

In domestic building:
*Eltham Palace, Kent
*Oxburgh Hall, Norfolk
*Owlpen Manor, Gloucestershire
*King's College, Aberdeen
*Layer Marney Tower, Essex
*East Barsham Manor, Norfolk
*Fords Hospital, Coventry.
*Compton Wynyates
*Hampton Court Palace
*Montacute House (late Tudor)
*Wollaton Hall, Nottinghamshire (late Tudor)
*Old Market Hall, Shrewsbury
*Hunsdon House, Hertfordshire

There is also Tudor architecture in Scotland, too, as an example is King's College, Aberdeen.

In the 19th century a free mix of these late Gothic elements and Elizabethan were combined for hotels and railway stations, in revival styles known as Jacobethan and Tudorbethan.

Tudor style buildings have six distinctive features -

* Decorative half-timbering
* Steeply pitched roof
* Prominent cross gables
* Tall, narrow windows
* Small window panes
* Large chimneys, often topped with decorative chimney pots

As a modern term

As a modern residential style, what is usually referred to as "Tudor" (or sometimes "Mock Tudor") is more akin to the rustic "Tudorbethan" architecture.

References

*1911


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