Lygus

Taxobox
name = "Lygus"


image_width = 250px
image_caption = "Lygus pratensis"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Arthropoda
classis = Insecta
ordo = Hemiptera
familia = Miridae
genus = " Lygus "
genus_authority = Hahn, 1833
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = 40+, see text

The genus "Lygus" includes over 40 species of plant-feeding insects in the family Miridae. At one time, nearly 200 species were classified as genus "Lygus", but most of those have since been reclassified into new or existing genera. The term lygus bug is used for any member of genus "Lygus". The more well-known lygus bugs are those that have agricultural impacts. Some lygus bugs are very serious agricultural pests.

The insects appear as small oval creatures. Adult lygus are approximately 3 mm wide and 6 mm long, colored anything in a range from pale green to reddish brown or black. The bugs can be solid shaded or mottled, and have a distinctive triangle or V-shape on their backs. Adults are capable of flight, and will often thus escape when approached. Nymphs are wingless, and being light green in color, are often mistaken for aphids. However, lygus nymphs have harder shells, are typically more active, gain spots as they age, and lack aphid abdominal tubes.

Lygus bugs are known for their destructive feeding habits - they puncture plant tissues with their piercing mouthparts, and feed by sucking sap. Both the physical injury and the plant's own reaction to the bugs' saliva cause damage to the plant. The females insert their eggs directly into the plant tissues using piercing ovipositors, and the newly emerged nymphs are voracious consumers of plant tissue juices. Signs that a plant has been attacked by lygus bugs include discoloration, deformation of shoots and stems, curling of leaves, and lesions on the plant tissues.

*The tarnished plant bug ("Lygus lineolaris") feeds on over half of all commercially-grown crop plants, but favors cotton, alfalfa, beans, stone fruits, and conifer seedlings. This bug can be found across North America, from northern Canada to southern Mexico.

*The western tarnished plant bug ("Lygus hesperus") is a very serious pest of cotton, strawberries, and seed crops such as alfalfa. In the state of California alone the bug causes US$30 million in damage to cotton plants each year, and at least US$40 million in losses to the state's strawberry industry.

*The European tarnished plant bug ("Lygus rugulipennis") is distributed throughout Europe, where it will feed on over 400 types of crop plant from peach trees to wheat to lettuce.

Some methods of biological pest control have proved useful against lygus bugs. For example, wasps of the genus "Peristenus" are parasitoids of lygus bugs; an adult wasp will inject an egg into a lygus nymph, and once the egg hatches the wasp's larva will consume the nymph from the inside out.

External links

* [http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/crops/insects/fad12s00.html General Lygus Information]
* [http://lygus.uckac.edu/default.htm Integrated Pest Control for Lygus]
* [http://www.uckac.edu/cottonipm/proceedings.htm Articles from the 2000 Lygus Summit]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lygus — Lygus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lygus — n. A genus of plant sucking bugs. Syn: genus {Lygus}. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lygus — ● lygus nom masculin (latin scientifique lygus, du grec lugos, baguette flexible) Petite punaise (miridé) terrestre vivant sur les fleurs, nuisible aux chrysanthèmes et aux cultures fruitières. lygus [ligys] n. m. invar. ÉTYM. 1873; grec lugos «… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • lygus — lýgus, lýgi bdv. Lýgus kẽlias, laũkas …   Bendrinės lietuvių kalbos žodyno antraštynas

  • LYGUS — femina quaedam, quae cum metu militum filiam occultavisser, et illi per cruciatus interrogarent, ubinam occuluisset, uterum ostendens, ibidem dixit latere: nec ullis tormentis cogi potuit, ut constantiam vocis egregiae mutaret. Tac …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Lygus — pratensis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • lygus — 1 lygus, i (3) RŽ, Sb, Užp, lygùs, ì adj. (3) DŽ, Pgr, lygus (1) K, Kl, Lš, Mrj, Gs, Rm, Srv 1. SD250, be įdubimų ir iškilimų, plynas: Lygus kap stalas Dkš. Ant lygios žemės KI326. Žiūrėk, koks ten lygus laukas Rs. Čia būs kur nors lygi vieta… …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

  • lygus — 2 lygus (pr.) sm. BPII241, [K], Š teismas: Mūsų kalbos paminklai rodo, jog greta su tiesa „Gericht“ seniaus buvo ir antras žodis – lygus K.Būg. Prie kopijų, pristatomų į lygų, markių nereikia rš …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

  • Lygus — noun plant sucking bugs • Syn: ↑genus Lygus • Hypernyms: ↑arthropod genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Miridae, ↑family Miridae, ↑Capsidae, ↑family Capsidae …   Useful english dictionary

  • lygus — ly·gus …   English syllables

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