List of accidents and incidents involving military aircraft, 1950-1974
This is a list of notable accidents and incidents involving military aircraft grouped by the year in which the accident or incident occurred. For more exhaustive lists, see the [http://www.baaa-acro.com/ Aircraft Crash Record Office] or the [http://aviation-safety.net/ Air Safety Network] .
List of accidents and incidents involving military aircraft, pre-1950:See also: List of accidents and incidents involving military aircraft, 1975-1999:See also: List of accidents and incidents involving military aircraft, 2000 -
*11 February - Twin-engine Beechcraft D-18 cargo air service aircraft flying from
Dayton, Ohioto Albuquerque, New Mexico, crashed four miles W of West Mesa Airportwith a pilot and two AECsecurity guards aboard. Plane was making an approach to a landing strip when it encountered a cloud and broke off the approach. While circling around the mesa atop which the airstrip was located, it hit a steep slope in an upright position. Completely demolished by the ensuing impact and fire, killing all three men aboard, the classified cargo of 792 HE detonator units in 22 boxes was destroyed - salvaged from the wreckage. As there was no evidence of sabotage, and since none of the detonators appeared to be missing, the incident was not reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation. [Letter dated April 13, 1950 to William T. Borden, Executive Secretary, JCAE, from Capt. James S. Russell, USN, Acting Director of Military Application, USAEC; “The Atomic Airline,” unpublished memoir by Clark Carr, pp. 177-187.]
*13 February - A
U.S. Air Force B-36B-15-CF, "44-92075", in transit from Eielson AFB, Alaskato Carswell AFB, Texas, loses three of six engines, suffers icing. To lighten aircraft, crew jettisons Mark 4 nuclear bombcasing over the Pacific Ocean from 8,000 feet. High explosives detonate on contact, large shockwave seen, 17 crew later bails out safely over Princess Royal Island, but five (the first to depart the bomber) are not recovered and are assumed to have come down in water and drowned. Gibson, James N. "Nuclear Weapons of the United States - An Illustrated History ". Atglen, Pennsylvania.: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 1996, Library of Congress card no. 96-67282, ISBN 0-7643-0063-6, page 61.] Aircraft flies 210 miles with no crew, impacting in the Skeena Mountainsat 6,000 feet, E of Stewart, British Columbia. Wreckage found in September 1953. See also 1950 British Columbia B-36 crash.
*15 February -
de HavillandDH 108, "VW120", flown by RAE's OC, Squadron Leader J.S.R. Muller-Rowland, enters steep dive from 27,000 feet (8230 m), breaking up around 10,000 feet (3048 m) with fatal result. Wreckage comes down at Birkhill, near Bletchley.
*22 February - On its 102nd flight, the
USAFXF-89, "46-678", crashed on Rosecrans Avenue, Hawthorne, Californiaafter making a high-speed low pass for Air Force officials at Hawthorne Airport (Northrop Field). Right horizontal stabilizer peeled off, aircraft disintegrated, throwing pilot Charles Tucker clear, parachuted safely, but flight engineer Arthur Turton died in mishap. Aircraft impacted five miles from factory, setting alight a Standard Oilbelow-ground storage tank. Cause was found to be high-frequency, low-amplitude flutter of both the vertical and horizontal stabilizers.
*22 March -
Fuerza Aérea Argentina Avro LincolnB.Mk.II, "B-019", c/n 1495, lost in storm over Tierra del Fuego, eleven killed. Wreckage finally found on a glacier on the Chilean side of Tierra del Fuego in 1983.
*5 April -
MartinJRM-3 Mars flying boat, BuNo "76822", c/n 9266, "Marshall Mars", destroyed by fire near Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands- force landed in Keehi Lagoon, Oahuwith engine fire. Crew were rescued after which aircraft exploded. [London, U.K.: Aeroplane, Septer, Dirk, "Twilight of the Lake Monsters?", March 2007, Volume 35, Number 3, No. 407, page 35.] [ [http://home.att.net/~jbaugher/thirdseries8.html US Navy and US Marine Corps BuNos-Third Series (70188 to 80258)]
*11 April - A USAF
B-29on a routine flight crashes into mountain three minutes after take-off from Kirtland AFB, New Mexico, killing 13 crew. One fully-assembled bomb casing (probably a Mark 4 nuclear bomb) on board is completely shattered when triggers explode. A fuel capsule, carried separately, is recovered. Gibson, James N. "Nuclear Weapons of the United States - An Illustrated History ". Atglen, Pennsylvania.: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 1996, Library of Congress card no. 96-67282, ISBN 0-7643-0063-6, page 56.]
*1 May - Third and final
de HavillandDH 108, "TG283", crash near Hartley Wintney, Hants, during stall tests, kills replacement RAE OC, Squadron Leader George E.C. Genders. Aircraft entered uncontrollable spin, pilot bails out, parachute fails.
*13 June -
RAF Cierva Air Horsehelicopter, "VZ724", (at the time, the largest helicopter type flown), breaks up in flight and crashes, killing all three crew, Squadron LeaderF.J. "Jeep" Cable, test pilot Alan Marsh and flight test engineer J. Unsworth. [London, U.K.: Aeroplane, Maynard, John, "Think of the Risks...", March 2006, Volume 34, Number 3, No. 395, page 32.]
*13 July - A USAF B-50D-110-BO, "49-267", of the 97th Bomb Wing out of
Biggs AFB, Texas, carrying a nuclear weaponbomb casing (but no fuel capsule), stalls at 7,000 feet at about 1454 hrs. EST, crashes between Lebanon, Ohioand Mason, Ohio, killing four officers and twelve airmen. Gibson, James N. "Nuclear Weapons of the United States - An Illustrated History ". Atglen, Pennsylvania.: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 1996, Library of Congress card no. 96-67282, ISBN 0-7643-0063-6, page 58.] No radio communication was received before the crash, and although all crew wore parachutes, none bailed out. HE in bomb casing explodes on impact leaving crater 200X25 feet, explosion heard for 25 miles. One account states that the weather was clear, but Joe Baugherreports that bomber was in a storm system.
*5 August - A USAF
B-29-85-BW Superfortress, "44-87651", carrying a Mark 4 nuclear bomb, suffers two runaway propellers and landing gear problems on takeoff at Fairfield-Suisun Air Force Base, Fairfield, California, United States. The crew attempts an emergency landing but crashes, causing a huge explosion that kills 19 aboard the plane and on the ground, including mission commander Brig. Gen. Robert F. Travis; the airfield is later renamed Travis Air Force Basein his honor. Gibson, James N. "Nuclear Weapons of the United States - An Illustrated History ". Atglen, Pennsylvania.: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 1996, Library of Congress card no. 96-67282, ISBN 0-7643-0063-6, page 56.] The explosion also injures 173 civilians and causes extensive property damage to nearby mobile homes. The official explanation for the size of the explosion was that the nuclear bomb's high-explosive trigger detonated, causing a chain reaction that triggered ten to twelve conventional 500-pound bombs also aboard the B-29. The USAF claims that the nuclear bomb's fuel capsule was aboard a different aircraft, but admits that the bomb casing contained depleted uraniumused as ballast, and later orders a public health assessment of the crash site. [http://www.check-six.com/Crash_Sites/Travis_B-29_crash_site.htm]
*10 November - A USAF B-50 on a routine weapons ferrying flight between
Goose Bay, Labradorand its home base at Davis-Monthan AFB, Arizona, loses two of four engines. To maintain altitude it jettisons empty Mark 4 nuclear bombcasing just before 1600 hrs. at 10,500 feet above the St. Lawrence Rivernear the town of St. Alexandre-de-Kamouraska, about 90 miles NE of Quebec, Canada. HE in the casing observed detonating upon impact in the middle of the twelve-mile-wide river, blast felt for 25 miles. Official Air Force explanation at the time is that the Superfortress released three conventional 500-pound HE bombs. Gibson, James N. "Nuclear Weapons of the United States - An Illustrated History ". Atglen, Pennsylvania.: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 1996, Library of Congress card no. 96-67282, ISBN 0-7643-0063-6, page 58.]
*14 March -
RAF Coastal Command Avro LancasterGR.3, "TX264", 'BS-D', of 120 Squadron Kinloss, off-course in high winds and heavy overcast during a night-time navigation exercise between the Faroesand Rockall, crashes into Beinn Eighe's Triple Buttress at ~0200 hrs., just 15 feet below the top of the 2,850 foot westernmost gully of the buttress known as Coire Mhic Fhercair in the Scottish Highlands, killing all eight crew. Wreck not found until 17 March, crew remains not recovered until 30 March. Due to remoteness of the crashsite the wreckage is still there. [Stamford, Lincs., U.K.: FlyPast, Morgan, David, "Clouds with Rocks Inside", June 2003, Number 263, page 88-89.]
*23 March - A
United States Air Force C-124 Globemaster II, "49-244", c.n. 43173, of the 2nd Strategic Support Squadron, missing over the Atlantic Ocean; wreckage found near Ireland. 53 died, including Gen. Paul Cullenand his command staff.
*13 June -
RAF English Electric CanberraB.1, "VN850", bailed to Rolls-Royce for Avonengine tests. Crashed on approach to Hucknallwith engine fire, coming down just outside field perimeter, killing Rolls-Royce test pilot R.B. Leach. This was the first loss of a Canberra. [London, U.K.: Aeroplane, Jones, Barry, "Database", October 2006, Volume 34, Number 10, No. 402, page 79.]
*23 June - Second
Avro CF-100Mk.1, "19102", 'FB-K',crashes on the day it is handed over to the RCAF.Bradford, Robert, "Canadian Innovation - CF-100 Story", Air Enthusiast Quarterly, Bromley, Kent., U.K., Volume 4, 1976, pages 154.]
*30 June - The second prototype
Republic XF-91Thunderceptor, "46-681", had an engine failure during takeoff from Edwards AFB, California. Republic Aviationtest pilot Carl Bellingerescaped from the aircraft just as the tail melted off; total flight time was a mere ninety seconds. By the time fire apparatus arrived, driving seven miles across the dry lake bed, the tail section had been reduced to ashes.
*23 August -
Bell X-1D, "48-1386", suffers fire/explosion internally while being carried aloft for its first flight, jettisoned from mothership, impacting on Rogers Dry Lakebed, Edwards AFB, California. [Andrade, John M., "U.S. Military Aircraft Designations and Serials since 1909", Midlands Counties Publications, 1979, ISBN 0-904597-22-9, page 176.] Joe Baughercites loss date of 22 August, as does FlyPast article by Lance Thompson, "Valley of the Kings", December 1997, Number 197, page 25.
*26 August -
Handley Page HP.88, "VX330", a two-fifths scale flying testbed for the Handley Page HP.80 Victor bomber to prove crescent wing design, breaks up in flight when the rear fuselage separates during a manoeuvre. [Stamford, Lincs., U.K.: FlyPast, Buttler, Tony, "Crescent Wing Classic", December 2003, Number 257, page 55.]
*16 September - A damaged F2H-2 Banshee
jet fighter, BuNo "124968", of VF-172, returning to the US Navy aircraft carrierUSS|Essex|CV-9|6 misses the recovery net and crashes into several planes parked on the ship's deck, killing 7 people and destroying 4 aircraft. This crash led the USN to equip all future carriers with angled flight decks for safer airplane recovery.
*12 January - Prototype
RAF Vickers Valiant, "WB210", catches fire during in-flight relight trials, crew bails out but co-pilot, Squadron Leader Foster, is killed when his ejection seat strikes tail.
*3 April - A
United States Air Force B-29 Superfortresscrashes at night. Suspected reason - Fuel line issues. Unknown number of fatalities. Majority of the crew bail out and land in farmers field 8 miles N/5.5 miles W of Onaga, Kansas, United States.
*4 April - A
United States Air Force C-124 Globemaster IIcollides in midair with a C-47 Skytrainover Mobile, Alabama, United States; 15 die.
*24 June - On the eighth test flight of the first
Convair YB-60-1-CF, "49-2676", a flutter condition resulted in the trim tab disintegrating and the rudder suffering severe torsional wrinkles while flying at 263 mph at 35,000 feet. Replaced by rudder built for second prototype which never received one and never flew. As the B-52project was succeeding, the B-60 program was cancelled and the two airframes were salvaged in 1954 for parts. [Jenkins, Dennis R., "Eight-Engined Giant: Story of the Convair YB-60 Cold War Bomber", February 2005, Volume 35, Number 2, page 23.]
*8 July -
IsraeliIAF/DF Mosquito T.3, "2119", RAF serial unknown, as Capt. Daniel Shapira demonstrates a take-off to Lt. Ze'ev Tavor it goes badly, airframe ending up in the weeds. Despite this, both pilots eventually become test pilots. This was the first Israeli loss of the type.Aloni, Shlomo, "Last of the Fighting 'Wooden Wonders': The DH Mosquito in Israeli Service", Air Enthusiast No.83, Stamford, Lincs., U.K., September/October 1999, pages 44, 48.]
*9 May - Maj. Neil H. Lathrop attempts low-level aileron roll in second prototype
Martin XB-51-MA, "46-686", crashes at end of runway at Edwards AFB, Californiawith fatal result. [Stamford, Lincs., U.K.: FlyPast, Thompson, Lance, "Valley of the Kings", December 1997, Number 197, page 25.]
*29 August -
Boulton Paul P.120, "VT951", first flown 6 August 1952, crashes this date on Salisbury Plain, Wilts, Great Britainafter control failure. Pilot A.E. "Ben" Gunn ejects safely. Airframe had accumulated only ~eleven hours flying time. This is the first recorded loss of a delta-wing-design airframe.
*30 August - One of a pair of
Northrop F-89 Scorpions disintegrates in flight during a display at the International Aviation Exposition at Detroit, Michigan, killing the Scorpion pilot and one spectator. [Aeroplane Monthly magazine - May 1975 issue - "Fighters of the Fifties - Northrop Scorpion"]
*1 September - Several tornados sweep across
Carswell AFB, Texas destroying B-36B-10-CF, "44-92051", and damaging 82 others of the 7th and 11th Bomb Wings, including ten at the Convairplant on the other side of the Fort Worthbase. Gen. Curtis LeMayis forced to remove the 19th Air Division from the war plan, and the base went on an 84-hour work week until repairs were made. 26 B-36s were returned to Convair for repairs, and the last aircraft deemed repairable was airborne again on 11 May 1953. Jenkins, Dennis R., Moore, Mike and Pyeatt, Don, compilers, "B-36 Photo Scrapbook ". North Branch, Minnesota.: Specialty Press, 2003, ISBN 1-58007-075-2, page 53.]
*6 September -
Prototype de HavillandDH 110, "WG236", flown by John Derryand Anthony Richards disintegrates at the Farnborough Air Showduring pull out from high speed dive, killing both crew, debris, including engines, falls among crowd killing 29 spectators. [1952 Farnborough Airshow DH.110 crash]
*22 November or 23 November - A
United States Air Force C-124A Globemaster II, "51-0107", on approach to Elmendorf AFB, Alaska, United States crashes into a remote glacier, killing all 52 aboard.
*20 December - A
United States Air Force C-124A Globemaster II, "50-100", c/n 43238, crashed on takeoff from Larson AFB, Moses Lake, Washington, United States. 125 on board, 28 survivors. This was the highest confirmed death toll of any disaster in aviation history at the time.
*31 January - A
USAFF-86F Sabre crashes in bad weather while on final approach to Truax Field, Wisconsin, killing the pilot, Major Hampton E.Boggs a former Korean Warand World War II acewith the 459th Fighter Squadron.
*21 April - Last
Handley Page Halifaxin RAFservice, HP.71 Halifax A.Mk.IX, "RT396", of No. 1 Parachute Training School, RAF Henlowwritten off in accident.Lake, Jon "Handley Page Halifax Variants", Wings of Fame, Volume 8, AIRtime Publishing Inc., Westport, Connecticut, 1997, ISBN 1-880588-23-4, page 141.]
*24 April -
USAF Strategic Air Commandexperimental project MX-1018, Project Tom-Tom, an attempt to extend fighter escort for bombers on long-range missions by coupling a pair of Republic F-84s onto bomber wingtips, suffers setback when EF-84D, "48-641", piloted by Maj. John Davis, loses control, rolls upside down, hits wing of E B-29A-60-BN Superfortress, "44-62093", sending both aircraft down to crash in Peconic Bay, New York, killing all crew of both.
*12 May -
Bell X-2, "46-675", exploded in belly of BoeingE B-50D mothership during captive LOX topping-off test and was dropped into Lake Ontario. Bell test pilot Jean "Skip" Ziegler and Bell flight engineer Frank Wolko killed. EB-50D, "48-096", piloted by William Leyshon and D.W. Howe, limps into Niagara Falls Airport, New York- never flies again. [Hallion, Dr. Richard P., "Saga of the Rocket Ships", Air Enthusiast, London, U.K., Number 5, November 1977-February 1978, page 76.]
*15 May - An errant USAF
F-84 Thunderjetcollides with 2 USAF C-119 Flying Boxcars flying in formation near Weinheim, Germany, sending all 3 planes down in flames. C-119C-70-FA, "51-8235", c/n 10783, struck by the fighter, which then struck C-119C-70-FA, "51-8241", c/n 10789, 3 Flying Boxcar crew KWF, 3 injured. F-84 pilot parachutes to safety.
*18 June - A
United States Air ForceC-124A Globemaster II, "51-137", crashes at Kodaira, Japan after engine failure on take-off at Tachikawa Air Force Base, Tokyo, Japan. 129 die, making this the deadliest recorded disaster in aviation history at the time.
*6 August -
IsraeliIDF/AF Mosquito FB.6 "2113", ex- RAF"PZ183", disappeared in flight over the Mediterranean, Lt. Uriel Ashel and 2nd Lt. Oded Shatil missing.Aloni, Shlomo, "Last of the Fighting 'Wooden Wonders': The DH Mosquito in Israeli Service", Air Enthusiast No.83, Stamford, Lincs., U.K., September/October 1999, page 44.]
*14 October - Second of two
Bell X-5swing-wing testbeds, "50-1839", gets into irrecoverable spin condition at Edwards AFB, California, crashes in desert, killing test pilot Capt. Ray Popson on his first flight in the type. [Machat, Mike, "Swingin' on a Spar: The birth and development of variable-geometry aircraft", Airpower, September 2004, Volume 34, Number 9, page 46.]
*17 November -
USAF C-119F-KM, "51-8163", c/n 166, crashed at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, during a joint airborne operation. One of 12 C-119s on a troop drop, it lost an engine, dropped out of formation, hit and killed ten troopers in their chutes that had been dropped from other aircraft, that in addition to 4 crew members and one medical officer that went down with the plane. [ [http://home.att.net/~jbaugher/1951.html 1951 USAF Serial Numbers ] ]
*17 December - A
USAF B-29 Superfortressmaking an emergency landing at Andersen AFB, Guam, failed to reach the runway and crashed into an officers housing area at the base, demolishing ten homes and damaging three more. Nine of sixteen crew were killed, as were seven on the ground - an officer, his wife, and five children. [ Los Angeles, California: Los Angeles Examiner, Wednesday, December 17, 1953.]
*18 December -
USAFT B-29, formerly SilverplateB-29-55-MO, "44-86382", of the 7th Radar Calibration Squadron, Sioux City Air Force Base, Iowa, destroyed by post-crash fire when pilot and co-pilot mistake Ogden Municipal Airport, Utah, for nearby Hill Air Force Base, put down on much shorter runway, overrun threshhold, bounce across deep ditch, 10-foot wide canal, crosses highway, comes to rest in pieces, followed by immediate fire. One fatality on crew, two others injured.
*26 January - An RAF Boeing Washington, "WF495", USAF "44-62128", of
No. 149 Squadron RAF, disappears during the night en-route from Prestwick to Laagens in the Azores. Aircraft is believed to have come down in Morecambe Baybut after intensive ASR search lasting several days no trace is ever found. [Aeroplane Monthly - May 1974 issue - "Washington Diary" P.646]
*8 April - A
Royal Canadian Air ForceCanadair Harvard collided with a Trans-Canada Airlines Canadair North Starover Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, killing 37 people.
*30 March - A
C-119 Flying Boxcarcareens into a US Army mess halland explodes after crash-landing in a parade field at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, United States, killing 5 aboard the plane and 2 inside the building.
*27 September - Sole
Folland Midgeprototype, "G-39-1", crashes into trees at Chilbolton, England, killing Swiss pilot Max Mathez. Cause was believed to have been inadvertent application of full nose-down trim.
*12 October -
USAFF-100A-1-NA Super Sabre, "52-5764", c.n. 192-9, crashes at Edwards Air Force Base, California, killing North American test-pilot Lt. George Welch, a veteran of the Japanese Navy attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 and a former fighter-pilot with the 80th Fighter Squadron.
*19 October - First flying prototype
GrummanXF9F-9 Tiger, BuNo "138604", suffers flame-out with pilot Lt. Cmdr. W.H. Livingston able to put it down on the edge of a wood near the Grumman company runway at Bethpage, Long Island, New York, escaping with minor injuries. Airframe written-off, however. Production models will be redesignated F11F. [Allen, Francis J., "Grumman's Reluctant Tiger", Wings, Granada Hills, California, June 1984, Volume 14, Number 3, page 35.]
*4 November -
ConvairYF2Y-1 Sea Dart, BuNo "135762", disintegrated in mid-air over San Diego Bay, California, during a demonstration for Navy officials and the press, killing Convair test pilot, Charles E. Richbourg.
*22 March - A
United States Navy Douglas R6D-1, BuNo 131612, c/n 43715, of VR-3, assigned to MATS, hits a cliff on Pali Kea Peakin the Waianae Range, 15 miles NW of Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands, United States, at 0203 hrs., killing 57 passengers and nine crew, making this the worst heavier-than-air disaster in US Navy history. [ [http://home.att.net/~jbaugher/thirdseries15.html US Navy and US Marine Corps BuNos-Third Series (130265 to 135773) ] ] [ [http://www.vrc-50.org/historyNATSbw.htm Chronological History of Naval Air Transprt ] ]
*14 April - Second prototype
LockheedX F-104A Starfighter, "53-7787", c/n 083-0002, lost when airframe lost an access panel during 20mm gun firing. Test pilot Herman R. "Fish" Salmon ejected as aircraft broke up, injured landing in rough country.
*13 May - On seventh and final flight of
NorthropN-69A test vehicle for the X SM-62 Snark, only two of which were successful, mission was cut short when the missile collided with its T-33Aphoto plane. Gibson, James N. "Nuclear Weapons of the United States - An Illustrated History ". Atglen, Pennsylvania.: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 1996, Library of Congress card no. 96-67282, ISBN 0-7643-0063-6, pages 152, 154.]
8 August- Internal explosion aboard Bell X-1A, "48-1384", while being carried aloft by Boeing B-29mothership, forces NACApilot Joseph Walkerto exit aircraft back into the Superfortress, which is then jettisoned due to the full fuel load it carries, the rocket-powered testcraft coming down on the Edwards AFB, Californiabombing range. [Stamford, Lincs., U.K.: FlyPast, Thompson, Lance, "Valley of the Kings", December 1997, Number 197, page 25.]
*11 August - Two
United States Air Force C-119s of the 10th Troop Carrier Squadron collided near Stuttgart, Germany shortly after takeoff from Stuttgart Army Airfieldnear Echterdingen. In all, 66 died, 44 on one Flying Boxcar, and 22 on the other. Troops aboard were of the Army's 499th Engineering Battalion. [http://www.stuttgart.army.mil/sites/news/documents/post/2007/081007.pdf] [http://www.stuttgart.army.mil/sites/video/video.asp]
*6 October -
McDonnellcompany pilot George Mills bails out of F3H-1N Demon near St. Louis, Missouriafter what appears to be a massive systems failure, including the J40 engine. Instead of crashing, fighter circles over two states for more than an hour sans canopy, ejection seat and pilot. It eventually impacts in cornfield near Monticello, Iowa, 250 miles from ejection.
*10 January - The most notorious incident of aircraft pitch-up known as the "
Sabre dance" was the loss of F-100C-20-NA Super Sabre "54-1907" during an attempted emergency landing at Edwards AFB, California which was caught by film cameras set up for an unrelated test. The pilot fought to retain control as he rode the edge of the flight envelope, but fell off on one wing, hit the ground, and exploded with fatal results. These scenes were inserted in the movie "The Hunters", starring Robert Mitchumand Robert Wagner.
*31 January -
USAFT B-25N, (built as B-25J-22-NC), "44-29125", on cross country flight from Nellis AFB, Californiato Olmsted AFB, Pennsylvania, after departing Selfridge AFB, Michigansuffers fuel starvation NE of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvaniain mid-afternoon, attempts to divert to Greater Pittsburgh AFB, ditches in the Monongahela Riverat the 4.9 mile marker, west of the Homestead High-Level Bridge, drifts ~1.5 miles downstream in 8-10 kt. current, remaining afloat for 10-15 minutes. All six crew evacuate but two are lost in the 35 degree F water before rescue. Search for sunken bomber suspended 14 February with no success - aircraft is thought to have possibly settled in submerged gravel pit area in 32 feet of water, ~150 feet from shore, possibly now covered by 10-15 feet of silt. This crash remains one of the Pittsburgh region's unsolved mysteries. [http://www.caterpillarclub.org/b25/b25.htm]
*17 February -
Douglas R5D-2 Skymaster, BuNo "39116", on flight from MCAS El Toro, California to NAS Alameda, in low overcast and drizzle, strikes Sunol Ridgeon ranch ~3.5 miles N of Niles, Californiaat 1345 hrs. Aircraft broke up and burned, killing 35, all but one of them Marines. [http://members.aol.com/jaydeebee1/crash50s.html 1950s: Notable California Aviation Disasters ] ]
*24 February -
USAF C-124C, "53-021", c/n 44316, enroute from Goose Bay, Labradorto Upper Heyfordin the United Kingdom, lost power in number one and four engines (port and starboard outer). Restricted data cargo was jettisoned over the North Atlantic, including nuclear weapon firing and maintenance sets from an altitude of 8,000 to 9,000 feet. The Air Force assumed that the cargo packaging ruptured and sank after impact with the sea. Impact area searched, nothing recovered. On its return flight to the U.S. on 2 March, the aircraft crashed in the Atlantic ~225 nmi. SW of Keflavik, Iceland. The aircraft and crew were lost in 3,000 feet of water. [Letter dated April 6, 1956 to Honorable Clinton P. Anderson, Chairman, JCAE, from Herbert B. Loper, Assistant to the Secretary of Defense (Atomic Energy).]
*10 March - One of four
U.S. Air Force B-47Es out of MacDill AFB, Florida, misses tanker meet over the Mediterranean. Extensive search never turns up plane, crew, or two 210DE nuclear capsules. Gibson, James N. "Nuclear Weapons of the United States - An Illustrated History ". Atglen, Pennsylvania.: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 1996, Library of Congress card no. 96-67282, ISBN 0-7643-0063-6, page 64.]
*25 March - First prototype
Martin XB-51-MA, "46-0685", crashes in sand dunes near Biggs AFB, El Paso, Texas, killing both crew. [Stamford, Lincs., U.K.: FlyPast, Thompson, Lance, "Valley of the Kings", December 1997, Number 197, page 25.]
*15 May - A RCAF Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. IVB, "18367", of 445 Squadron, out of
CFB Uplands, falling from 33,000 feet crashed into Villa St. Louis, a convent of the Grey Nuns of the Cross in Orleans, Ontario, Canada at roughly 2300 hrs. (reports vary). 15 people were killed; both crewmen of the aircraft, pilot William J. Schmidt, and navigator Kenneth D. Thomas, a priest, 11 nuns and one other woman. [ [http://www.ody.ca/~bwalker/RCAF_18351_18400_detailed.html RCAF Canucks,18351 to 18400 ] ] [ [http://www.rcaf-atc.org/other/other/other-133.html Rockcliffe, ON Photos ] ]
*5 June - A USAF Northrop
F-89 Scorpionfighter jet of the 18th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron armed with 104 live rockets, strikes an automobileduring an aborted take-off at Wold-Chamberlain Field, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, killing 3 of the 5 occupants of the vehicle; both F-89 crew members survive.
*9 June - A
Grumman F9F-4 Panther fighter jet of VMF-213, flown by a USMC Reserve pilot crashes into a row of houses near Wold-Chamberlain Field, striking the home at 5820 46th Avenue South, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States. In addition to killing the pilot, Maj. George Armstrong, the crash kills 5 and injures 12 on the ground, most of whom are young children. This is the second time in 5 days that a military jet operating from this airport crashes and kills multiple civilians on the ground. [ [http://ww3.startribune.com/blogs/oldnews/archives/31 Yesterday’s News » Blog Archive » Saturday, June 9, 1956: 6 killed as jet hits house ] ]
* 16 June - A
USAF MATS C-124A, "51-5183", c/n 43593, inbound to Eniwetokatoll, Pacific Ocean, carrying nuclear test device components (possibly for the EGG device fired during the Operation Redwing Mohawktest) crashed 421 feet short of, and eight feet below, the runway at Eniwetok Island, shearing off its landing gear and coming to rest 2,000 feet from the southeast end of the runway. Fire ensued, extinguished within three hours. No loss of life - most of the cargo, although damaged by water and foam, was recovered. The runway was cleared of wreckage and reopened to normal traffic before noon on 17 June. Salvage of certain aircraft components was accomplished by a team from Hickam AFB, Hawaii. [198History of Task Group 7.4 (Provisional), June 1956, Joint Task Force Seven, pp. 15, 22; THE GLOBEMASTER, Anthony J. Tambini, Branden Publishing Company, Brookline Village, Massachusetts, p. 134.]
*27 July - A
U.S. Air Force B-47E-130-BW, "53-4230", of the 307th Bomb Wing from Lincoln AFB, Nebraska, crashes while making touch-and-goes at RAF Lakenheath, skidding off runway and into nuclear weapons storage iglooholding three Mark 6 nuclear bombs, burns. No weapons in the facility go off and all are later repaired. Stratojet was unarmed.
*31 July - In a high-speed flight, prototype
Folland Gnat, "G-39-2", suffers tailplane flutter which breaks away. Folland test pilot Teddy Tennant bails out, becoming first person to use the Folland/Saab ejection seat in action. Tennant descends safely.
*21 September -
Grummancompany test pilot Tom Attridge shoots himself down in an F11F Tigerduring a Mach1.0 20 degree dive from 22,000 feet to 7,000 feet. He empties the fighter's 20mm cannon during the descent and as he reaches 7,000 feet the jet is struck multiple times, including one shell that is ingested by the engine, shredding the compressor blades. He limps the airframe back towards the Grumman airfield but comes down at almost the same spot where the first prototype impacted on 19 October 1954. Pilot gets clear before jet burns, suffers only minor injuries - investigation shows that he had overtaken and passed through his own gunfire! [Allen, Francis J., "Grumman's Reluctant Tiger", Wings, Granada Hills, California, June 1984, Volume 14, Number 3, page 38.]
*27 September - Test pilot
Mel Aptis killed on the 20th flight of the Bell X-2, "46-674", out of Edwards Air Force Base, California, when he attempts a turn at Mach 3.2 (nearly 2,100 mph), and the airframe goes into a vicious case of inertia coupling. Apt jettisons the escape capsule but runs out of height before he can bail out of the falling nose section.Machat, Mike, Airpower, "Color Schemes of the Bell X-2", Republic Press, Woodland Hills, California, January 2005, Volume 35, Number 1, page 42-43.]
*1 October - The
RAF's first Avro VulcanB 1, "XA897", which completed a fly-the-flag mission to New Zealand in September, approaches Heathrow in bad weather on GCA approach, crashing short of the runway. Two pilots eject, but four crew do not have ejection seats and are killed. Aircraft Captain Squadron Leader"Podge" Howard and co-pilot Air MarshalSir Harry Broadhurstsurvive. Signal delays in the primitive Ground-Controlled Approach system of the time may have let the aircraft descend too low without being warned. Undercarriagedamaged in contact short of runway with control lost during attempted go-around. [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BqYIq_5xBbc&feature=related Pathe News report]
*10 October - A
United States Air Force C-118lost at sea about 150 miles north of the Azores. 59 died.
*5 December: An X
SM-62 Snark, "53-8172", N-69D test model, fitted with new 24 hour stellar inertial guidance system, launches from Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex, Florida, wanders off-course, ignores destruct command, disappears over Brazil. It is found by a farmer in January 1983. Gibson, James N. "Nuclear Weapons of the United States - An Illustrated History ". Atglen, Pennsylvania.: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 1996, Library of Congress card no. 96-67282, ISBN 0-7643-0063-6, pages 152, 154.]
*31 December - A
United States Air Force C-121C-LO, "54-165", c/n 1049F-4184, crashed on approach to Dhahran, Saudi Arabiawhile flying UN troops into the Suez Canalzone. It was also carrying Hungarian refugees back to Charleston AFB, South Carolina. 12 of 38 onboard killed.
*31 January - Mid-air collision between
Douglas Aircraft Companynon-commercial test flight of DC-7B airliner, "N8210H", out of Santa Monica Municipal Airport(intended customer - Continental Airlines), struck by NorthropF-89J Scorpion, "52-1870A", out of Palmdale, Californiawith companion "target" F-89J, "53-2516A" too far ahead to witness incident, all at 25,000 feet. Scorpion, coming out of 90-degree turn, struck the DC-7B almost head-on at 1118 hrs., ~1-2 miles NE of the Hansen Damspillway, severing transport's outer port wing. The aircraft broke up, 500 feet-1,000 feet above the ground, and seconds later the wreckage impacted in the courtyard of the Pacoima Congregational Churchnear the corner of Laurel Canyon Boulevardand Terra Bella Street, near Sunland, California, killing all four crew. Airliner impacted across the street from Pacoima Junior High School- debris killed three students and injured some 74 others. Following collision, Curtiss Adams, radarman aboard the e.b. F-89J, ejected, despite incurring serious burns, and parachuted, landing in Burbank. Pilot Roland E. Owen died in the burning fighter which impacted into La Tuna Canyonin the Verdugo Mountains. All four Scorpioncrew were Northropemployees. Co-pilot on the DC-7, veteran flier Archie R. Twitchell, 50, enjoyed a secondary career as an actor between flying stints and appeared in over 100 films, including "Union Pacific", " I Wanted Wings", "Among the Living", " Out of the Past", "Fort Apache", " I Shot Billy The Kid" and "Sunset Boulevard", among others. The other DC-7B crew were pilot William G. Carr, 36; flight engineer Waldo B. Adams, 42; and radio operator Roy T. Nakazawa, 28. Collision was blamed on pilot error: Failure of both aircraft crews to exercise proper "see and avoid" procedures regarding other aircraft while operating under visual flight rules( VFR). The catastrophe prompted the Civil Aeronautics Board(CAB) to set restrictions on all aircraft test flights, both military and civilian, requiring that they be made over open water or specifically approved sparsely populated areas. [http://members.aol.com/jaydeebee1/crash50s.html]
*17 March - The official plane of the
President of the Philippines, a Philippine Air Force C-47named "Mt. Pinatubo", crashes on the slopes of Mount Manunggal, Cebu, Philippines, killing Philippine President Ramon Magsaysayand 24 others. The crash is blamed on metal fatigue; one journalist on board survives. See also 1957 Cebu Douglas C-47 crash.
*21 March or 22 March - A
United States Air ForceC-97C-35-BO, "50-702", c/n 16246, lost at sea over Pacific Ocean near Japan without trace. 67 died. ( Joe Baugherlists fatalities as 70.)
*22 May -A
U.S. Air Force B-36J-5-CF, "52-2816", (c/n 372), ferrying a Mark 17 nuclear bombfrom Biggs AFB, Texas to Kirtland AFB, New Mexico, accidentally drops it through closed bomb doors, impacting 4.5 miles south of Kirtland tower. High explosives detonate creating crater 25X12 feet, but no fuel capsule fitted, no injuries. Gibson, James N. "Nuclear Weapons of the United States - An Illustrated History ". Atglen, Pennsylvania.: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 1996, Library of Congress card no. 96-67282, ISBN 0-7643-0063-6, pages 61-62.]
*31 May - A
Royal Canadian NavyMcDonnell F2H-3 Banshee fighter jet, BuNo "126313", Sqn. No. 104 of VF-870, spirals out of control after its right wing breaks in half during a high-speed flyby at naval air station HMCS Shearwater, Nova Scotia, Canada. The canopy is observed to separate from the aircraft, but the pilot, Lt. Derek Prout, fails to eject and is killed when the plane slams into McNabs Island. The crash is attributed to improperly manufactured fittings in the folding wingmechanism, and most RCN and US NavyBanshees are grounded until improved fittings can be installed. Mills, Carl. "Banshees of the Royal Canadian Navy". Willowdale, Ontario, Canada: Banshee Publication, 1991, ISBN 0-9695200-0-X, pages 280-281.]
*28 June - In two separate accidents, two newly delivered
Lockheed U-2s of the SAC's 4028th Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron (SRS) based at Laughlin Air Force Base, Del Rio, Texas, are lost on the same day. At 08:55 Lt. Lowcock is killed when his aircraft, U-2A "56-6699", Item 366, crashes while on the approach to Laughlin. Less than two hours later, Lt Leo Smith is also killed when his aircraft, U-2C "56-6702", Item 369, crashes in the New Mexico desert. At this time U-2s are not equipped with ejection seatsto save weight, but at around this point this policy is reversed. Three months later on 26 September, the squadrons' Commanding Officer, Col. Jack Nole climbs out of his disabled U-2A, "56-6694", Item 361, near Del Rio, Texas, making the highest ever parachute escape to date. [Aeroplane Monthly - May 1984 issue - "Dragon Lady - the Accident File" P. 270-271]
*27 August - A
Royal Canadian NavyMcDonnell F2H-3 Banshee fighter jet, BuNo "126306", Sqn. No. 103 of VF-870, collides on a runway with an RCN General MotorsTBM-3E Avenger, BuNo "53358", of squadron VC-921, at naval air station HMCS Shearwater, Nova Scotia, Canada. A flight of 3 Avengers had been cleared for a formation takeoff on Runway 20 while the Banshee was performing touch-and-go landings on intersecting Runway 16. Due to an inoperable radio, the pilot of the Banshee, Lt. Ed Trzcinski, a U.S. Navy exchange officer, did not hear instructions from the control tower to go around. He apparently did not see the oncoming Avengers or the red flares launched from the control tower due to a combination of light fogover the airfield and a lack of situational awareness. The Banshee collided with the second Avenger of the flight, killing Trzcinski and SubLt. Julian Freeman, RCN, pilot and sole occupant of the Avenger. Mills, Carl. "Banshees of the Royal Canadian Navy". Willowdale, Ontario, Canada: Banshee Publication, 1991, ISBN 0-9695200-0-X, page 281.]
*15 November -
USAFT B-29-75-BW, "44-70039", c/n 10871, of the 5040th Radar Evaluation Flight, 5040th Consolidation Maintenance Group, Elmendorf AFB, Alaska, crashed 39 miles SE of Talkeetna, Alaskaat ~1822 hrs. Mission departed Elmendorf on a ground radar calibration mission at 0954 under instrument flight rules on flight path to the Aircraft Control and Warning radar stations at Campionnear Galenaand then Murphy Dome, N of Fairbanks. Flight covered 1,800 nmi. with ~ten hours in the air. Superfortresshad fourteen hours' fuel and a crew of eight plus an instructor pilot. On final leg of approach to Elmendorf, bomber came down on glacier now known as “Bomber Glacier,” three crew with major injuries and one with a minor injury later upgraded to major, others KWF. Due to remoteness of crashsite, wreckage is still there.
*12 December – A
U.S. Air Force B-52D-75-BO, "56-0597", crashes on takeoff at Fairchild AFBnear Spokane, Washington. All crew members are killed except the tail gunner. The incident is caused by trim motors that were hooked up backwards. The aircraft climbed straight up, stalled, fell over backwards and nosed straight down.
*31 January - During simulated Strategic take-off from overseas base, a USAF
B-47suffers failure of left-rear landing gear, tail strikes ground, rupturing fuel tank. Aircraft burns. Fortunately, nuclear weaponon board, in strike configuration, does not detonate. Gibson, James N. "Nuclear Weapons of the United States - An Illustrated History ". Atglen, Pennsylvania.: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 1996, Library of Congress card no. 96-67282, ISBN 0-7643-0063-6, page 64.]
*1 February – A
USAFDouglas C-118A Liftmaster military transport, "53-3277", c/n 44648, of the 1611th ATW, and a U.S. NavyP2V-5F Neptune patrol bomber, BuNo "127723", collided over Norwalk, California(a suburb of Los Angeles) at night. 47 servicemen were killed as well as a 23-year-old civilian woman on the ground who was hit by falling debris. Two crew on P2V-5F survive. A plaque commemorating the disaster was erected by the American Legion in 1961 at the location of the accident, the corner of Firestone Boulevard and Pioneer Boulevard.
*5 February - A USAF
B-47E-50-BW, "51-2349", of the 19th Bomb Wing out of Homestead AFB, Florida has ~0200 hrs. mid-air collision with USAF F-86L Sabreon simulated combat mission near Sylvania, Georgia, jettisons Mark 15, Mod 0 nuclear bombtraining weapon casing from 7,200 feet over Wassaw Soundoff Tybee Beach, Georgia. Stratojet recovers to Hunter AFB, Georgia, bomb is still missing. The Pentagon disputes reports that the plutonium trigger WAS on the weapon. Gibson, James N. "Nuclear Weapons of the United States - An Illustrated History ". Atglen, Pennsylvania.: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 1996, Library of Congress card no. 96-67282, ISBN 0-7643-0063-6, pages 64-65.] See also Tybee Bomb. The B-47 was subsequently scrapped. All crew of both aircraft survive uninjured.
*11 March - A USAF
B-47E from Hunter AFB, Georgia, jettisons nuclear weaponscasing from 15,000 feet over rural section of Florence, South Carolina, high-explosives detonate on impact causing property damage, several civilian injuries. No fuel capsule installed on bomb. Gibson, James N. "Nuclear Weapons of the United States - An Illustrated History ". Atglen, Pennsylvania.: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 1996, Library of Congress card no. 96-67282, ISBN 0-7643-0063-6, pages 65.]
*27 March - A USAF
C-124C Globemaster II, "52-0981", collides in midair with a USAF C-119C-17-FA Flying Boxcar, "49-0195", c/n 10432, over Bridgeport, Texas, United States, killing all 15 on the Globemaster and all three on the Flying Boxcar.
*21 April - A United States Air Force North American F-100F Super Sabre, "56-3755" [Aircraft information - F-100F-5-NA, serial number 56-3755, manufacturers serial number 243-31] collided in mid-air with a
United Airlines Douglas DC-7, registered "N6328C", operating flight "United 736", at 21,000 feet near Arden, Nevada- two F-100 crew died and all 46 on board the DC-7. [ [http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19580421-0 Aviation Safety net United Airlines Flight 736] ]
*8 May - An
Indian Air Force de Havilland Vampirecrashed into the Delhi Flying Club hangar at Safdar Jung Airport, Delhi while attempting an emergency landing following an in-flight fire. Both Vampire crew died and four engineers working in the hangar and 11 aircraft were destroyed. [cite journal |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=1999 |month= |title=Casualty Compendium Part Seventy Three |journal=Air-Britain Archive |volume=1999 |issue=2 |pages=63 |issn=0262-4923]
*20 May - A United States Air Force Lockheed T-33 "53-5966" [Aircraft information - T-33A-LO, serial number 56-5966, manufacturers serial number 580-9422] operated by the Maryland Air National Guard collided in mid-air with a
Capital Airlines Vickers Viscount, registered "N7410" operating flight "Capital 300" at 8,000ft four miles east of Brunswick, Maryland. All 11 on board the Viscount were killed and the T-33 co-pilot, the T-33 pilot ejected and survived. [ [http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19580520-1 Aviation Safety net Capital Airlines Flight 300] ]
*5 June - Second prototype
Saunders-Roe SR.53, "XD151", crashed during an abandoned take-off whilst testing at RAE Boscombe Down, killing its pilot, Squadron LeaderJohn S. Booth DFC. [ [http://www.testflyingmemorial.com/1946-70.htm Test Flying Memorial website] ] Project cancelled.
*9 July - A
Lockheed U-2A, "56-6713", Item 380, of the SAC's 4028th Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron (SRS) based at Laughlin Air Force Base, Del Rio, Texas, is lost near Wayside, Texas, killing pilot RAF Sqn Ldr Christopher Walker. It is later revealed that Walker is one of four Britons undergoing flight training on the U-2 at Laughlin. The British authorities maintain a discrete silence about the matter, but it is later known that the USAF has close links with the RAF Central Reconnaissance Establishment. [Aeroplane Monthly - May 1984 issue - "Dragon Lady - the Accident File" article P. 271] Joe Baughercites crash date as 8 July.
*10 July - A second
Lockheed U-2A, "56-6698", Item 365, of the SAC's 4028th Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron (SRS) based at Laughlin Air Force Base, Del Rio, Texas, crashed SW of Tucumcari, New Mexico, killing its pilot, the second in two days. [Aeroplane Monthly - May 1984 issue - "Dragon Lady - the Accident File" article P. 271] Joe Baughercites date of 9 July for this accident.
*26 July - Fabled USAF test-pilot
Iven Carl Kincheloe, Jr.is killed in unsuccessful ejection attempt after the engine of his Lockheed F-104A-15-LO fighter jet, "56-0772", fails during takeoff at Edwards Air Force Base, California, United States. While flying a Bell X-2, Kincheloe became the first man to exceed 100,000 ft (30,500 m) of altitude, and he is often credited as the first man to enter outer space.
*9 September – Two
B-52s collide over the town of Airway Heightsnear Fairchild AFB, Washington. B-52D-30-BW, "56-661", c/n 464-032, and B-52D-40-BW, "56-681", c/n 464-052, both crash. Thirteen crew members are killed, while three survive. There were no casualties on the ground.
*30 September - A Rolls-Royce test pilot flying an
Avro Vulcan, "VX770", in an airshow at RAF Syerstonpulls up too hard after a high-speed flyby and exceeds the airframe's structural limits, collapsing the plane's right wing. The craft spirals out of control and crashes, killing the entire aircrew and 3 people on the ground.
*4 November - A USAF
B-47catches fire during take-off from Dyess AFB, Texas, crashes from 1,500 feet altitude. Three crew eject, okay, one killed. Fire sets off single bomb casing on board, creating crater 35X6 feet. Some tritium contamination at crash site.
*26 November - A USAF
B-47on Alert Status at Chennault AFB, Louisiana, accidentally ignites RATOassisted take-off bottles, is pushed off runway into tow vehicle, catches fire, completely destroying single nuclear weapon on board. Contamination limited to area within aircraft wreckage.
*10 August - A
Royal Canadian Air Force Canadair Sabreof the Golden Hawksaerobatic team overshot when landing at McCall Airfield, Alberta, with the rest of the team and collided with a Piper Pacerabout 2 miles W of the field. Pilot of the Sabre and two occupants of the Pacer were killed. [ cite journal |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=2000 |month= |title=Casualty Compendium Part Seventy Seven|journal=Air-Britain Archive |volume=2000 |issue=2 |pages=66 |issn=0262-4923]
*24 September - A Lockheed U-2C, "56-6693", Item 360, of the SAC's 4028th Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron (SRS), Detachment C, out of Atsugi Air Force Base, Japan, and clandestinely operated by the CIA, runs out of fuel and pilot Tom Crull makes an emergency landing at the civilian airfield at Fujisawa. The black-painted aircraft with no identity markings attracts curious locals, and officials and
Military Policeare quickly dispatched to cordon-off the area. This they do at gunpoint, which attracts even more attention and pictures of the highly-secret U-2C soon appear in the Japanese press. [Aeroplane Monthly - May 1984 issue - "Dragon Lady - the Accident File" article P. 271] This is the airframe that pilot Francis Gary Powerswill be shot down in on 1 May, 1960.
*25 September - A
United States Navy Martin P5M Marlinout of NAS Whidbey Island, Washington on Puget Sound, is forced to ditch in the Pacific Ocean, about 100 miles W of the Washington- Oregonborder. A Betty depth bomb casing is lost and never recovered, but it was not fitted with a nuclear core. Gibson, James N. "Nuclear Weapons of the United States - An Illustrated History ". Atglen, Pennsylvania.: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 1996, Library of Congress card no. 96-67282, ISBN 0-7643-0063-6, page 214.] Coast Guard rescues all ten crew after ten hours in a raft. The press was not notified at the time.
1 October- English Electrictest pilot Johnny W.C. Squier, flying prototype two-seat LightningT.4, "XL628", suffers structural failure, ejects at Mach1.7, becoming first UKpilot to eject above the speed of sound. Radar tracks the descending fighter, but not the pilot as he landed in the Irish Sea, and despite an extensive search, Squier has to make his way ashore by himself after 28 hours in a dinghy. Squier passes away 30 January 2006, aged 85. [Stamford, Lincs., UK, FlyPast, "Johnny Squier and the Supersonic 'Bang-Out'", May 2006, No. 298, page 80.]
*15 October - A USAF
B-52F-100-BO, "57-036", collides with KC-135tanker, "57-1513", over Hardinsberg, Kentucky, crashes with two nuclear weapons on board, killing four of eight on the bomber and all four tanker crew. One bomb partially burned in fire, but both are recovered intact. Gibson, James N. "Nuclear Weapons of the United States - An Illustrated History ". Atglen, Pennsylvania.: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 1996, Library of Congress card no. 96-67282, ISBN 0-7643-0063-6, page 71.] Bombs moved to the AEC's Clarksville, Tennesseestorage site for inspection and dismantlement. Both aircraft deployed from Columbus AFB, Mississippi.
*5 March - Late pre-production
English Electric LightningF.1, "XG334", c/n 95023, of the Air Fighting Development Squadron, RAF Coltishall, Norfolk, aircraft 'A', lost near Wells-next-the-Seawhen undercarriagefailed to lower. Pilot, Sqn. Leader Harding, ejected safely. Total flights 34, hours flown 23h 35m. This was the first loss of the type.
*1 May - A CIA Lockheed U-2A flown by
Francis Gary Powersis shot down by a SA-2 (Guideline) missile near Degtyarskin the Soviet Union. Powers parachutes down and is captured. Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchevannounces on 7 May to the Supreme Soviet, and thus the world, that a "spyplane" has been shot down but intentionally makes no reference to the pilot. Powers is later produced in a 'show trial'. On 10 February 1962, twenty-one months after his capture, Powers is exchanged along with American student Frederic Pryorin a spy swap for Soviet KGB ColonelVilyam Fisher (aka Rudolf Abel) at the Glienicke Bridgein Berlin, Germany.
*6 July -
Goodyear ZPG-3W, BuNo "144242", lost hull pressure, crashed into the Atlantic Ocean off of New Jersey, eighteen of twenty-one crew lost. This was the last U.S. Navylighter-than-air loss as it leads to cancellation of airship operations in June 1961.Vaeth, J. Gordon, "They Sailed the Skies: U.S. Navy Balloons and the Airship Program", Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, Maryland, 2005, ISBN 1-59114-914-2, page 132.] Contributing reason of suspension of airship operations is improved speed of Soviet subs.
*7 July - A
Royal Air ForceVickers Varsity T1 "WJ914" collided at 1500ft near RAF Oakington, Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom with a RAF de Havilland Vampire T11 "XD549", all six occupants of the Varsity and two in the Vampire died. [ [http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19600707-0 Aviation Safety net]
*19 July - In the wake of the
Congo Crisis, a Belgian Air Force C-119 Flying Boxcarcrashes into a mountain in Rushengonear Gomaafter an engine caught fire. 41 died.
*12 August -
RAF Vickers ValiantBk.1 "XD864" crashes at RAF Spanhoe3 minutes after takeoff from RAF Wittering, Cambs. Five crew killed. [cite web|url=http://zkt.blackfish.org.uk/XD864/index.html|title=XD864 ]
*17 December - A
United States Air Force C-131hits a tramcar at Munich, Germany. 53 died. [cite web|url=http://www.feuerwehr.muenchen.de/bd10orga/b14gesfw/b143gesf/b143gesf.htm|title=Geschichte der Feuerwehr München - Teil 3|publisher= Feuerwehr München| accessdate = 2007-07-08 (in German)]
*24 January: A USAF
B-52G-95-BW, "58-0187", on airborne alert suffers structural failure, fuel leak, of starboard wing over Goldsboro, North Carolina, wing fails when flaps are engaged during emergency approach to Seymour Johnson AFB, two weapons on board break loose during airframe disintegration, one parachutes safely to ground, second impacts on marshy farm land, breaks apart, sinks into quagmire. Air Force excavates fifty feet down, finds no trace of bomb, forcing permanent digging easement on site. Five of eight crew survive.
*14 March: Failure of a pressurization system forces USAF
B-52to fly low, accelerating fuel-burn, bomber has fuel starvation at 10,000 feet over Yuba City, California, crashes, killing aircraft commander. Two nuclear weaponson board tear loose on impact but no explosion or contamination takes place.
*13 June: A
United States Navy Grumman S-2 Trackerlost complete power in one engine and partial power in the other. Flying instructor Lt.J.G Loren Vern Page, 24, died 6 hours later at Iberia Parish Hospital, in New Iberia, Louisiana. He intentionally attempted ditching the aircraft in Spanish Lake, near the Naval Auxiliary Air Station New Iberia, after losing power. Students Lt.J.G. Donald L. Miller and a second unnamed student were both hospitalized with treatable injuries. Lt.J.G. Page was posthumously promoted to full Lieutenant status by the Secretary of the Navy, John B. Connally, for courage and valor. Also named for courage during the rescue of the pilot and the 2 students were LCDR Alvin E. Henke, who commanded the rescue mission, Dr. Lt. Donald E. Hines (MC), and hospital corpsman 3rd class Arthur J. Hoeny. Lt.J.G. Miller was also credited with assisting in the rescue. Lt. Page was survived by his wife Elsa and a daughter, Deborah Anne. [New Iberia, Louisiana: The Daily Iberian, June 14, 1961, Vol. 68, No. 265, verified by daughter-Deborah Anne Page Williams.]
*21 October -
VoughtF8U-1 Crusader, BuNo "145357", 'AB 12', of VF-11, arrestor hook and right landing gear broke during heavy landing on USS Franklin D. Roosevelt, with aircraft catching alight and going over port side. A series of nine photographs taken by Photographer's Mate L.J. Cera showed the crash sequence with pilot Lt.J.G Kryway ejecting in Martin-BakerMk. F-5 seat just as the fighter leaves the deck. These images were widely distributed in the Navy to assure pilots that the seat could save them. Kryway escapes with minor injuries, being picked up by helicopter ten minutes later. Joe Baughernotes that date of 21 August 1961 has also been reported. [http://home.att.net/~jbaugher/thirdseries18.html] [http://www.ejectionsite.com/eyewitness/f8carrier.htm] [Aeroplane Monthly magazine - July 1974 - "SAVED BY THE BANG SEAT"]
*12 December - Mid-air collision of two
Belgian Air Force C-119 Flying Boxcarat Chièvres Air Base, Belgium. 15 died.
*5 January - Three crew killed in crash of
USAF B-47E-105-BW, "52-615", at March AFB, California. This will be the last fatal crash at that base until 19 October 1978. Columbia, South Carolina: The State, Friday, October 20, 1978, page 3-A.]
*20 March -
McDonnellF3H-2 Demon, BuNo "145281", of VF-14suffers either cold cat launch or failure of cat harness before launch off USS Franklin D. Roosevelt, CV-42, and goes over the bow. Pilot Lt.j.g. Joseph Janiak, Jr. killed, body not recovered. Navy photo captured moment the Demon tipped over the bow.
*24 May -
Central Intelligence Agencypilot Ken Collins is forced to eject from Lockheed A-12, "60-6926", Item 123, during subsonic test flight when aircraft stalls due to inaccurate data being displayed to pilot. Airframe impacts 14 miles (22.5 km.) S of Wendover, Utah. Official cover story refers to it as a Republic F-105 Thunderchief. Cause was found to be pitot-static system failure due to icing.Crickmore, Paul F. "Lockheed's Blackbirds: A-12, YF-12 and SR-71", Wings of Fame, Volume 8, AIRtime Publishing Inc., Westport, Connecticut, 1997, ISBN 1-880588-23-4, pages 46, 90.]
*26 June - A
Belgian Air Force C-119 Flying Boxcarcrashes near Detmold, Germany after being accidentally hit by a British mortar bomb. 5 crewmen and 33 paratroopers died, while 9 paratroopers managed to jump into safety using their parachutes.
*10 December: Test pilot Charles
Chuck Yeager, out of Edwards AFB, California, zoom climbs N F-104A, "56-0762", modified with rocket engine in tail unit, to 106,300 feet (32,400 m) [Stamford, Lincs., U.K.: FlyPast, Thompson, Lance, "Valley of the Kings", December 1997, Number 197, pages 23.] , but aircraft enters flat spin when directional jets in nose run out of propellant, forcing him to eject. He suffers injuries when his helmet collides with the ejection seat. This mission was very loosely depicted in the film " The Right Stuff". Aircraft was originally built as F-104A-10-LO. See also [http://www.check-six.com/Crash_Sites/NF-104A_crash_site.htm flying accident during a test flight] .
*4 January - NR
B-57D, "53-3973", of the Wright Air Development Center, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, suffers structural failure of both wings at 50,000 feet (15240 m), comes down in schoolyard at Dayton, Ohio, crew bails out. The USAFsubsequently grounds all W/RB-57D aircraft.Willis, David, "Martin B-57: The American Canberra", International Air Power Review, Volume 21, AIRtime Publishing Inc., Westport, Connecticut, 2006, ISBN 1473-9917, page 125.]
*13 January -
United States Air Force B-52D-10-BW, "55-060", suffers structural failure in turbulence of winter storm, crashes approximately 17 miles SW of Cumberland, Maryland. Pilot, co-pilot, eject, survive. Navigator, tail gunner, eject, die of exposure. Radar nav fails to eject, rides airframe in with two nuclear weapons on board. Both bombs survive intact and are recovered.
*11 May - A
United States Air Force C-135B-BN, "61-0332", c/n 18239, crashed on landing at Clark Air Force Base, Philippines, hitting a taxi. 84 on board, 5 survivors, passengers in taxi also killed. Date of 11 August 1964 cited by Joe Baugher. The crash occurred while attempting to land during a rainstorm at approximately 1920 hrs.
*10 June - First
LockheedXV-4A, "62-4503", crashes, killing civilian Army test pilot. Aircraft had just transitioned from conventional to vertical flight at 3,000 feet (914 m) when control was lost. Airframe came down between Dobbins AFBand Woodstock, Georgia, injuring one civilian on ground.
*9 July - Lockheed test pilot
Bill Parkejects safely from Lockheed A-12, "60-6939", Item 133, on approach to Groom Dry Lake, Nevadaduring test flight after total hydraulic failure.Crickmore, Paul F. "Lockheed's Blackbirds: A-12, YF-12 and SR-71", Wings of Fame, Volume 8, AIRtime Publishing Inc., Westport, Connecticut, 1997, ISBN 1-880588-23-4, page 90.]
*8 December -
United States Air ForceB-58A, "60-1116", taxiing for take-off on icy taxiway at Bunker Hill AFB, Indiana, is blown off the pavement by exhaust of another departing B-58, strikes concrete manhole box adjacent to the runway, landing gear collapses, burns. Navigator killed in failed ejection, two other crew okay. Four B43 nuclear bombs and either a W39or W53warhead are on board the weapons pod, but no explosion takes place and contamination is limited to crash site. Gibson, James N. "Nuclear Weapons of the United States - An Illustrated History ". Atglen, Pennsylvania.: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 1996, Library of Congress card no. 96-67282, ISBN 0-7643-0063-6, page 74.]
*16 January - A
United States Air Force KC-135A-BN, "57-1442", c/n 17513, crashed after an engine failure shortly after take off from McConnell Air Force Base, Kansas, USA. The fuel laden plane crashed at the intersection of 20th and Piatt causing a huge fire. 30 were killed 23 on the ground and the 7 member crew.
*27 April - Ryan XV-5A, "62-4505", noses over from 800 feet (244 m) and crashes at
Edwards AFB, California, during a demonstration in front of several hundred reporters, military personnel, and civilians. Ryan test pilot Lou Everett attempts failed low-altitude ejection, dies.
*25 June - A
United States Air Force C-135A, "60-0373", c/n 18148, out of McGuire AFB, New Jersey, crashed after 0135 hrs. take off in fog and light drizzle from MCAS El Toro, California, USA. Pilot flew into Loma Ridgeat 0146. 84 died. Aircraft was bound for Okinawa.
*25 August - First
Curtiss-Wright X-19A prototype, "62-12197", was destroyed in a crash at the FAA's National Aviation Facilities Experimental Center, Caldwell, New Jerseywhen gearbox fails followed by loss of propellers at 0718:44 hrs EDT. Test pilot James V. Ryan and FAA copilot Hughes ejected in North American LW-2B seats as the now-ballistic airframe rolled inverted at 390 feet, chutes fully deployed in 2 seconds at ~230 feet. Elapsed time between prop separation and ejection was 2.5 seconds. Airframe impacted in dried out tidewater area after completing 3/4 of a roll at 0719. Crew suffers minor injuries from ejection through canopy. The program was subsequently cancelled. [Koehnen, Richard C., "Never Say Die", Wings, Granada Hills, California, June 1983, Volume 13, Number 3, pages 32-49,] This will be the last airframe design from two of the most famous company names in aviation.
*5 December -
A-4E Skyhawkof VA-56on nuclear alert status, armed with either one B43 nuclear bombor a B61 nuclear bomb(sources differ), rolls off of elevator of aircraft carrierUSS|Ticonderoga|CV-14, in the Pacific Ocean. Airframe, pilot, and bomb are lost in 16,000 feet of water 80 miles from one of the Ryukyu Islandsin Okinawa. Gibson, James N. "Nuclear Weapons of the United States - An Illustrated History ". Atglen, Pennsylvania.: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 1996, Library of Congress card no. 96-67282, ISBN 0-7643-0063-6, page 130.] Winchester, Jim, "Douglas A-4 Skyhawk: Heineman's Hot Rod". Barnsley, Yorkshire, United Kingdom: Pen & Sword Books, 2005, ISBN 1-84415-085-2, page 199.] No public mention was made of the incident at the time and it would not come to light until a 1981 Pentagon report revealed that a one-megaton bomb had been lost. [Washington, D.C.: Washington Post, Reuter, "U.S. Confirms '65 Loss of H-Bomb Near Japanese Islands", Tuesday, May 9, 1989, page A-27.] Japan then asks for details of the incident. [Washington, D.C.: Washington Post, "Japan Asks Details On Lost H-Bomb", Wednesday, May 10, 1989, page A-35.]
December 28- CIApilot Mele Vojvodich takes Lockheed A-12, "60-6929", Item 126, for a functional check flight (FCF) after a period of deep maintenance, but seconds after take-off from Groom Dry Lake, Nevada, the aircraft yaws uncontrollably, pilot ejecting at 100 feet (30 m.) after six seconds of flight, escaping serious injury. Investigation finds that the pitch stability augmentation system (SAS) had been connected to the yaw SAS actuators, and "vice versa". SAS connectors are changed to make such wiring mistake impossible. ["Wings of Fame", The Journal of Classic Combat Aircraft - AIRTime Publishing, Inc., Westport, Connecticut, Volume 8, Crickmore, Paul F., "Lockheed A-12/YF-12/SR-71", ISBN 1-880588-23-4, pages 48, 90, 1997.]
* 17 January – A
B-52G-115-BW Stratofortress, "58-0256", of the 68th Bomb Wing out of Seymour-Johnson AFB, North Carolina, collides with a KC-135A-BN Stratotanker, "61-0273", c/n 18180, flying boom during aerial refueling near Palomares, Spainin the Palomares hydrogen bombs incident, breaking bomber's back. Seven crew members are killed in the crash, two eject safely, and two of the B-52's Mark 28 nuclear bombs rupture, scattering radioactive material over the countryside. One bomb lands intact near the town, and another is lost at sea. It is later recovered intact 5 miles (8 km) offshore in deep trench. The KC-135 landed safely. Two of the recovered weapons are exhibited at the National Museum of Nuclear Science and History, Albuquerque, New Mexico.
*25 January -
Lockheed SR-71A, "61-7952", Item 2003, crashes near Tucumcari, New Mexicoduring test flight out of Edwards Air Force Base, California. Pilot Bill Weaver survives, but RSO Jim Zwayer KWF.Crickmore, Paul F. "Lockheed's Blackbirds: A-12, YF-12 and SR-71", Wings of Fame, Volume 8, AIRtime Publishing Inc., Westport, Connecticut, 1997, ISBN 1-880588-23-4, page 91.]
*8 June – Second XB-70A-2 Valkyrie prototype, "62-0207", crashes at
Edwards AFB, California, following a mid-air collision with a Lockheed F-104 Starfighter, NASA"813", previously "013", while the aircraft were in close formation for a photo shoot at the behest of General Electric. The pilot of the F-104N, Dr. Joseph A. Walker, late of the X-15program, and Maj. Carl Cross, the copilot of the XB-70, are killed.
*30 July -
Lockheed A-12, "60-6941", Item 135, modified as an M-21, D-21 drone carrier for Project Tagboard, is lost during the fourth test over the Pacific Ocean off the coast of California when the D-21 drone, "504", suffers assymetrical unstart as it passes through bow wake of the mothership during launch at Mach 3.25, strikes the Blackbird, destroying right rudder, engine nacelle and most of the outer wing during separation. Lockheedemployees, pilot Bill Parkand launch control officer Ray Torick, both successfully eject, but Torick tragically drowns in a feet-wet landing. [ Landis, Tony, "Tagboard & Senior Bowl: The D-21 Story", Airpower, Woodland Hills, California, Volume 33, Number 1, page 29] ["Wings of Fame", The Journal of Classic Combat Aircraft - AIRTime Publishing, Inc., Westport, Connecticut, Volume 8, Crickmore, Paul F., "Lockheed A-12/YF-12/SR-71", pages 55, 1997.] [ [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gy0QUwxY5mQ YouTube - SR-71 Blackbird Midair Crash ] ] [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FYsMli570K8 Video] .
*5 October - Ryan XV-5A, "62-4506", crashes at
Edwards AFB, California, killing Air Force test pilot Maj. David Tittle. During hover, the aircraft began uncontrolled roll to left, pilot ejected at 50 feet (15.24 m), but chute failed to deploy.
*5 January -
Lockheed A-12, "60-6928", Item 125, lost during training/test flight. Pilot Ken Collins successfully ejects but is killed when he fails to separate from his seat.Crickmore, Paul F. "Lockheed's Blackbirds: A-12, YF-12 and SR-71", Wings of Fame, Volume 8, AIRtime Publishing Inc., Westport, Connecticut, 1997, ISBN 1-880588-23-4, page 90.]
*5 January - Martin
MGM-13 Mace, launched from Site A-15, Santa Rosa Island, Hurlburt Field, Florida, by the 4751st Air Defense Squadron, fails to circle over Gulf of Mexicofor test mission with two Eglin AFBF-4s, but heads south for Cuba. Third F-4 overtakes it, fires two AAMs with limited success, then damages unarmed drone with cannon fire. Maceoverflies western tip of Cubabefore crashing in Caribbean 100 miles south of the island. International incident narrowly avoided. To forestall the possibility, the United States State Departmentasks the SwissAmbassador in Havanato explain the circumstances of the wayward drone to the Cuban government. [Washington, D.C.: Washington Daily News, "Made a MACE of It: Jet Failed to Down Errant Missile", January 5, 1967. ]
*10 January -
Lockheed SR-71A, "61-7950", Item 2001, lost during anti-skid brake system evaluation at Edwards Air Force Base, California. Pilot Art Peterson survives.Crickmore, Paul F. "Lockheed's Blackbirds: A-12, YF-12 and SR-71", Wings of Fame, Volume 8, AIRtime Publishing Inc., Westport, Connecticut, 1997, ISBN 1-880588-23-4, page 91.]
*13 April -
Lockheed SR-71A, "61-7966", Item 2017, crashed near Las Vegas, New Mexico, after a night refuelling devolved into a subsonic high-speed stall. Pilot Boone and RSO Sheffield eject safely.Crickmore, Paul F. "Lockheed's Blackbirds: A-12, YF-12 and SR-71", Wings of Fame, Volume 8, AIRtime Publishing Inc., Westport, Connecticut, 1997, ISBN 1-880588-23-4, page 92.]
*21 April - Fourth prototype
F-111B, BuNo "151973", suffers flame-out of both engines at 200 feet after take-off, killing the project pilot Ralph Donnell and co-pilot Charles Wangeman.Lake, Jon, editor, "Grumman F-14 Tomcat", AIRtime Publishing Inc., Westport, Connecticut, 1998, ISBN 1-880588-13-7, page 16.]
*10 May -
Northrop M2-F2, NASA"803", during the 16th glide flight, crashes on landing at Edwards Air Force Base, California, due to a pilot-induced oscillation coupled with misjudged height and drift. Airframe rolls over six times, footage used for television program " The Six Million Dollar Man". Pilot Bruce Peterson survives.
*3 August - A USAF de Havilland Canada C-7B Caribou, "62-4161", c/n 99, 'KE' tailcode, of the 459th TAS, 483th TAW, plunges to earth minus its tail from low altitude after being hit by US 155 mm artillery "friendly fire" on approach to
Duc PhoSpecial Forces camp, Vietnam. Three crew killed. Dramatic photo of plunging aircraft taken by Japanese journalist Hiromichi Mine, who was himself killed in the line of duty several weeks later. [Aeroplane Monthly - June 1986 issue - "The Air War Over Vietnam" article, P294.]
*15 November - On the 191st flight of the
X-15program out of Edwards AFB, California, the third of three, "56-6672", suffers problems during reentry from 266,000 foot altitude, 3,750 mph mission. Airframe has massive structural failure, killing pilot Michael J. Adams, the only fatality in X-15s. Miller, Jay "USAF X-Series Aircraft - Part II", "Aerophile", San Antonio, Texas, March/April 1977, Volume 1, Number 2, page 75.]
*11 January -
Lockheed SR-71B, "61-7957", Item 2008, one of only two dual control pilot trainers, is lost on approach to Beale Air Force Base, California, due to fuel cavitation induced engine failure. Instructor pilot Lt. Col. Robert G. Souers and student Capt. David E. Fruehauf eject safely.Crickmore, Paul F. "Lockheed's Blackbirds: A-12, YF-12 and SR-71", Wings of Fame, Volume 8, AIRtime Publishing Inc., Westport, Connecticut, 1997, ISBN 1-880588-23-4, page 91.]
*21 January - A
B-52G-100-BW Stratofortress, "58-0188", c.n. 4642256, from Plattsburgh AFB, New York, carrying four hydrogen bombs crashes on the ice seven miles short of Thule Air Base, Greenland. 1 crew member killed; all four B-28 weapons are consumed in post-crash fire, extensive contamination of site, several relief workers exposed to radiation. See also B-52 crash at Thule Air Base.
*6 May - Astronaut
Neil Armstrongejects from Bell Aerospace Lunar Landing Research Vehicle, known as the "Flying Bedstead", at NASA's Manned Spacecraft Center, Houston, Texas, as it goes out of control. Had he ejected 1/2 second later, his chute would not have deployed fully. Armstrong suffers a bit tongue.
*5 June -
Lockheed A-12, "60-6932", Item 129, lost off of Okinawaafter deployment to Kadena Air Basein support of Operation Black Shield. Pilot Jack Weeks KWF. One source gives date as 2 June.Crickmore, Paul F. "Lockheed's Blackbirds: A-12, YF-12 and SR-71", Wings of Fame, Volume 8, AIRtime Publishing Inc., Westport, Connecticut, 1997, ISBN 1-880588-23-4, page 90.]
* 12 August - Avro Vulcan B2 "XL390" of 617 Squadron
Royal Air Forcecrashed during an air display at Naval Air Station Glenview, United States. All crew members killed.
* 19 August - Handley Page Victor K1 "XH646" of
No. 214 Squadron RAFcollided in mid-air near Holt, Norfolk, United Kingdom in bad weather with a 213 Squadron English Electric Canberra"WT325", all four crew members of the Victor died [ [http://www.214squadron.org.uk/Crews_and_losses_Victor_m.htm#Crew_Victor_XH646 214 Squadron] ]
*11 September - Second prototype
F-111B, BuNo "151971", crashes into the Pacific Ocean killing Hughespilot Barton Warren and his RIOAnthony Byland.Lake, Jon, editor, "Grumman F-14 Tomcat", AIRtime Publishing Inc., Westport, Connecticut, 1998, ISBN 1-880588-13-7, page 18.]
*10 October -
Lockheed SR-71A, "61-7977", Item 2028, lost at end of runway, Beale Air Force Base, California after tire explosion and runway abort. Pilot Maj. Gabriel A. Kardong rode airframe to a standstill. RSO James A. Kogler ejected safely. Both survived.Crickmore, Paul F. "Lockheed's Blackbirds: A-12, YF-12 and SR-71", Wings of Fame, Volume 8, AIRtime Publishing Inc., Westport, Connecticut, 1997, ISBN 1-880588-23-4, page 93.]
*11 October - Fifth prototype
U.S. Navy F-111BBuNo "151974" crash landed at Point Mugu, California. Scrapped. Navy abandons the F-111B program completely and both houses of Congress refuse to fund production order in May 1968.
*1 November -
Força Aérea BrasileiraAerotec A-122 Uirapuru pre-production two-place trainer crashes, killing "Centro Técnico Aeroespacial" test pilot José Mariotto Ferreira, one of the Centre's most experienced pilots. [Pereira, Roberto, "Songbird of the Amazon", AIR International, London, UK, July 1977, Volume 13, Number 1, page 15.]
*13 December -
USAF B-57E "54-4284" of the 8th TBS, 35th TFW, has mid-air collision with C-123 Provider"55-0600" over Xieng Khovang, southern Laos, all crew KWF.Willis, David, "Martin B-57: The American Canberra", International Air Power Review, Volume 21, AIRtime Publishing Inc., Westport, Connecticut, 2006, ISBN 1473-9917, page 126.]
*10 March or 14 March -
LockheedXV-4B, "62-5404", on conventional test flight out of Dobbins AFB, Georgia, suddenly entered rapid roll while climbing through 8,000 feet (2438 m), pilot Harlan Quamme, unable to recover, ejects, suffering minor injuries.
*11 April -
Lockheed SR-71A, "61-7954", Item 2005, crashes on runway during take off from Edwards Air Force Base, California. Pilot Lt. Col. Bill Skliar and RSO Maj. Noel Warner escape without injury.Crickmore, Paul F. "Lockheed's Blackbirds: A-12, YF-12 and SR-71", Wings of Fame, Volume 8, AIRtime Publishing Inc., Westport, Connecticut, 1997, ISBN 1-880588-23-4, page 91.]
*15 April - North Korean
MiG-17s shoot down a Navy EC-121M Warning Star, BuNo "135749", c/n 4316, of VQ-1, over the Sea of Japan, killing all 31 aboard. [Marson, Peter J., compiler and editor, "Airlines & Airliners No. 9 - Super Constellation", Airline Publications & Sales Ltd., Noble Corner, Great West Road, Hounslow, Middx., UK, November 1973, page 22.]
*18 May -
USMCK C-130F BuNo "149814", c/n 3723, of VMGR-352, collided head-on with F-4B BuNo "151001" of VMFA-542, MAG-13, from Chu Lai(both crew killed), while refuelling two F-4Bs of VMFA-314over South Vietnam near Phu Bai. Two crew of F-4B BuNo "151450", survived after jettisoning bombs and ejecting, while the second F-4B recovered safely to Chu Lai. Lars Olaussonstates that the KC-130F was from VMGR-352, while Chris Hobsonclaims it was assigned to VMGR-152.
*23 May - A drunken U.S. Air Force crew chief started up a
C-130E, "63-7789", c/n 3856, of the 36th Tactical Airlift Squadron at RAF Mildenhalland took off in it headed for Langley AFB, Virginia. He crashed into the English Channeloff Alderneyshortly thereafter. There is speculation whether the Hercules was shot down.cite web
title=ASN Aircraft accident description Lockheed C-130E Hercules 63-7789
work=Aviation Safety Network
publisher=Flight Safety Foundation
accessdate = 2006-08-22]
*5 June – Crash of Rivet Amber, the
U.S. Air Force's sole Boeing RC-135E, "62-4137", c/n 18477, lost over the Bering Seanear Alaska. Nothing was ever found of the aircraft or the 19 on board.
*20 September - An
Air Vietnam Douglas DC-4( C-54D-10-DC)," XV-NUG", c/n 10860, collided on approach to landing with an American United States Air ForceF-4 Phantom near Da Nang, Vietnam. 77 died. [ [http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19690920-1 ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-54D-10-DC XV-NUG Da Nang Airport (DAD) ] ]
*9 October - A
USAF B-52F-70-BW, "57-0172", of the 329th Bomb Squadron, crashed about 1,000 feet beyond end of runway while doing touch-and-goes at Castle AFB, California. All six crew died in the 2345 hrs. accident as the Stratofortress exploded on impact. [ Los Angeles, California: Los Angeles Times, Friday, October 11, 1969.]
*25 October - Two
United States Air Force Academyfaculty are killed when their T-33Acrashed and burned in a meadow near the main runway while landing at Peterson Field, Colorado. Pilot was Maj. Donald J. Usry, 32, of the academy faculty, and back-seater was Capt. Martin Bezyack, of the academy's athletic department. [San Bernardino, California: San Bernardino Sun, Monday, 27 October 1969.]
*18 December -
Lockheed SR-71A, "61-7953", Item 2004, crashes near Shoshone, Californiaduring test flight out of Edwards Air Force Base, California. Pilot Lt. Col. Joe Rogers and RSO Lt. Col. Gary Heidelbaugh eject safely.Crickmore, Paul F. "Lockheed's Blackbirds: A-12, YF-12 and SR-71", Wings of Fame, Volume 8, AIRtime Publishing Inc., Westport, Connecticut, 1997, ISBN 1-880588-23-4, page 91.]
*22 December: A
United States Navy F-8 Crusaderof VF-194crashes into hangar at NAS Miramar, California during emergency landing, killing 14 and injuring 30. Pilot ejected safely. Five other fighters, including two F-4s, are damaged in the repair facility fire that ensues. Helicopters and military and civilian ambulances were used to transport the injured to Balboa Naval Hospital, San Diego. [Redlands, California: Redlands Daily Facts, Thursday, December 22, 1969, page one.]
*3 April - A
USAF B-52D-60-BO Stratofortress, "55-089", c/n 464-17205, of the 26th Bomb Wing caught fire and crashed during landing at Ellsworth AFB, South Dakota, skidding into a brick storage building containing 25,000 gallons of jet fuel. Heroic efforts by crash crew save all nine on board, although one suffered broken limbs, and three firefighters were injured. One of the eight jet engines ran for forty minutes following crash. [San Bernardino, California: San Bernardino Sun-Telegram, Saturday, 4 April 1970, page A-2.]
*16 April -
US Navy A-4 Skyhawkfrom NAS Oceana, Virginia, and USAF T-39 Sabrelineren route from Shaw AFB, South Carolina to Langley AFB, Virginia, collided in mid-air, the T-39 coming down over residential area of Weldon, North Carolina, but no one on the ground was injured and wreckage missed homes. Skyhawk crew, Lts. George D. Green, 27, and Walter G. Young, 27, both of Virginia Beach, Virginia, were killed as it came down in a swamp area ~20 miles away. Pilot Col. Francis G. Halturewicz, of the Sabreliner, was credited with minimizing ground damage as he jettisoned most of its fuel before impact. Killed were Col. Ivey J. Lewis, Stockton, California, Halturewicz, Maj. Ronald L. Edwards, and T. Sgt. Joseph R. Brown, all of MacDill AFB, Florida. [San Bernardino, California: San Bernardino Sun, "6 Airmen Die as Navy, Air Force Jets Collide", Friday, 17 April 1970.]
*28 April - A USAF F-4 being ferried from
Robins AFB, Georgia to Torrejon Air Base, Spain, was disabled by a severe thunderstorm, forcing the crew to eject at 36,000 feet 150 miles E of Charleston, South Carolina, suffering minor injuries from hail while descending. Pilot Capt. Daniel Heitz, 25, of Grand Rapids, Michigan, and navigator Lt. MacArthur Weston, 28, of Jacksonville, North Carolina are spotted by rescue aircraft, and are recovered by the oil tanker "Texaco Illinois", diverted from 8 miles away. [Washington, D.C.: Washington Post, Tuesday, April 29, 1970. ]
*10 May -
Lockheed SR-71A, "61-7969", Item 2020, crashed near Korat RTAFB, Thailand, after a refuelling resulted in a subsonic high-speed stall. Pilot Lawson and RSO Martinez eject safely.Crickmore, Paul F. "Lockheed's Blackbirds: A-12, YF-12 and SR-71", Wings of Fame, Volume 8, AIRtime Publishing Inc., Westport, Connecticut, 1997, ISBN 1-880588-23-4, page 92.]
*22 May - A USAF
T-33Aof the 1st Composite Wing, Andrews AFB, Maryland, crashes just short of the north runway on approach to that base, killing pilot Maj. Jerry H. McDowell, 36, Clinton, Maryland, and Lt. Edwin D. Billmeyer, 24, of Baltimore, Maryland, and injuring three motorists on the ground. [Washington, D.C.: Washington Post, Saturday, May 23, 1970. ]
*24 May - A USAF
C-5Amakes an emergency landing at Dobbins AFB, Georgia, suffering an electrical malfunction that knocks out landing lights, causes minor damage to the nosegear and flattens four of 28 tires.San Bernardino, California: San Bernardino Sun, Thursday, 28 May 1970.]
*27 May: A USAF
C-5Acatches fire while taxiing at Air Force Plant 42, Palmdale, California, due to an electrical fire in the cargo compartment. Five crew escape, but seven firefighters suffer minor injuries fighting blaze.
*6 June: A USAF
C-5A, fifteenth off the production line, but first to be delivered to any operational Military Airlift Commandwing, loses one tire and blows another on landing at Charleston AFB, South Carolina for the 437th MAW. [San Bernardino, California: San Bernardino Sun-Telegram, Sunday, 7 June 1970, page A-2.]
*17 June -
Lockheed SR-71A, "61-7970", Item 2021, collides with KC-135Q tanker 20 miles E of El Paso, New Mexico. Pilot Buddy Brown and RSO Mort Jarvis eject safely. Tanker limps back to Beale Air Force Base, California.
*30 July -
USMCK C-130F, BuNo "150685", c/n 3728, of VMGR-152, crashed at Marine Corps Air Station El Toro, Lake Forest, Californiaduring misjudged maximum effort landing - wings broke, fuselage ended up overturned, burned.
*5 August - A USAF F-4 of the
36th TFW, Bitburg, Germany, TDYto Zaragoza Air Base, Spain, crashes on a gunnery range near Zaragoza, killing pilot Capt. Charles A. Baldwin and navigator Capt. Stephen N. Smith.
*11 November -A USAF F-4 crashes in the
North Seaafter an engine fire. Both crew eject. Capt. Johnny Jones, 28, of Snow Hill, North Carolina, and Capt. David Allen, 27, of Darien, Connecticut are rescued by helicopter, officials at Ruislip, England said. [Washington, D.C.: Washington Post, Thursday, November 12, 1970, page A-6. ]
*15 November -
US Navy S-2 Trackercrashes at Fort Dix, New Jersey killing four. Wreckage found on 16 November in wooded area off Range Road. Killed were pilot Navy Lt.J.G. James K. Larson, 24, of Milltown, New Jersey, co-pilot 1st Lt. ( USMC) Carleton C. Perine, 25, of Orange, New Jersey, and passengers Navy Airman Apprentice Robert Suttle, 20, of Bricktown, New Jersey, and Navy Airman Apprentice Gary B. Warner, 19, of Central Bridge, New York. [Washington, D.C.: Washington Post, "Four Victims In Navy Plane Identified", Wednesday, November 18, 1970, page A-9. ]
*16 November - A
U.S. NavyF-4 crashed in the Atlantic Ocean 30 miles E of the Virginia Capesshortly after launch from the carrier USS Forrestal, CVA-59. Two crew, out of NAS Oceana, Virginia, are lost, the Navy reported 17 November. Pilot was Lt.j.g. John Dale O'Connor, and RSO was Lt.j.g. Thomas F. Hanagan, both of Virginia Beach, Virginia. [Washington, D.C.: Washington Post, Wednesday, November 18, 1970, page B-7. ]
*7 January - An unarmed
USAF B-52C-45-BO, "54-2666", of the 9th BW, Westover AFB, Massachusetts, crashed into Lake Michigannear Charlevoix, Michiganduring a practice bomb run, exploding on impact. Only a small amount of wreckage, two life vests, and some spilled fuel was found in Little Traverse Bay. Bomber went down six nautical miles from the Bay Shore Air Force Radar Site. Nine crew KWF. [Redlands, California: Redlands Daily Facts, United Press International, "Unarmed B-52 crashes into Lake Michigan", Friday, 8 January 1971, page one.]
*6 June -
USMCF-4B-18-MC Phantom II, BuNo "151458", en route from NAS Fallon, Nevada to MCAS El Toro, California, has mid-air collision with Hughes AirwestFlight 706, DC-9-31, "N9345", out of Los Angeles International Airport, at 1811 hrs. over the San Gabriel Mountains, N of Duarte, California. Collision at 15,150 feet altitude killed F-4 pilot 1st Lt. James R. Phillips, 28, of Denver, Colorado(inoperable canopy release), the RIOejecting and landing near Azusa, California. All 44 passengers and five crew members were killed aboard the DC-9, which impacted into a remote canyon of Mt. Blissapproximately three miles N of the city of Duarte. The wreckage of the F-4B fighter landed in another canyon approximately .75 miles SE of the DC-9's crash site. Although visibility was good, with no clouds, both crews failed to see and avoid each other. The Airwest DC-9 jetliner was under radar control, but the F-4B fighter was flying with an inoperable transponder that made it invisible on air traffic control radar screens. The RIO, Lt. Christopher E. Schiess, 24, of Salem, Oregon, admitted to inquiry board that the F-4B had performed a 360-degree slow roll about a minute before the collision. One of the early leaders of campus antiwar activism, Prof. Arnold Kaufman, at the University of Michiganin 1965, was killed aboard the DC-9. [Redlands, California: Redlands Daily Facts, "Sole Survivor Says, 'Airliner Hit Us' ", Tuesday, June 8, 1971, pages A-1, A-2.] [Washington, D.C.: Washington Post, Tuesday, June 8, 1971, "Different Flight Plans Used By Two Jets, Prober Says", page A-3.] [Washington, D.C.: Washington Post, Wednesday, June 9, 1971, page A-23.] [ Los Angeles, California: Los Angeles Times, Thackrey Jr., Ted, staff writer, "Marine Jet Rolled Just Before Collision", Thursday, June 10, 1971, pages 1, 34.]
*26 July -
Altus Air Force Base KC-135(co-piloted by AF Captain John Lewis Daugherty from Little Rock, Arkansas) crash landed at the Birmingham National Airport in the early afternoon. Most of the crew quickly escaped the wreckage with minor injuries. Captain Daugherty was briefly rendered unconscious prior to his last minute escape from the burning wreckage, mumbling incoherently. This accident shut down the Birmingham air port for about six hours.
*11 September - Lockheed
C-121of the West Virginia Air National Guard, carrying five state governors to a conference in Puerto Rico, experiences engine problems, force-lands at Homestead AFB, Florida. Governors of Connecticut, Minnesota, Montana, Texas and Utah, transfer to another aircraft to continue flight. [San Bernardino, California: San Bernardino Sun-Telegram, Sunday, 12 September 1971, page A-2.]
*28 September - A
United States Navy P-3 Orion, on patrol over the Sea of Japan, is fired on by a Soviet Sverdlov class cruiserin international waters. The P-3 was checking a group of Soviet Navy ships cruising off the shore of Japan when crew members reported seeing tracer rounds fired well ahead of the Orion. Immediately following the incident, authorities recalled the P-3 to its base at MCAS Iwakuni, and all surveillance craft were pulled back five miles. [Redlands, California: Redlands Daily Facts, Thursday, 30 September 1971, page one.] [San Bernardino, California: San Bernardino Sun, Friday, 1 October 1971, page A-1.]
*29 September - A
USAF C-5Aof the 443rd Military Airlift Wing, Altus AFB, Oklahoma, one of six used for training, had its number one (port outer) engine tear off the pylon while advancing take-off power before brake release, setting the wing on fire. The crew evacuated safely within 90 seconds and the fire was extinguished by emergency equipment. The engine had flown up and behind the Galaxy, landing some 250 yards to the rear. The Air Force subsequently grounded six other C-5s with similar flight hours and cycles. Further investigation found cracks in younger C-5s and the entire fleet was grounded. [Redlands, California: Redlands Daily Facts, Thursday, October 7, 1971, page one.] [San Bernardino, California: San Bernardino Sun, Wednesday, 3 November 1971, page C-8.]
*19 October -
GrummanE-2B Hawkeye and Ling-Temco-VoughtA-7B Corsair II, both from the USS Midway, CVA-41, collided over the Sea of Japan, with E-2 crashing near the stern of the carrier, all five crew lost. A-7 pilot ejected safely, picked up by helicopter from MCAS Iwakuniin good condition. [Washington, D.C.: Washington Post, Wednesday, October 20, 1971, page B-2.]
*29 October - A USAF
T-33Acrashes near Kadena Air Base, Okinawa, both crew ejecting before the airframe impacted in a sugar cane field; one seriously injured, one with minor injuries. [Washington, D.C.: Washington Post, Saturday, October 30, 1970, page A-9. ]
*7 November - A USAF
F-4 Phantom IIand a USAF F-106A-130-CO Delta Dart, "59-0125", of the 84th Fighter Interceptor Squadron, Hamilton AFB, California, suffer mid-air and crash in isolated areas near Nellis AFB, Nevada. All three crew eject and survive. F-4 crew, Maj. Henry J. Viccellio and Maj. James A. Robertson, okay. Phantom comes down 35 miles from Caliente, Nevada, Delta Dart attempts recovery to Nellis but pilot Maj. Clifford L. Lowrey ejects eight miles NE of base. [San Bernardino, California: San Bernardino Sun, Associated Press, "AF Planes Collide, Three Crewmen Parachute Safely", Monday, November 8, 1971, page B-2.]
*19 February -
C-130E"62-1813", c.n. 3775, of the 16th Tactical Airlift Training Squadron, mid-air collision with Cessna T-37from Biggs AFB, Texas, 6 kilometers NE of Little Rock, Arkansas- four killed on Hercules. Two Tweet pilots eject safely.
*14 March - Two F-4 Phantoms have mid-air collision over the town of
El Buste, Spain, about 30 miles from the joint US-Spanish base at Zaragoza. All four crewmen are KWF. Debris showered down onto the town, damaging communications and starting several roof fires, but no injuries to townspeople. Aircraft were returning to base in strong winds and broken clouds after a routine gunnery mission. [ Los Angeles, California: Los Angeles Times, Wednesday, March 15, 1972, page 2, Part I.]
*31 March - Twenty minutes after take-off from
McCoy AFB, Florida, a USAF B-52D-80-BO, "56-0625", of the 306th Bomb Wing, suffers in-flight fire in engine number seven which spreads to starboard wing; attempts emergency landing at McCoy, crashes one quarter mile short of runway, killing seven on board, injuring eight civilians on the ground, destroys four houses. [ Los Angeles, California: Los Angeles Times, Associated Press, "7 Die, 8 Hurt as Bomber Falls Near Homes", Saturday, April 1, 1972, page A-1.] [San Bernardino, California: San Bernardino Sun-Telegram, Saturday, April 1, 1972, page A-2.]
*8 April -
Hawker-Siddeley AndoverC.1, bound for the United Kingdom, carrying 18-man paratroop exhibition team, crashes on take-off at Siena, Italy, digging in starboard wingtip before skidding 300 yards across airfield and catching fire. Four killed, four injured, most escaping before fuel tank ignited. Dramatic photo, distributed worldwide, showed aircraft at almost 90 degree angle from ground with wingtip digging in. [ Los Angeles, California: Los Angeles Times, "Death Plunge", Sunday, April 9, 1972, page 1, Section A.] [San Bernardino, California: San Bernardino Sun-Telegram, "Plane Crash Kills 4", Sunday, April 9, 1972, page A-4.]
*20 July -
Lockheed SR-71A, "61-7978", Item 2029, lost in landing accident at Kadena Air Base, Okinawa. Pilot Capt. Dennis K. Bush and RSO Jimmy Fagg are unhurt.Crickmore, Paul F. "Lockheed's Blackbirds: A-12, YF-12 and SR-71", Wings of Fame, Volume 8, AIRtime Publishing Inc., Westport, Connecticut, 1997, ISBN 1-880588-23-4, page 93.]
*13 October –
Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571, a Fairchild FH-227D, "T-571", c/n 572, carrying a rugby unionteam from Montevideoto a match in Santiago, Chile, crashes in a remote region of the Andeson the Chile- Argentinaborder. Of the 45 on board, 12 died in the crash, five died by the following morning, and one died from his injuries a week later. The survivors were eventually forced to resort to cannibalismto live, feeding off the bodies of the dead that had been preserved by the freezing temperatures. On 12 December, the remaining survivors sent three of their own to find help. After sending one of the party back to the crash site to preserve rations, the remaining two found help. The 14 survivors remaining at the crash site were rescued in a mission that ended on 23 December. The story would spawn in 1974, along with several film adaptations.
*24 November - Two
USAF RF-4Cs of the 363rd Tactical Reconnaissance Wing, Shaw AFB, South Carolina, suffer mid-air collision over the Atlantic Ocean about 30 miles off of Pawley's Islandat about 1450 hrs. [Myrtle Beach, South Carolina: Sun-News, Tuesday, November 28, 1972, Vol. 22, No. 52, page 1A.] Two crew from one Phantom recovered 27 miles out to sea by UH-1N, "Save 53", of Detachment 8, 44th ARRSq, out of Myrtle Beach AFB, but two others including one officer of HQ 9th Air Force, Shaw AFB, are lost. [Myrtle Beach, South Carolina: Sun-News, "Mid-Air Collision...: Daring Rescue Just Regular For ARRS", Tuesday, December 5, 1972, Vol. 22, No. 55, page 7.]
*5 December - During an aerospace defense command training mission,
F-102A, "56-1517", from McEntire Air National Guard Base, South Carolina, collided with C-130E, "64-0558", of the 318th SOS, out of Pope AFB, North Carolina, during a simulated interception, over the Bayboroarea of Horry County, east of Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. One killed in the Delta Dagger, and all twelve aboard the Hercules perish. [Myrtle Beach, South Carolina: Sun-News, Richmond, Mary and Thompson, Eldridge, staff writers, Thursday, December 7, 1972, Vol. 22, No. 56, pages 1A-2A.] Some press reports list Conway, South Carolina, west of the crash site, as the location.
*7 February - A
US Navy A-7 Corsair IIpiloted by Lt. Robert Lee Ward, 28, one of two on a routine training flight to Sacramento, Californiafrom NAS Lemoorenear Fresno, California, crashes in Alameda, after breaking formation at 28,000 feet for unexplained reasons. Fighter strikes four-story Tahoe Apartments building at 1814 Central Avenue in the city center with fire spreading to other structures, killing pilot and ten civilians, 26 injured. Navy inquiry found evidence of a cockpit fire involving the pilot's oxygen hose, and that the in-flight blaze was "very near" Ward's oxygen mask. Speculation that smoking could have caused it, but no proof. Lawsuits for more than $700,000 were filed in connection with the disaster, including a $500,000 damage action filed in Alameda County Superior Court by owner of the demolished 36-unit Tahoe Apartments.
*12 April - A
United States Navy P-3C-125-LO Orion, BuNo "157332", c/n 185-5547, of VP-47and a Convair 990, "N711NA", '711', "Galileo", (formerly "N5601G"), belonging to NASA, collided while on final approach to NAS Moffett Fieldin Sunnyvale, Californiaand crashed short of the runway. The planes fell on the Sunnyvale Municipal Golf Course and 16 of the 17 people aboard the two planes were killed. [ [http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19730412-1 ASN Aircraft accident Lockheed P-3C-125-LO Orion 157332 Moffett Field NAS, CA (NUQ) ] ]
*8 February - A USAF
B-52G-95-BW, "58-0174", of the 744th BS, 456th BW, veered off the runway during night take-off from Beale AFB, California, skidded 1,500 feet through a muddy field before overturning, destroyed by four massive explosions and fire. One crew, the first pilot, was thrown free with severe burns, but seven others perished.
*9 February - Two USAF
F-105s of the 457th TFS (TH tailcode), 506th TFG, 301st Reserve TFW, Carswell AFB, Texas, suffer mid-air collision, downing one Thud ~1 mile from Holliday, Texas, pilot Capt. Frank E. Peck ejecting, suffering broken right leg on landing, recovered by helicopter. Second F-105 recovers to Carswell despite damage, pilot Lt. Hays C. Kirby uninjured. [Fort Walton Beach, Florida: Playground Daily News, Sunday, February 10, 1974, page A-1.]
*10 February: A USAF
T-39A returning to McClellan AFB, California collides with a USAF N KC-135A at 23,000 feet, over Peterson Field, Colorado, killing all seven on board T-39. Sabreliner had experienced landing gear trouble, rendezvoused with NKC-135 for look-over, accidentally strikes rear fuselage and fin of Boeing. NKC-135 lands safely, was en route from Seattle, Washingtonto Kirtland AFB, New Mexico. [Fort Walton Beach, Florida: Playground Daily News, Monday, February 11, 1974, page A-1.] [Fort Walton Beach, Florida: Playground Daily News, Tuesday, February 12, 1974, page A-1.] [Pensacola, Florida: Pensacola News, Monday, February 11, 1974, page 6A or 8A.]
*4 March - A USAF CIM-10
Bomarcmissile of the 4751st ADS, Hurlburt Field, Florida, explodes on Santa Rosa Islanddue to a malfunction shortly after launch from Site A-15, impacting on government property adjacent to the launchsite. Eglin AFBauthorities confirmed that there were no personnel injuries, and local law enforcement agencies had received no damage reports. [Fort Walton Beach, Florida: Playground Daily News, March 5, 1974, page A-1.]
*5 March - A
United States Navy RA-5Ccrashes in the Gulf of Mexico 35 miles west of Tampa, Florida. Both crew eject, two chutes observed, but only the navigator is recovered, by a fishing boat. [Fort Walton Beach, Florida: WNUE 1400 AM, news reports, Tuesday, March 5, 1974, Wednesday, March 6, 1974.]
*5 March - A
USAF KC-135A, "57-1500", c/n 17571, of the 91st Air Refuelling Squadron, 384th Air Refuelling Wing, crashed and burned shortly after take-off from McConnell AFB, Kansas, killing two of seven crew. Air Force spokesmen reported that the aircraft was carrying 136,000 pounds of fuel when it crashed 3,000 feet from the main runway, after it apparently lost power.Fort Walton Beach, Florida: Playground Daily News, Wednesday, March 6, 1974, page 1A.]
*5 March - A
USAF KC-135A of the 7th Air Refuelling Squadron, 7th Bomb Wing, en route from Eielson AFB, Alaska to its homebase at Carswell AFB, Texas, suffered explosive decompression when a small window blew out at 35,000 feet at 1630 hrs. EST about 40 miles SE of Fort Nelson, British Columbia. One passenger of the 25 aboard died from the effects of the rapid decompression; others and eight crew okay. The tanker made an emergency landing at a Canadian Armed Forces Base at Edmonton, Alberta. [Fort Walton Beach, Florida: Playground Daily News, Wednesday, March 7, 1974, page 1A.]
*29 April - A USAF Martin
MGM-13 Maceof the 4751st ADS, crashed in a wooded area of Eglin AFB, Florida, approximately ~1.5 miles north of Auxiliary Field 4 after launch from Eglin Site A-10 on Santa Rosa Islandabout 1200 hrs. for a routine Air National Guardtraining mission. There were no injuries or property damage although a small brushfire was ignited, quickly extinguished. [Fort Walton Beach, Florida: Playground Daily News, Tuesday, April 30, 1974, page 1A.] The okay to launch the remaining nine remaining Maces during June for air-to-air missile tests was given on 29 May 1974. "Officials noted that 154 mace [sic] target missiles had been fired prior to this failure, with none failing due to a similar problem." [Fort Walton Beach, Florida: Playground Daily News, "Air Force Resumes MACE Tests", Thursday, May 30, 1974.]
*31 July - A
United States Navy E-2 Hawkeyebased at NAS Norfolk, Virginia, crashed on take-off from CGAS Elizabeth City, North Carolina during a touch-and-go, striking a maintenance facility, triggering a fire in a fibreglass and upholstery shop. Instructor pilot, three civilians killed, student pilot, and 12-18 others injured. [Fort Walton Beach, Florida: Playground Daily News, Thursday, August 1, 1974, page 2A.]
*18 August -
Lockheed C-141A, "65-0274", c.n. 300-6126, of the 437th MAW, Charleston AFB, South Carolina, hits Mount Potosi at the 19,000 foot level, ~17 miles from destination, John F. Kennedy International Airport, La Paz, Bolivia, killing seven crew. [Gainesville, Georgia: WFOX-FM radio, Monday, August 19, 1974.] [Columbia, South Carolina: The State, Thursday, August 22, 1974, page 2B.] [Columbia, South Carolina: The State, Tuesday, August 27, 1974, page 10A.] [Greenville, South Carolina: Greenville News, Tuesday, August 27, 1974, page 3.]
*1 September - The Sikorski S-67 Blackhawk company demonstrator "N671SA" crashed while attempting to recover from a roll at too low an
altitudeduring its display at the Farnborough Air Show, United Kingdom, killing its two crew. [http://www.aaib.dft.gov.uk/publications/formal_reports/1_1976__n671sa.cfm.]
List of accidents and incidents involving military aircraft, pre-1950
List of accidents and incidents involving military aircraft, 1975-1999
List of accidents and incidents involving military aircraft, 2000 -
List of C-130 Hercules crashes
* [http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/defense/?channel=defense] AVIATION WEEK
* [http://www.planecrashinfo.com/ PlaneCrashInfo.com]
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