- History of Nagpur
Nagpurcity in Maharashtrastate in India=
Human existence around present day Nagpur city can be traced back 3000 years to 8th century BC. "Menhir" burial sites at Drugdhamna(near Mhada colony) indicate megalithic culture existed around Nagpur and is still followed in present times cite web |url=http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/Cities/3000-year-old_burial_site_unearthed/rssarticleshow/2830035.cms |title=3000-year-old burial site unearthed|publisher=timesofindia.com|accessdate=2008-03] .The first reference to the name "Nagpur" is found in a 10th century copper-plate inscription discovered at Devali in the neighbouring Wardha district. The inscription is a record of grant of a village situated in the visaya (district) of Nagpura-Nandivardhana during time of Rastrakuta king Krsna III in the
Saka year862 (940 CE). cite web |url=http://www.maharashtra.gov.in/english/gazetteer/FINAL_GAZETTEE/history.html|title=History of Nagpur District: Ancient Period|publisher=Maharashtra State Government Directorate of Government Printing, Stationery and Publications|accessdate=2006-07-28] [Nandivardhana, which was well-known as an ancient capital of the Vakatakas, is now represented by the village Nandardhan, about three miles (5 km) from the temple town of Ramtek.] Inscription found at Ramtek show that during the 12th century AD Nagpur and its surrounding regions formed the part of the thickly wooded country called "Jhadimandala" under Yadavas of Devagiri. [ [http://www.nagpuronline.com/history>] However, tradition ascribes the founding of Nagpur to Bakht Buland, a prince of the Gondkingdom of Deogarh in the Chhindwara district. In 1743, the Marathaleader Raghoji Bhonsleof Vidarbha established himself at Nagpur, after conquering the territories of Deogarh, Chandaand Chhattisgarhby 1751. After Raghoji's death in 1755, his son and successor Janoji was forced to acknowledge the effective supremacy of the Maratha Peshwaof Pune in 1769. Regardless, the Nagpur statecontinued to grow. Janoji's successor Mudhoji I (d. 1788) came to power in 1785 and bought Mandlaand the upper Narmada valley from the Peshwa between 1796 and 1798, after which Raghoji II (d. 1816) acquired Hoshangabad, the larger part of Saugorand Damoh. Under Raghoji II, Nagpur covered what is now the east of Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, and parts of Madhya Pradeshand Jharkhand.
In 1803 Raghoji II joined the Peshwas against the British in the
Second Anglo-Maratha War. The British prevailed, and Raghoji was forced to cede Cuttack, Sambalpur, and part of Berar. After Raghoji II's death in 1816, his son Parsaji was deposed and murdered by Mudhoji II. Despite the fact that he had entered into a treaty with the British in the same year, Mudhoji joined the Peshwa in the Third Anglo-Maratha Warin 1817 against the British, but was forced to cede the rest of Berar to the Nizam of Hyderabad, and parts of Saugor and Damoh, Mandla, Betul, Seoniand the Narmada valley to the British after suffering a defeat at Sitabuldi in modern-day Nagpur city. The Sitabuldi fort was the site of a fierce battle between the British and the Bhonsle of Nagpur in 1817. The battle was a turning point as it laid the foundations of the downfall of the Bhonsles and paved the way for the British acquisition of Nagpur city. cite web |url=http://www.nagpurcity.net/netzine/981215a2.html|title="The Battle of Sitabuldi"|publisher=Nagpurcity.net|accessdate=2006-06] Mudhoji was deposed after a temporary restoration to the throne, after which the British placed Raghoji III the grandchild of Raghoji II, on the throne. During the rule of Raghoji III (which lasted till 1840), the region was administered by a British resident. In 1853, the British took control of Nagpur after Raghoji III died without leaving a heir. From 1853 to 1861, the Nagpur Province(which consisted of the present Nagpur region, Chhindwara, and Chhatisgarh) became part of the Central Provinces and Berarand came under the administration of a commissioner under the British central government, with Nagpur as its capital. Berar was added in 1903. Tatagroup started the country's first textile mill at Nagpur cite web |url=http://www.rediff.com/money/2004/aug/10das.htm|title="Are Indians Really Dumb?"|publisher=Rediff.com|accessdate=2006-06] , formally known as Central India Spinning and Weaving Company Ltd. The company was popularly known as "Empress Mills" as it was inaugurated on 1 January 1877, the day queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India. Political activity in Nagpur during India's freedom struggle included hosting of two annual sessions of the Indian National Congress. Non-cooperation movementwas launched in the Nagpur session of 1920. In 1925, K. B. Hedgewarfounded RSS, a Hindu nationalist organization in Nagpur with an idea of creating a "Hindu nation".
Indian Independencein 1947, Central Provinces and Berar became a province of India, and in 1950 became the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, again with Nagpur as its capital. However when the Indian states were reorganized along linguistic lines in 1956, the Nagpur region and Berar were transferred to Bombay state, which in 1960 was split between the states of Maharashtraand Gujarat. At a formal public ceremony on October 14, 1956in Nagpur B. R. Ambedkaralong with his supporters converted to Buddhism starting Dalit Buddhist movementwhich is still active. In 1994, city witnessed its most violent day in modern times due to Gowari stampede deaths.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Nagpur — This article is about the municipal corporation in Maharashtra, India. For its namesake district, see Nagpur district . For Nagpur urban conglomerate, see Nagpur metropolitan. For other uses, see Nagpur (disambiguation). Nagpur (नागपूर) Orange… … Wikipedia
Nagpur kingdom — The Kingdom of Nagpur was a kingdom in east central India founded by the Gond rulers of Deogarh in the early 18th century. It came under the rule of Marathas of the Bhonsle dynasty in the mid 18th century. The kingdom clashed with the expanding… … Wikipedia
Nagpur Police — Motto Sanskrit: सद्रक्षणाय खालनीघ्रहणाय Sadrakshṇāya Khālanīghrahaṇāya (English: To protect good and to Punish evil) Agency overview Formed 1861 … Wikipedia
Nagpur Railway Station — General information Town or city Nagpur Country India Completed 1867 Nagpur Railway Station is a railway station in … Wikipedia
Nagpur Division — Nagpur Division, Maharashtra नागपूर विभाग Location of Nagpur Division in Maharashtra Districts 1. Bhandara, 2. Chandrapur, 3. Gadchiro … Wikipedia
Nagpur (Lok Sabha constituency) — Nagpur Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 48 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies of Maharashtra state in western India. This constituency is spread over Nagpur city and some part of Nagpur district. Contents 1 Assembly segments 2 Members… … Wikipedia
Nagpur Province — was a province of British India that covered parts of present day Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Chhattisgarh states. It was formed in 1853 when the British annexed the princely state of Nagpur. In 1861 it was merged into the Central Provinces … Wikipedia
Nagpur — • Diocese in India, suffragan to Madras Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Nagpur Nagpur † … Catholic encyclopedia
Nagpur Chattisgarh Railway — was a 149 miles metre gauge line owned by the provincial government and operated by the state railways. The line ran from Nagpur via Tumsar Gondia and Dongargarh to Rajnandgaon. The initial section from Nagpur to Tumsar was opened on 6th July… … Wikipedia
History of Madhya Pradesh — state in India can be divided in three periods.AncientThe city of Ujjain (also known as Avanti) arose as a major center in the second wave of Indian urbanization in the sixth century BC, and served as the chief city of the kingdom of Malwa or… … Wikipedia