Richard Boyle, 4th Earl of Shannon

Richard Boyle, 4th Earl of Shannon (12 May, 1809 - 1 August, 1868) was a British politician of the Whig party. He served as Member of Parliament for Cork County from 1830 to 1832. [ [http://www.rootsandleaves.com/family/Burke%27s/SHANNON.htm Listing of the Earls of Shannon and their descendants in Wombat's Family Forest] ] [ [http://www.boyle.family.btinternet.co.uk/18090512.html The Boyle Family Genealogy:" Richard Boyle, 4th Earl of Shannon"] ]

Family

He was a son of Henry Boyle, 3rd Earl of Shannon and his wife Sarah Hyde. His maternal grandfather was John Hyde of Castle Hyde. [ [http://www.rootsandleaves.com/family/Burke%27s/SHANNON.htm Listing of the Earls of Shannon and their descendants in Wombat's Family Forest] ] [ [http://www.boyle.family.btinternet.co.uk/18090512.html The Boyle Family Genealogy:" Richard Boyle, 4th Earl of Shannon"] ] His maternal grandmother was Sarah Burton. [ [http://worldroots.com/brigitte/famous/m/maryenglanddesc1496-06.htm Leo van de Pas, "Descendants of Mary Tudor, Princess of England", gen 9/1-29 of 19 generations] ] Richard had three brothers and eight sisters. His siblings are listed in The Gentleman's Magazine issue of July, 1842. The issue featured an obituary of his father which included the list of his children by order of birth. Older siblings listed were Lady Catharine Boyle, the Honourable Richard Boyle ("died an infant in 1803"), Lady Sarah Boyle, Lady Harriet Boyle ("deceased") and Lady Louisa Grace-Boyle. The new Earl of Shannon is listed sixth. His younger siblings listed were Lady Jane Boyle, Lady Elizabeth Boyle, the Honourable Henry Charles Boyle ("Lieut. Royal Fusiliers"), Lady Charlotte-Anne Boyle, the Honourable Robert Francis Boyle ("born in 1818") and Lady Frances Boyle ("died in 1824, aged four years"). [The Gentleman's Magazine, July 1842 issue, page 315]

According to the "Families of County Cork, Ireland: From the Earliest Times to the 20th Century : Irish Family Surnames with Locations & Origins, Including English, Scots & Anglo Norman Settlers and Settlements" (1999) by Michael C. O'Laughlin, the Hydes (his maternal ancestors) held lands in County Cork since 1599. That year the forfeited estates of Gerald FitzGerald, 15th Earl of Desmond, leader of the Desmond Rebellions, were distributed to new land owners "for the purpose of planting them with English settlers". One Arthur Hyde received six thousand acres of land in County Cork. Twenty-four settlers were arranged to cultivate his new lands. The family seat was Castle Hyde, a mansion on the "north bank of the Blackwater River". The Hydes held their estates to the Victorian era when they sold them to Sir Henry Wrixon-Becher, 2nd Baronet (1826-1893). [Michael C. O'Laughlin, "Families of County Cork, Ireland: From the Earliest Times to the 20th Century : Irish Family Surnames with Locations & Origins, Including English, Scots & Anglo Norman Settlers and Settlements" (1999), page 99]

"Burke's Landed Gentry" (1862) by Bernard Burke features a more detailed account of the family. According to it, John Hyde was a son-in-law of Benjamin Burton and Lady Anne Ponsonby. His mother-in-law was a daughter of William Ponsonby, 2nd Earl of Bessborough. [Bernard Burke, "Burke's Landed Gentry" (1862), page 761] John was himself a son of Arthur Hyde of Castle Hyde and Anne Price. His mother was the only daughter and heiress of Richard Price of Ardmayle and Clonmore. His sister Jane Hyde married Richard Barry, a son of James Barry, 4th Earl of Barrymore and Lady Anne Chichester. [Bernard Burke, "Burke's Landed Gentry" (1862), page 761] [ [http://thepeerage.com/p26903.htm#i269023 Profile of "Hon. Richard Barry" in Peerage.com] ]

Arthur Hyde was a son of a senior Arthur Hyde and his first wife, Joan Yeats. His parents were married in 1695. His mother was a daughter of Richard Yeats of Youghal. His sister Elizabeth Hyde married John Lucas, an alderman of Youghal. His father was secondly married to Mary Evans and had four more children. [Bernard Burke, "Burke's Landed Gentry" (1862), page 761]

Arthur Hyde was in turn the son of an elder Arthur Hyde and his wife Elizabeth Gethin. His maternal grandfather was Sir Richard Gethin, 1st Baronet (c. 1615-1685). The younger Arthur had five sisters and two younger brothers. [Bernard Burke, "Burke's Landed Gentry" (1862), page 761] His paternal grandparents were William Hyde of Carrigoneda and Catherine Tynte. Catherine was a daughter of Robert Tynte. Robert was the eldest son of Sir Robert Tynte. His paternal aunts Katherine Hyde and Elizabeth Hyde were the respective wives of Sir Henry Spottiswood and James Spottiswood, siblings to each other. They were the sons of James Spottiswood, Bishop of Clogher from 1621 to 1645. [Bernard Burke, "Burke's Landed Gentry" (1862), page 761]

William Hyde was a son Sir Arthur Hyde of Carrigoneda and his wife, Helen Power. His maternal grandfather was Anthony Power of County Waterford. [Bernard Burke, "Burke's Landed Gentry" (1862), page 761] His paternal grandparents were Arthur Hyde and Elizabeth Pates. This Arthur was the first member of the family to settle in the Kingdom of Ireland and is considered the founder of the line. Burke considers him a son of William Hyde of Denchworth and his wife Alice Essex. Alice was a daughter of Sir Thomas Essex of Lambourne. Elizabeth was a daughter of John Pates of Buckingham. Those ancestors lived in the Elizabethan era. [Bernard Burke, "Burke's Landed Gentry" (1862), page 761] The wife of Thomas Essex has been identified as Margaret Sandys. She was a daughter of William Sandys, 1st Baron Sandys of the Vyne and his wife Margaret Bray. [ [http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/SANDYS.htm#Margaret%20SANDYS2 Profile of Margaret Sandys in Elizabethan Peerage] ] [ [http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=larrymoler&id=I08148 Profile of Margaret Sandys in Roots.Web] ]

William Hyde was a son to a senior William Hyde and his wife, Margery Cater. [ [http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=larrymoler&id=I08142 Profile of William Hyde in Roots.Web] ] William and Margery received the Manor of Anwicks on the occasion of their marriage. William died in 1557, Margery survived him. [ [http://www.manfamily.org/PDFs/Ancestors%20of%20Elizabeth%20Garrard.pdf David Man, "Ancestors of Elizabeth Garrard" (2004)] ] His paternal grandparents were Oliver Hyde (d. 1516) and Anne Lovingcotte (d. 1523). They had five other children. [ [http://www.manfamily.org/PDFs/Ancestors%20of%20Elizabeth%20Garrard.pdf David Man, "Ancestors of Elizabeth Garrard" (2004)] ] Oliver Hyde was a son of a John Hyde. The name of his mother is unknown. [ [http://www.manfamily.org/PDFs/Ancestors%20of%20Elizabeth%20Garrard.pdf David Man, "Ancestors of Elizabeth Garrard" (2004)] ]

John Hyde was son to an elder John Hyde and his wife Alice Lidiard. His maternal grandfather was John Lidiard. The senior John inherited the manor of his family in 1448 but his father left part of his estate to an illegitimate son. Alice was buried in 1478. [ [http://www.manfamily.org/PDFs/Ancestors%20of%20Elizabeth%20Garrard.pdf David Man, "Ancestors of Elizabeth Garrard" (2004)] ] His paternal grandparents were John de la Hyde and his wife Graciana. Her family name and ancestry are unknown. [ [http://www.manfamily.org/PDFs/Ancestors%20of%20Elizabeth%20Garrard.pdf David Man, "Ancestors of Elizabeth Garrard" (2004)] ]

John de la Hyde was son of John atte Hyde (d. 1416). His mother is unknown. His paternal grandfather John "atte Hyde de Southdenchworth" (c. 1350 - 1407) was son to William Heygarston de la Hyde and his wife Petronilla. Heygarston died c. 1361. He was himself son to William de la Hyde, owner of two mansions known respectively as "La Hyde" and "Longworth-cum-Charney". He had inherited the former from his own father, a senior John de la Hyde. [ [http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/1999-11/0943943767 Chris and Tom Tinney, Sr, Gateway Ancestor, Samuel Hyde " (1999)] ]

John de la Hyde was son to a Warren de la Hyde, the first member of the family known to have held land in South Denchworth. His paternal grandparents were Sir Richard de la Hyde (d. 1278) and his wife Philippa. Richard was son to Sir Roger de la Hyde. Sir Roger is first mentioned in 1217, commissioned to recruit his family and friends in the service of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, Regent for Henry III of England. In 1234, Roger is recorded already holding La Hyde. [ [http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/1999-11/0943943767 Chris and Tom Tinney, Sr, Gateway Ancestor, Samuel Hyde " (1999)] ]

The ancestry of Roger is recorded in various editions of the "Landed Gentry" but its accuracy has been questioned. His father Gilbert de la Hyde was reportedly a brother of John of Wallingford, Abbot of St Albans Abbey. His paternal grandfather Ralph de la Hyde (d. 1156) and John de la Hyde (d. 1135) are only known by name. Their original estate "La Hyde de Southcote" seems to been replaced in time by other family seats. Unknown is when their estate was established. Family tradition in the 17th century placed their origins in the time of Canute the Great, a claim not mentioned in early sources. [ [http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/1999-11/0943943767 Chris and Tom Tinney, Sr, Gateway Ancestor, Samuel Hyde " (1999)] ]

Career

Richard was elected a Member of Parliament in the United Kingdom general election, 1830 and re-elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1831. [ [http://www.leighrayment.com/commons/Ccommons5.htm Leigh Rayment, List of Members of Parliament:"The House of Commons constituencies starting with C"] ] The Reform Act 1832 increased the number of individuals entitled to vote, increasing the size of electorate by 50–80%, and allowing a total of 653,000 adult males (around one in five) to vote, in a population of some 14 million. [Marcus, Jane (ed.) (2001). "Women's Source Library Vol.VIII: Suffrage and the Pankhursts", page 132] In the United Kingdom general election, 1832 which followed, Cork County was allowed to elect two Members of Parliament instead of one. Richard failed to be re-elected, his seat taken by Feargus O'Connor, a leader of the Chartist movement, and Garrett Standish Barry. [ [http://www.leighrayment.com/commons/Ccommons5.htm Leigh Rayment, List of Members of Parliament:"The House of Commons constituencies starting with C"] ] Barry was a Roman Catholic, the first one elected to Parliament following the Catholic Relief Act 1829. [ [http://www.askaboutireland.ie/show_narrative_page_by_place.do?page_id=1413 Cork County Library:"The Standish Barry Family"] ]

On 22 April, 1842, his father died and Richard succeeded him. He held no other political office until his death. [ [http://www.rootsandleaves.com/family/Burke%27s/SHANNON.htm Listing of the Earls of Shannon and their descendants in Wombat's Family Forest] ] [ [http://www.boyle.family.btinternet.co.uk/18331122.html The Boyle Family Genealogy:" Richard Boyle, 4th Earl of Shannon"] ]

Marriage and children

On 28 May, 1832, Richard married Emily Henrietta Seymour in London. She was a daughter of Lord George Seymour-Conway and Isabella Hamilton. [ [http://thepeerage.com/p5498.htm#i54978 Profile of Emily Henrietta Seymour in Peerage.com] ] His father-in-law was a son of Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford and his wife Lady Isabella Fitzroy. [ [http://www.thepeerage.com/p10295.htm#i102943 Profile of Francis Seymour-Conway in Peerage.com] ] His mother-in-law was a daughter of the Reverend George Hamilton, Canon of Windsor (1718 – 1787) and his wife Elizabeth Onslow. [ [http://www.thepeerage.com/p11030.htm#i110291 Profile of George Hamilton in Peerage.com] ]

They had two sons [ [http://thepeerage.com/p5498.htm#i54978 Profile of Emily Henrietta Seymour in Peerage.com] ] :

*Henry Bentinck Boyle, 5th Earl of Shannon (22 November, 1833 - 8 February, 1890).
*Frederick James Boyle (16 September, 1835 - 10 October, 1861).

ources

*Burke's Peerage, 107th edition (2004).

References

External links

* [http://books.google.gr/books?id=g_QIAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA315&lpg=PA315&dq=Hyde+of+%22Castle+Hyde%22+Boyle&source=web&ots=31fAjmjPIC&sig=w2tj8t2R9-D-rw4Kq3KAWKLhjA4&hl=el&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=10&ct=result#PPA315,M1 Page of "Gentleman's Magazine" listing the children of the 3rd Earl of Shannon]
* [http://books.google.gr/books?id=8b4eREmqNj0C&pg=PA99&lpg=PA99&dq=Hyde+of+%22Castle+Hyde%22+Boyle&source=web&ots=tvbe09xvNW&sig=g7O1KzMh4EYkZiOZ72ftpOKpDQE&hl=el&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=2&ct=result Page of "Families of County Cork" giving a profile of the Hyde family]
* [http://books.google.gr/books?id=BSkAAAAAQAAJ&pg=RA2-PA761&lpg=RA2-PA761&dq=%22Hyde+of+Castle+Hyde%22&source=web&ots=Cx6Y4yRbRo&sig=3J5bkPauhJKzpo10GAVYf6LfiGs&hl=el&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=3&ct=result Page of "Burke's Landed Gentry" listing his maternal ancestors]


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