George Phillips (canon lawyer)
George Phillips (born at
Königsberg, 6 September, 1804; died at Vienna, 6 September, 1872) was a German canon lawyer.
He was the son of James Phillips, an Englishman who had acquired wealth as a merchant in Königsberg, and of a Scotchwoman née Hay. On completing his course at the gymnasium, George studied law at the Universities of Berlin and Göttingen (1822-24); his principal teachers were
von Savignyand Karl Friedrich Eichhorn, and, under the influence of the latter, he devoted himself mainly to the study of Germanic law.
After obtaining the degree of Doctor of Law at Göttingen in 1824, he paid a long visit to England. In 1826 he qualified at
Berlinas " Privatdozent" (tutor) for German law, and in 1827 was appointed professor extraordinary in this faculty. In the same year he married Charlotte Housselle, who belonged to a French Protestant family settled in Berlin. Phillips formed a close friendship with his colleague K. E. Jarcke, professor at Berlin since 1825, who had entered the Catholic Church in 1824. Jarcke's influence and his own studies on medieval Germany led to the conversion of Phillips and his wife in 1828 (14 May).
Jarcke having moved to Vienna in 1832, Phillips accepted in 1833 a call to
Munichas counsel in the Bavarian Ministry of the Interior. In 1834 he was named professor of history, and a few months later professor of law at the University of Munich. He now joined a Catholic circle including Johann Joseph Görres, Johann Adam Möhler, Döllinger, and Johann Nepomuk von Ringseis. In 1838 he founded with Guido Görresthe militant "Historischpolitische Blätter".
In consequence of the
Lola Montezaffair, in connexion with which Phillips signed, with six other Munich professors, an address of sympathy with the dismissed minister Abel, he was relieved of his chair in 1847. In 1848 he was elected deputy of a Münsterdistrict for the National Assembly of Frankfort, at which he upheld Catholic interests. In 1850, after declining a call as professor to Würzburg, he accepted the chair of German law at Innsbruck. Invited to fill the same chair in Vienna in 1851, he moved to the Austrian capital, and remained there until his death.
In 1862-7 he accepted a long leave of absence to complete his "Kirchenrecht". He always maintained his relations with his friends in Munich and other cities of Germany, and never relaxed as a Catholic activist
As a writer, his labours lay in the domain of German law, canon law, and their respective histories. At first his activity was directed mainly towards German law his principal contributions on the subject being:
*"Versuch einer Darstellung des angelsächsischen Rechtes" (Göttingen, 1825);
*"Englische Reichs- und Rechtsgeschichte", of which two volumes (dealing with the period 1066-1189) appeared (Berlin, 1827-8);
*"Deutsche Geschichte mit besonderer Rücksicht auf Religion, Recht und Verfassung", of which two volumes alone were issued (Berlin, 1832-4), deals with Merovingian and Carlovingian times;
*"Grundsätze des gemeinen deutschen Privatrechts mit Einschluss des Lehnrechts" (Berlin, 1838);
*"Deutsche Reichs- und Rechtsgeschichte" (Munich, 1845).
After his call to Munich, however, Phillips moved to a treatment of canon law from a strictly Catholic standpoint. In addition to numerous smaller treatises, he published in this domain:
*"Die Diözesansynode" (Freiburg, 1849);
*"Kirchenrecht", his major work, which appeared in seven volumes (Ratisbon, 1845-72), and was continued by
Vering(vol. VIII, i, Ratisbon, 1889). This comprehensive work exercised influence on the study of canon law and its principles.
Phillips also published a "Lehrbuch des Kirchenrechts" (Ratisbon, 1859-62; 3rd ed. by Moufang, 1881) and "Vermischte Schriften" (3 vols., Ratisbon, 1856-60).
*ROSENTHAL, Konvertitenbilder, I (2nd ad.), 478 sqq.,
*SCHULTE in Allg. deutsche Biogr., XXVI (Leipzig, 1888), 80 sqq.;
*WURZBACH, Biogr. Lex. d. Kaisertums Oesterreich, XXII, 211 sqq.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary — Infobox nrhp | name =Quigley Preparatory Seminary nrhp type = caption = location= Chicago, Illinois lat degrees = 41 lat minutes = 53 lat seconds = 52 lat direction = N long degrees = 87 long minutes = 37 long seconds = 33 long direction = W… … Wikipedia
Friedrich Heinrich Vering — (b. at Liesborn in Westphalia, 9 March1833; d. at Prague, 30 March1896) was a German canon lawyer, a defender of the Catholic Church against the State. LifeAfter completing his course at the gymnasium of Paderborn in 1850, he studied law at the… … Wikipedia
literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… … Universalium
performing arts — arts or skills that require public performance, as acting, singing, or dancing. [1945 50] * * * ▪ 2009 Introduction Music Classical. The last vestiges of the Cold War seemed to thaw for a moment on Feb. 26, 2008, when the unfamiliar strains … Universalium
Europe, history of — Introduction history of European peoples and cultures from prehistoric times to the present. Europe is a more ambiguous term than most geographic expressions. Its etymology is doubtful, as is the physical extent of the area it designates.… … Universalium
Shakespeare authorship question — … Wikipedia
United States — a republic in the N Western Hemisphere comprising 48 conterminous states, the District of Columbia, and Alaska in North America, and Hawaii in the N Pacific. 267,954,767; conterminous United States, 3,022,387 sq. mi. (7,827,982 sq. km); with… … Universalium
The Seal of Confession — The Law of the Seal of Confession † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Law of the Seal of Confession In the Decretum of the Gratian who compiled the edicts of previous councils and the principles of Church law which he published about 1151,… … Catholic encyclopedia
Durrus and District History Modern — Durrus is an area of West Cork in Ireland. For earlier history, see Durrus and District History1900 2000 James Gilhooley M.P. and Elections 1910James Gilhooley MP (he had been a merchant in Bantry, and was jailed on a number of occaasions under… … Wikipedia
Nicholas Katzenbach — 65th United States Attorney General In office January 28, 1965 – September 30, 1966 Acting Attorney General from September 4, 1964 January 28 … Wikipedia