Yagua language

The Yagua language is spoken by the Yagua people, primarily in northeastern Peru. As of 2005, it appears that a few speakers may have migrated northward across the Peruvian-Colombian border near the town of Leticia.

Genetic affiliation

The Yagua language is a member of the Peba-Yaguan language family. As of yet, there is no sound scientific evidence that the Peba-Yaguan family is related to any other family or stock of South America (in particular, there is no evidence for grouping it with Cariban languages into a Macro-Carib stock). There has likely been contact between the Yaguas and Bora-Witotoan peoples, perhaps particularly during the era of the rubber-trade; this may account for some structural similarities between the languages (Payne, forthcoming).

Sociolinguistic Situation

The most recently available estimates, dating from the 1980s, are that there are about 3,000 to 4,000 speakers of the language. At that time, a majority of Yagua individuals were bilingual in both Spanish and the Yagua language. A few distant communities were still largely monolingual, and children were learning the language, though in at least some communities there was parental pressure on children to just speak Spanish. Some ethnic Yaguas are monolingual in Spanish.

Phonology

Yagua has 6 vowels and 11 consonants, as shown in the chart below. (Orthographic symbols in bold, IPA values in square brackets.)

Vowels

Bibliography

*Payne, Doris L. 1986. Basic word order in Yagua. "Handbook of Amazonian Languages 1", ed. by Desmond Derbyshire and Geoffrey Pullum. Berlin: Mouton.
*Payne, Doris L. forthcoming. Source of the Yagua classifier system.
*Payne, Thomas E. 1994. "The Twins Stories: Participant Coding in Yagua Narrative". Berkeley: University of California Press.
*Powlison, Paul and Esther Powlison. 1958. "El sistema numérico del yagua."
*Rosetta Project - http://www.rosettaproject.org


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Yagua (disambiguation) — Yagua can be:*The Yagua people in northeastern Peru *Their Yagua language *Yagua: A town and civic parish of Venezuela …   Wikipedia

  • Yagua — otheruses4|the Yagua embasilic huımans people|the Yagua language|Yagua language|Yagua (Venezuela)The Yagua are a people in northeastern Peru numbering approximately 3,000 to 4,000. Currently, they live near the Amazon, Napo, Putumayo and Yavari… …   Wikipedia

  • Yagua — ISO 639 3 Code : yad ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Lenguas peba-yagua — Distribución geográfica: Alto Amazonas Países:  Perú …   Wikipedia Español

  • Peba-Yagua — ist eine kleine indigene südamerikanische Sprachfamilie, die aus drei Einzelsprachen besteht: Peba Yagua (auch: Yava, Llagua, Yegua) [yad] Yameo [yme] (In eckigen Klammern ist jeweils der Sprachcode nach ISO 639 3 angegeben.) Das Yagua wird noch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • South American Indian Language Groups, Table — ▪ Table Only languages attested linguistically are included. Extinct languages are shown in italics. A number in parentheses after the name of a group indicates a possible relationship with the group identified by that number. Languages are… …   Universalium

  • Idioma iquito — Iquito Hablado en  Perú Región Amazonía peruana Hablantes 25 hablantes (2004) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Peba Indians — • The principal of a small group of South American Indian tribes Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Peba Indians     Peba Indians      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Peba-Yaguan languages — Infobox Language family name=Peba Yaguan altname=Yawan, Peban region=western Amazon familycolor=American fam1=Saparo Yawan ?The Peba Yaguan language family (also Yaguan, Peban, Yáwan) is located in the northwestern Amazon, but today Yagua is the… …   Wikipedia

  • Frequency and pragmatically unmarked word order — “Frequency and pragmatically unmarked word order” is a paper by Matthew Dryer, published in 1995 within the compilation Word Order in Discourse , analyzing various definitions of markedness as it might apply to word order. It advanced a… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.