Bitonto

Infobox CityIT
img_coa = Bitonto-Stemma.png official_name = Comune di Bitonto
name=Bitonto
mapx=41.11
mapy=16.69
region = Puglia
province = Bari (BA)
elevation_m = 118
area_total_km2 = 172.9
population_as_of = 2004
population_total = 56420
population_density_km2 = 328
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|41|07|N|16|41|E
frazioni = Palombaio, Mariotto
telephone = 080
postalcode = 70032
gentilic = Bitontini
saint = Madonna dell'Immacolata Concezione
day = May 26
mayor =
website = [http://www.comune.bitonto.ba.it www.comune.bitonto.ba.it]

Bitonto is a city and "comune" in the province of Bari (Apulia region), Italy. It is nicknamed the "City of Olives" due to the numerous olive groves surrounding the city.

Geography

Bitonto lies approximately 11 km (6 miles) to the west of the city of Bari, near the coast of the Adriatic Sea. The communes next to Bitonto are: Bari, Bitetto, Palo del Colle, Altamura, Toritto, Ruvo di Puglia, Terlizzi, and Giovinazzo.

History

The city was founded by the Peucetii, and its inhabitants referred to by the Greek settlers of the region as "Butontinoi", an ethnonym of uncertain derivation [http://www.bitonto.net/index.php?mod=storia&page=peuceta Bitonto.net] .] According to one tradition, the city was named after Botone, an Illyrian king. Its first city wall can be dated to the fifth to fourth centuries BC; traces remain in the foundations of the Norman walling.

Similarities of coinage suggest that Bitonto was under the hegemony of Spartan Tarentum, but bearing the numismatic legend BITONTINON. Later, having been a Roman ally in the Samnite Wars, the "civitas Butuntinenses" became a Roman "municipium", preserving its former laws and self-government and venerating its divine protectress, whom the Romans identified by "interpretatio romana" as Minerva; the site sacred to her is occupied by the Church of San Pietro in Vincoli. As a city of the Late Roman Empire, Bitonto figures in the "Liber Colonis" of Frontinus, in the Antonine Itinerary and other Imperial itineraries, and the Tabula Peutingeriana, a post where fresh horses were to be had for travellers on the via Traiana for Brundisium.

The foundations of a Paleochristian basilica came to light in excavations beneath the cathedral's crypt, but no written evidence survives of an established diocese in the Early Middle Ages. Though there is no evidence that a Lombard "gastaldo" had his seat at Bitonto, Lombard customs and law insinuated themselves deeply in local social fabric.

During the ninth century, Bitonto successfully withstood a Saracen raid, in which the besiegers' leader was killed beneath the city's walls [ [http://www.bitonto.net/index.php?mod=storia&page=peuceta Bitonto.net] ] Bitonto took part in the revolt of Melus of Bari in 1009.

In the Middle Ages Bitonto was a fief of several baronial families, before it passed permanently in the thirteenth century to the Acquaviva, who took their name from their stronghold at Acquaviva delle Fonti: [Acquaviva d'Aragona from 1479: [http://www.sardimpex.com/FILES/ACQUAVIVA1.htm Acquaviva d'Aragona genealogy] ] The Acquaviva were later dukes of Atri, and their minor signory of Bitonto was raised to a marquisate in 1464 by the King of Naples, Ferrante di Aragona in favour of Giovanni Antonio Acquaviva;

on his premature death it passed to his brother, the successful and cultivated condottiero Andrea Matteo Acquaviva, who exchanged it in 1487 for the marquessate of Ugento, which he subsequently lost. [ [http://www.condottieridiventura.it/condottieri/a/0007 %20 %20 %20 %20 %20 %20ANDREA%20MATTEO%20ACQUAVIVA.htm "Condottieri di ventura"] ] In 1552 the citizens paid for the city's freedom the considerable sum of 66,000 ducats.

In 1734, during the War of Polish Succession, the Spanish army under Charles of Bourbon and the Duke of Montemar defeated the Austrians under Giuseppe Antonio, Prince of Belmonte at the Battle of Bitonto, thus securing possession of the Kingdom of Naples for the Bourbons.

Main sights

The city includes a medieval burg and a modern part.The main landmarks include:
*The Castle and the walls.
*The "Cathedral of S. Valentino", built in the 12th-13th centuries and influenced by the Basilica of San Nicola in Bari. The west façade is divided in three parts and has three portals, the central one sculpted with vegetables motifs and scenes from the Old Testament, four mullioned windows and a rose window flanked by sculptures of animals supported by small columns. The interior has a nave and two aisles: the main artworkd is the marble ambo (1229), a masterwork of medieval Apulian sculpture.
*The Basilica of SS Cosma e Damiano.
*The church of "San Francesco" (12th century).
*The church of "San Gaetano".
*The church of "San Domenico".
*The church of "Santa Caterina".
*The Sylos-Labini Palace.
*The Late Renaissance Sylos Vulpano Palace.

Famous natives

*Gaetano Caffarelli, opera singer
*Nicola Bonifacio Logroscino, musician
*Carlo Rosa, painter
*Gennaro Rubino, unsuccessful assassin of King Leopold II of Belgium
*Tommaso Traetta, musician and reformer of the Baroque Opera
*Vitale Giordano

Economy

Bitonto is well known for its production of extra virgin olive oil, which is exported to America and elsewhere in Europe. The city also produces wine, beer, cereals, almonds, and textiles.

Transportation

Bitonto is not directly connected to the Italian national railway system. However, it is serviced by an electric rail line operated privately by Ferrotramviaria. Bitonto is 8 km away from the international Karol Wojtyla Airport of Bari.

Notes

References

* [http://bitonto.virtualtouring.it/index_e.htm A Virtual Tour in the city of Bitonto - Official Web site City of Bitonto, Councillorships for Tourism and Culture]
* [http://www.bitonto.net/index.php Bitonto.net]

External links

* [http://www.paradoxplace.com/Perspectives/Sicily%20&%20S%20Italy/Puglia/Bitonto/Bitonto.htm Adrian Fletcher’s Paradoxplace – Bitonto Cathedral Photo Pages]
* [http://www.gotik-romanik.de/Bitonto,%20Thumbnails/Thumbnails.html Photos]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bitonto — Cathédrale de Bitonto Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bitonto — Bitonto …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bitonto — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bitonto Archivo:Bitonto Stemma.png Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bitonto [1] — Bitonto, Stadt in der neapolitanischen Provinz Bari, Bisthum, schöne Kathedrale, Seminar, Hospital; Weinbau (Zagarello); 16,500 Ew. Hier am 27. Mai 1734 Sieg der Spanier unter Montemar über die Österreicher, s.u. Polnischer Thronfolgekrieg …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bitonto [2] — Bitonto, Herzog von B., s. Montemar …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bitonto — Bitonto, Stadt in der ital. Provinz Bari, 9 km vom Meer, in herrlicher Ebene, ist Sitz eines Bischofs, hat eine alte, dreischiffige, reichverzierte Kathedrale, Ringmauern und ein Kastell, einen gotischen Palast, ein neues Theater, ein… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bitonto — Bitonto, Stadt in der ital. Prov. Bari, (1901) 30.617 E.; 25. Mai 1734 Sieg der Spanier über die Österreicher …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bitonto — Bitonto, neapolitan. Stadt in der Terra di Bari, in fruchtbarer Ebene, 16250 E. Bischofssitz. schöne Kathedrale, Weinbau (Zagarello). Sieg der span. Armee unter Montemar über das österr. Heer 10000 Mann stark, dessen italien. Bestandtheil… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Bitonto — Original name in latin Bitonto Name in other language Bitonto, bitonto State code IT Continent/City Europe/Rome longitude 41.11083 latitude 16.68938 altitude 120 Population 56929 Date 2012 02 15 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Bitonto — ▪ Italy       town and episcopal see, Puglia (Apulia) region, southeastern Italy, just west southwest of Bari. Many coins have been found at Bitonto dating from the 6th to the 3rd century BC. A Roman municipality (Butuntum, Botontum, and other… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.