img_coa = Bitonto-Stemma.png
official_name = Comune di Bitonto
province = Bari (BA)
elevation_m = 118
area_total_km2 = 172.9
population_as_of = 2004
population_total = 56420
population_density_km2 = 328
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|41|07|N|16|41|E
frazioni = Palombaio, Mariotto
telephone = 080
postalcode = 70032
gentilic = Bitontini
saint = Madonna dell'Immacolata Concezione
website = [http://www.comune.bitonto.ba.it www.comune.bitonto.ba.it]
Bitonto is a city and "
comune" in the province of Bari( Apuliaregion), Italy. It is nicknamed the "City of Olives" due to the numerous olive groves surrounding the city.
Bitonto lies approximately 11 km (6 miles) to the west of the city of
Bari, near the coast of the Adriatic Sea. The communes next to Bitonto are: Bari, Bitetto, Palo del Colle, Altamura, Toritto, Ruvo di Puglia, Terlizzi, and Giovinazzo.
The city was founded by the
Peucetii, and its inhabitants referred to by the Greek settlers of the region as "Butontinoi", an ethnonym of uncertain derivation [http://www.bitonto.net/index.php?mod=storia&page=peuceta Bitonto.net] .] According to one tradition, the city was named after Botone, an Illyrian king. Its first city wall can be dated to the fifth to fourth centuries BC; traces remain in the foundations of the Norman walling.
Similarities of coinage suggest that Bitonto was under the hegemony of Spartan Tarentum, but bearing the numismatic legend BITONTINON. Later, having been a Roman ally in the
Samnite Wars, the "civitas Butuntinenses" became a Roman " municipium", preserving its former laws and self-government and venerating its divine protectress, whom the Romans identified by " interpretatio romana" as Minerva; the site sacred to her is occupied by the Church of San Pietro in Vincoli. As a city of the Late Roman Empire, Bitonto figures in the "Liber Colonis" of Frontinus, in the Antonine Itineraryand other Imperial itineraries, and the Tabula Peutingeriana, a post where fresh horses were to be had for travellers on the via Traianafor Brundisium.
The foundations of a
Paleochristianbasilica came to light in excavations beneath the cathedral's crypt, but no written evidence survives of an established diocese in the Early Middle Ages. Though there is no evidence that a Lombard " gastaldo" had his seat at Bitonto, Lombard customs and law insinuated themselves deeply in local social fabric.
During the ninth century, Bitonto successfully withstood a Saracen raid, in which the besiegers' leader was killed beneath the city's walls [ [http://www.bitonto.net/index.php?mod=storia&page=peuceta Bitonto.net] ] Bitonto took part in the revolt of
Melus of Bariin 1009.
In the Middle Ages Bitonto was a fief of several baronial families, before it passed permanently in the thirteenth century to the Acquaviva, who took their name from their stronghold at
Acquaviva delle Fonti: [Acquaviva d'Aragona from 1479: [http://www.sardimpex.com/FILES/ACQUAVIVA1.htm Acquaviva d'Aragona genealogy] ] The Acquaviva were later dukes of Atri, and their minor signory of Bitonto was raised to a marquisate in 1464 by the King of Naples, Ferrante di Aragonain favour of Giovanni Antonio Acquaviva;
on his premature death it passed to his brother, the successful and cultivated
condottiero Andrea Matteo Acquaviva, who exchanged it in 1487 for the marquessate of Ugento, which he subsequently lost. [ [http://www.condottieridiventura.it/condottieri/a/0007 %20 %20 %20 %20 %20 %20ANDREA%20MATTEO%20ACQUAVIVA.htm "Condottieri di ventura"] ] In 1552 the citizens paid for the city's freedom the considerable sum of 66,000 ducats.
In 1734, during the
War of Polish Succession, the Spanish army under Charles of Bourbon and the Duke of Montemar defeated the Austrians under Giuseppe Antonio, Prince of Belmonte at the Battle of Bitonto, thus securing possession of the Kingdom of Naplesfor the Bourbons.
The city includes a medieval burg and a modern part.The main landmarks include:
*The Castle and the walls.
*The "Cathedral of S. Valentino", built in the 12th-13th centuries and influenced by the Basilica of San Nicola in
Bari. The west façade is divided in three parts and has three portals, the central one sculpted with vegetables motifs and scenes from the Old Testament, four mullioned windows and a rose windowflanked by sculptures of animals supported by small columns. The interior has a nave and two aisles: the main artworkd is the marble ambo (1229), a masterwork of medieval Apulian sculpture.
*The Basilica of SS Cosma e Damiano.
*The church of "San Francesco" (12th century).
*The church of "San Gaetano".
*The church of "San Domenico".
*The church of "Santa Caterina".
*The Sylos-Labini Palace.
*The Late Renaissance Sylos Vulpano Palace.
Gaetano Caffarelli, opera singer
Nicola Bonifacio Logroscino, musician
Carlo Rosa, painter
Gennaro Rubino, unsuccessful assassin of King Leopold II of Belgium
Tommaso Traetta, musician and reformer of the Baroque Opera
Bitonto is well known for its production of extra virgin
olive oil, which is exported to America and elsewhere in Europe. The city also produces wine, beer, cereals, almonds, and textiles.
Bitonto is not directly connected to the Italian national railway system. However, it is serviced by an electric rail line operated privately by Ferrotramviaria. Bitonto is 8 km away from the international Karol Wojtyla Airport of Bari.
* [http://bitonto.virtualtouring.it/index_e.htm A Virtual Tour in the city of Bitonto - Official Web site City of Bitonto, Councillorships for Tourism and Culture]
* [http://www.bitonto.net/index.php Bitonto.net]
* [http://www.paradoxplace.com/Perspectives/Sicily%20&%20S%20Italy/Puglia/Bitonto/Bitonto.htm Adrian Fletcher’s Paradoxplace – Bitonto Cathedral Photo Pages]
* [http://www.gotik-romanik.de/Bitonto,%20Thumbnails/Thumbnails.html Photos]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Bitonto — Cathédrale de Bitonto Administration … Wikipédia en Français
Bitonto — Bitonto … Deutsch Wikipedia
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