Pumbedita (sometimes Pumbeditha, Pumpedita, or Pumbedisa) was the name of a city in ancient Babylonia that was a major center of Talmud scholarship that, together with the city of Sura, gave rise to the Babylonian Talmud. The academy there was founded by Judah ben Ezekiel in the late third century.

The Babylonian Talmud mentions the logical fallacies and arcane methodology of the academy of Pumpedita. "Are you from Pumbedita, where they make an elephant pass through the eye of a needle?" (Baba Metzia, 38b)

The modern-day city of Fallujah stands in its place.

ee also

*Talmudic Academies in Babylonia

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  • PUMBEDITA — PUMBEDITA, town in Babylonia. Pumbedita was situated on the bank of the River Euphrates on the site of the Shunya Shumvata (Git. 60b), the most northerly of the canals joining the Euphrates and the Tigris. A canal called Nehar Papa also passed… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Pumbedita — war zusammen mit Sura vom 3. bis zum 11. Jahrhundert ein führendes Zentrum jüdischer Gelehrsamkeit. Zur Zeit der Abfassung des Talmud wurde die Stadt an Bedeutung durch Sura übertroffen, erreichte jedoch später unter Scherira Gaon und seinem Sohn …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pumbedita — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pumbedita era el nombre de una ciudad en la antigua Babilonia, famosa por ser un importante centro de estudios talmúdicos. En conjunto con la Academia de Sura llevó a cabo la tarea de compilar el Talmud babilónico,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pumbedita — Poumbedita L académie talmudique de Poumbedita est située sur le site de l actuelle Falloujah. Poumbedita est une ancienne ville en Babylonie, sur le site de l actuelle Falloujah. Elle est célèbre dans l histoire juive pour avoir été l un des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • KOHEN ẒEDEK OF PUMBEDITA — (10th century), gaon of Pumbedita from 917 to 936. Kohen Ẓedek was active in raising the spiritual and material status of his academy, striving to make it the equal of sura . Before his time Pumbedita received only a third of the donations… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • GAON — (pl. Geonim), formal title of the heads of the academies of Sura and Pumbedita in Babylonia. The geonim were recognized by the Jews as the highest authority of instruction from the end of the sixth century or somewhat later to the middle of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Talmudic Academies in Babylonia — The Talmudic Academies in Babylonia, also known as the Geonic Academies, were the center for Jewish scholarship and the development of Jewish law in Mesopotamia from roughly 589 CE to 1038 CE (Hebrew dates: 4349 AM to 4798 AM). The key work of… …   Wikipedia

  • Amora (Judentum) — Amoräer (aramäisch Singular: אמורא, Amora; Plural אמוראים, Amora im; „die Sprechenden“ oder „die über etwas Berichtenden“) waren jüdische Gelehrte, die sich über das mündliche Gesetz (mündliche Tora) „unterhalten“ oder über es „erzählt“ haben,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • EXILARCH — (Aram. רֵישׁ גָּלוּתָא, resh galuta), lay head of the Jewish community in Babylon. (See Chart: Exilarchs of Parthian and Sasanid Periods and Chart: Babylonian Exilarchs.) Until the Arab Conquest The government of Babylonian Jewry for the first 12 …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Amoraim — Amora (aramäisch: אמורא; Plural אמוראים, Amora im; „die Sprechenden“ oder „die über etwas Berichtenden“) waren jüdische Gelehrte, die sich über das mündliche Gesetz (mündliche Tora) „unterhalten“ oder über es „erzählt“ haben, von ungefähr 200 bis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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