Maine Public Broadcasting Network

Maine Public Broadcasting Network
Maine Public Broadcasting Network Logo.svg
statewide Maine
Branding MPBN
Slogan More to Explore
Channels Digital:
WCBB 10 (VHF)
WMEB-TV 9 (VHF)
WMEM-TV 10 (VHF)
WMED-TV 10 (VHF)
WMEA-TV 45 (UHF)
Subchannels x.1 PBS
x.2 PBS-HD
Affiliations PBS, NPR, BBC, CBC
Owner Maine Public Broadcasting Corporation
First air date November 13, 1961 (WCBB)
September 23, 1963 (original MPBN)
1992 (current incarnation)
Former affiliations NET (1961-1970)
Transmitter coordinates see table below
Website www.mpbn.net

The Maine Public Broadcasting Network (abbreviated MPBN) is a state network of public television and radio stations located in the state of Maine in the United States. It is operated by the Maine Public Broadcasting Corporation, which holds the licenses for all the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) and National Public Radio (NPR) stations licensed in the state. MPBN has studios and offices in Portland, Lewiston and Bangor.

MPBN's television network shows a block of standard PBS programming, as as well as many documentaries including nature programs and other science programs. MPBN's radio network airs news and talk programming from NPR, locally-produced news programming, jazz and classical music.

MPBN's television and radio signals reach virtually all of the populated portions of Maine, and adjoining parts of New Hampshire, Massachusetts and New Brunswick. MPBN Television is also carried on cable in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland and Labrador.

Contents

History

What is now MPBN dates from the 1992 merger of WCBB-TV, the PBS member station for most of southern Maine, with the original MPBN radio and television stations operated by the University of Maine.[1]

On November 13, 1961, WCBB-TV signed on from Lewiston as the first Educational television station in Maine. It was a combined venture of Colby College, Bates College, and Bowdoin College.[2] Two years later, WMEB-TV signed on from UMaine's campus in Orono, near Bangor.[3] Over the next decade, UMaine signed on three other stations across the state, as well as several translators. These stations formed the original MPBN network. One of these stations was WMEA-TV in Biddeford, near Portland; however, it was (and still is) practically unviewable over the air in Portland itself and points north. WMEA was the flagship station for the now-defunct Maine Public Television Plus, a secondary PBS service launched in the mid-1990s. UMaine brought public radio to the state in 1970, when WMEH signed on from Bangor. Five other stations signed on over the next decade.

As part of the merger, all of the stations' licenses were transferred to a new community-owned entity, the Maine Public Broadcasting Corporation. MPBN's Bangor stations, WMEB-TV and WMEH-FM, became the flagship stations. The television stations adopted the on-air name "Maine Public Television," but dropped this in favor of "Maine PBS" in 1998. The radio stations became known as "Maine Public Radio." In 2006, they reverted to the "MPBN" moniker.

Controversy

In the course of 24 months in 2000 and 2001, longtime classical music hosts Victor Hathaway, Virgil Bissett, Helen York and Dave Bunker left the station. Bissett retired, Bunker moved to southern Maine after his wife gained employment there. Despite Bunker's willingness to continue his popular morning music show from the Portland studios of MPBN, he was let go and Leitha Christie hired in his place. York resigned in protest.

The live Metropolitan Opera radio broadcasts on Saturday afternoons, which had been a mainstay of classical music broadcasting for more than twenty years, was discontinued. Despite Maine Public Broadcasting's claims that the opera was being dropped due to lack of popularity among listeners, a citizens' protest forced the state network to reinstate the Saturday afternoon opera after a few months.

In May 2005, Maine Public Broadcasting joined a few other PBS stations in showing the controversial "Sugartime!" episode of Postcards from Buster. The program is about a cartoon rabbit named Buster Baxter, who travels the country with his father and interacts with children from different cultures and in different family structures. PBS headquarters had pulled the episode from its national broadcast schedule after receiving a critical letter from newly-installed Education Secretary Margaret Spellings, who was upset that Buster was visiting a Vermont family headed by two women. WGBH, the Boston-based PBS affiliate and original producer of the program, subsequently made the episode available to stations that still wished to air it on an individual basis.

Maine humorist Robert Skoglund, a.k.a. The Humble Farmer, host of a weekly jazz and humor program of the same name on MPBN since 1978, aired comments in 2003 pointed at the Republican administration under President George W. Bush. Without citing Bush by name, Skogland compared Bush to Adolf Hitler (and, in a later program, Mussolini). As a result, he was verbally admonished for violating the station's political neutrality guidelines which Skoglund signed and pledged to observe in 1992. Later, in violation of those 1992 guidelines, Skoglund submitted a pre-recorded program for broadcast on November 3, 2007, in which he read a letter on-air that advocated a "no" vote on a the controversial Taxpayer Bill of Rights referendum question due before Maine voters four days later. MPBN reacted to the latter by not airing the program, claiming that it also violated the station's political neutrality guidelines. Skoglund protested by going silent - limiting his vocal utterances during the program to one or two identifications of songs or musicians. After two weeks of Skoglund's silence, MPBN VP for Programming, Charles Beck, sent Skoglund a letter telling him that politicizing a program MPBN kept on the air for its jazz and humor content would lead to the show's cancellation if such attempts continued. MPBN then crafted written guidelines for every member of the on-air staff, asking each to indicate with a signature his or her acceptance of MPBN directives with regard to keeping politically charged content out of local entertainment programming and not using the public's airwaves to further their own personal political agendas. Skoglund, who had signed the 1992 guidelines, refused to sign the updated and tightened guidelines. He is quoted on a pro-Skoglund web site as having no recollection of the 1992 guidelines and attributes his removal from the air as being related to "get out the vote" calls he made on behalf of Democrats, which MPBN did not and does not object to.[4]

Transmitter shutdowns

In December 2008, due to the economic crisis and lack of governmental funding, MPBN announced plans on temporarily closing down WMED-TV and -FM in Calais, and WMEF FM in Fort Kent, for at least six months, beginning January 2009.[5][6] In addition, MPBN's radio and television stations would leave the air for five hours each night, as an energy saving measure.[7] However, many viewers and listeners complained to MPBN for their actions. Another concern is for MPBN's role as the state's primary carrier for the Emergency Alert System, which will be hampered during the times it is not on the air, as well as in areas where aerial service has been discontinued.[7]

In part of the response from viewers and listeners in the affected regions, MPBN delayed their closures until February 28, 2009, at earliest.[8] On February 12, 2009, MPBN officially rescinded plans to close down the transmitters, after responses from its viewers and listeners, as well as stakeholders, legislators, and Governor Baldacci.[9]

Television stations

MPBN operates 5 full-power television stations:

Station City of license
(other cities served)
Channels
(Digital)
First air date Call letters’
meaning
ERP
(Digital)
HAAT
(Digital)
Facility ID Transmitter Coordinates
WCBB Augusta
(Lewiston, Portland)
10 (VHF) November 13, 1961 Colby
Bates
Bowdoin (original owners)
29.7 kW 304 m 39659 44°9′15″N 70°0′34.7″W / 44.15417°N 70.009639°W / 44.15417; -70.009639 (WCBB)
WMEB-TV (flagship) Orono
(Bangor)
9 (VHF) September 23, 1963 Maine
Educational
Broadcasting
15 kW 375 m 39648 44°42′11.6″N 69°4′45.1″W / 44.703222°N 69.079194°W / 44.703222; -69.079194 (WMEB-TV)
WMEM-TV Presque Isle 10 (VHF) February 17, 1964 Maine
Educational
M
14.5 kW 353 m 39662 46°33′2″N 67°48′32″W / 46.55056°N 67.80889°W / 46.55056; -67.80889 (WMEM-TV)
WMED-TV Calais 10 (VHF) September 15, 1965 Maine
Educational
D
3.5 kW 134 m 39649 45°1′44.4″N 67°19′23.8″W / 45.029°N 67.323278°W / 45.029; -67.323278 (WMED-TV)
WMEA-TV1 Biddeford (Portland) 45 (UHF) March 15, 1975 Maine
Educational
A
50 kW 231 m 39656 43°25′0.3″N 70°48′15.2″W / 43.41675°N 70.804222°W / 43.41675; -70.804222 (WMEA-TV)

Notes:

  • 1. WMEA-TV used the callsign WMEG-TV from its 1975 sign-on until 1984.
  • 2. All main MPBN stations shut down their analog signals on January 11, 2009, over a month ahead of the original February 17 transition date,[10] causing many of MPBN's viewers to lose the signal.[11]

MPBN also operates 4 translator stations:

Station Analog Channel City
W04BH 4 Allagash
W04BS 4 Bethel
W03AM 3 Harrison
W04AY 4 St. Francis

Digital Television

MPBN's digital channels are multiplexed:

Digital channels

Channel Programming
XX.1 Main MPBN programming / PBS
XX.2 SD simulcast of XX.1
XX.3 MPBN World

On October 27, 2010 MPBN added PBS World programming to its .3 subchannel, but had been offering it for several years on Time Warner Cable, which is available to a large amount of subscribers throughout Maine. Also available on the digital cable tier are Create and a three hour delayed feed of the main MPBN signal in standard definition.

Radio stations

MPBN operates 7 radio transmitters:

Station Frequency Class City Founded[12] Facility ID
WMEA 90.1 C Portland April 1974 39655
WMEP 90.5 B Camden February 4, 2002[13] 92566
WMEW 91.3 A Waterville August 30, 1984 39645
WMEH 90.9 B Bangor 1970 39650
WMED 89.7 C2 Calais June 22, 1984 39646
WMEM 106.1 C Presque Isle 1978 39661
WMEF 106.5 C3 Fort Kent September 15, 1994 39653

References

External links


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