- The Graphic
"The Graphic" was a British illustrated
newspaper, first published on 4 December 1869by Illustrated Newspapers, Ltd.It continued to be published weekly under this title until 23 April 1932and then changed title to "The National Graphic" between 28 Apriland 14 July 1932; it then ceased publication after 3,266 issues.
"The Graphic" was founded by
William Luson Thomas, a wood engraver and social reformer. The first editor was Henry Sutherland Edwards, and Thomas also recruited a number of gifted artists including Luke Fildes, Hubert von Herkomer, Frank Holl, and John Millais. "The Graphic" was published on a Saturday and its original cover price was sixpence. In its first year, it described itself to advertisers as "a superior illustrated weekly newspaper, containing twenty-four pages imperial folio, printed on fine toned paper of beautiful quality, made expressley for the purpose and admirably adapted for the display of engravings".
When it started out, the newspaper was printed in a rented house. However it was a rapid success, and by 1882 the company owned three buildings, twenty printing machines and employed over 1,000 people.
It had subscribers all around the
British Empireand in North America.
Artists employed on "The Graphic" and "The Daily Graphic" at the end of the 19th century and start of the 20th century included
Alexander Boyd, Frank Brangwyn, James H. Dowd, Harry Furniss, Phil May, Ernest Prater, Leonard Raven-Hill, Edmund Sullivan, George Stampa, Sidney Sime, Bert Thomasand F. H. Townsend. [http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Jgraphic.htm]
Writers for the paper included
George Eliot, Thomas Hardy, H. Rider Haggardand Anthony Trollope. [http://www.library.yale.edu/~mpowell/victorianper.html#graph] Malcolm Charles Salamanwas employed there from 1890to 1899.
"The Graphic" was designed to compete with the famous "
Illustrated London News" (established in 1842), and became its most successful rival. Earlier rivals such as the " Illustrated Times" and the " Pictorial Times" had either failed to compete or been merged with the ILN. It appealed to the same middle-classreadership, but "The Graphic", as its name suggests, was intended to use images in a more vivid and striking way than the rather staid ILN. To this end it employed some of the most important artists of the day, making an immediate splash in 1869 with "Houseless and Hungry", Luke Fildes' dramatic image of the shivering London poor seeking shelter in a workhouse.
The paper covered home news and news from around the British Empire, devoted much attention to literature, arts, sciences, the fashionable world, sport, music and opera. Royal occasions and national celebrations and ceremonials were also given prominent coverage.
1889, Thomas's company H.R. Baines and Co. commenced publication of the first daily illustrated newspaper in England, which was called "The Daily Graphic." This is not to be confused with its American precursor, the " Daily Graphic", which was the first American daily illustrated newspaper, founded in 1873.
* Topics of the Week: 12 paragraphs of
* Amusements: A roundup of activities for the week, for the middle-class reader.
* Our illustrations: a summary of all the illustrations in the edition.
* Home: a summary of the news in Britain.
* Church news
* Legal: Trials and Cases of interest to the target reader.
* A weekly serial written by popular authors of the time, such as
William Black(although this seemed to appear in the 1880s).
* Book reviews
* A summary of the new developments in science.
Ruralnotes: information about the seasonand tips about crops, and other news concerning the rampant unrest of the farm labourers.
* New Music: Reviews of the latest music and musicals.
* Obituaries: of Church leaders, factory owners, European Royalty, musicians and noteworthy Victorians.
* Sport: coverage of football and cricket (with
There were at least three pages dedicated to advertising and it is interesting to see the obsession with
hygiene, with countless adverts for toothpaste and soap products (and 'miracle-cure' pills).
On August 15, 1932
Time Magazinereported the name change to "The National Graphic" and editor William Comyns Beaumontof The Bystandertook over, replacing Alan John Bott. [ [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,744210,00.html Time Magazine: "Eight Less One"] , August 15, 1925]
*"Mitchell's Newspaper Press Directory", 1870
*"The Reference Specialist British Library Newspapers"
*"Waterloo Directory of English Newspapers and Periodicals 1800-1900" (Canada: North Waterloo Academic Press, 2003)
*"The Newspaper Press in Britain: an annotated bibliography" (London:Mansell Publishing, 1987).
* [http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Jgraphic.htm A history of "The Graphic" newspaper & staff, with image of the paper's engraving room in 1882.]
* [http://www.bl.uk/collections/victoria.html Publication dates] (British Library website)
* [http://www.bl.uk/collections/britnews.html Example of an engraving from an 1869 edition of "The Graphic"]
* [http://www.library.yale.edu/~mpowell/victorianper.html#graph Images and text from "The Graphic"] (of
1st February 1873)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
The Graphic — (El Gráfico), fue un periódico del Reino Unido con énfasis en el fotoperiodismo y que fue publicado por primera vez el 4 de diciembre de 1869 por la Illustrated Newspapers Ltd. Continuó publicando de manera semanal bajo este nombre hasta el 23 de … Wikipedia Español
The Graphic — Couverture du Graphic durant le procès Tichborne en 1873 The Graphic est un journal illustré hebdomadaire britannique, édité pour la première fois le 4 décembre 1869 par Illustrated Newspapers, Ltd.. Il est publié sous ce titre jusqu au … Wikipédia en Français
The Graphic Academy — is a fine and applied arts institution in Munich, Germany. Among courses are the Master Bookbinder course.Noted alumni* Fjodorow; Passau, Germany * Conrad Mieschke, Master Bookbinder; Polish, now in Canada … Wikipedia
Technical Association of the Graphic Arts — The Technical Association of the Graphic Arts (or TAGA) is an organization founded in 1948 in Chicago, Illinois. Founded as the Technical Association of the Lithographic Industry (TALI), the organization was re branded as TAGA in 1951 [… … Wikipedia
City of Glass: The Graphic Novel — Paul Auster s City of Glass / City of Glass: The Graphic Novel Cover art for the 2004 Picador edition. Publication information Publisher Avon Books Picador (re issue) … Wikipedia
Duckman: The Graphic Adventures of a Private Dick — Developer(s) The Illusions Game Company Publisher(s) Playmates Interactive Entertainment Platform(s) Microsoft Windows … Wikipedia
Indiana Jones & The Last Crusade: The Graphic Adventure — У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Индиана Джонс (значения). Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade Разработчик Lucasfilm Games Издатель Lucasfilm Games … Википедия
Treva Spontaine and The Graphic — was a North Carolina indie band popular in colleges of the southeast USA during the 1980s. In 1984 Don Dixon produced the 6 track album People In Glass for Treva Spontaine and The Graphic. People In Glass was reissued in 1985 in Denmark as Way of … Wikipedia
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Graphic Adventure — Para la película, véase Indiana Jones y la última cruzada. Para el videojuego de acción, véase Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Action Game. Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Graphic Adventure Desarrolladora(s) LucasArts Dis … Wikipedia Español
Indiana Jones & The Fate Of Atlantis: The Graphic Adventure — У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Индиана Джонс (значения). Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis Разработчик LucasArts … Википедия