4th Panzer Army (Germany)


4th Panzer Army (Germany)

The 4th Panzer Army (German: "4.Panzer-Armee") was, before being designated a full army, the Panzer Group 4 ("Panzergruppe 4"), a German panzer army that saw action during World War II. Its units played a part in the invasion of France, and then on the Eastern Front.

On commencement of Operation Barbarossa, the group was a part of Army Group North, and consisted of the XLI and LVI Army Corps (mot.) with three panzer and two motorised infantry divisions equipped with 631 tanks. It spearheaded the advance towards Leningrad, until it was transferred to Army Group Center to help its drive to Moscow.

The 4th Panzer Army, with Heinz Guderian's 2nd Panzer Army, destroyed countless Soviet units until it came to a stand still just outside Moscow.

In 1942 it became part of Army Group B, and some of its divisions, notably, the 24th Panzer Division, were encircled and destroyed at Stalingrad. Under General Hoth, what remained of the army failed in breaking the encirclement of Stalingrad in Operation Wintergewitter, and withdrew, forcing the surrender of the encircled troops.

The army was the southern spearhead in the Battle of Kursk, 5 july 1943. Following this failed offensive, it was pushed back, taking part in the defensive campaign to counter the Red Army's Lower Dnieper Strategic Offensive Operation, before ending the war in Slovakia as part of Army Group Centre.

Commanders

* Generaloberst Erich Höpner (15 Feb 1941 – 7 Jan 1942)
* Generaloberst Richard Ruoff (8 Jan 1942 – 31 May 1942)
* Generaloberst Hermann Hoth (31 May 1942 – 10 Nov 1943)
* Generaloberst Erhard Raus (10 Nov 1943 – 21 April 1944) [Raus, Erhard. "Panzer Operations" p. 352]
* Generaloberst Josef Harpe (18 May 1944 – 28 June 1944)
* General der Panzertruppen Walther Nehring (28 June 1944 – 5 Aug 1944)
* General der Panzertruppen Hermann Balck (5 Aug 1944 – 21 Sep 1944)
* General der Panzertruppen Fritz-Hubert Gräser (21 Sep 1944 – 8 May 1945)

See also

* List of German military units of World War II
* Army Group Centre
* Operation Barbarossa, Fall Blau
* Battle of Kursk
* Lvov-Sandomierz Offensive
* Start of the Battle of Berlin
* Battle of Halbe only the V Corps, which was transferred from the 4th Panzer to 9th Army just before the battle.
* Prague Offensive

References

* Wendel, Marcus. .


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • 4th Panzer Division (Germany) — The German 4th Panzer Division ( 4. Panzer Division ) was established in 1938. It participated in the 1939 invasion of Poland, the 1940 invasion of France, and the 1941 invasion of the Soviet Union. It remained on the Eastern Front, mainly under… …   Wikipedia

  • 4th Infantry Division (Germany) — The German 4th Infantry Division, designated 4.Infantrie Division in German was one of the first divisions raised and served during part of World War II. History The 4th Infantry Division was raised in October 1934 in Dresden. It took part in the …   Wikipedia

  • 4th Army (Germany) — The 4th Army ( de. 4. Armee Oberkommando) was a field army that fought in World War II.ervice historyInvasion of PolandThe 4th Army was activated on December 1, 1938 with Field Marshal Günther von Kluge in command. It first went into action… …   Wikipedia

  • 25th Panzer Division (Germany) — The 25th Panzer Division was a German tank unit during World War II. It was one of the many understrenghtened Panzer Divisions the Germans formed during the last years of the war. History Highlights *1942 1943 Training and garrison activities in… …   Wikipedia

  • XXXIX Panzer Corps (Germany) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=XXXIX. Panzerkorps dates=June 1940 March 1945 country=Germany allegiance= branch=Heer type=Army Corps role= size= command structure= current commander= garrison= ceremonial chief= colonel of the regiment= nickname …   Wikipedia

  • 1st Panzer Division (Germany) — The German 1st Panzer Division ( 1. Panzer Division ) was an armored division in the German Army during World War II. Its divisional insignia was a white oakleaf emblem.HistoryThe 1st Panzer Division was formed on October 15, 1935 from the 3rd… …   Wikipedia

  • 2nd Panzer Group (Germany) — Panzergruppe 2 ( 2nd Panzer Group ) was formed in November 1940 from the Panzergruppe Guderian and it was called by its commander general Heinz Guderian until October 1941, when it was renamed the 2nd Panzer Army. Panzergruppe 2 played a… …   Wikipedia

  • 9th Panzer Division (Germany) — The German 9th Panzer Division ( Neunte Panzerdivision ) came into existence after 4th Light Division was reorganized in January 1940.The 4th Light Division (sometimes described as Light Mechanized or Light Panzer to distinguish it from the later …   Wikipedia

  • 18th Panzer Division (Germany) — The 18th Panzer Division ( de. 18. Panzer Division) was a German World War II armoured division that fought on the Eastern Front from 1941 until disbandment in 1943. Commanding officers *General der Panzertruppen Walther Nehring, 26 October 1940… …   Wikipedia

  • 9th Army (Germany) — 9. Armee 9th Army Active Country  Nazi Germany …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.