List of surgical procedures

Surgical procedures have long and possibly daunting names. The meaning of many surgical procedure names can often be understood if the name is broken into parts. For example in splenectomy, "ectomy" is a suffix meaning the removal of a part of the body. "Splene-" means spleen. Thus, splenectomy refers to the surgical removal of the spleen (or sections thereof). "otomy" means to cut into a part of the body; a splenotomy would be to cut into, but not necessarily remove, the spleen.

The field of minimally invasive surgery has spawned another set of words, such as arthroscopic or laparoscopic surgery. These take the same form as above; an arthroscope is a device which allows the inside of the joint to be seen.

See also: Category:Surgical procedures

Contents

List of surgical term roots

Prefixes

  • angio- : related to blood vessels
  • arthr- : related to a joint
  • bi- : two
  • colpo- : related to the vagina
  • encephal- : related to the brain
  • hepat- : related to the liver
  • hyster- : related to the uterus
  • lapar- : related to the abdominal cavity
    • Etymology actually refers to soft, fleshy part of abdominal wall. The term celio- is probably more accurate and used in America.
  • lobo- : related to a lobe (of the brain or lungs)
  • mammo- and masto-: related to the breast
  • myo- : related to muscle tissue
  • nephro- : related to the kidney
  • oophor- : related to the ovary
  • orchid- : related to the testicle
  • vas- : related to a duct, usually the vas deferens
  • lamino- : related to vertebrae intervertebral disc
  • gastro- : related to stomach
  • colono- : related to large intestine colon
  • cysto- : related to the bladder

Suffixes

  • -centesis : surgical puncture
  • -desis : fusion of two parts into one, stabilization
  • -ectomy : surgical removal (see List of -ectomies). The term 'resection' is also used, especially when referring to a tumor.
  • -opsy : looking at
  • -oscopy : viewing of, normally with a scope
  • -ostomy or -stomy : surgically creating a hole (a new "mouth" or "stoma")
  • -otomy or -tomy : surgical incision (see List of -otomies)
  • -pexy : to fix or secure
  • -plasty : to modify or reshape (sometimes entails replacement with a prosthesis)
  • -rrhapy : to strengthen, usually with suture

List of surgical procedures

Category Plasty Ectomy Stomy Otomy Other
CNS Decompressive craniectomy, Hemispherectomy, Anterior temporal lobectomy, Hypophysectomy, Amygdalohippocampectomy Ventriculostomy Craniotomy, Pallidotomy, Thalamotomy, Lobotomy, Bilateral cingulotomy, Cordotomy, Rhizotomy Neurosurgery · Psychosurgery · Brain biopsy
PNS Ganglionectomy, Sympathectomy/Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy, Neurectomy Axotomy · Vagotomy Nerve biopsy
Endocrine Hypophysectomy, Thyroidectomy, Parathyroidectomy, Adrenalectomy, Pinealectomy
Eye Punctoplasty · Trabeculoplasty Photorefractive keratectomy · Trabeculectomy · Iridectomy · Vitrectomy Dacryocystorhinostomy Radial keratotomy Corneal transplantation
Ears Otoplasty Stapedectomy · Mastoidectomy · Auriculectomy Myringotomy
Respiratory Rhinoplasty · Septoplasty Rhinectomy · Laryngectomy · Pneumonectomy Tracheostomy Sinusotomy, Pneumotomy, Cricothyroidotomy, Cricothyrotomy · Bronchotomy · Thoracotomy · Thyrotomy · Tracheotomy Pleurodesis · Lung transplantation
CV Angioplasty Pericardiectomy · Endarterectomy Cardiotomy · Pericardiotomy Heart transplantation
Lymphatic Tonsillectomy · Adenoidectomy · Thymectomy · Splenectomy · Lymphadenectomy Thymus transplantation · Spleen transplantation · Splenopexy · Lymph node biopsy
GI/mouth Uvulopalatoplasty · Palatoplasty Gingivectomy · Glossectomy · Esophagectomy · Gastrectomy · Appendectomy  · Proctocolectomy · Colectomy · Hepatectomy · Cholecystectomy · Pancreatectomy/Pancreaticoduodenectomy Gastrostomy (Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy· Gastroduodenostomy · Gastroenterostomy · Ileostomy · Jejunostomy · Colostomy · Cholecystostomy · Hepatoportoenterostomy, Sigmoidostomy Uvulotomy · Myotomy (Heller myotomy, Pyloromyotomy· Anal sphincterotomy · Lateral internal sphincterotomy Vertical banded gastroplasty, Gastropexy, Colon resection, Nissen fundoplication, Hernia repair · Omentopexy · Liver biopsy
Urinary Urethroplasty · Pyeloplasty Nephrectomy · Cystectomy Nephrostomy · Ureterostomy · Cystostomy (Suprapubic cystostomy· Urostomy Nephrotomy Nephropexy · Urethropexy · Lithotripsy · Kidney transplantation · Renal biopsy
Reproductive Phalloplasty · Scrotoplasty Vasectomy · Penectomy · Orchidectomy · Prostatectomy · Posthectomy · Gonadectomy Vasovasostomy  · Vasoepididymostomy Meatotomy Circumcision · Foreskin restoration · Orchiopexy · Prostate biopsy
Reproductive Vaginoplasty · Clitoroplasty · Labiaplasty Cervicectomy · Clitoridectomy · Oophorectomy · Salpingoophorectomy · Salpingectomy · Hysterectomy · Vaginectomy · Vulvectomy Amniotomy · Clitoridotomy · Hysterotomy · Hymenotomy · Episiotomy · Symphysiotomy Tubal ligation, Tubal reversal, Colporrhaphy, Cesarean section · Hymenorrhaphy · Endometrial biopsy
Bone,
cartilage,
and joint

bone: Acromioplasty · Khyphoplasty · Mentoplasty · Acromioplasty

joint: Arthroplasty · Rotationplasty

bone: Ostectomy (Femoral head ostectomy, Vertebrectomy · Coccygectomy, Astragalectomy· Corpectomy, Facetectomy Laminectomy (Hemilaminectomy)

joint: Synovectomy · Discectomy

bone: Osteotomy

joint: Arthrotomy · Laminotomy · Foraminotomy

bone: Epiphysiodesis

joint: Arthrodesis · Arthroscopy, Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction

Muscle/
soft tissue
Bursectomy · amputation (Hemicorporectomy, Hemipelvectomy), Myotomy · Tenotomy · Fasciotomy Muscle biopsy · Amputation · Tendon transfer
Breast Mammoplasty Lumpectomy · Mastectomy Breast implant · Mastopexy · Breast reconstruction · Breast reduction
Skin Escharotomy Skin biopsy
Other/ungrouped Abdominoplasty, Frenuloplasty, Z-plasty Discectomy, Diverticulectomy, Frenectomy, Hemorrhoidectomy, Mastoidectomy, Thrombectomy, Embolectomy · Ganglionectomy · Lobectomy · Myomectomy · Panniculectomy Ureterosigmoidostomy Fistulotomy, Laparotomy, Myringotomy, Sphincterotomy, Commissurotomy Abdominal surgery, Biopsy, Brostrom prodedure, Cauterization, Grafting, Hypnosurgery, Laparoscopy, NOTES, Nuss procedure, Radiosurgery,

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Surgical instruments — A surgical instrument is a specially designed tool or device for performing specific actions of carrying out desired effects during a surgery or operation, such as modifying biological tissue, or to provide access for viewing it. Over time, many… …   Wikipedia

  • List of characters in Holby City — Holby City , styled as HOLBY CI+Y, is a BAFTA award winning medical drama television serial, transmitted by BBC One in the United Kingdom. Created by Tony McHale and Mal Young, the show is a spin off from fellow medical drama Casualty , and is… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Arab scientists and scholars — This is a list of scientists and scholars from the Arab World and Islamic Spain (Al Andalus) that lived from antiquity up until the beginning of the modern age, consisting primarily of scholars during the Middle Ages. In some cases, their exact… …   Wikipedia

  • List of minor DC Comics characters — Throughout its history, DC Comics has introduced many, many characters. Most of them have been minor characters. These characters range from supporting characters, heroes, and/or villains that appear infrequently to those that only take part in a …   Wikipedia

  • List of companies in Greater Cincinnati — This is a list of major companies and organizations in Greater Cincinnati, through corporate or subsidiary headquarters or through significant operational and employment presence near Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.AutomobilesHeadquarters*Mitsubishi… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Spaniards — This is a list, in alphabetical order within categories, of notable people who either: * are or were Spanish citizens during at least one period of their life, * were born in Spain or in the territory of present day Spain, but who were not or are …   Wikipedia

  • List of -otomies — The suffix otomy is derived from the Greek suffix τόμος, tómos, meaning cutting, sharp, or separate . Medical procedures Amniotomy Androtomy Bilateral cingulotomy Bronchotomy Clitoridotomy Coeliotomy Colostomy Cordotomy Escharotomy Episiotomy… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Squidbillies characters — This is a list of characters on the Adult Swim animated television series, Squidbillies. Contents 1 The Cuyler family 1.1 Early Cuyler 1.2 Rusty Cuyler 1.3 Ruby Jean …   Wikipedia

  • Surgical suture — For other uses, see Suture (disambiguation). Surgical suture on needle holder. Packaging shown above. Surgical suture is a medical device used to hold body tissues together after an injury or surgery. It generally consists of a needle with an… …   Wikipedia

  • List of secondary doctors in ER — This is a partial list of fictional characters in the medical drama ER. Contents 1 Donald Anspaugh 2 Victor Clemente 3 Janet Coburn 4 Maggie Doyle …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.