Penicillium

Taxobox
name = "Penicillium"



image_width = 250px
image_caption = "Penicillium sp."
regnum = Fungi
phylum = Deuteromycota
classis = Eurotiomycetes
ordo = Moniliales
familia = Moniliaceae
genus = "Penicillium"
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = "Penicillium bilaiae" "Penicillium camemberti" "Penicillium candida" "Penicillium chrysogenum" "Penicillium claviforme" "Penicillium crustosum" "Penicillium glaucum" "Penicillium lacussarmientei" "Penicillium marneffei" "Penicillium purpurogenum" "Penicillium roqueforti" "Penicillium stoloniferum" "Penicillium viridicatum" "Penicillium verrucosum" "Penicillium commune"

"Penicillium" (from Latin "penicillus": "paintbrush") is a genus of ascomyceteous fungi that includes:

*"Penicillium bilaiae", which is an agricultural inoculant.
*"Penicillium camemberti", which is used in the production of Camembert and Brie cheeses.
*"Penicillium candida", which is used in making Brie and Camembert.
*"Penicillium chrysogenum" (previously known as "Penicillium notatum"), which produces the antibiotic penicillin.
*"Penicillium glaucum", which is used in making Gorgonzola cheese.
*"Penicillium lacussarmientei"
*"Penicillium marneffei", a thermally dimorphic species endemic in Southeast Asia, which presents a threat of systemic infection to AIDS patients.
*"Penicillium purpurogenum"
*"Penicillium roqueforti", which is used in making Roquefort, Danish Blue cheese and also recently Gorgonzola.
*"Penicillium stoloniferum"
*"Penicillium verrucosum" produces ochratoxin A
*"Penicillium viridicatum" produces ochratoxin


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  • Penicillium — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Penicillium Penicillium …   Wikipedia Español

  • Penicillium — Penicillium …   Wikipédia en Français

  • penicillium — [ penisiljɔm ] n. m. • 1860; « partie disposée en manière de pinceau » 1836; penicillion 1817; lat. penicillum « pinceau » ♦ Bot. Champignon (périsporiacées) qui forme une moisissure verdâtre sur certaines matières exposées à l humidité. Les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • penicillium — PENICÍLLIUM s.m. Specie de ciuperci cu mulţi nuclei din care se extrage penicilina. – Din fr. pénicillium. Trimis de valeriu, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  penicíllium s. m. (sil. li um) Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic … …   Dicționar Român

  • Penicillium — género de hongos, algunas especies de las cuales han estado provisionalmente ligadas a enfermedades humanas. La penicilina G se obtiene a partir de Penicillium chrysogenum y de P. notatum. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la… …   Diccionario médico

  • penicillium — [pen΄i sil′ē əm] n. pl. penicilliums or penicillia [pen΄i sil′ə] [ModL < L penicillus (see PENCIL): from the tuftlike ends of the conidiophores] any of a genus (Penicillium) of imperfect fungi growing as green mold on stale bread, ripening… …   English World dictionary

  • Penicillĭum — (P. Lk.), Schimmelpilzgattung, zu Hyphomycetes Mucedines; Art: P. glaucum Griv., der gewöhnliche, eine weißliche Haut bildende Schimmel, mit grünlich blauen Samen auf eingemachten Früchten, Syrupen etc …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Penicillĭum — Lk. (Pinselschimmel), Pilzgattung aus der Familie der Perisporiazeen. P. glaucum Lk. (s. Tafel »Pilze IV«, Fig. 2) ist in seiner Konidienform der gemeinste, überall verbreitete Schimmelpilz, der auf Brot, eingemachten Früchten etc. in blaugrünen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Penicillium — Penicillĭum Link., Pilzgattg. der Perisporiazeen; P. glaucum Link. (Pinsel oder Brotschimmel [Abb. 1354]), gemeinster Schimmelpilz, auf Brot, Früchten, geräucherten Fleischwaren etc. blaugrüne Krusten bildend …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Penicillium — Pinselschimmel Systematik Abteilung: Schlauchpilze (Ascomycota) Klasse: Echte Schlauchpilze (Ascomycetes) Unterklasse: Eurotiomycetidae Ordnung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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