- Chronology of the Jewish settlement in the land of Israel in modern times
Until the period of the First Aliyah
- In 1561, Tiberias was reestablished. During the same year Gracia Mendes Nasi and Joseph Nasi established in addition to Tiberias seven more Jewish villages.
- At the start of the 19th century, a group of students of the Vilna Gaon immigrated to the land of Israel and renewed the Jewish settlement in Safed and surrounding area, and reinforced the Jewish settlement in Jerusalem and Hebron.
- In 1860 Jewish neighborhoods were first established outside of the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem.
In addition to Jewish immigrants, others immigrated to land of Israel as well. In 1867, with the conclusion of the construction of the Suez Canal, many of the Egyptian workers could not to return to their homes in Egypt, which had been occupied by their brothers during their absence, and many of them settled in the land of Israel. In 1857, the Ottoman authorities encouraged people from all over the world to come and inhabit the land. American colonists, German Templars, and Algerian refugees (who fled a coup) answered the call. Amongst them was the al-Husayni clan, the family of Mohammad Amin al-Husayni. During the same period Chechen and Bosnian immigrants also immigrated to the country.
During the period of the First Aliyah 1882-1904
Year Kibbutzim Moshavim Local councils Towns Communal settlements Additional Comments 1878 Gai Oni Petah Tikva Petah Tikva was first established next to the village Umlebs which was situated next to the Yarkon River.
Gai Oni was abandoned and in 1882 at the same spot, Rosh Pinna was established.
1882 Rosh Pinna Rishon LeZion
1883 Mazkeret Batya Ness Ziona 1884 Neve Tzedek was established - the first Jewish neighborhood in Jaffa which became through the years part of the city Tel Aviv. 1887 Gedera 1889 Bat Shlomo 1890 Rehovot 1891 Hadera 1896 Metula 1899 Ilaniya 1900 Beersheba During this year the Arab city in which there was a meager Jewish community which eventually grew and became a Jewish city only in 1948, after the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. 1901 Kfar Tavor 1903 Kfar Sava Atlit
During the period of the Second Aliyah 1904 - 1914
Year Kibbutzim Moshavim Local councils Towns Communal settlements Additional Comments 1905 Tel Hai 1908 Kinneret Mitzpa 1909 Degania Alef Tel Aviv is established under the name Ahuzat Bayit abandoned 1910 Degania Alef Reestablished 1911 Ben Shemen Reestablished in 1952 1912 Kfar Uria Established for the first time in this year but was destroyed during the 1929 Palestine riots. Reestablished in 1944 and was destroyed again in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. Reestablished for the last time in 1949. 1913 Karkur Karkur was merged with Pardes Hanna in 1969.
During the period of the British Mandate of Palestine 1917 - 1948
Since the Declaration of Independence and until the Six-Day War 1948 - 1967
Since the Six-Day War and until today 1967 - 2008
Year Kibbutzim Moshavim Local councils Towns Communal settlements Additional Comments 1967 Kfar Etzion Ein Yahav 1968 Eliad (Was established during this year as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began in 1970)
Argaman (Was established during this year as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began in 1971)
1969 Ohad Merge between Pardes Hanna and Karkur (See Pardes Hanna-Karkur 1970 Tzofar
Eliad (was established in 1968 as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began during that year)
Alon Shvut 1971 El Rom Argaman (Was established already in 1968 as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began during that year) 1972 Afik Hatzeva (the settlement was established in 1965 as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began during that year)
1973 Kfar Haruv Ketura Netzer Hazani 1976 Samar 1977 Beit Rimon (Was established during this year as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began in 1979) Bethel 1978 Ortal Avnei Eitan
1979 Eshbal (The settlement was established during this year as a Nahal settlement)
Beit Rimon (was established in 1977 as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began in this year)
Bedolah (Was established during this year as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began in 1982)
Avshalom 1980 Idan 1981 Odem (Although the foundation of this village was established already in 1975, a permanent residency in this location began only in this year)
Alonei HaBashan (it was established during this year by the Nahal group in this location. the village was officially established 1982)
Barkan 1982 Ein Tamar
Alonei HaBashan (The village was established in 1981 when the Nahal group settled in this location but it was finally settled in this year)
Bedolah (The village was already established in 1979 as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began in this year)
Eshkolot (Was established as a Nahal settlement)
Adora (Was established in this year as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began in 1984)
Har Brakha (The settlement was established as a Nahal settlement. A permanent residency in this location began in this year)
1984 Adora (The village was established already in 1982 as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began in this year)
1985 Shaharut 1986 *Kokhav Ya'ir Eshhar * Merged in 2003 with Tzur Yigal 1987 Nofit
1989 Neve Harif
Bat Ayin 1990 Beitar Illit Avnei Hefetz 1991 *Tzur Yigal Eshkolot (Was established in 1982 as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began in this year.) *Populating began in 1994 and was merged in 2003 with Kokhav Ya'ir. 1994 *Modi'in * Populating began in 1996 and in 2003 was merged with Maccabim and Re'ut. 1996 Tzukim
1998 Eshbal (The village was established in 1979 as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began in this year.) Ahuzat Barak 2004 Giv'ot Bar 2005 Nitzan Israel's unilateral disengagement plan: Gush Katif and a number of settlements in the north of Samaria were evicted
- Israeli settlement timeline
- History of the Jews in the Land of Israel
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