Chronology of the Jewish settlement in the land of Israel in modern times


Chronology of the Jewish settlement in the land of Israel in modern times

This is a chronology of the colonization of the Land of Israel, recording the founding dates of Jewish settlements.

Contents

Until the period of the First Aliyah

  • In 1561, Tiberias was reestablished. During the same year Gracia Mendes Nasi and Joseph Nasi established in addition to Tiberias seven more Jewish villages.
  • At the start of the 19th century, a group of students of the Vilna Gaon immigrated to the land of Israel and renewed the Jewish settlement in Safed and surrounding area, and reinforced the Jewish settlement in Jerusalem and Hebron.
  • In 1860 Jewish neighborhoods were first established outside of the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem.

In addition to Jewish immigrants, others immigrated to land of Israel as well. In 1867, with the conclusion of the construction of the Suez Canal, many of the Egyptian workers could not to return to their homes in Egypt, which had been occupied by their brothers during their absence, and many of them settled in the land of Israel. In 1857, the Ottoman authorities encouraged people from all over the world to come and inhabit the land. American colonists, German Templars, and Algerian refugees (who fled a coup) answered the call. Amongst them was the al-Husayni clan, the family of Mohammad Amin al-Husayni. During the same period Chechen and Bosnian immigrants also immigrated to the country.

During the period of the First Aliyah 1882-1904

Year Kibbutzim Moshavim Local councils Towns Communal settlements Additional Comments
1878     Gai Oni Petah Tikva   Petah Tikva was first established next to the village Umlebs which was situated next to the Yarkon River.
Gai Oni was abandoned and in 1882 at the same spot, Rosh Pinna was established.
1882     Rosh Pinna Rishon LeZion
Zikhron Ya'akov
   
1883     Mazkeret Batya Ness Ziona    
1884           Neve Tzedek was established - the first Jewish neighborhood in Jaffa which became through the years part of the city Tel Aviv.
1887     Gedera      
1889   Bat Shlomo        
1890       Rehovot    
1891       Hadera    
1896     Metula      
1899   Ilaniya        
1900       Beersheba   During this year the Arab city in which there was a meager Jewish community which eventually grew and became a Jewish city only in 1948, after the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
1901     Kfar Tavor      
1903       Kfar Sava Atlit  

During the period of the Second Aliyah 1904 - 1914

Year Kibbutzim Moshavim Local councils Towns Communal settlements Additional Comments
1905 Tel Hai          
1908 Kinneret Mitzpa        
1909 Degania Alef     Tel Aviv is established under the name Ahuzat Bayit   abandoned
1910 Degania Alef         Reestablished
1911   Ben Shemen       Reestablished in 1952
1912   Kfar Uria       Established for the first time in this year but was destroyed during the 1929 Palestine riots. Reestablished in 1944 and was destroyed again in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. Reestablished for the last time in 1949.
1913       Karkur   Karkur was merged with Pardes Hanna in 1969.

During the period of the British Mandate of Palestine 1917 - 1948

Year Kibbutzim Moshavim Local councils Towns Communal settlements Additional Comments
1920 Degania Bet Beit Yatir        
1921 Tel Yosef
Ein Harod
Gan Shmuel
Nahalal   Ramat Gan    
1922 Beit Alfa     Giv'atayim
Ra'anana
   
1923       Ramat HaSharon    
1924   *Magdiel   Herzliya
Bnei Brak
  *Was merged in 1964 with 3 more settlements to form Hod HaSharon
1925 Givat HaShlosha Ramatayim       Was merged in 1964 with 3 more settlements to form Hod HaSharon
1926 Ramat David Beit She'arim   Bat Yam
Karkur
  Karkur was merged in 1969 with Pardes Hanna
1927 Beit Zera
Ein Shemer
Shefayim
*Hadar       *Was merged in 1964 with 3 more settlements to form Hod HaSharon
1928 Beit HaShita Ganei Hadar        
1929     Netanya
Pardes Hanna
     
1930 Na'an          
1931 Ein HaHoresh
Kvutzat Yavne
  Kvutzat Yavne      
1932 Ma'abarot
Afikim
Avihayil
Tel-Tzur (Was merged later on with Even Yehuda)
Beer Ganim (Was merged later on with Even Yehuda)
Ramat Tyumakin (Was merged later on with Netanya)
Neta'im
Ganei Am
Even Yehuda      
1933 Mishmarot
Givat Haim
Eliashiv Ramot HaShavim      
1934       Kiryat Bialik    
1936 Tel Amal (today called Nir David) Kfar Hittim   Holon    
1937 Sde Nahum
Usha
Ginosar
Tirat Zvi
Sha'ar HaGolan
Masada
Ein HaShofet
Ein Gev
Maoz Haim
Kfar Szold
Tzur Moshe
B'nai B'rith (Moledet)
Mishmar HaShlosha
Beit Yosef
Kfar Shmaryahu      
1938 Ma'ale HaHamisha
Alonim
Hanita
Ein HaMifratz
Tel Yitzhak
Eilon
Kfar Masaryk
Ma'ayan Tzvi
Neve Eitan
Kfar Ruppin
Mesilot
Beit Yehoshua
Geulim
Sharona
Sde Warburg
Ramat Hadar (Was merged in 1964 with 3 more settlements to form Hod HaSharon)
Shavei Tzion      
1939 Dahlia
Dafna
Dan
Sde Eliyahu
Mahanayim
HaZore'im
Gesher
Negba
Kfar Glikson
Hamadia
Beit Oren
Amir
Afek
Kfar Netter
Mishmar HaYam
Shadmot Dvora
Tel-Tzur
Kfar Warburg
  Kiryat Ono    
1940   Beit Hillel
The settlement was originally established in this year, it was abandoned after a few years and later on was reestablished again in 1949.
Pardesiya      
1943 Gvulot
Yad Mordechai
         
1944     Giv'at Shmuel      
1945 Hokuk
Even Yitzhak
         
1946 Urim
Be'eri
Gal On
Hatzerim
Yehiam
Mishmar HaNegev
Nirim
Shoval
Ein Tzurim
Ami'ad
Regba
Dovrat
Kfar Darom
Nevatim
Kedma
Tkuma
Kfar Monash
       
1947 Eyal
Sa'ad
Revadim (Was established in this year in Gush Etzion but with the evacuation of the area it was moved to its present position in 1948.)
HaOgen
Ma'ayan Barukh
Mashabei Sadeh
Sufa
Tze'elim
Mivtahim
Gevim
Alumot ( Was originally established in this year and abandoned in 1968, was established again in 1969)
         
1948 Netzer Sereni
Netiv HaLamed-Heh
HaGoshrim
Tzova
Revadim (Was established already in 1947 in Gush Etzion but with the evacuation of the area it was moved to its present position in 1948.)
Shluhot
Reshafim
Bror Hayil
Nahsholim
Shomrat
Sa'ar
* Sha'ar HaGolan
Bethlehem of Galilee (Was established already in 1906 as a Moshava of Templers which were expelled during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War and instead a Moshav was established at this location)
Kfar Chabad
Timorim
Nordia
Ramat Raziel
HaYogev
Herev Le'et
Shoresh
Bustan HaGalil
  Beersheba (Even though the Jewish settlement in the city started with its establishment in 1900, it only became a Jewish city from this year and onwards.
Yehud
*Was already established in 1937 but was abandoned in during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War and was reestablished during that year.  

Since the Declaration of Independence and until the Six-Day War 1948 - 1967

Year Kibbutzim Moshavim Local councils Towns Communal settlements Additional Comments
1949 Rosh HaNikra, HaSolelim, HaOn, Palmachim, Erez, Beit Guvrin, Beit HaEmek, Beit Kama, Bnei Re'em, Bar'am, Barkai, Zikim, Gesher HaZiv, Neve Ur, Kabri, Gadot, Lahavot Haviva, Mefalsim, Nir Yitzhak, She'ar Yashuv, Lohamey HaGeta'ot, Nave Yair, Re'im, Magen, Hamadia, Lavi Liman, Elkosh, HaBonim, Gilat, Aviel, Burgata, Beit Gamliel, *Beit Hillel, Beit Zeit, Bnei Darom, Be'erotayim, Tzippori, Kfar HaNagid, Hatzav, Tirat Yehuda, Ein Ayala, Hagor, Azaria, Elifelet, Tifrah, Ramot Meir, Nir Galim, Amqa, Ben Ami, Kfar Uria (Was build in the same location for the third time after it was built there already in 1912 and in 1944) Ganei Tikva Beit She'an, Rosh HaAyin *Arbel
Poria - Kfar Avoda
* Beit Hillel was reestablished during that year even though it was already established in 1940 but was abandoned a few years later.
* Arbel was established in this year as Communal settlement and by 1959 became a Moshav ovdim.
1950 Gazit, Ein HaShlosha, Nir Eliyahu Avigdor, Even Sapir, Ora, Ahuzam, Ahihud, Bitha, Beit Ezra, Ben Zakai, Berekhya, Gimzo, Gan Sorek, Zeitan, Yakhini, Yatzitz, Yish'i, Yashresh, Kfar Shmuel, Mivtahim, Nehora, Naham, Netiv HaShayara, Peduim, Patish, Ranen, Sde Eliezer, Shuva, Tlamim   Beit Shemesh, Kiryat Malakhi, Kiryat Shmona Kfar Hasidim Bet  
1951 Betzet, Dvir, Kfar Aza, Yotvata, Kissufim, *Nahal Oz Beit HaGadi, Sharsheret, Margaliot, *Beit Yosef Yeruham, Mevaseret Zion Eilat
Ashkelon
Eshel HaNasi *Nahal Oz was established in this year as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began in 1953
*Beit Yosef was reestablished after it was destroyed in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War
1952 Givat Haim, Lahav Orot, Ben Shemen (was reestablished in this year after it had already been established in 1911), Bareket, Givolim, Shibolim, Alonei Abba, Kfar Aviv, Ginaton, Sde Yitzhak     Magalim  
1953 Ashdot Ya'akov Ihud
Ashdot Ya'akov Meuhad
Nahal Oz (was established in 1951 as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began only in this year)
Metzer
Brosh
Ta'ashur
Tidhar
Zru'a
Talmei Bilu
Pa'amei Tashaz
Sde Tzvi
Avital
Yuval
Mlilot
Dishon
Yad Natan
Menuha
Neve Monosson Migdal HaEmek, Sderot Poria - Neve Oved  
1954 Bahan Eshbol
Nevatim
  Kiryat Gat    
1955   Amatzia   Ofakim, Dimona    
1956       Ashdod, Netivot    
1957 Or HaNer
Beit Nir
Even Shmuel
Ilaniya
       
1958 Adamit Aviezer
Givat Yeshayahu
       
1959   Arbel        
1960 Ein Hatzeva
Even Menachem
         
1962 Eilot Avivim   Arad    
1963 Grofit          
1964     Mitzpe Ramon Hod HaSharon was established as a merger of several Moshavot    
1965   Hatzeva        

Since the Six-Day War and until today 1967 - 2008

Year Kibbutzim Moshavim Local councils Towns Communal settlements Additional Comments
1967 Kfar Etzion Ein Yahav        
1968   Eliad (Was established during this year as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began in 1970)
Argaman (Was established during this year as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began in 1971)
Givat Yoav
       
1969   Ohad Merge between Pardes Hanna and Karkur (See Pardes Hanna-Karkur      
1970   Tzofar
Neot HaKikar
Eliad (was established in 1968 as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began during that year)
    Alon Shvut  
1971 El Rom Argaman (Was established already in 1968 as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began during that year)      
1972 Afik Hatzeva (the settlement was established in 1965 as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began during that year)
Bnei Yehuda
       
1973 Kfar Haruv Ketura Netzer Hazani      
1976 Samar          
1977 Beit Rimon (Was established during this year as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began in 1979)   Bethel      
1978 Ortal Avnei Eitan
Aniam
Bnei Atzmon
  Ariel Sapir
Neve Zohar
 
1979 Eshbal (The settlement was established during this year as a Nahal settlement)
Beit Rimon (was established in 1977 as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began in this year)
Ashalim
Bedolah (Was established during this year as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began in 1982)
    Avshalom  
1980   Idan        
1981   Odem (Although the foundation of this village was established already in 1975, a permanent residency in this location began only in this year)
Alonei HaBashan (it was established during this year by the Nahal group in this location. the village was officially established 1982)
    Barkan  
1982   Ein Tamar
Alonei HaBashan (The village was established in 1981 when the Nahal group settled in this location but it was finally settled in this year)
Bedolah (The village was already established in 1979 as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began in this year)
    Eshkolot (Was established as a Nahal settlement)
Adora (Was established in this year as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began in 1984)
Kalanit, Israel
1983 Lotan
Elifaz
Har Brakha (The settlement was established as a Nahal settlement. A permanent residency in this location began in this year)
Beit Hagai
Har Amasa
Elei Sinai
Oshrat
       
1984         Adora (The village was established already in 1982 as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began in this year)
Geva Binyamin
 
1985         Shaharut  
1986     *Kokhav Ya'ir   Eshhar * Merged in 2003 with Tzur Yigal
1987         Nofit
Avtalion
 
1988         Kmehin
Givat Ela
 
1989 Neve Harif
Neot Smadar
      Bat Ayin  
1990       Beitar Illit Avnei Hefetz  
1991     *Tzur Yigal   Eshkolot (Was established in 1982 as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began in this year.) *Populating began in 1994 and was merged in 2003 with Kokhav Ya'ir.
1994       *Modi'in   * Populating began in 1996 and in 2003 was merged with Maccabim and Re'ut.
1996         Tzukim
Bat Hefer
 
1998 Eshbal (The village was established in 1979 as a Nahal settlement, a permanent residency in this location began in this year.)       Ahuzat Barak  
2004         Giv'ot Bar  
2005         Nitzan Israel's unilateral disengagement plan: Gush Katif and a number of settlements in the north of Samaria were evicted

See also


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Israel — This article is about the modern country. For other uses, see Israel (disambiguation). State of Israel …   Wikipedia

  • The Bible and history — Part of a series on The Bible …   Wikipedia

  • Israel —     Israelites     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Israelites     The word designates the descendants of the Patriarch Jacob, or Israel. It corresponds to the Hebrew appellation children of Israel , a name by which together with the simple form Israel… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Chronology of Mormonism — This article is part of a series on Joseph Smith …   Wikipedia

  • History of ancient Israel and Judah — Further information: History of Palestine, Pre history of the Southern Levant, History of the Southern Levant, and History of the Levant The Iron Age kingdom of Israel (blue) and kingdom of Judah (tan), with their neighbours… …   Wikipedia

  • LITERATURE, JEWISH — Literature on Jewish themes and in languages regarded as Jewish has been written continuously for the past 3,000 years. What the term Jewish literature encompasses, however, demands definition, since Jews have lived in so many countries and have… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Christianity in the 1st century — Christians believe that Jesus is the mediator of the New Covenant.[1] Depicted by 19th century Danish painter Carl Heinrich Bloch is his Sermon on the Mount (c. 30) in which he Expounds on the Law. Some scholars consider this to be …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Jews in Poland — The history of the Jews in Poland dates back over a millennium. [ [http://polishjews.org/ polishjews.org] ] Poland was home to the largest Jewish population in Europe and served as the center for Jewish culture, ranging from a long period of… …   Wikipedia

  • KINGDOMS OF JUDAH AND ISRAEL — samuel and the beginnings of israelite monarchy the united david solomon division of the the earliest kings the last days of samaria. the kingdom of judah until its destruction Samuel and Saul: The Beginnings of Israelite Monarchy Our earliest… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Archaeology of Israel — The archaeology of Israel is researched intensively in the universities of the region and also attracts considerable international interest on account of the region s Biblical links.Excavation in Israel continues at a relatively rapid pace and is …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.