Lunar rover


Lunar rover
Lunokhod 1 (lit. moonwalker), the first successful lunar rover.
The Apollo 15 Lunar Roving Vehicle on the Moon in 1971.
The Apollo 17 Lunar Roving Vehicle on the Moon in 1972.

A lunar rover or Moon rover is a space exploration vehicle designed to move across the surface of the Moon. Some rovers have been designed to transport members of a human spaceflight crew, such as the Apollo Lunar Roving Vehicle; others have been partially or fully autonomous robots, such as Lunokhod 1.

Contents

History

Lunokhod 1

Lunokhod 1 was the first of two unmanned lunar rovers landed on the Moon by the Soviet Union as part of its Lunokhod program. The spacecraft which carried Lunokhod 1 was named Luna 17. Lunokhod was the first roving remote-controlled robot to land on another celestial body.

Lunokhod 1 held the durability record for space rovers for more than 30 years, until a new record was set by the Mars Exploration Rovers.

Lunokhod 2

Apollo Lunar Roving Vehicle

The Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) was a battery-powered four-wheeled rover used on the Moon during the last three missions of the American Apollo program (15, 16, and 17) during 1971 and 1972. It was popularly known as the moon buggy, a play on the phrase "dune buggy".

The LRV could carry one or two astronauts, their equipment, and lunar samples.

Proposed lunar rover missions

Chang'e 3

Chang'e 3 is a Chinese lunar rover scheduled for launch in 2013. It will be China's first lunar rover, part of the second phase of the Chinese Lunar Exploration Program undertaken by China National Space Administration (CNSA).

Chandrayaan-II

The Chandrayaan II mission is the first lunar rover mission by India, consisting of a lunar orbiter and a lunar lander. An opportunity was given to students to design this rover. 150 students submitted their designs but only 6 were selected. They gave a demonstration in NRSA and are going to ISRO. The Russian designed rover weighs 50 kg, will have six wheels and will be running on solar power. It will land near one of the poles and will operate for a year, roving up to 150 km at a maximum speed of 360 m/h. The proposed launch date of the mission is 2014.

ATHLETE

The ATHLETE rover in a test facility at JPL. Taken August, 2008.

NASA's plans for future moon missions call for rovers that have a far longer range than the Apollo rovers.[1]

The All-Terrain Hex-Legged Extra-Terrestrial Explorer (ATHLETE) is a six-legged robotic lunar rover test-bed under development by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). ATHLETE is a testbed for systems and is designed for use on the Moon.[2]

The system is in development along with NASA's Johnson and Ames Centers, Stanford University and Boeing.[3]

ATHLETE is designed, for maximum efficiency, to be able to both roll and walk over a wide range of terrains.[2]

Scarab

Scarab is a new generation lunar rover designed to assist astronauts take rock and mineral samples and explore the lunar surface.[4][5] It is being developed by the Robotics Institute of Carnegie Mellon University, supported by NASA.

Space Exploration Vehicle

The SEV is a proposed successor to the original Lunar Roving Vehicle from the Apollo missions. It combines a living module, as it has a pressurized cabin containing a small bathroom and space for 2 astronauts (4 in case of emergency), and a small truck.

See also

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • lunar rover — n. an electric powered, four wheeled, open vehicle used by astronauts to explore the surface of the moon …   English World dictionary

  • Lunar rover — LRV von Apollo 15 Das Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) war ein elektrisch betriebenes Fahrzeug, das in den USA für den Einsatz auf dem Mond konstruiert wurde. Es wurde während der letzten drei der sogenannten J Klasse Apollo Missionen (Apollo 15, 16… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • lunar rover — (often caps.) U.S. Aerospace. a wire wheeled, battery powered vehicle used by Apollo astronauts to explore the moon s surface. Also called lunar roving vehicle. [1970 75] * * * lunar rover or lunar roving vehicle, a vehicle for exploratory travel …   Useful english dictionary

  • lunar rover — (often caps.) U.S. Aerospace. a wire wheeled, battery powered vehicle used by Apollo astronauts to explore the moon s surface. Also called lunar roving vehicle. [1970 75] * * * …   Universalium

  • Lunar Roving Vehicle — Rover lunaire Eugene A. Cernan conduisant un Rover lunaire lors de la mission Apollo 17 avant son assemblage final (les caméras et antennes ne sont pas installées). Le Rover lunaire[Note 1] ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • lunar roving vehicle — lunar rover or lunar roving vehicle, a vehicle for exploratory travel on the moon s surface; moon rover: »Apollo 15 was first of three missions to transport heavier payloads than the earlier flights and to carry an electric powered vehicle… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rover — may refer to: Vehicles *Rover class tanker Land vehicles *Rover Company, a former British car manufacturing company and originator of the Rover and Land Rover car brands, later a subsidiary of British Leyland, now owned by Tata Motors *Austin… …   Wikipedia

  • Lunar Escape Systems — were a series of emergency vehicles designed for never flown long duration Apollo missions. Because these missions were even more hypothetical than the planned canceled Apollo missions, the designs were never constructed.As NASA planned for… …   Wikipedia

  • Lunar Roving Vehicle — This article is about the Apollo rovers. For the Soviet robotic rovers, see Lunokhod program. For the planned Chinese robotic rover, see Chang e 3. The Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) or lunar rover was a battery powered four wheeled rover used on the …   Wikipedia

  • Rover lunaire — Eugene A. Cernan conduisant un Rover lunaire lors de la mission Apollo 17 avant son assemblage final (les caméras et antennes ne sont pas installées). Le Rover lunaire[Note 1] (Lunar Roving Vehicle …   Wikipédia en Français


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