- The Ballston Terminal Railroad
The Ballston Terminal Railroad was an electric-powered trolley line that served industries along the Kayaderosseras Creek in the Town of Milton,
Saratoga County, New York State. It was a terminal railroad, which means it had an interchange at one end (in Ballston Spa) but terminated without any other interchange.
The railroad's primary purpose was to serve the dozen water-powered paper mills and a large tool factory that were situated along the creek. These included the paper mills and bag factory of "Paper Bag King"
George West, the famous Ballston Scythe & Axe Works of Isaiah Blood, the paper box mill of the National Folding Paper Box Company, and the straw paper mill of Chauncey Kilmer (later the Cottrell Paper Company). [Lost Industries of the Kaydeross Valley: A History of Manufacturing in Ballston Spa, New York]
The railroad was unique for being one of the few trolley railroads in the country to have a primary function of hauling freight cars. At least eight freight cars could be hauled by the George West trolley car to the
Delaware and Hudson Railwayinterchange track on present day Route 50.
Construction started in 1896 when an investor group headed by Arthur B. Paine was granted a franchise by the Village of
Ballston Spa. By 1902 the railroad reached its greatest extent of twelve miles. It served the villages and hamlets of Ballston Spa, Bloodville, Factory Village, Craneville, Milton Center, West Milton, Rock City Falls, and Middle Grove. A regular schedule was instituted to accommodate passengers.
The railroad was never a financial success. The Ballston Terminal Railroad Corporation declared bankruptcy in 1904, but a new corporation was formed called the Eastern New York Railroad, and operations continued uninterrupted. In 1918, another reorganization occurred when several paper mill owners banded together and purchased the ailing railroad. It was thereafter called the Kaydeross Railroad. This line operated until 1929, when it shut down for the last time. By then, only three paper mills had survived. However, the railroad served its primary purpose of providing inexpensive transportation and distribution and contributed to the longevity of the industries it served. [The Ballston Terminal Railroad And Its Successors]
Little of the railroad remains today. The brick powerhouse still survives in Factory Village, and approximately one mile of the former railroad bed is scheduled to become a walking trail in Boice Park.
1. [http://www.ballstonhistory.com Lost Industries of the Kaydeross Valley: A History of Manufacturing in Ballston Spa, New York; Starr, Timothy, 2007]
2. [http://www.ballstonhistory.com The Ballston Terminal Railroad And Its Successors; Starr, Timothy, 2007]
Ballston Spa, Saratoga County, New York
[http://www.townofmiltonny.org/milton-services.asp Town of Milton services and history]
[http://www.historyofsaratoga.com Ballston Spa and Saratoga County History]
[http://www.brooksidemuseum.org Brookside Museum, Saratoga County Historical Society]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Ballston Spa, New York — Village Ballston Spa, Milton Ave … Wikipedia
Washington and Old Dominion Railroad — The Washington and Old Dominion Railroad (colloquially referred to as the W OD) was an intrastate short line railroad located in Northern Virginia. Its oldest line extended from Alexandria on the Potomac River northwest to Bluemont at the foot of … Wikipedia
Kayaderosseras — The Kayaderosseras Creek is the largest river that lies completely within Saratoga County, New York State. It originates in the Kayaderosseras Mountain range in the northern part of the county, and passes through the Town of Greenfield and the… … Wikipedia
Milton (town), New York — Another Milton is a hamlet in Ulster County. Milton, New York City … Wikipedia
Rock City Falls — is a hamlet in the Town of Milton, Saratoga County, New York State. The principal roads are Route 29 and Rock City Falls Road. The hamlet achieved fame as the origins of Paper Bag King George West, who established his Empire Mill there in 1862.… … Wikipedia
Bloodville — is a hamlet of Ballston Spa, Saratoga County, New York State. It is named after Isaiah Blood, who established the Ballston Axe Scythe Works in 1824.The factories were located on the Kayaderosseras Creek just north of Ballston Spa, and consisted… … Wikipedia
List of New York railroads — Current and former railroads in New York The following railroads operate in the U.S. state of New York. Contents 1 Common freight carriers … Wikipedia
Northern Virginia trolleys — Terminal at Mount Vernon Operation Began operation 1892 Ended operation … Wikipedia
Silver Line (Washington Metro) — Dulles Corridor Me … Wikipedia
Capital District — This article is about the Capital District in New York. For other uses of capital district, see capital districts and territories or capital region. Capital District Capital Region, Tech Valley … Wikipedia