Eastern world

The term Eastern world refers very broadly to the various cultures or social structures and philosophical systems of Eastern Asia or geographically the Eastern Culture. This includes the Indian subcontinent (comprising Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, Nepal and occasionally Afghanistan), the Far East (comprising China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Indonesia, Japan, North Korea, South Korea). The Middle East/Near East, and Central Asia sometimes are considered being a part of East Asia.

Contents

Introduction

An image of the "Eastern world" defined as Asia.

The division between "East" and "West" is a product of European cultural history, and of the distinction between European Christendom and the alien cultures beyond it to the East. With the European colonization of the Americas the East/West distinction became global. The concept of an Eastern, "Indian" (Indies) or "Oriental" sphere was emphasized by ideas of racial as well as religious and cultural differences. Such distinctions were articulated by Westerners in the scholarly tradition known as Orientalism and Indology. People from the East are known by certain regions in the West as "Oriental". During the Cold War, the term "Eastern world" was sometimes used as an extension of Eastern bloc, connoting the Soviet Union, China and their communist allies, while the term "Western world" often connoted the United States and its NATO allies such as the United Kingdom. The concept is often another term for the Far East—a region that bears considerable cultural and religious commonality. Eastern philosophy, art, literature, and other traditions, are often found throughout the region in places of high importance, such as popular culture, architecture and traditional literature. The spread of Buddhism and Hindu Yoga is partly responsible for this.

Eastern culture

An image of the "Eastern world" defined as the "Far East", consisting of three overlapping cultural blocks: East Asia, Southeast Asia, and South Asia.
The distribution of the two major families of world religion, Dharmic religion and Abrahamic religion, highlights the religious difference between the Far East and the rest of the world.

Eastern culture has developed many themes and traditions. Some important ones are:

References

  • Ankerl, Guy (2000) [2000]. Global communication without universal civilization. INU societal research. Vol.1: Coexisting contemporary civilizations : Arabo-Muslim, Bharati, Chinese, and Western. Geneva: INU Press. ISBN 2-88155-004-5. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eastern — may refer to:* The Eastern world ( i.e. , Asia) ** Eastern philosophy ** Eastern religion* Eastern Time Zone * Eastern Air Lines, a defunct American airline * Eastern AA, a football team in Hong Kong * Eastern bloc, during the Cold War * Eastern… …   Wikipedia

  • Eastern Europe — is a general term that refers to the geopolitical region encompassing the easternmost part of the European continent. In some definitions its borders are defined more by culture than by clear and precise geographyFact|date=April 2008. Throughout… …   Wikipedia

  • Eastern Nazarene College — Seal of the Eastern Nazarene College Motto Via, Veritas, Vita Motto in English The Way …   Wikipedia

  • World War II casualties — World War II was humanity s deadliest war, causing tens of millions of deaths. The tables below provide a detailed country by country count of human losses.Total human lossesThe total estimated human loss of life caused by World War II was… …   Wikipedia

  • Eastern Michigan University — Motto Education First Established 1849 Type Public …   Wikipedia

  • Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia — Eastern Province   Province   الشرقية Map of Saudi Arabia with the Eastern Province highlighted …   Wikipedia

  • Eastern art history — is devoted to the arts of the Far East and includes a vast range of influences from various cultures and religions. The emphasis is on art history amongst many diverse cultures in Asia. Developments in Eastern art historically parallel those in… …   Wikipedia

  • World-systems approach — World system approach is a post Marxist view of world affairs, one of several historical and current applications of Marxism to international relations. One of the basics of the approach is its view of imperialism, which for many Marxists during… …   Wikipedia

  • World War II evacuation and expulsion — refers to forced deportation, mass evacuation and displacement of peoples spurred on by the hostilities between Axis and Allied powers, and the border changes enacted in the post war settlement. The crisis in former Axis occupied territories… …   Wikipedia

  • Eastern gorilla — Eastern gorilla[1] Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • World cinema — is a term used primarily in English language speaking countries to refer to the films and film industries of non English speaking countries (those outside of the Anglosphere ). It is therefore often used interchangeably with the term Foreign film …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.