- Timeline of Portuguese history (Second Republic)
This is a historical timeline of
__NOTOC__ =Second Republic: Dictatorial Estado Novo=
May 27, The General Manuel de Oliveira Gomes da Costaarrives at Bragawith the purpose of initiating a Coup d'état.
*The Republican Government and Prime Minister
António Maria da Silva, knowing of the forthcoming coup, try to organize resistance believing the uprising can be defeated.
May 28, A Military coup d'état (henceforth know as the 28th May 1926 coup d'état) begins in Bragaled by Gomes da Costa. Believing to have failed, Gomes da Costa announces his surrender.
Portuguese Communist Partyinterrupts its 2nd Congress due to the political and military situation.
**The Confederação Geral do Trabalho (national trade union center) declares its neutrality in the military confrontations.
**The Military Coup spreads to the rest of the country, by influence of Mendes Cabeçadas,
Sinel de Cordesand Óscar Carmona, and establishes the Ditadura Nacional (National Dictatorship) against the democratic but unstable 1st Republic.
**The Government of Prime Minister
António Maria da Silvaresigns.
**The General Gomes da Costa is acclaimed in
**The President of the Republic,
Bernardino Machado, resigns.
José Mendes Cabeçadas Júniorbecomes Prime Minister and President of the Republic.
June 3, António de Oliveira Salazarbecomes Minister of Finance, he resigns 16 days after nomination.
June 3, The Congress of the Republic of Portugal(National Assembly) is dissolved by dictatorial decree.
*All heads of Municipalities are substituted.
Carbonária(the Portuguese section of the Carbonari) is banned.
*All Political parties are banned.
June 17, General Gomes da Costa provokes a military coup.
June 19, General Gomes da Costa becomes Prime Minister.
June 22, Censorshipis instituted.
June 29, General Gomes da Costa becomes President of the Republic.
**General Gomes da Costa is obliged to step down and goes into exile.
**General António Óscar de Fragoso Carmona, of the conservative military wing, becomes Prime Minister.
September 15- Failed military coup.
September 18- Failed military coup.
November 29- General António Óscar Carmonabecomes President of the Republic.
December 16, The "Police of Information" of Lisbon, a Political Police, is created. 1927
*February, Failed Republican revolucionary attempt against the Ditadura Nacional in
March 26, The "Police of Information" of Porto, a Political Police, is created.
May 17, Minimum School years are reduced from the 6th to the 4th grade; in all levels of non-university schooling students are divided by sex.
*The Confederação Geral do Trabalho (national trade union center) is dissolved.
*August - Failed right wing military coup.
December 1- Students demonstrate in Lisbonagainst the Ditadura Nacional. 1928
*February, The Comissão de Propaganda da Ditadura (Commission for the Propaganda of the Dictatorship) is created.
March 17, The "Police of Information" of Portoand Lisbonare fused.
April 18, General José Vicente de Freitasbecomes Prime Minister.
April 26, António de Oliveira Salazarbecomes Minister of Finance for the 2nd time.
*General António Óscar de Fragoso Carmona remains President of the Republic.
*"Acordo Missionário" (Missionary Agreement) between the Catholic Church and the Portuguese Republic, giving special status to the action of the Catholic Church in Portugal's colonies.
*Failed Republican revolucionary attempt against the Ditadura Nacional.
Portuguese Communist Party's Main Office is closed. 1929
July 8, Artur Ivens Ferrazbecomes Prime Minister.
*Catholic Religious Orders are again permitted in Portugal.
Portuguese Communist Partyis reorganized under Bento Gonçalves. Adapting the Party to its new illegal status, the reorganization creates a net of clandestine cells to avoid the wave of detentions. 1930
January 21, Domingos da Costa e Oliveirabecomes Prime Minister.
*The "Acto Colonial" (Colonial Act) is published, defining the status of Portuguese colonies (
Angola, Cabinda, Cape Verde, Portuguese Guinea, São Tomé and Príncipe, Mozambique, Goa, Diu, Daman & Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Portuguese Timor and Macau).
*The fundamental principles of the new regime are present by
António de Oliveira Salazarin the 4th anniversary of the "28th of May Revolution". 1932
July 5, António de Oliveira Salazarbecomes Prime Minister. 1933
*A new Constitution is approved in a false referedum, defining Portugal as a Corporative, Single Party and Multi-continental country (in Europe, Africa, Asia and
fascist-leaning right-wing Dictatorialregime entitled Estado Novo is installed.
*The Single Party
União Nacional(National Union) is created.
*The "Estatuto do Trabalho Nacional" (Code of National Labour) is published, prohibiting all free trade unions.
*A Political Police, the
PVDE("Polícia de Vigilância e de Defesa do Estado"; State Defense and Vigilance Police) is created.
Censorship, particularly of the Mass media, is systematic and generalized. 1935 1936
May 19, Creation of the Mocidade Portuguesa(Portuguese Youth), a compulsory paramilitaryyouth organization similar to the Hitler Youth.
*July, Beginning of the
Spanish Civil War; Portugal promptly supports Nationalist Spainunder General Francisco Francoand sends military aid (the Battalion of the " Viriatos") in their fight against the Spanish Republicans.
concentration campfor political prisoners of Tarrafal is created in the colony of Cape Verde, under direct control of the political police PVDE.
*The political police PVDE focuses its action against
Communismand the underground Portuguese Communist Party. During this pre- World War IIperiod, several Italian Fascist and German Nazi advisors came to Portugal, to help the PVDE adopt a model similar to the Gestapo. 1937
*December, The female section of the
Mocidade Portuguesais created. 1939
Iberian Neutrality Pactis put forward by Salazar to Francisco Franco. 1942 1945
*The Political Police PVDE is reorganized and renamed
PIDE("Polícia Internacional de Defesa do Estado"; International Police for the Defense of the State).
October 8, The MUD ( Movimento de Unidade Democrática- Movement of Democratic Unity) is created with official permission. 1948
*January, The MUD is banished.
April 4, Portugal is a founding member of NATO.
António Óscar Carmonameets with Spanish dictator Francisco Franco.
Francisco Francoreceives a Doctorate honoris causaby the University of Coimbra.
*In the (forged) Presidential elections, General
Norton de Matos, backed by the opposicionist illegal organization MUD tries and fail to win the Presidency of the Republic. 1951
António de Oliveira Salazarbecomes Provisional President of the Republic due to the death of President António Óscar de Fragoso Carmona.
Francisco Higino Craveiro Lopesbecomes President of the Republic.
*The Portuguese government overhauls the entire colonial system in an attempt to curb criticism on Portuguese
Colonialism, all Portugal's colonies were renamed "Portuguese Overseas Provinces". 1954
Dadra and Nagar HaveliPortuguese enclave, dependent of Daman, is occupied by India. 1956
Amílcar Cabralfounds the PAIGC ( Partido Africano da Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde, African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde).
*December, The MPLA, Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola (Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola), is founded by
Agostinho Neto. 1957
*The FNLA - Frente Nacional de Libertação de Angola (National Front for the Liberation of Angola), is founded as "União das Populações do Norte de Angola" (Union of the Populations of Northern Angola).
Américo Thomazbecomes President of the Republic. 1959
Pijiguiti Massacre- Portuguese soldiers open fire on protesting dockworkers in Bissau( Portuguese Guinea), killing 50. 1960
*January, A group of ten
Portuguese Communist Partymembers escaped from the high-security prison in Peniche. Among the escapees was Álvaro Cunhal.
January 4, Portugal is one of the founding member of the EFTA - European Free Trade Association. 1961
February 4, The Portuguese Colonial Warstarts in Angolawith the attacks to the Prison, Police headquarters and Radio central in Luanda.
March 15, Attacks in northern Angolaby the UPA (União do Povo Angolano; Union of the Angolan People), against Portuguese colonists and African populations, provoking hundreds of deaths.
*The Prime Minister
António de Oliveira Salazartakes on himself the office of Minister of National Defense and reorganizes the Government to face the war in Africa.
December 12, the Indian armyconquers Portuguese Goa.
December 19, the Indian armyconquers Portuguese Daman and Diu. 1962
June 25, The FRELIMO - Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (Mozambican Liberation Front) is founded in Dar es Salaam( Tanzania).
PAIGC Guerrilla warfareagainst the Portuguese begins with an abortive attack on Praia.
March 24- The Academic Crisis of '62 culminates in a huge student demonstration in Lisbonbrutally repressed by the shock police, which caused hundreds of students to be seriously injured. 1963
*The FLEC (
Frente para a Libertação do Enclave de Cabinda; Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda) is founded.
Amílcar Cabraland PAIGCdeclare full scale war against the Portuguese in Guinea. 1964
*The FRELIMO controls most of Northern
*February, The first
Party Congressof the PAIGCtakes place at liberated Cassaca, in which both the political and military arms of the PAIGC were assessed and reorganised, with a regular army (The People's Army) to supplement the guerilla forces (The People's Guerillas). 1965
*6th Congress of the
Portuguese Communist Party, one of the most important congresses in the Party's history, after Álvaro Cunhalreleased the report "The Path to Victory – The tasks of the Party in the National and Democratic Revolution", which became an important document in the anti-fascist struggle. 1966
August 6, The Salazar Bridge is inaugurated in Lisbonabove the Tagusriver. It is the longest suspension bridge in Europe and a replica (made by the same engineers) of the Golden Gatebridge in San Francisco.
*The UNITA - União Nacional para a Independência Total de Angola (National Union for Total Independence of Angola) is founded by
Jonas Savimbi. 1967
*By this time the
PAIGChad carried out 147 attacks on Portuguese barracks and army encampments, and effectively controlled 2/3rd of Portuguese Guinea. 1968
*Reorganisation of the Government.
September 25, António de Oliveira Salazarleaves the Government due to health problems.
September 28, Marcello das Neves Alves Caetano becomes Prime Minister.
*Portugal begins a new campaign against the guerillas in
Portuguese Guineawith the arrival of the new governor of the colony, General António de Spínola. 1969
*The Single Party
União Nacionalis renamed "Acção Nacional Popular" (National Popular Action).
*The Political Police
PIDEis renamed DGS ("Direcção Geral de Segurança", Directorate-General of Security).
*Beginning of the
Primavera Marcelista(Marcelist Springtime), a timid and failed opening of the regime. 1970
July 27, Death of António de Oliveira Salazar.
Conakry, in the Republic of Guinea, 400 amphibious troops attacked the city and freed hundreds of Portuguese Prisoners of warkept there by the PAIGC. 1973
Amílcar Cabral, leader of the PAIGC, is assassinated in Conakryby a disgruntled former associate under influence of the Portuguese Political Police DGS.
September 24, Independence of Guinea-Bissau( Portuguese Guinea) is unilaterally declared.
United Nations' General Assembly vote recognizes the Independence of Guinea-Bissau, unprecedented as it denounced illegal Portuguese aggression and occupation and was prior to complete control and Portuguese recognition. 1974
Carnation Revolutionof the 25 Aprilputs an end to five decades of dictatorship.
Timeline of Portuguese history
**First Republic (20th Century)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Timeline of Portuguese history (Fourth Dynasty) — This is a historical timeline of Portugal.=Fourth Dynasty: Bragança=17th Century*1640, December 1: a small group of conspirators storms the Palace in Lisbon and deposes the Spanish Governor, the Duchess of Mantua. The Duke of Bragança, head of… … Wikipedia
Timeline of Portuguese history (Lusitania and Gallaecia) — This is a historical timeline of Portugal.=Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia=3rd century BC*237 BC The Carthaginian General Hamilcar Barca enters Iberia with his armies through Gadir. *228 BC Hamilcar Barca dies in battle. He is succeeded in command… … Wikipedia
Timeline of Portuguese history — This is a historical timeline of Portugal.*Pre Roman Western Iberia (Before the 3rd century BC)*Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia (3rd century BC to 4th century AD)*Germanic Kingdoms (5th to 8th century)*Al Garb Al Andalus and the beginning of the… … Wikipedia
Timeline of Chinese history — History of China ANCIENT … Wikipedia
Timeline of Taiwanese history — This is a timeline of the History of Taiwan including the History of the Republic of China on Taiwan (1945 present).For the timeline of the History of the Republic of China on mainland China (1912 1949), see Timeline of Republic of China… … Wikipedia
Timeline of Galician History — History of Galicia caption=|Paleolithic*200th millennium BC – In the Paleolithic period the Neanderthal Man enters the Iberian peninsula. *70th millennium BC **Neanderthal Mousterian culture. **Beginning of the Last Ice Age. *40th millennium BC… … Wikipedia
Timeline of Indonesian history — This is a timeline of Indonesian history.Pre history*Pleistocene: The modern geological form of Indonesia appears, linked to Asian mainland. *2 million to 500,000 years ago: Indonesia is inhabited by Homo erectus, now popularly known as the Java… … Wikipedia
Timeline of Goan history — This is a timeline of Goan history. It overlaps with the histories of other regions in South Asia, the Indian subcontinent, and colonial powers that influenced the region, including Portugal.Pre Portuguese rule in Goa (before 1510)Important… … Wikipedia
Timeline of Australian history — This is a timeline of Australian history.BC*c. 68,000 BC 40,000 BC: Aboriginal tribes thought to have arrived in Australia.1600s*1606 (March): The Duke of York s ship Duyfken , under Captain Willem Janszoon, explores the western coast of Cape… … Wikipedia
History of Portugal — This article is part of a series Prehistoric Iberi … Wikipedia