Kingsley Charles Dunham
Sir Kingsley Charles Dunham (1910-2001) was one of the leading British geologists and mineralogists of the 20th century. He was a
Professorof Geologyat the University of Durham from 1950-71. He was later Professor Emeritusfrom 1967-2001. He was director of the British Geological Surveyfrom 1967-75.
Dunham was born in Sturminster,
Dorsetand moved at an early age with his family to Durham. He attended the Durham Johnston Comprehensive Schooland the University of Durham, graduating with a degree in geology in 1930 at a time when Arthur Holmeswas professor. A gifted musician, Dunham was Organ Scholar at Hatfield Collegeduring his undergraduate days. Following graduation, he pursued research into the Pennine Orefieldof the North of England, under the supervision of Arthur Holmes. He graduated with a PhDin 1932.
Following a brief spell at
Harvard University, he returned to the UK as a geologist for the British Geological Survey, working on the iron ores of Cumbria. This came in useful during WW2 where he was involved in the investigation of the mineral resources of the North of England. This work was later published in the classic volume, "The Geology of the North Pennine Orefield".
Dunham returned to
Durham Universityin 1950 as Professorof Geology at a time when that (and other UK departments) were undergoing a period of rapid expansion. During his tenure he supervised the drilling of the Rookhope borehole discovering, as predicted by his colleague Martin Bott, the presence of a concealed graniteunderlying the Pennines. [http://www.pastperfect.org.uk/sites/oldrookhope/archive/40.html]
He was created a Fellow of
St John's College, Durham.
In 1967 his career culminated in accepting the directorship of the
British Geological Survey, and like his time at Durham, successfully guided that institution through a period of rapid growth into areas such as geophysics, oceanography and geochemistry. He was knightedin 1972.
Following retirement in 1975, Dunham again returned to Durham as
Emeritus Professor, publishing further work on the mineralogyof the North of England.
Kingley Dunham received many honours. He was elected a Fellow of the
Royal Societyin 1955 (and also served on its council) and received its Royal Medalin 1970. He was President of the Yorkshire Geological Societybetween 1958-59, and was awarded the Sorby Medalof that Society in 1963. Dunham also received honorary doctoratesfrom more than ten universities, both at home and abroad. He was awarded the Wollaston Medalof the Geological Society of Londonin 1976.
The British Geological Survey's headquarters complex, in
Keyworth, Nottinghamshire, is named the "Kingsley Dunham Centre" in his honour. The relocation and consolidation of the BGS's various, disparate branches to the Keyworth site was one of the lasting legacies of Dunham's time as Director. The Centre opened in 1976, shortly after Dunham's retirement.
In his later years his eyesight failed him until he was totally blind. However he still attended the weekly Durham meetings (aided by his friend and colleague Dr Tony Johnson), held by the Arthur Holmes society.
His son Ansel, who predeceased him, was Professor of Geology at the
University of Leicester.
* Johnson, G.A. (2002) "Proc. Yorks. Geol. Soc.", 54, 1
* [http://www.dur.ac.uk/earth.sciences/ Durham University: Department of Earth Sciences]
* [http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/ Geological Society of London]
* [http://www.royalsoc.ac.uk/ Royal Society of London]
* [http://www.bgs.ac.uk/ British Geological Survey]
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