Albion (Ἀλβιών in Greek) is the oldest known name of the island of
Great Britain. Today, it is still sometimes used poetically to refer to the island. It is the basis of the Scottish Gaelicname for Scotland, " Alba".
Gallo-Latin "Albiōn" (
Middle Irish"Albbu") is from a Proto-Celticstem "*Alb-i̯en-". Together with other toponyms such as "Alpes" it may either derive from a Proto-Indo-European root "*albh-" "white" (also found in Welsh "elfydd" meaning "world" and in the Germanic Elves), or may be of pre-Indo-European origin. [ IEW(1959), s.v. "albho-".]
It is often hypothesised that the Romans took it as connected with "albus" (white), in reference to the
White cliffs of Doverand Alfred Holder's "Alt-Keltischer Sprachschatz" (1896) unhesitatingly translates it "Weissland" ("white-land").
The early writer (6th century BC) whose
peripluswas translated by Avienusat the end of the 4th century AD (see " Massaliote Periplus") does not use the name "Britannia"; he speaks of "nesos 'Iernon kai 'Albionon": the islands of the "Ierni" and the " Albiones". Likewise, Pytheas of Massilia(ca. 320 BC) speaks of "Albion and Ierne". But Pytheas' grasp of the "νῆσος Πρεττανική" (Britanic island) is somewhat blurry, and appears to include anything he considers a western island, including " Thule". [G. F. Unger, "Rhein. Mus." xxxviii., 1883, pp. 156-196.]
1st century AD, the name refers unequivocally to Great Britain.The Pseudo-Aristotelian text "De mundo" (393b) has::Ἐν τούτῳ γε μὴν νῆσοι μέγισται τυγχάνουσιν οὖσαι δύο, Βρεττανικαὶ λεγόμεναι, Ἀλβίων καὶ Ἰέρνη:"the largest islands they reached were two, called the Britannic [isles] , Albion and Ierne." Pliny the Elder, in his "Natural History" (4.16.102) likewise has::"It was itself named Albion, while all the islands about which we shall soon briefly speak were called the Britanniae."
Various British football clubs bear the name Albion, the highest profile being
West Bromwich Albion F.C., based in the West Midlands. Others include Burton Albion F.C., based in Burton upon Trent, Stirling Albion F.C.and Albion Rovers F.C. in Scotland. Brighton & Hove Albion F.C., based on the south coast behind the chalk downs has foremost claim to the name, from the white chalk cliffs to the east and part of the city. There is also at least one rugby club to use the name - Plymouth Albion R.F.C., based in Plymouth.
*The original lyrics to
Advance Australia Faircontain a reference to Albion in the second verse:
:When gallant Cook from Albion sail'd,:To trace wide oceans o'er,:True British courage bore him on,:Till he landed on our shore.
*The videogame Fable is set in a fictional land called Albion, which is a
allegoryfor Britain (indeed, the protagonists pants are emblazoned with the British flag). The sequel will also be set in Albion.
Down in Albion" is an album by British band Babyshambles: "dreaming of sailing to the fictional land of Arcadia on the "Good ship Albion"".
Black metalband Primordial recently referred to Albion in a song off their " To The Nameless Dead" album named "Heathen Tribes" with the line "And shadows of ancient Albion" in relation to the beginning of the British Empire.
Folk metalband Skyclad made reference to Albion in a song from their album " Folkémon" entitled "Think Back and Lie of England" with the line: "Fake alibis for Albion"
*British rock band
Led Zeppelinmakes mention of Albion in the song "Achilles Last Stand," on their 7th studio album: "Oh Albion remains, sleeping now to rise again."
*British rock band Jethro Tull references Albion in their song "Coronach" from the "20 Years of Jethro Tull Boxed Set".
*British metal band
Cradle of Filthmentions Albion in the song "Haunted Shores" on their album " Dusk... and Her Embrace": "The wolves are dead in Albion whilst the passive flocks roam free."
sobriquet" perfidious Albion" takes its meaning from this old name for Britain.
The Albion Bandwas a British electric folk band with varying membership but always including Ashley Hutchings, existing from 1972 until 2002.
HMS Albionhas been the name of several large Royal Navy warships.
*In the book "
Keep the Aspidistra Flying" by George Orwell, New Albionis the ad company by whom the main character is employed.
*Albion is the name of a street in Chicago, IL.
*Albion Road is the name of a street in Edinburgh, UK
*Lancelot Albion is the name of a robot in the japanese animation,
Albion Collegeis the name of a small private liberal arts college located in Albion, Michigan.
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Albion — Albion, NE U.S. city in Nebraska Population (2000): 1797 Housing Units (2000): 835 Land area (2000): 0.797955 sq. miles (2.066695 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.797955 sq. miles (2.066695 sq.… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Albion — (bei Ptolemäus Ἀλουίων, Alouion) ist ein antiker Name für die Britischen Inseln oder Großbritannien, obwohl der Begriff meist auf England bezogen wird. Der Begriff wird auch neuzeitlich vor allem dichterisch und im sogen. gebildeten Umfeld für… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Albion — (Аяччо,Франция) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: Avenue Du Général Leclerc, 20000 Аяччо … Каталог отелей
Albion — ancient name of England, Old English, from Latin, sometimes said to be from the non I.E. base *alb mountain, which also is suggested as the source of L. Alpes Alps, Albania, and Alba, an Irish name for Scotland. But more likely from L. albus… … Etymology dictionary
Albión — (en Ptolomeo Alouion), el más antiguo nombre de las Islas Británicas o Gran Bretaña, aunque generalmente hace referencia tan sólo a Inglaterra. El nombre tiene probablemente origen celta, pero los invasores romanos lo entendieron como albus… … Enciclopedia Universal
ALBION — ALBI Le terme d’Albion désigne la Grande Bretagne. Au temps des guerres révolutionnaires et napoléoniennes en particulier, et pendant une grande partie du XIXe siècle, puis dans les périodes de tension, il a été employé par bien des auteurs… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Albion, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 592 Housing Units (2000): 234 Land area (2000): 0.592153 sq. miles (1.533668 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.592153 sq. miles (1.533668 sq. km) FIPS code:… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Albion, ID — U.S. city in Idaho Population (2000): 262 Housing Units (2000): 120 Land area (2000): 0.412283 sq. miles (1.067808 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.412283 sq. miles (1.067808 sq. km) FIPS code:… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Albion, IL — U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 1933 Housing Units (2000): 957 Land area (2000): 2.138687 sq. miles (5.539173 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.049380 sq. miles (0.127893 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.188067 sq. miles (5.667066 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Albion, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 2284 Housing Units (2000): 912 Land area (2000): 1.395656 sq. miles (3.614733 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.395656 sq. miles (3.614733 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places