Dharma name


Dharma name
Dharma name
Chinese name
Chinese 法名
Japanese name
Kanji 戒名
Korean name
Hangul 법명
Hanja 法名
Mongolian name
Mongolian номын нэр
Burmese name
Burmese ဘွဲ့
IPA bwɛ̰
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese pháp-danh

A Dharma name is a new name acquired during a Buddhist initiation ritual in Mahayana Buddhism[1] and monk ordination in Theravada Buddhism. The name is traditionally given by a Buddhist monastic, but is also given to newly ordained monks, nuns[2] and laity.[3]

If the student doesn't have a relationship with the monastic teacher and the ceremony is a public one with a congregation present, their new name will tend to reflect the lineage/tradition rather than the individual person.[1] When it is given by a monastic who knows the disciple, however, the name is often tailor-made.[1]

Dharma names are generally given in the language of the particular sangha where the name is bestowed. People in the Karma Kagyu tradition of Tibetan Buddhism are often given the name Karma.[4]

In Burmese Buddhism, Dharma names (bwe) are in Pali and chosen by the head monk of the monastery in which one is ordained. The traditional Burmese naming system, in which the monastic's day of birth stipulates the first letter of one's name, is used to select the name.

In China, ordained monks and nuns automatically revert to using the surname "Shi" (釋) as in Shijiamouni(釋迦牟尼), the Chinese transliteration of Shakyamuni Buddha. Vietnam also follows this tradition for its monks and nuns by changing their surname to "Thích" as in Thích Ca Mâu Ni, the Sino-Vietnamese name for Shakyamuni. Likewise for the Sino-Mahayana tradition of Buddhism, the dharma name given upon ordination can reflect the lineage passed from the teacher to the student, this can result in being given several dharma names: one for usage publicly, one used especially to reflect the transmitted lineage, and a second dharma name that can also be used.

In Japan, other than the standard usage of dharma names for monastics and laity, it is also tradition for the deceased to receive a dharma name (戒名, kaimyō; lit. "precept name") written in Kanji from the priest. This name supposedly prevents the return of the deceased if his name is called. The length of the name depends also on either the virtue of the person's lifespan, or more commonly, the size of the donation of the relatives to the temple, which may range from a generally common name to the most elaborate names for 1 million yen or more. The high prices charged by the temples are a controversial issue in Japan, especially since some temples put pressure on families to buy a more expensive name. The kanji for these kaimyō are usually very old and rarely used ones, and few people nowadays (with the exception of Chinese persons) can read them.

In the Shaolin Temple, each subsequent generation takes the first part of their given name from a 70-character poem written by Xueting Fuyu[5]. For example, the 32nd character in the poem is "Xing" (行), and all Shaolin Temple monks and disciples of that generation have the name Shi Xing ___. Shaolin Monk Shi Yan Ming uses the words from Sutras to name his disciples, including the Heart Sutra and 88 Buddhas Sutra[6].

See also

References



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Name change — For name changes within the Wikipedia community, see Wikipedia:Changing username. For name changes of places rather than persons, see Geographical renaming. Name change certificate issued by Christian X of Denmark in 1917 Name change generally… …   Wikipedia

  • Dharma & Greg — title card Format Sitcom Created by Dottie Dartland Chuck Lorre …   Wikipedia

  • Dharma Productions — Pvt. Ltd. Industry Motion pictures Founded Mumbai, Maharashtra, India (1976) Headquarters Mumbai, Maharashtra …   Wikipedia

  • Dharma Drum Mountain — s logo: Three mountain peaks and a meditating monk. Combined, the logo forms a hand. Dharma Drum Mountain (DDM) (Chinese: 法鼓山; pinyin: Fagu Shan; Pe̍h ōe jī: Hoat kó͘ soaⁿ) is an international Buddhist spiritual, cultural, and educational… …   Wikipedia

  • Dharma samsthapana — is a Social Service Movement (SSM) formed initially to protect Chilkuru Balaji Temple from the Endowments Department of Andhra Pradesh. Right from day One the congress government in the leadership Dr.Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy is creating problems in …   Wikipedia

  • Dharma (disambiguation) — Dharma is a philosophical or religious concept of Indian origin. Dharma (Buddhism) Dharma (Jainism) Sikh Dharma Dharma may also refer to: Yama (Hinduism), a Hindu deity Dharmathakur, a deity worshipped by villagers in the traditional Rarh region… …   Wikipedia

  • Dharma Raja — Born 1724 Died 1798 Occupation Maharajah of Travancore Religion Hindu Kingdom of Travancore …   Wikipedia

  • Dharma Sri Munasinghe — Born March 1, 1930(1930 03 01) Kandy, Sri Lanka Died August 28, 2004( …   Wikipedia

  • Dharma Kumar — (1928 October 19, 2001) was an Indian economic historian, noted for her work on the fiscal history of India. Her Ph.D at Cambridge on the fiscal history of South India was awarded the Ellen MacArthur Prize,[1] and was published as Land and Caste… …   Wikipedia

  • Dharma Ratna Yami — (Nepal Bhasa: धर्म रत्न यमि) (18 August 1915 – 10 September 1975) was a Nepalese freedom fighter, author and government deputy minister known for his radical views on social mores.[1] Born Dharma Ratna Tuladhar, he changed his surname to Yami… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.