Mordechai Nurock

Mordechai Nurock
Date of birth 7 November 1879
Place of birth Tukums, Russian Empire
Year of aliyah 1947
Date of death 8 November 1962(1962-11-08) (aged 83)
Knessets 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Party National Religious Party (1955-1962)
Former parties United Religious Front (1949-1951)
Mizrachi (1951-1955)
Ministerial posts Minister of Postal Services

Rabbi Dr Mordechai Nurock (Hebrew: מרדכי נורוק‎, born Markus Nurock on 7 November 1879, died 8 November 1962) was a Jewish politician and minister who served in both the parliaments of Latvia and Israel. He was also Israel's first Minister of Postal Services (a post today known as the Minister of Communications), though he only held the post for just under two months.


Born in Tukums in the Russian Empire (today in Latvia), Nurock attended universities in Russia, Germany and Switzerland, gaining a PhD in philosophy. He was also ordained as a rabbi, and replaced his father as rabbi of Jelgava in 1913 before moving to Russia in 1915.

A Zionist, he was a delegate at the sixth Zionist Congress in 1903 and helped Jewish refugees during World War I. He also joined the All-Russian Jewish Committee and established a religious Jewish group known as "Tradition and Freedom".

In 1921 he returned to Latvia, by now an independent state. The following year he was elected to the Saeima, and became the leader of the minorities' bloc. He retained his seat until the parliament was dissolved in 1934.

Following Latvia's occupation by the Soviet Union, he was exiled to Turkmenistan due to his Zionist activities. His wife and two children were killed in the Holocaust, and Nurock made aliyah to the Mandate Palestine in 1947. He immediately became involved in politics, joining Mizrachi, and was elected to the first Knesset in 1949 on the United Religious Front list (an alliance of Mizrachi, Hapoel HaMizrachi, Agudat Israel and Agudat Israel Workers). Re-elected in 1951, he became the first Minister of Postal Services in David Ben-Gurion's third government on 3 November 1952. In December 1952, he stood as a candidate in the presidential election, held after the death of Chaim Weizmann. However, he finished second to Mapai's Yitzhak Ben-Zvi. Later in the month the government collapsed and a new government excluding Mizrachi ministers was established on 24 December, resulting in Nurock losing his place in the cabinet.

Nurock was re-elected in 1955 (by which time Mizrachi had merged into the National Religious Party), 1959 and 1961, serving until his death on 8 November 1962. He was replaced by Shalom-Avraham Shaki.

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nurock — ist der Familienname von: Kirk Nurock, US amerikanischer Jazzpianist und Komponist Mordechai Nurock (1884–1962), jüdischer Politiker Nu Rock eine andere Bezeichnung für den Rockmusikstil Post Grunge Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • NUROCK, MORDECHAI — (Max; 1884–1962), Religious Zionist and Israeli politician, member of the First to Fifth Knessets. Nurock was born in Tukum in the Courland district of Latvia. His father, Zvi Hirsch Nurock, was rabbi in the capital of the Courland district,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mordechai Tzipori — Date of birth 15 September 1924 Place of birth Petah Tikva, Mandate Palestine Knessets 9th, 10th …   Wikipedia

  • Mizrachi (political party) — Mizrachi המזרחי Leader Yitzchak Yaacov Reines Yehuda Leib Maimon David Zvi Pinkas Mordechai Nurock Founded 1902 Dissolved 1956 …   Wikipedia

  • Communications Minister of Israel — Israel This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Israel Basic Laws Jerusalem Law …   Wikipedia

  • JELGAVA — (Ger. Mitau; Rus. (until 1917) Mitava), city in Zemgale district (Courland), Latvia; formerly capital of courland . Jews lived in Jelgava from the late 17th century, but their residence was endangered with expulsion orders (that were… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • OVCHINSKI, LEVI — (d. 1941?), rabbi, scholar, and historian. Born in Daugieliszki (Vilna province), Lithuania, Ovchinski studied at the yeshivah in Lida. After living for a time in Swinciany, in 1897 he was appointed rabbi in Alt Autz, Courland, and afterward… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Members of the first Knesset — The following were members of Israel s first Knesset Assembly. Mapai (46) * Meir Argov * Ami Assaf * Zalman Aran * Yitzhak Ben Zvi * Aryeh Bahir * David Bar Rav Hai * Yosef Beretz * Chaim Ben Asher * David Ben Gurion * Shmuel Dayan * Ben Zion… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste Des Membres De La 1re Knesset — Liste des membres de la (1re Assemblée) de la Knesset (Bleu = coalition, rouge = opposition) Parti Nom Mapai (46) Meir Argov Ami Assaf Zalman Aran Yitzhak Ben Zvi Aryeh Bahir David Bar Rav Hai Y …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste des membres de la 1ere Knesset — Liste des membres de la 1re Knesset Liste des membres de la (1re Assemblée) de la Knesset (Bleu = coalition, rouge = opposition) Parti Nom Mapai (46) Meir Argov Ami Assaf Zalman Aran Yitzhak Ben Zvi Aryeh Bahir David Bar Rav Hai Y …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.