Acanthiza

Taxobox
name = "Acanthiza"


|thumb|Acanthiza
image_caption = Yellow Thornbill
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Passeriformes
familia = Pardalotidae
genus = "Acanthiza"
genus_authority = Vigors & Horsfield, 1827
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision =
Mountain Thornbill, "Acanthiza katherina"
Brown Thornbill, "Acanthiza pusilla"
Inland Thornbill, "Acanthiza apicalis"
Tasmanian Thornbill, "Acanthiza ewingii"
Chestnut-rumped Thornbill, "Acanthiza uropygialis"
Slaty-backed Thornbill, "Acanthiza robustirostris"
Western Thornbill, "Acanthiza inornata"
Buff-rumped Thornbill, "Acanthiza reguloides"
Slender-billed Thornbill, "Acanthiza iredalei"
Yellow-rumped Thornbill, "Acanthiza chrysorrhoa"
Yellow Thornbill, "Acanthiza nana"
Striated Thornbill, "Acanthiza lineata"
Papuan Thornbill, "Acanthiza murina"

"Acanthiza" is a genus of passeriform birds, mostly found in Australia but with one species ("A. murina") restricted to New Guinea. These birds are commonly known as thornbills. They are not closely related to species in the hummingbird genus "Chalcostigma" which are also called thornbills.

They are found primarily in Australia and have a thin long beak. Colloquially the thornbill is sometimes referred to as a Tit by locals, but in reality the Australian continent lacks any real Tits, albeit Acanthizan species do show some similarities with Tits in their behaviour. This is expressed in the fact that, like Tits, Thornbills live in small groups, except for the period of reproduction, during which the couples isolate themselves to raise their young.

The habitat preferences of the group vary from dense forest to open saltbush and bluebush plains.

Acanthizae follow a very characteristic undulating path when flying. Their diet is formed essentially of little insects and plant lice that these birds glean from foliage. They are also exceptional acrobats that are easily able to stay head downward like tits do.

The nest of the Acanthiza is a large dome-shaped construction, completely enclosed except for a side hole, just like that of the long-tailed tit; however Acanthiza adds to it an additional room whose function is unknown.

The incubation period is unknown but the number of eggs usually ranges from 2 to 4. The length of an adult bird is 8 - 10 centimeters.

References

* Del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A. & Christie D. (editors). (2006). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 12: Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees. Lynx Edicions. ISBN 9788496553422

External links

* [http://www.peterfuller.com.au/galleries/thornbills/thornbills.html Thornbill Identification Website]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Acanthiza — Acanthize Acanthizidae …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Acanthiza —   Acanthiza …   Wikipedia Español

  • Acanthiza — spygliasnapiai statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Acanthiza angl. thornbill vok. Dornschnabel, m rus. шипоклювка, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas – spygliasnapiai siauresnis terminas – dryžasis spygliasnapis siauresnis terminas …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Acanthiza chrysorrhoa —   Acanthiza chrysorrhoa …   Wikipedia Español

  • Acanthiza lineata —   Acanthiza lineata …   Wikipedia Español

  • Acanthiza pusilla —   Acanthiza pusilla …   Wikipedia Español

  • Acanthiza Chrysorrhoa — Acanthize à croupion jaune Acanthize à croupion jaune …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Acanthiza reguloides —   Acanthiza reguloides …   Wikipedia Español

  • Acanthiza apicalis —   Acanthiza apicalis Estado de conservación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Acanthiza ewingii —   Acanthiza ewingii …   Wikipedia Español


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